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Sunday 03, Jan 2016

Durodola Cleared By WBC Of Doping Allegation

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Nigerian-born cruiserweight contender, Olanrewaju “God’s Power” Durodola, who defeated Dmitry Kudryashov, the current WBA International cruiserweight champion, has been cleared of doping allegations made by Russian Anti-Doping Agency.

Durodola emerged to limelight following his upset win over WBC Silver Cruiserweight Championship-winning TKO 2 over highly touted Russian, Dmitry Kudryashov, on November 4 in Russia. Durodola remarked the Russian anti-doping agency tried to take away that what he worked so hard for and added he thanks God the agency was not able to snatch his hard-earned win. The Nigerian-born cruiserweight contender said he is a champion and he did that his fists and not drugs. Durodola added it hurts him when they tried to say he cheated.

The World Boxing Council, in conjunction with an Independent Commission and the World Anti-Doping Agency, ruled after an administrative investigation that RUSADA was non-compliant with proper testing procedures. The 35-year-old Durodola was reaffirmed as the WBC #2 contender. The 2008 Olympian now finds himself in an excellent position to eventually challenge champion Grigory Drozd. After the verdict came in his favor, Durodola remarked it is his dream that he had worked for all his life and commented it was nightmares to have them try to lie and take that away from him. Durodola also agreed to participate in the new WBC Clean Boxing Program.

Under the new WBC Clean Boxing Program, random and mandatory anti-doping testing of boxers both in-competition and out-of-competition would be provided.

Durodola’s promoter, Greg Cohen of Greg Cohen Promotions, said he is pleased that the WBC took control of the situation and acted swiftly and appropriately. Cohen added Durodola was a 25-1 underdog and won in spectacular fashion and this career defining victory can now be thoroughly enjoyed by the entire Durodola team and we are looking forward to a world title opportunity in the immediate future.

Roland Jankelson, Durodola’s manager, said it was hard on Olanrewaju Durodola, himself, and the Durodola team as they knew the test results were bogus and used to threaten the bout results and rob Durodola of his victory. Jankelson added the Kudryashov interests immediately rushed to fill the media with these false allegations, violating WBC rules regarding confidentiality requirements and added that Durodola, our team, and he are grateful to the WBC for its thorough investigation and decision declaring the Russian tests flawed. Jankelson also said the WBC has been a leader in the ongoing efforts to eliminate illegal drug use in professional boxing and Durodola and he wholeheartedly support the WBC’s Clean Boxing Program, however, as our just concluded experience demonstrates, protocols must be in place to protect boxers from false allegations of the type employed against Durodola and Wach.

Durodola’s manager added that boxers must necessarily subject themselves to foreign jurisdictions, and should be able to be confident in the fairness and neutrality of governing officials in these countries. Jankelson also said these officials and national governing bodies are understandably resistant to oversight, however, our experiences demonstrate the need for improved oversight, and he will engage with the WBC in conversations about how this can be accomplished.

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Thursday 12, Nov 2015

Vitor Belfort Says He Is Ready To Move On

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Vitor Belfort, the Brazilian mixed martial artist and former UFC Light Heavyweight Champion, has remarked he is ready to move on in his life. The UFC 12 Heavyweight Tournament Champion also remarked he is not hiding anything and has always fought with the approval of a commission and the Ultimate Fighting Championship.

The 38-year-old Belfort has almost served as the de facto face of the testosterone replacement therapy argument. Belfort remarked fourteen men were in the treatment and twelve of them were Americans and the media kind of picked him up because of his success.

In 2013, the Brazilian knocked out Luke Rockhold, Dan Henderson, and Michael Bisping in a span of 10 months but with the help of TRT that is now banned but was completely legal at that time with a therapeutic use exemption. In September this year, it was reported by veteran reporter Josh Gross that testosterone levels of Belfort were significantly elevated before his light heavyweight title bid at UFC 152 against then-champ Jon Jones. In his defense, Belfort said he lives with a clean and clear conscience regarding his use of legally-administered performance enhancing substances. Belfort remarked he is one of the very few fighters who openly accepted they are on TRT and he is not like those who don’t come out and hide. The MMA fighter also remarked he was on TRT for medical reasons.

Belfort has passed five random drug tests ever since the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency took over the anti-doping efforts of the UFC this year. He passed four tests since October 1 and insisted he is at peace with his place in the world of mixed martial arts.

