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Archive for  August 2014

Sunday 31, Aug 2014

Mike King Released By UFC

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Mike King Released By UFC

Former Ultimate Fighter 19 competitor Mike King has been sidelined by the UFC for nine months. This decision was made after King returned a positive drug test in his bout against Cathal Pendred at UFC Fight Night from Dublin, Ireland in July.

King tested positive for Nandrolone (most commonly sold commercially as Deca Durabolin) that can stimulate muscle growth and appetite. Deca Durabolin is also used for improving the production of red blood cells in the body and has the potential of improving bone density. Medically, this anabolic androgenic steroid is prescribed to treat anemia, osteoporosis and some forms of neoplasia including breast cancer.

The International Olympic Committee has set a limit of 2.0 μg/L of 19-norandrosterone in urine as the upper limit. This steroid is directly detectable in hair or indirectly detectable in urine by testing for the presence of 19-norandrosterone. A study conducted in 2004 revealed that the administration of 200 mg of Nandrolone decanoate for a period of 8 weeks can dramatically increase fat-free mass and body mass. It was also revealed that the changes can be attributed to an increase of muscle mass.

  Other notable fighters who have tested positive for Nandrolone are Josh Barnett, Stephan Bonnar, Nate Marquardt, Royce Gracie (tested positive after defeating his longtime rival Kazushi Sakuraba at K-1 Dynamite!! USA in 2007), and Sean Sherk (tested positive for nandrolone following his title defence to Hermes Franca at UFC 73). High profile athletes such as Merlene Ottey, Dieter Baumann, and Linford Christie have tested positive for Nandrolone. Tennis star Petr Korda tested positive for this steroid after his 1998 Wimbledon quarter final match against Tim Henman. During the 2000 baseball season, Roger Clemens, a member of the 2000 World Series winning New York Yankees, was reported to have been injected with Deca Durabolin by Brian McNamee, major league strength coach.

In a statement, the UFC remarked Mike King has been informed that his positive test violated the UFC Fighter Conduct Policy and Promotional Agreement with Zuffa, LLC. The statement also said the UFC has a strict, consistent policy against the use of any illegal and/or performance-enhancing drugs, stimulants or masking agents by our athletes. It was further added that King agreed to serve a 9-month suspension retroactive to the event and must pass a drug test before receiving clearance to compete again. As part of the suspension, the UFC fighter will also forgo his $50,000 ‘Fight of the Night’ bonus that he earned in the fight with Pendred.

In a statement, King confirmed that he has been released from the UFC. He added the consequences for my conduct are truly significant and added the life changing $50,000 ‘Fight of the Night’ bonus he was awarded has been taken away, and he had been informed that his UFC promotional agreement is being terminated. King added he has been placed on a nine month suspension, and he has publicly humiliated himself but added that he accepts full responsibility for his actions and decisions and will make no excuses.

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Friday 29, Aug 2014

Sunset Commission To Recommend Abolishing Anabolic Steroid Testing Program

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Sunset Commission To Recommend Abolishing Anabolic Steroid Testing Program

According to a report released by the University Interscholastic League’s Anabolic Steroid Testing Program, no student-athlete at Texas public high schools tested positive for anabolic steroids during the 2013-14 school year.

Only seven of 2,633 tests conducted at 172 schools were flagged by the program as “protocol violations,” caused when a student fails to provide a specimen or has an unexcused absence. These results come just a day ahead before the Legislature’s Texas Sunset Advisory Commission is set to meet for recommending the elimination of the steroid testing program, one of four decisions expected by the panel on issues relating to the University Interscholastic League.

Nearly $10 million has been spent on the Anabolic Steroid Testing Program of the league since it was created in 2008, mandated by the passage of Senate Bill 8 in 2007. The UIL, codified in Texas Education Code 33.091, was required to conduct a random testing of a statistically significant number of high school students in this state who participate in athletic competitions sponsored or sanctioned by the league. The program, which is funded through the Texas Education Agency, has faced cuts in each biennium since 2008, from a high of $3 million per year in 2008 to $500,000 last year.

