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Thursday 25, May 2017

  Rugby Player Banned Again By UK Anti-Doping

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Ross Bevan, who was registered with South Wales Scorpions, now known as South Wales Ironmen, has been banned again by the UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) following a second Anti-Doping Rule Violation (ADRV).

Originally, Bevan was banned after testing positive for Drostanolone, the anabolic androgenic steroid and a metabolite of Drostanolone following an out-of-competition squad test on 9 February 2015. A UKAD Doping Control Officer attempted to collect a sample from Bevan at his home address on 28 September 2016. The rugby player refused to provide a sample and was subsequently charged with an ADRV pursuant to Article 2.3 of the World Anti-Doping Code – “Evading, Refusing, or Failing to Submit to Sample Collection”.

Later, Bevan admitted the charge but sought a reduction in the period of ineligibility under Article 10.6.3 of the World Anti-Doping Code – “Prompt Admission of an ADRV”. The reduction was agreed with WADA and sanction of the player was subsequently reduced by a period of nine months. Bevan appealed the decision but it as rejected by an independent National Anti-Doping Panel and the rugby player was subsequently banned for seven years and three months.

UKAD’s Director of Operations, Pat Myhill said any athlete who is currently banned remains subject to testing in order to limit the chances of them continuing to use performance enhancing substances whilst banned and then returning to sport. Myhill added it is therefore of vital importance that they make themselves available to us when called upon. The UKAD’s Director of Operation also commented that the refusal by Bevan to submit to sample collection whilst already serving a period of ineligibility is not only a second serious breach of the Anti-Doping Rules but also his core responsibilities as an athlete. We treat violations such as this with the utmost seriousness and would implore athletes of all levels to comply or potentially face a lengthy ban from all sport.

Bevan is banned from 14 October 2016 until midnight on 14 January 2024. He was previously banned from all competition from 26 February 2015 until midnight on 25 February 2017. At that time, UKAD’s Director of Legal, Graham Arthur had remarked this case is unusual in that Bevan has received a two year ban because of the unique circumstances surrounding the timing of his admitted use of steroids. Arthur had also commented that although Bevan was bound by the Anti-Doping Rules (ADR) of the Rugby Football League at the time of his test in February 2015, the independent National Anti-Doping Panel concluded that because he used the steroids in 2014, he did not intend to breach the 2015 Rule and added he did not therefore have to serve a four year ban. The UKAD’s Director of Legal had also commented that whilst Bevan is not deemed to have acted intentionally under the 2015 rules, it is very clear that he was at significant fault. Arthur  added UKAD takes the use of steroids in sport extremely seriously and also said our mission is to protect the right to participate in clean sport in this country and steroids have absolutely no place in sport.

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Tuesday 23, May 2017

  Cycling Athlete Sanctioned By USADA

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The United States Anti-Doping Agency has announced that Amanda Geving, a national-level athlete in the sport of cycling, has accepted a 12-month sanction for an anti-doping rule violation.

The 28-year-old tested positive for Acetazolamide as the result of an out-of-competition urine sample she provided on January 18, 2017.

Acetazolamide is a Specified Substance in the class of Diuretics and Masking Agents and prohibited at all times under the USADA Protocol for Olympic and Paralympic Movement Testing, the United States Olympic Committee National Anti-Doping Policies, and the International Cycling Union (UCI) Anti-Doping Rules, all of which have adopted the World Anti-Doping Code and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List.

The drug is medically prescribed for treating open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma, certain epileptic seizures, and reducing swelling caused by drugs, congestive heart failure, or other conditions. Acetazolamide belongs to group of drugs known as carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and works by decreasing the amount of hydrogen ions and bicarbonate in the body and inhibiting an enzyme known as carbonic anhydrase from working in a normal way.

Sold under the trade name Diamox among others, Acetazolamide is taken by mouth or injection into a vein and the drug is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines. Available as a generic medication, Acetazolamide is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a slow ascent. The “water pill” (diuretic) has the ability to reduce the amount of fluid that can build up in the eye. It is also used to reduce a buildup of body fluids caused by congestive heart failure or certain medications. The drug is usually used only for a short period as it can work less well over time.

The sanction for a violation resulting from the use of Acetazolamide, being a specified substance, can be reduced from the standard two-year period of ineligibility depending on an athlete’s degree of fault. The explanation of Geving that the prohibited substance detected in her sample was from a medication she took to prevent altitude sickness was accepted by USADA.

