mitchell_steroid_reportThe above caption is taken from a San Francisco Chronicle article which said this fact has become apparent after 2003, the year when America’s favorite game began testing for anabolic steroids. Because synthetic steroids were on spotlight, players turned to hGH.

The following is the “dishonorable list” of players implicated in the use of hGH enumerated by the San Francisco Chronicle as gleaned from court records, published accounts, and the explosive Mitchell Report.

BALCO players: The Burlingame laboratory distributed undetectable steroids. But doping calendars seized at BALCO in a 2003 federal raid also reflected HGH use by home run king Barry Bonds; slugger Gary Sheffield; and former Giants Benito Santiago, Bobby Estalella and Armando Rios. Before a federal grand jury, Yankees star Jason Giambi, another BALCO customer, demonstrated how he injected himself with HGH, records show.

Jose Canseco’s teammates. “Juiced,” the former slugger’s steroid memoir, also described his use of HGH. Besides himself, Canseco identified A’s bash brother Mark McGwire and Ivan Rodrigues, Juan Gonzales and Rafael Palmeiro, his Texas teammates, as HGH users.

Kirk Radomski’s clients. The former Mets batboy and clubbie, an admitted steroid dealer, also told former Sen. Mitchell that he had sold Human Growth Hormone to 29 players. They included pitchers Kevin Brown, Denny Neagle, Jason Grimsley and Cy Young Award winner Eric Gagne, outfielders GlenAllen Hill and David Justice, and Mo Vaughn, MVP with the Red Sox in 1995.

Brian McNamee’s clients. The former Yankee trainer told Mitchell he provided HGH to Roger Clemens, Andy Pettitte and Chuck Knoblauch.

Adam Piatt’s teammate. The former A’s outfielder told Mitchell he got HGH for Miguel Tejada.
On-line clinics. Customer lists from web clinics that were targeted by the district attorney in Albany, N.Y show 13 present and former players received growth hormone. They included St. Louis pitcher-turned outfielder Rick Ankiel, Angels outfielder Gary Matthews Jr; pitchers Paul Byrd and John Rocker; and former Giant Matt Williams, who ordered HGH while working in the Arizona Diamondbacks’ front office.

In 2003, MLB started unannounced steroid testing of players in 2003.

In the spring of 2004, the league implemented mandatory program testing. According to MLB’s press release on November 2003, it was the first time in the sport’s history that “players could be subject to fines and suspension for failing and repeating to fail random drug testing that reveals use of one of 28 federally banned anabolic androgenic steroids. The union and MLB labor negotiators adopted mandatory testing for steroid use in the Basic Agreement, which was signed in 2002.”