Total Number of Tests: 2,633
2,405 boys were tested representing 10 sports
228 girls were tested representing 10 sports
172 schools were tested
Breakdown of Tests Conducted by Grade and Gender:
· 9th grade – Females: 54, Males: 539
· 10th grade – Females: 52, Males: 529
· 11th grade – Females: 52, Males: 638
· 12th grade – Females: 70, Males: 699
Breakdown of Tests Conducted by Sport:
· Male Baseball: 551
· Male Basketball: 41
· Male Cross-Country: 7
· Male Football: 1,112
· Male Golf: 4
· Male Soccer: 27
· Male Swimming: 9
· Male Tennis: 15
· Male Track & Field: 11
· Male Wrestling: 7
· Male Multi-sport: 620
· Total Males: 2,405
· Female Basketball: 30
· Female Cross-County: 10
· Female Golf: 5
· Female Soccer: 18
· Female Softball: 24
· Female Swimming: 10
· Female Tennis: 8
· Female Track & Field: 16
· Female Volleyball: 47
· Female Wrestling: 1
· Female Other: 1
· Female Multi-sport: 58
· Total Females: 228
Note: A multisport athlete will be represented more than once in this list. Therefore, the individual sport numbers will differ from the total number of athletes tested.
Results:
· Total Number of Positives: 0
· Total Number of Inconclusive Endogenous Records: 10
· Total Number of Protocol Positives: 7

The Anabolic Steroid Testing program has not been able to meet its mandate of performing a “statistically significant” number of tests because of the funding cut, according to an August 2014 Sunset staff report. According to the Sunset report, the cost of expanding both the number of tests administered and the types of drugs screened could cost between $4.1 million to $5.7 million per year. During the program’s entire history, only 197 students (out of 65,525 tests performed) generated a positive test result or committed a protocol violation.

In a press release, the UIL said the University Interscholastic League Anabolic Steroid Testing Report (for the 2013-14 school year) has been released by the UIL. The statistical report of the testing program that took place between September 2013 and May 2014 includes information such as the total number of tests conducted, the number of positive results and the breakdown of student-athletes tested by sport and gender. It was added that there were zero (0) confirmed positive results, 10 inconclusive endogenous records, and seven (7) protocol violations of the 2,633 tests conducted, for an unexcused absence at the time the test was administered. An inconclusive endogenous record denotes an elevated Testosterone amount in the body with an inability to determine if the amount was naturally or unnaturally produced.

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Wednesday 27, Aug 2014

Doping Offer Of Reduced Bans Rejected By Essendon

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Doping Offer Of Reduced Bans Rejected By Essendon

A proposal by Australian Football League (AFL) has been rejected by Essendon Bombers that would have allowed players accused of doping to stand down voluntarily from club duties. This proposal would also have reduced any future bans on the accused players. The definitive six-month suspension would have seen Essendon players facing anti-doping sanctions to miss the last four games of the home-and-away season and finals but return in time for round one of 2015.

Recently, it was rumored that Essendon players were thinking about taking about “insurance” against future penalties imposed by anti-doping authorities. Under the discussed terms, 34 current and former Essendon players who are accused of using a banned peptide (Thymosin Beta-4) would start a self-imposed suspension after final match of the club for the season and remain away from the club until mid-January. The time served, under a provision within the World Anti-Doping Code, may be used to offset any ban that gets imposed against players at a future date when found guilty of a doping offence.

Essendon players, while being stood down, may be prohibited from training at the Tullamarine facility of the club but were allowed to train as a group off-site. This proposal was presented to the board of Essendon Bombers as having the in-principle support of the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) though it now becomes apparent that the anti-doping authority did not have idea of the discussion of AFL chief executive Gillon McLachlan with club president Paul Little.

Last Thursday, the Essendon board met at Melbourne’s Hyatt Hotel and unanimously rejected the offer. In a carefully worded statement, club president Paul Little said he had met with McLachlan but denied that a deal like Cronulla-style was offered. Little remarked a number of things were discussed but no offer was put to the club concerning any arrangements about players making admissions in return for agreed sanctions. Little also said the Essendon Football Club board were fully briefed on these discussions and will continue to act and make decisions in the best interest of our players.