It was confirmed by the United States Anti-Doping Agency after a thorough review of the case that Amanda Geving used the medication for a short period while traveling to a high-altitude location and that she had experienced altitude sickness symptoms in the past. However, the athlete did not have or apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) that is required in order to authorize the use of a prohibited substance in sport. An athlete, under the WADA International Standard for TUEs (ISTUE) and the USADA TUE Policy, has the responsibility to demonstrate in advance of using a prohibited substance that the use is medically legitimate, will not create a performance enhancing advantage, and there are no appropriate permitted alternatives.

The 12-month period of ineligibility of Geving began on January 18, 2017, the date her positive sample was collected. In addition, she has been disqualified from all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to January 18, 2017, including forfeiture of any medals, points, and prizes. USA Cycling will impose this sanction.

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Thursday 18, May 2017

  Montsho Prepares For Return From Doping Ban

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The Botswana Athletes Commission has launched the “Support Amantle Montsho Campaign” to assist for helping the athlete for upcoming competitions following her return from a doping ban of two years.

Montsho, the female sprinter from Botswana who specializes in the 400 meters and represented her country at the 2004 and 2008 Summer Olympics, served a suspension of two years. This was after she was found guilty of taking a banned substance during the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. The 2011 world champion and 2010 Commonwealth Games gold medalist tested positive for the stimulant Methylhexaneamine after finishing fourth at Glasgow 2014. Montsho then blamed a contaminated supplement for the positive test and denied taking everything that was banned deliberately. She received only a ban of two years and not four years as her offence was committed before the new World Anti-Doping Code came into effect on January 1, 2015.

The athlete decided not to appeal against the ban because of the costs of BP200,000 (£14,500/$19,000/€17,300). She served the ban until July of last year and was forced to miss the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.  Montsho has already qualified for this year’s IAAF World Championships that will be between August 4 and 13 at London’s Olympic Stadium.

The ban on Montsho was a huge setback to her illustrious career that included a win in Daegu in 2011 that made her the first athlete from Botswana ever to win a world or Olympic title. Montsho narrowly failed to retain her world title at Moscow in 2013 after finishing fourth in the Olympics at London 2012 when she led for most of the race only to be pipped on the line by Christine Ohuruogu of Britain. The athlete also won consecutive gold medals in 2007 and 2011 at the All-Africa Games and claimed victory at the African Championships in 2008, 2010 and 2012.

The “Support Amantle Montsho Campaign” is aimed to raise funds to help the former 400 meters world champion find training facilities and aid her preparations for this year’s International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) World Championships in London. Botswana National Olympic Committee vice-president Botsang Tshenyego supported the campaign and remarked it was in honor of an athlete who put Botswana on the athletics map. Botsang remarked we want her to continue in sports under a different role either being coach, sports ambassador or sports administrator. The VP of Botswana National Olympic Committee said he will give inspiration to young athletes, especially girls and added we cannot lose an athlete of such caliber. Botsang also said the initiative is meant to raise funds for competitions and the transition that is training her in areas of her choice.

Montsho said a top three finish will be an achievement for her looking at her level of fitness and added she will still be happy to reach the event’s final. The sprinter from Botswana also commented it is not going to be easy but she had to work hard to make this a reality and also said she will announce her retirement after getting a medal.

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Tuesday 16, May 2017

  Fundamental Changes Required In Sport, Says EWF President

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The highest-ranking weightlifting administrator of Europe has remarked the sport is required to make fundamental changes to its culture, its rules and the way competitions are presented.

Antonio Urso, President of the European Weightlifting Federation (EWF), told member nations at their Congress that we need a new way and direction. The EWF President recounted his embarrassment at the Olympics in Rio de Janeiro when he heard spectators laughing about the seemingly endless stream of doping cases that have sent weightlifting to an all-time low in terms of public opinion.

The Italian said he was at one of the medal ceremonies and he could clearly hear the people behind him who said those medals will be in different hands in a few years. Urso added we are losing credibility as a sport.

The spectators were reacting to results of the retesting of samples from the Olympic Games at Beijing 2008 and London 2012 by the International Olympic Committee’s (IOC). The sport of weightlifting accounted for nearly half of all retrospective positives with 30 athletes stripped of their medals and 48 cheats caught. Of the 48 positive tests, 42 were from former Soviet Bloc countries. Seven lifters tested positive including all three medalists in the notorious 2012 men’s 94 kilograms competition. Tomasz Zielinski of Poland was promoted from ninth place to bronze medal position but was sent home from Rio 2016 for a doping offence.