Belfort is not new to controversies. He tested positive for 4-hydroxytestosterone at Pride 32: The Real Deal on October 21, 2006. The MMA fighter argued that he bought an over the counter supplement that had the illegal substance and also explained that he could have received the drug because of rehabilitative injections given to him by Brazilian endocrinologist Dr. Rodrigo M. Greco. A statement from Dr. Greco was received by the Nevada State Athletic Commission that stated that he had given post-surgical injections containing testosterone to Vitor Belfort. NSAC remarked Belfort would still be guilty of a violation of the banned substances policy even if he was unaware that the medical practitioner did not inform him that injections contained anabolic steroids. Belfort was banned on December 21, 2006 for a period of nine months and was fined $10,000.

The Brazilian mixed martial artist is the #4 contender in official UFC middleweight rankings s of June 29, 2015 and was also the last Cage Rage World Light Heavyweight Champion. He was given the nickname The Phenom after he started competing in the UFC. At the age of 19, he became the youngest fighter to ever score a victory inside the Octagon. The former UFC Light Heavyweight Champion is expected to face Dan Henderson, the American mixed martial artist and former Olympic wrestler, in a rubber match at UFC Fight Night 77 on November 7, 2015.

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Sunday 07, Jun 2015

UFC Announces Revamped Drug Policy

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UFC Announces Revamped Drug Policy

Earlier this year, the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) announced that it will bring a significant transformation to its drug testing policy. On Wednesday, the largest mixed martial arts promotion company in the world turned the dream into a reality.

A series of dramatic changes were outlined by Jeff Novitzky, the UFC’s new Vice President of Athlete Health and Performance, at a press conference in Las Vegas. This revamped drug policy is created with a vision of being the best anti-doping program in all of professional sports. The new program is expected to roll out on July 1 and will be under the leadership of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA). Novitzky announced the entire roster of UFC of 500+ fighters will be subject to unannounced, year-round in- and out-of-competition testing including both blood and urine testing, with the possibility of a collection that may occur at any place, any time, with no notice.

The announcement comes a few days after the Nevada Athletic Commission announced a series of sweeping changes to its drug testing program.

Under the revamped UFC drug policy, fighters would be tested for in- and out-of competition for anabolic steroids, growth hormones, peptides, blood doping drugs, and methods. Fighters who fail test for the first time will fail a suspension of 2 years with a possibility of a 4-year suspension for “aggravating circumstances”. The second offense would mean double the sanction for the first offense and the third offense would be double the sanction of the second offense. Fighters would be subjected to in-competition testing only for marijuana, cocaine, other stimulants, and glucocorticosteroids. Athletes failing test for these specified substances, for the first time, will face a suspension of one year with a possibility of 2 additional years for “aggravating circumstances”. The second offense under specified substances’ policy would mean double the sanction for the first offense and the third offense would be double the sanction of the second offense.

The term “aggravating circumstances” across several spectrums was defined by Novitzky including “egregious intent, conspiracy or agreements with others to attempt to defeat the testing system,” along with past offenses and multiple offenses, all modeled after the World Anti-Doping Agency code. In-competition testing was defined by Novitzky as the time period between six hours prior to weigh-ins until six hours immediately following the fight of an athlete.

The UFC also announced that there would be disqualification of result of the bout, and forfeiture of title, ranking, and purse or other compensation in case of anti-doping violation during or leading up to a bout. It was also announced that any purse, compensation or fine forfeited will be put towards cost of anti-doping program and/or anti-doping research of the UFC.

USADA CEO Travis Tygart today is a huge win for the athletes in the UFC as they set a new standard for all professional sport in protecting the rights and health of clean athletes and the integrity of competition. Tygart added the UFC has taken a bold and courageous leap forward for the good of its athletes in developing a comprehensive and cutting edge anti-doping policy expressly modeled on the key elements of the WADA Anti-Doping Program and by having it run by an independent and transparent National Anti-Doping Organization.

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Saturday 21, Feb 2015

Half Of MMA Fighters Could Be Doping, Says UFC Commentator

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UFC’s veteran commentator, Joe Rogan, has stunned all by saying that over half of MMA fighters are doping. Rogan made this comment in the wake of recent failed drug tests of star fighters Anderson Silva, Nick Diaz, and Hector Lombard.

Hector Lombard, the Cuban-Australian professional mixed martial artist and former Olympic judoka who competes as a Welterweight in the Ultimate Fighting Championship, tested positive for anabolic steroids following his UFC 182 victory over Josh Burkman on January 3 in Las Vegas.