ASADA chief Ben McDevitt said it would be completely inappropriate and quite contemptuous to negotiate with Essendon before the legality of ASADA’s investigation is ruled by the Federal Court.

AFLPA’s acting chief executive Ian Prendergast reiterated that any decision over sanctions was up to the players. In a statement, Prendergast said the 34 players continue to be represented by the legal team consisting of David Grace QC, Ben Ihle, AFL Players Association lawyers Brett Murphy and Bernie Shinners, and Tony Hargreaves. He also remarked the players’ legal team is independent of the Essendon FC and is focused solely on protecting the best interests of the 34 players who have been issued show-cause Notices by ASADA and also said the 34 players are the ones who will ultimately decide how they wish to proceed in this matter.

In another development, Essendon coach James Hird returned to work after serving a 12-month ban imposed by AFL for failure on his part to prevent the ill-fated supplements regime of the club that was designed by sports scientist Stephen Dank.

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Monday 25, Aug 2014

NRL Confirm Doping Bans Accepted By 12 Cronulla Players

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NRL Confirm Doping Bans Accepted By 12 Cronulla Players

National Rugby League (NRL) boss has confirmed that 12 past and current Cronulla players have accepted backdated 12-month doping bans.

Dave Smith said there is no room for illegal substances in rugby league and the NRL will take whatever action is necessary to protect the integrity of the game. The NRL chief added the evidence in this case supports the fact that players were misled about the nature of the substances administered to them by people at the club who they should have been able to trust. Smith also remarked the suspensions recognize the fact that the players were misled, that the investigation has been ongoing for the past 18 months and that players made timely admissions after being provided with evidence earlier this week. The NRL Head also remarked controversial biochemist Stephen Dank has also been banned over his involvement in the supplements program and would never again be permitted to practice in the competition.

Cronulla captain Paul Gallen is one of 10 current NRL players alongside Cronulla teammates Nathan Gardner, Wade Graham, and Anthony Tupou. Newcastle’s Jeremy Smith and Kade Snowden, Titans halfback Albert Kelly and prop Luke Douglas plus North Queensland centre Matthew Wright are all understood to have accepted the deal. The suspension means Gallen would be ruled out of the upcoming Four Nations tournament for Australia and Smith will be unable to represent New Zealand. Wright will miss the finals with the Cowboys and the Four Nations tournament for Samoa. The offer was rejected by Super League-based players Paul Aiton and Ben Pomeroy.

In another development, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has been urged to overrule the “light” punishments handed out to past and present Cronulla Sharks players. News Corp reported that the chief executive of WADA is yet to review the evidence from the 17 doping cases despite lawyers for the players saying they received a guarantee from the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) that WADA would not interfere in the sanctions process.

John Fahey, former WADA boss, remarked the “light” penalties imposed by ASADA made a joke of anti-doping integrity in Australia. Fahey strongly urged WADA chief executive David Howman to review and overrule the sanctions. Fahey expressed anger over the backdated penalties and said nobody has had their record expunged and they did not hand back their earnings from this year nor did they have their names wiped from the record books as so many convicted athletes are forced to do under the WADA code around the world.

Backdated 12-month ASADA doping bans were accepted by Cronulla captain Paul Gallen and nine of his current and former Sharks teammates. The players reluctantly agreed to doping rather than face the prospect of facing an even-lengthier suspension over the club’s supplements program.

Newcastle coach Wayne Bennett blasted the ASADA investigation. The legendary coach said the public nature of the investigation and the hyperbolic claims at a media conference helped no-one. Bennett remarked the bottom line is, right or wrong or whatever, the deal that finished up being cut for them at the end, if they believe there’s been performance enhancing drugs involved, it’s been a pretty fair deal.

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Saturday 23, Aug 2014

Anthony Bosch Surrenders To DEA

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Anthony Bosch Surrenders To DEA

Anthony P. Bosch, the businessman at the center of the South Florida doping scandal, has surrendered to Drug Enforcement Administration agents.