Speaking a day before the European Junior and Under-23 Championships, Urso said 2016 has been the worst year ever for our sport, but he is not surprised. The President of the European Weightlifting Federation also commented he three editorials in the European Federation magazine in 2008, 2009, and 2010 and underlined that some of the results were not human results, that some women were becoming a man, that doping was beyond control. Urso also said some people attacked him unfortunately and said he was destroying weightlifting but today those people can see all too clearly what everybody else can see that doping is destroying us. Urso went on to comment that weightlifting will be nothing if we lose our place in the Olympic Games. The Italian also said the National Federations should accept “a new vision” for the sport.

Urso believes the biggest need for change is in the culture of coaching and in holding coaches responsible, and punishing them, for doping by their athletes. The EWF President said the coach has the highest responsibility in matters of doping, and yet you can have someone as head coach of a national team who was banned for life as a lifter for doping and added this is unacceptable.

Urso will stand for Presidency of the International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) next May against Tamas Ajan and two or three other candidates. Ajan has been President since 2000 and was secretary general of the IWF for 25 years. Urso said he has full respect for the IWF and the rules but we need a new way, a new direction and commented that we are running fast into the future of the sport. Urso also said the organization and presentation is really old and it is up to the National Federations at the election in May whether to stay the same or go for a new vision.

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Saturday 13, May 2017

  Nicola Ruffoni Blames Positive Test On Prostate Infection

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Bardiani-CSF rider Nicola Ruffoni, who was prevented from starting on eve of the 100th Giro d’Italia after testing positive for human growth hormone, has blamed the positive test on prostate infection.

Ruffoni and his teammate Stefano Pirazzi tested positive for growth hormones GH-Releasing Peptides (GHRPs) on April 25 and 26, respectively. The results went public 12 hours before the Giro set off from Alghero.

Ruffoni wrote on his Facebook page that he is trying to give a logical explanation of what happened to him by reliving what he did in the last month before the test. The provisionally-suspended rider also commented that the thing that might have been associated with the presence of growth hormone in his urine could be a strong prostate infection he suffered in the period from March 20 to April 20, and that forced him to stop riding and to take antibiotics. Ruffoni added he will therefore turn to an expert endocrinologist for information on this.

The cyclist also said that he is very much aware that his cycling career is at risk but he is equally aware that he had not tried to cheat. Ruffoni added he will therefore calmly wait the counter-analysis and try to defend his credibility to the fullest.

Race’s director, Mauro Vegni, said the damage is done already after hearing about news of the positive tests. Vegni added he is sorry for the Giro, for Italian cycling, and that team represented Italian cycling and added it shows that you have to keep your attention high for doping, because unfortunately, there is always an idiot. Vegni added it happened, it is sad, but the Giro has so much more to it.

The B samples of Ruffoni and Pirazzi are being analyzed to confirm the results of the initial tests. A disciplinary hearing will be opened by the world governing body of cycling, the UCI, where the riders could present their cases.

In a statement, the team sponsors said the news of non-negativity to the doping test of two GreenTeam athletes, on the eve of the 100th edition of the Giro d’Italia has struck us and leaves us bewildered. The statement also reads we cannot do nothing, but only dissociate from what happened. The sponsor’s statement also reads that we have chosen to sponsor a young team, launching many of them and focusing on values such as daily work and struggle. The statement added we affirm our choice and want to push even more on it and also said in fact two bad apples can be removed and replaced by four healthy apples.

Bruno Reverberi, manager of Bardiani-CSF, has tried to distance himself and his Italian team as he fights to keep the all-Italian outfit alive. Reverberi said he found out about the positives at 6pm and called race director Mauro Vegni. Bruno added the UCI decided to put out their press release in the evening so as to not spoil the party atmosphere of the team presentation.

Bardiani-CSF now face a suspension of 15-45 days under article 7.12.1 of the UCI Anti-Doping Rules, subject to the decision of the UCI Disciplinary Commission.

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Thursday 11, May 2017

  Kelvin Gastelum Gets Reduced Sanction

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Kelvin Gastelum, the American professional mixed martial artist who is currently signed to the Ultimate Fighting Championship, will receive a reduced suspension from the United States Anti-Doping Agency following a positive test for marijuana.