Lombard tested positive for was Desoxymethyltestosterone, commonly known as Madol. Former middleweight kingpin Anderson Silva tested positive for two anabolic steroids: Drostanolone and Androstane. Silva’s competitor Nick Diaz failed a test for marijuana metabolites while UFC light heavyweight champion Jon Jones recently tested positive for cocaine metabolites.

The #1 contender in the official UFC middleweight rankings, Silva holds the longest title defense streak in UFC history and has 12 post-fight bonus awards. Silva claimed he has not taken any performance enhancing drugs and added he has been thoroughly tested many times and have never had a positive test.

Firas Zahabi, the coach of the semi-retired UFC star George St-Pierre who is a strong advocate of clean sports, remarked after Silva’s drug scandal that he wants the sport to be clean else a guy is going to die in the Octagon one day.

On the Joe Rogan Experience podcast, Rogan said the UFC and MMA in general is a steroid epidemic. The commentator added they have started this really stringent testing and everybody is getting popped left and right. Rogan said it is one of the things fighters have been saying for a long time, that everyone is on steroids or a huge percentage and added the number (is) 50 percent, 60 percent, whatever it is they are on anabolic steroids.

 A black belt in Taekwando and Brazilian Jiu Jitsu, Rogan cited the physical strain of intense training as the main reason behind athletes succumbing to steroid use. The veteran commentator said fighters will sometimes train three times a day and added maybe they’ll run, do sprints in the morning, and then they’ll do some kind of strength and conditioning in the afternoon and also remarked then they’ll do wrestling or jiu-jitsu at night. Rogan added then they’ll vary and the next day they might do kickboxing in the morning and running in the afternoon, then weight lifting at night.

The UFCs veteran commentator also remarked there’s not enough time in the day, and there’s not enough time to recover and so that’s when comes in Dr. Feelgood, he comes along, and bang. However, Rogan condemned use of banned drugs and brush aside claims that the supposed drug use case of Anderson Silva was to help him return from injury. Rogan said so if he’s 39 years old and he breaks his leg, you’re looking at a long-ass recovery period or you take steroids and you recover in nine months instead of 15 months or fill in the blank. He added that could be what’s going on, but the reality is it is illegal and said if it takes you 15 months, the excuse cannot be that someone is going to take some illegal drugs so he heals quicker as no one is ever allowed to take steroids.

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Wednesday 31, Dec 2014

Illicit Drug Sales Fueled By Smartphones And Social Media

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Illicit drug sales fueled by smartphones and social

According to Britain’s drugs watchdog, criminal gangs are harnessing smartphones and social media to send illegal sales of potentially dangerous slimming tablets, sleeping pills, and Viagra soaring.

A combination of smartphones allowing easy access to the internet to people and ease of promotion via social media has allowed suppliers of illegal drugs to target in a more effective way, said the Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA).

This year, the MHRA has targeted internet operations of gangs for the first time. It has removed 18,671 YouTube videos that were directing viewers to websites illegally selling prescription and counterfeit drugs. Despite this, the MHRA has reported a big rise in black market sales of the banned drugs to people who may have otherwise find it difficult or embarrassing to seek assistance from their doctor. Most patients are hesitant in discussing embarrassing health conditions like obesity or sexual dysfunction with their family doctor.

The MHRA seized 1.2 million doses of illegally-supplied erectile dysfunction drugs including Viagra, 383,000 slimming products and 331,000 doses of sleeping pills, tranquillisers, and anti-depressants over the course of 2014. Other common drugs sold illegally included hair-loss treatments, cognitive enhancers and anabolic steroids used by bodybuilders.

It is believed by the World Health Organization that about half of all drugs sold are counterfeits. Many of the treatments are out-of-date or have been contaminated because of storage in unhygienic and appalling conditions.

Alistair Jeffrey, head of enforcement at the drugs watchdog, said smartphones have allowed people greater access to the internet and all of a sudden this accessibility, combined with social media, has made a significant difference in how criminals reach consumers.

Jeffrey, a former detective superintendent who previously ran the Metropolitan Police’s child abuse investigation command centre, said this is something we are looking at now in a serious way and remarked there is a phenomenal market out there. He went on to remark that raids organised by the MHRA have found drugs stored in abysmal conditions. Jeffrey added these people are not interested in sanitary conditions, they are in it for the money. He went on to remark that besides the obvious risks of taking medicines made from rat poison and other substitutes used by gangs, there are also dangers in taking medicines without proper consultation.