Bosch was involved in one of the longest-running dramas in baseball that ensnared baseball All-Stars like Alex Rodriguez. His involvement with baseball stars gave a bad name to anti-aging clinics and roiled the MLB Commissioner’s office. Bosch and a half dozen of his associates were charged by the prosecutors with distributing the anabolic steroid Testosterone to hundreds of people, including high school athletes. With Bosch’s assistance, MLB gave the longest doping ban in baseball to Rodriguez and suspended 13 other players, including stars like Ryan Braun and Nelson Cruz.

The 50-year-old Bosch had struck a deal with prosecutors even before his arrest. Bosch was asked to help prosecutors expose his network to get a lenient sentence after entering a guilty plea. Bosch faces 10 years in prison.

According to the prosecutor’s office, Bosch and two of his associates formed a company called Scores Sports Management, Inc. in March 2011. This company took preloaded syringes of testosterone for aspiring baseball prospects, ages 12 to 17, in Dominican Republic. Until late 2012, Bosch continued to dispense performance-enhancing drugs. Previously, Bosch denied giving performance-enhancing drugs to baseball players but later became the star witness for Major League Baseball against Alex Rodriguez.

Bosch started offering Testosterone and other chemicals beginning in October 2008 to patients at the anti-aging clinics he co-founded in South Florida. Bosch forged prescriptions and scoured the black market to obtain the drugs. Some of Bosch’s patients were high school students, ages 15 to 17, who would visit him with their parents. Prosecutors remarked Bosch admitted to treating at least 18 minors.

The court document said the clinics’ customers were not only ordinary people who just wanted to improve their physical appearance, but also others with different motives, professional baseball players (or athletes), minor league players, and college and high school baseball players who wanted to increase their athletic prowess by using performance-enhancing drugs.

Bosch regretted his actions, said Joyce Fitzpatrick, a spokeswoman for Bosch. In a statement, she said Tony Bosch recognizes that he has made mistakes in the past and has spent the past year working hard to correct those mistakes and added Tony Bosch recognizes that he has made mistakes in the past and has spent the past year working hard to correct those mistakes.

Wifredo A. Ferrer, the United States attorney for the Southern District of Florida, said our investigation revealed that these performance-enhancing drugs did go to minors, to professional athletes and to others and added it was a network of recruiters and folks in the black market. Mark R. Trouville, the D.E.A.’s special agent in charge in Miami said Bosch is not a doctor and he is a drug dealer. Bosch used to wear a white lab coat and refer to himself as “Dr. T,” which led most of his customers to assume that he was a doctor despite Bosch having no medical credential of any sort.

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Thursday 21, Aug 2014

Cronulla Sharks Players Receive Doping Show-Cause Notices

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Cronulla sharks players receive doping show cause notices

Show-cause notices have been issued to seventeen past and present Cronulla Sharks players over the 2011 supplements program of the club.

A proposal regarding a possible suspension by the anti-doping authority has been offered to Nathan Gardner, Wade Graham, Anthony Tupou, John Morris, and Paul Gallen.

According to News Corp Australia, the notices were distributed at a series of meetings on August 20. The players will have ten days to submit their response and have the option of challenging the notices. The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) and Cronulla have confirmed five players presently contracted to the Sharks and 12 former players of the club have received show cause notices from the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority.

Sharks skipper Paul Gallen is one of the involved players and expressed concern that they will be labeled as drug cheats by accepting reduced bans. Gallen remarked our reputation is tarnished now already, but no matter what, if we do this we’re going to be labeled a drug cheat. Gallen also said whatever happens is going to happen and we can just get on with life because closure on this thing would just be unbelievable after what we have gone through the past two seasons. Gallen said he had not taken any banned substance and said it would be devastating if he is prevented from playing for Australia and seeing his reputation damaged.