USADA announced the six-month suspension of the UFC middleweight was reduced to three months following the completion of a drug awareness program. This means the winner of The Ultimate Fighter 17 is eligible to return to competition after his suspension expires on June 10.

Gastelum (13-2 MMA, 8-2 UFC) went to Brazil in the UFC Fight Night 106 main event in March and beat local star and former champion Vitor Belfort (25-13 MMA, 14-9 UFC) with a first-round TKO. The win also earned Gastelum his second Performance of the Night bonus award. However, Gastelum tested positive for carboxy-tetrahydrocannabinol (otherwise known as “THC,” a metabolite found in marijuana) in a sample collected on the day of the event, which took place March 11 in Fortaleza. Currently competing as a middleweight and is ranked #8 in the UFC official middleweight rankings, the Yuma native earned back-to-back victories over Tim Kennedy and Johny Hendricks in 2016 prior to facing Belfort. Gastelum is 8-2 over the course of his promotional tenure.

The potential positive test of Gastelum was announced on April 6 by USADA. Earlier this month, the Superior Tribunal de Justica Desportiva do MMA (STJDMMA), the Brazilian Superior Justice Court of MMA, reached an agreement with the fighter. The win of Gastelum was officially overturned and declared a no-contest, and he was suspended 90 days retroactive to the March 11 test date. Gastelum also was fined 20 percent of his purse. The plea agreement was made in accordance with representatives from USADA, the UFC and Cristiano Sampaio, who oversees operations for Comissao Atletica Brasileira de MMA (CABMMA, Brazil’s MMA commission).

In a statement, USADA said Kelvin Gastelum accepted a six-month period of ineligibility, which began on March 11, 2017, the date of sample collection. The statement further reads that his period of ineligibility was reduced by three months and is now scheduled to expire on June 10, 2017 based on Gastelum’s successful completion of a USADA approved drug awareness and management program. It also reads that Gastelum’s positive test also falls under the jurisdiction of the Brazilian MMA Sports Court, which has the authority to independently adjudicate the case in accordance with CABMMA’s rules and regulations because the UFC Fight Night event in Fortaleza was sanctioned by the Comissao Atletica Brasileira de MMA (CABMMA). The USADA statement also reads that Gastelum’s sanction under the UFC Anti-Doping Policy is now identical in length to the period of ineligibility imposed by the Brazilian MMA Sports Court on May 7, 2017 following the reduction to a three-month period of ineligibility.

Gastelum was scheduled to fight Anderson Silva at UFC 212 before the news of his positive test emerged. Silva was pulled from the card as Gastelum would not be eligible in time. Gastelum has expressed his wish to fight Silva in July at UFC on FOX 25 in New York.

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Tuesday 09, May 2017

  JADCO Drops Appeal Against Ban On Andre Russell

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The Jamaica Anti-Doping Commission (JADCO) has dropped an appeal against a ban of one year imposed on West Indies all-rounder Andre Russell.

In a statement, the Anti-Doping Appeal Tribunal said both parties were set to quash their respective appeals.

The decision on whether the cricketer should serve a longer ban for breaches of the whereabouts rule now rested with the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). Previously, JADCO had sought an extension of the ban to two years.

JADCO Chairman Alexander Williams told a media conference WADA has the right to take the matter elsewhere. Williams said the Jamaica Anti-Doping Commission had been in discussions with Jamaica’s Attorney General Marlene Malahoo Forte about the issue before it came up with the decision to drop the appeal. The JADCO Chairman said we would have to explain to WADA the reasons for the appeal being withdrawn and he believes we are comfortable in our explanation.

It was indicated by Alexander Williams, the chairman of JADCO’s board of directors, that a “misunderstanding” had caused Carey Brown, the executive director of the local anti-doping body, to instruct the lodging of an appeal without prior consultation with the board. Williams, flanked by Brown, as well as Allie McNab, the vice chairman of the JADCO board and Zachary Harding, a board member, remarked the move to withdraw the appeal was guided by “post-decision review” and advice from Attorney General Marlene Malahoo Forte. Williams, drawing reference to the replacement of the Anti-Doping in Sport Act of 2008 with the 2014 edition, also commented that it is fair to say there was a misunderstanding about what the new law prescribed.

On January 31, the 29-year-old Russell was given a one-year ban he failed to file the necessary paperwork on his availability for drug testing three times in 2015 that constituted a failed test according to WADA rules. Russell had filed an appeal against the ban that had now been withdrawn, according to the head of his legal team Patrick Foster.

The appeal tribunal was chaired by Justice Karl Harrison, a retired court of appeal judge. The other members were Dr Audley Betton, Dr Maria Smith and Justice Marva McIntosh.

Russell, who plays for the West Indies internationally and for Jamaica in West Indian domestic cricket, is widely regarded as the biggest hitter of the cricket ball. The Jamaican cricketer made his Test cricket debut against Sri Lanka in November 2010.

The fast bowling all rounder made his ODI debut in the 2011 Cricket World Cup match against Ireland. Russell became the first bowler in T20 to take 4 wickets in 4 successive deliveries in a match against India A on 21 September 2013 when he took the wickets of Kedar Jadhav, Yuvraj Singh, Naman Ojha, and Yusuf Pathan. Russell also played for Islamabad United in the 2016 Pakistan Super League and has scored the fastest Caribbean premier league century. Russell also played a big role in the success of the Sydney Thunder in the Australian Big Bash League.

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Saturday 06, May 2017

  Ricardo Abreu Announces Retirement After Doping Ban

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UFC middleweight Ricardo Abreu has announced retirement after receiving a doping suspension of four years from the United States Anti-Doping Agency for a second failed drug test within a six-month period.

In a statement, USADA announced tested positive for 19-norandrosterone (19-NA), the main urinary metabolite of Nandrolone (19-nortestosterone) and other 19-norsteroids, above the decision limit of 3.4 ng/mL, following an out-of-competition urine test conducted on December 21, 2016. The statement further reads that the exogenous, or non-natural, origin of the 19-NA was further confirmed by sophisticated carbon isotope-ratio mass spectrometry (GC/C/IRMS) analysis in accordance with standard practice. The GC/C/IRMS analysis can reveal the presence of synthetic anabolic agents and the GC/C/IRMS analysis result in this case was consistent with the exogenous origin of 19-NA. Anabolic Agents, including 19-NA, are non-Specified Substances prohibited at all times under the UFC Anti-Doping Policy, which has adopted the WADA Prohibited List.

The fighter said he already had a 3-year-old son and his wife was pregnant, and he had no idea if we would have money the next month. Abreu said he was expecting a second anti-doping test failure and had been undergoing treatment for depression. The UFC middleweight also remarked he was afraid and that fear dominated him. The former “Ultimate Fighter Brazil” competitor said staying in California was very expensive for him.

Abreu remarked his sponsorship funds were coming from Brazil and the financial crisis in the country made things worse for him and also commented his sponsor informed him that he would not be sponsored anymore. The UFC middleweight also remarked he was seeking professional assistance from a psychologist and he was suggested to undergo bioidentical hormone replacement. Abreu remarked he did not obtain clearance from the UFC since he had no desire to continue fighting in the league at that time. Abreu said it was really fortunate for him to receive the support of Wanderlei Silva and his lovely family for a significant amount of time.

Abreu announced his retirement after being informed of his positive test. The sanction of four years will start if and when he informs UFC and USADA of a return to fighting. His sanction would have started on May 4 if he had remained active.

In the past, the 33-year-old Brazilian tested positive for 19-norandrosterone (19-NA) above the decision limit of 3 ng/mL and 19-noretiocholanolone in an out of competition test administered on June 3, 2016. Abreu was initially suspended for a period of two years following the failed test and was eligible to return on July 1, 2018.

The UFC middleweight debuted in the Octagon with a second-round submission of Wagner Silva Gomes at “The Ultimate Fighter: Brazil 3” finale before dropping a split decision to Jake Collier at UFC Fight Night 68 in June 2015. He has not competed since the loss to Collier.

Abreu is the second UFC fighter to face a second anti-doping policy violation after George Sullivan failed to clear an anti-doping test while he was serving a ban.

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Thursday 04, May 2017

  Doping Cases Threaten International Cricket

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Richard Ings, the former head of the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority, has slammed the “inconsistent” testing procedures of cricket in an interview with the New York Times.

The anti-doping expert lifted the lid on the growing problem faced by international cricket in the recent past in the game’s shortest format.

The sport has received a huge shot in the arm with the evolution of T20 cricket. However, some experts are of the view that the pressure of faster-paced game play could soon bring a drug issue of gigantic proportions into the game.