In a statement, the Cronulla Sharks said five players have been offered a proposal regarding a possible suspension. It was added that the Sharks will continue to act in the best interests of the players and are providing on-going support, both to those issued with the notices as well as others in the club, while solicitors acting for the players will continue to manage the process on their behalf. It was also revealed that the ASADA CEO (Ben McDevitt) based on his assessment of the evidence has reached the conclusion that the players have a case to answer under the World Anti-Doping Code.  The club statement said the Sharks will continue to act in the best interests of the players and are providing on-going support both to those issued with the notices as well as others in the club and added that solicitors acting for the players will continue to manage the process on their behalf.

In a statement, ASADA remarked the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) commenced issuing ‘show cause’ notices to current and former players from the Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks Football Club. It added a total of 17 ‘show cause’ notices are to be issued in accordance with the ASADA Chief Executive Officer’s (CEO) responsibilities under the ASADA Act and relate to the use of prohibited substances, CJC-1295 and GHRP-6, during the 2011 season and the decision to issue ‘show cause’ notices by ASADA CEO, Ben McDevitt is based on evidence collected during the 16 month investigation. ASADA added the World Anti-Doping Code’s Prohibited List categorizes CJC-1295 and GHRP-6 under S2 ‘Peptide Hormones, Growth Factors and Related Substances’ and added that anyone considering the use of these substances should be aware that they may result in potentially serious health consequences. It was added that GHRP-6 is not approved for human use in Australia.

pdf_iconDownload in PDF: Cronulla Sharks Players Receive Doping Show-Cause Notices

Tuesday 19, Aug 2014

Amateur Surf Lifesaver Banned For Two Years

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Surfboat rower Brendan Ellis, of Batemans Bay club on the NSW South Coast, has been banned for two years following a breach of the movement’s anti-doping policy competing in the Ocean Thunder Surf Boat Series at Dee Why Surf Club on January 11, 2014, according to Surf Life Saving Australia.

Ellis, a part of this year’s champion crew in the professional Ocean Thunder Series and a 2012 world surfboat title winner, was associated to an over-the-counter sports supplement that had Oxilofrine (methylsynephrine), which is a stimulant chemically related to ephedrine and sometimes found in some dietary and sport supplements. Oxilofrine is prohibited when used in competition.

The 31-year-old said he was no drug cheat and added he had simply been caught out by ingredients (made overseas) not mentioned in the packaging of a “pre-trainer’’ product. Ellis added he thought the boys in the crew were playing a prank on him when he was informed of the positive test. He also remarked a two-year ban received by him is the same as for someone who tested positive to anabolic steroids. Ellis said he means this stuff can be bought by kids over the counter at most health stores and it doesn’t seem fair.

Ellis, a surfboat rower with the Batemans Bay Surf Life Saving Club, used a pre-trainer supplement called Mesomorph, an over-the-counter sports supplement, on the morning at Ocean Thunder Surf Boat Series at Dee Why on January 11. Ellis said he was fine to be drug tested after the race as we already had the research and added he had chemists look at it and it is not written on the label that the product had Oxilofrine in it. Ellis said he was devastated with the doping ban and remarked he had hard to achieve what medals he had won at every major event. The Surfboat rower said people will turn around and class him as a steroid taker and added he was expecting a six month or year-long ban but two years is disappointing.

Ellis also remarked had been left to patrols at the surf club but he cannot use paddle boards for instance unless it is a rescue situation. He cannot register with a local touch football, golf or bowls competition if the club or association is registered with an Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) affiliated governing body.

Ellis’ sweep Neil Innes said the punishment was wrong and said he believes there was not enough information for surfboat rowers. Innes said we are branded as drug cheats which is something we’re not happy about and remarked it is not Ellis was on anabolic steroids.

SLSA surf sports manager Nathan Hight said Ellis returned a positive sample to a random test conducting by Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority and would not be able to compete in surf lifesaving sports until April 10, 2016. Hight added Surf Life Saving Australia has a strict anti-doping policy at its sporting events that adheres to the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority and World Anti-Doping Code.