Recently, West Indian T20 specialist and Big Bash star Andre Russell was given a ban for a breach in the rules. Russell was banned from playing professional cricket both internationally and domestically until late January 2018. In 2015, the 28-year-old all-rounder failed to file his whereabouts on three separate occasions, an offence equal to failing a drug test under Anti-Doping Agency guidelines. However, the West Indian T20 specialist played on for 11 months, a period in which he helped the West Indies win the World Twenty20 tournament, before he was finally suspended.

In the past, Shane Warne was caught in one of cricket’s most publicized drug offences in 2003 after he was caught with Moduretic, a prescription drug banned by the International Cricket Council as it can mask the presence of anabolic androgenic steroids. The bowler tearfully admitted to using the diuretic and was banned for a year. Warne went on to make a return to international cricket in early 2004 to complete one of the greatest careers under the baggy green.

Afghanistan T20 powerhouse Mohammad Shahzad tested positive for Clenbuterol, a banned substance, before being suspended. The wicketkeeper-batsman from Afghanistan is yet to receive the full outcome of his disciplinary hearing.

Ings remarked cricket is a high-risk sport for the use of performance enhancing drugs. The e former head of the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority also commented that he would rate the risk of doping in cricket as high and the quality of the sport’s coordinated global anti-doping efforts as poor. Ings also said that risk is a function of motive and opportunity and added motive in cricket exists because selections are highly competitive, contracts involve massive sums of money and injuries are common.

Presently, it seems that the ICC just could not monitor anti-doping efforts in cricket with the number of domestic T20 leagues growing. The Council conducts out-of-competition testing on cricketers who have played international matches in the previous two years but players who have not played international cricket in this period, or have retired from the international game, are not subject to testing by the world governing body of cricket. Drug testing depends on national governing bodies and anti-doping authorities for these cricketers. There are inconsistent standards of testing across the different leagues among all 10 full-member countries.

In England, only 193 drug tests were conducted on professional male or female cricketers in the 12-month period that ended in March.

Paul Dimeo, an expert on doping in sport from the University of Stirling, said it seems a low number and not much of deterrence. Dimeo also said it also makes it too hard to ascertain if there is a risk of doping behaviors occurring.

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Tuesday 02, May 2017

  NADOs Have Same Independence Problems As Sporting Bodies

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Andrew Ryan, executive director of the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF), has hit back at criticisms of plans to reform the global drugs testing system by the Institute of National Anti-Doping Organizations (iNADO).

The Summer Olympics head said he believes that there must be separation of a fully independent anti-doping system from Governmental and sporting interference. This was the cornerstone of a 12-point reform declaration made by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Executive Board.

It was insisted by the IOC that it would be of no use to exclude either governing bodies or Governmental representatives from political level decisions on the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Executive Committee and Foundation Board though it claim both must be completely separated from testing and sanctioning.

In the declaration, the IOC claimed anti-doping should be separated from sporting interests but also it should be equally independent from national interests. On the other hand, anti-doping organizations are of the view that the World Anti-Doping Agency should be responsible for sanctioning individuals who fail tests as well as organizations non-compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code. The anti-doping organizations also criticized the International Olympic Committee for adopting what they implied was a hypocritical stance for their decision not to impose a blanket suspension on Russia from Rio 2016 following the McLaren Report evidence.

A statement co-signed by WADA chair Doug MacQuarrie and chief executive Joseph de Pencier said IOC representatives have used the term ‘national interests’ to suggest that it is in every country’s interest to dope their athletes for international competition in order to win medals. The statement further reads that this premise is indefensible and also said that the vast majority of nations and athletes are fully dedicated to protecting public health, upholding the rules of sport and national laws, and meeting the obligations of their international treaties, e.g. the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Convention Against Doping in Sport. It was also remarked that we have witnessed the singular Russian example of ‘national interests’ subverting sporting integrity in the absence of the commitment to clean sport and an empowered and a vigilant WADA, with sanctioning powers of its own, would be able to deal effectively with such a situation should this ever happen again.

Ryan, who also sits on a Working Group on WADA Governance, remarked we think that an independent testing function is essential on both sides of the operational fight against doping which means both the International Federations and the NADOs. Ryan added this should be crystal clear for everyone and also commented that we have allegedly seen the worst ever case of Russian NADO activities being controlled by state entities, according to the McLaren report. The ASOIF executive director also said NADOs without demonstrable independent governance will always be perceived as being subject to influence by their paymasters the Governments and also remarked we therefore need to have a very clear demonstration of independence at the NADO level, the IF level and for major event organizers.

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