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Sunday 17, Aug 2014

Kreuziger Admits Working With Banned Ferrari, Sidelined By Tinkoff-Saxo

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Roman Kreuziger (Saxo-Tinkoff), winner of the 2013 Amstel Gold Race, has admitted to working with disgraced doctor Michele Ferrari. Kreuziger said he consulted the doping doctor from the autumn of 2006 through 2007.

Kreuziger claims that he was unaware that the controversial doctor had been banned. The cyclist said he believed Ferrari was one of the best coaches in the world and remarked he never doped. Ferrari has been banned twice for doping, including the Lance Armstrong doping scandal.

In 2002, Michele Ferrari was prohibited from working cyclists in Italy after allegations that he assisted riders to dope with Testosterone, EPO, and other banned methods or products.

Kreuziger was considered one of the biggest talents of the sport after winning the 2004 Junior Road World Championships and the 2008 Tour de Suisse at the age of 22. He won the 2009 Tour de Romandie after completing his first Grand Tour after finishing 21st in the Vuelta a España. Kreuziger won the Giro di Sardegna in 2010, finished third in Paris-Nice, and finished 9th overall in the Tour de France.

In June 2013, UCI first notified Kreuziger that Cycling Anti-Doping Foundation regarded his data as suspect and the rider subsequently informed his team. The team’s press release said Kreuziger was adamant that he never used doping methods or substances and added the team was satisfied through its own medical staff and independent verification that Roman’s blood profile had valid medical and scientific explanations other than the use of doping methods or substances and this was subsequently confirmed by the expert opinions Roman shared with the team.

Former Liquigas teammate of Kreuziger, Leonardo Bertagnolli pointed to Kreuziger in an affidavit dated May 18, 2011. Bertagnolli remarked he know many of his teammates went to Ferrari because we talked about it and the team knew: Franco] Pellizotti, Roman Kreuziger, Enrico Gasparotto, and Francesco Chicchi. A Saxo-Tinkoff representative remarked at that time that the team will support Kreuziger and let the national federation decide.

The Czech professional road bicycle racer for UCI ProTour team Team Tinkoff-Saxo was sidelined by his Tinkoff-Saxo team in June 2014 after he faced doping allegations. The team, in a statement published on its website, said the Union Cycliste Internationale is likely due to instigate disciplinary proceedings against (Kreuziger) arising from an alleged violation of its anti-doping rules due to abnormalities detected in his biological passport in 2011 and 2012. Meanwhile, Kreuziger denied he had taken any forbidden substances or used any forbidden methods and said that an independent inquiry concluded that his passport values were due to causes that were not due to the use of doping substances or methods.

The UCI’s Cycling Anti-Doping Foundation (CAFD) alleged that the blood passport profile of Kreuziger, when he rode for Astana, demonstrated abnormalities from March to August 2011 and from April 2012 until the end of that year’s Giro d’Italia.

Kreuziger pending further details is off the Tour team and will not compete in any other events. The rider will however not receive a provisionally suspension unless ordered by the UCI or the Czech federation.

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Friday 15, Aug 2014

Tiger Woods Received Treatment From HGH Guru

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A recently released book has revealed that Tiger Woods paid almost $200,000 to Canadian human growth hormone guru Anthony Galea and an associate for 63 visits to his home between September of 2008 and October of 2009.

The American professional golfer who is among the most successful golfers of all time has been one of the highest-paid athletes in the world for several years. He spent 264 weeks from August 1999 to September 2004 and 281 weeks from June 2005 to October 2010 as world number one to become the dominant force in golf.

The book, “Blood Sport” by Tim Elfrink and Gus Garcia-Roberts, disclosed that the HGH guru received more than $76,000 for visiting the four-time Masters champion 14 times while Tiger Woods recovered from knee surgery between January and August of 2009. The book also cited an investigation by the Florida Department of Health that found Mark Lindsay, Galea’s associate, charged Tiger Woods more than $118,000 for 49 visits. The doctors also treated Alex Rodriguez, the American professional baseball third baseman for the New York Yankees of Major League Baseball. Rodriguez is presently serving a suspension of 162 games for his involvement in the Biogenesis scandal.

The book by Tim Elfrink and Gus Garcia-Roberts also maintained that Alex Rodriguez and Tiger Woods discussed their simultaneous treatments by the two physicians. The book suggests that the relationship of Woods with Galea was far more extensive than previously known. In 2010, the New York Times reported Woods received treatment from Galea at least four times, but the book indicates that Galea and Lindsay had met dozens of times with Tiger Woods. The New York Times had previously reported that Mark Lindsay, Galea’s associate, had deep ties to BALCO, the San Francisco-area lab that offered designer steroids to athletes. In 2009, BALCO founder Victor Conte told the Daily News that Lindsay was part of a group called “Project World Record” for making Olympic track star Tim Montgomery the fastest man in the world. Lindsay also worked with BALCO-linked athletes Marion Jones and Bill Romanowski.

The book quotes Hank Haney, Woods’ former swing coach, saying he was unaware of the specifics of meetings of Galea with Woods and added he never saw anything illegal occur during the visits of the doctors to Woods’ Florida home. Haney remarked he was there three or four of the times Anthony Galea was there, and he didn’t see anything. Woods’ former swing coach added he never saw Tiger do anything like that and went on to add that Tiger Woods is bigger and stronger from all the working out he does, but he’s not faster or longer because of it and it is not like he is avoiding injuries.

In 2011, Galea pleaded guilty in a Buffalo federal courtroom to a felony charge of bringing misbranded and unapproved drugs, including performance enhancing drugs, into the United States.

Meanwhile, Galea and Woods have maintained that Woods was never treated with performance enhancing drugs but with platelet-rich plasma injections that are legal to promote healing.

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Wednesday 13, Aug 2014

Rugby Defends Its Anti-Doping Program

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Rugby Defends Its Anti-Doping Program

Anti-doping figures released for 2013 by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) indicate that Rugby Union on international scale demonstrates a higher percentage of positive test results than either cycling or athletics. The International Rugby Board welcomed the findings but remarked this does not suggest that the sport is less clean than other sports listed in the report.

WADA made this finding by combining all of its laboratory findings across Olympic sports in 2013. The findings were taken from both urine and blood samples and were made public on July 8th. It was revealed that the 1.3 percent figure of rugby is a higher Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF) than both athletics and cycling that both come in at 1.2 percent. An Adverse Analytical Finding means the presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolite was found in the sample.

The figures include all analyses conducted by the 33 WADA- accredited laboratories for in- and out-of-competition testing and by the two additional laboratories that have been approved by the World Anti-Doping Agency. These laboratories conduct blood testing exclusively for the Athlete Biological Passport, which is one of the most important anti-doping tools to be introduced in recent years.

There were 5,962 adverse or atypical test results across all sports in 2013, compared with 4,723 in 2012 that revealed the number of abnormal test findings increased by more than 20 percent last year. In all, 6,126 samples were taken in rugby across the 33 laboratories that appears comparatively low compared to 11,585 taken in athletics and 22,252 in cycling. The very high testing rate of cycling is due to the fact that WADA tends to target sports that have proven to be drug user-friendly. WADA remarked the results offer the most robust and transparent reflection of the global state of anti-doping testing to date.

Football in general registered a figure of 0.5 per cent in 201 though it was recently revealed by FIFA, the world governing body of football, that there were no positive tests from any players in the recently-concluded FIFA World Cup in Brazil.

An IRB spokesman said what it doesn’t mean is rugby is less clean than other sports and added you cannot deduce that. The spokesman added what it shows is that an intelligent anti-doping program in rugby is working and catching those using illegal substances and added we want to catch people using banned substances and a lot of our testing is targeted and we focus a lot on the Under 20s. The IRB spokesman also remarked quite often positive tests would come from supplements and we know they are particularly susceptible there, so education is also a big part of our program and also remarked that these figures show they will be tested and they will be caught if they use illegal substances.

A spokesman for the Irish Rugby Football Union (IRFU) said our anti-doping program is in line with the International Rugby Board and Irish Sports Council Anti-Doping criteria and we believe that it is very robust and added this is a global study and the IRFU is not in a position to comment.

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