The head of enforcement at the drugs watchdog also said there are definitely health risks because a patient might have a condition that means they should not take a certain drug. He further said patients who are viewing the footage on YouTube are directed to other websites that purport to be officially-registered pharmacies that sell potentially dangerous and fake medicines.

Bernard Leroy, director of the International Institute of Research Against Counterfeit Medicines in Paris, said we are in a situation where internet usage is growing so fast that we are at risk of losing control. Bernard added this will become a major issue for public health in coming years and also said people are more and more focused on obtaining these medicines and people are going to the internet for them.

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Monday 22, Sep 2014

Use Of Steroids Among Teens In NZ On Rise

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The weak anti-doping laws of New Zealand may encourage more and more teenagers to use anabolic androgenic steroids, according to the world’s leading anti-doping watchdog.

The use of Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs (PIEDs) in New Zealand has now extended its reach beyond bodybuilding circles as more and more recreational gym-goers are seeking a quick fix. Anti-doping advocates and officials have raised concerns that people could be unaware of the potential health risks that are associated with abuse of Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs such as anabolic androgenic steroids that may be sometimes manufactured in unsanitary, unregulated backyard labs.

Fairfax Media reported that anti-doping advocates and officials fear that the use of PIEDs by some gym-goers may see young talent in the world of sports go astray. It reported that some of the top schoolboy rugby teams of New Zealand have been canvassed on the issue. It is believed that some gangs have recognized lucrative supply and sale opportunities in a low-stakes market.

David Howman, World Anti-Doping Agency director general, remarked the availability of Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs in New Zealand and other countries was a ‘‘major concern’’. Howman added those who are buying PIEDs range from teenagers who want to look good to older people who want access to the fountain of youth. Howman expressed fears that the increased availability of drugs at a recreational level may result in more doping in sport, especially among young athletes who want to secure rewarding contracts. The World Anti-Doping Agency director general added this is an increasing problem for the health of our kids.

Officials remark regulation of gyms and tougher penalties for import and supply of PIEDs are required. According to Global Intelligence, organized criminal links to the trafficking of PIEDs have been revealed and there was stack loads of money to be made.

Graeme Steel, Drug Free Sport New Zealand chief executive, remarked he received reports on regular intervals that suggested the use of Performance and Image Enhancing Drugs was growing within the recreational arena. He added some of the leading gymnasiums in the country were at the core of the problems and added gyms are certainly the meeting point for it and some gyms, and he is not saying all of them, are just like the wild west out there – it’s just anything goes. The Drug Free Sport New Zealand chief executive also said athletes need to be making pretty good choices about which gyms they use and urged gym owners to clean up their act and take some responsibility. He went on to remark that the conundrum for some of them is a significant part of their clientele may be involved in drug use and commercially it may not be a good thing for them to stop it.

Police were monitoring gang links to the PIED market, said outgoing Organized and Financial Crime Agency New Zealand deputy director Detective Superintendent Ray van Beynen. Beynen added we have had reports of the outlaw motorcycle gangs dealing with these substances and to the gangs they represent higher profit, lower risk than some of the Class A, B, C drugs.

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Sunday 31, Aug 2014

Mike King Released By UFC

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Mike King Released By UFC

Former Ultimate Fighter 19 competitor Mike King has been sidelined by the UFC for nine months. This decision was made after King returned a positive drug test in his bout against Cathal Pendred at UFC Fight Night from Dublin, Ireland in July.

King tested positive for Nandrolone (most commonly sold commercially as Deca Durabolin) that can stimulate muscle growth and appetite. Deca Durabolin is also used for improving the production of red blood cells in the body and has the potential of improving bone density. Medically, this anabolic androgenic steroid is prescribed to treat anemia, osteoporosis and some forms of neoplasia including breast cancer.

The International Olympic Committee has set a limit of 2.0 μg/L of 19-norandrosterone in urine as the upper limit. This steroid is directly detectable in hair or indirectly detectable in urine by testing for the presence of 19-norandrosterone. A study conducted in 2004 revealed that the administration of 200 mg of Nandrolone decanoate for a period of 8 weeks can dramatically increase fat-free mass and body mass. It was also revealed that the changes can be attributed to an increase of muscle mass.

  Other notable fighters who have tested positive for Nandrolone are Josh Barnett, Stephan Bonnar, Nate Marquardt, Royce Gracie (tested positive after defeating his longtime rival Kazushi Sakuraba at K-1 Dynamite!! USA in 2007), and Sean Sherk (tested positive for nandrolone following his title defence to Hermes Franca at UFC 73). High profile athletes such as Merlene Ottey, Dieter Baumann, and Linford Christie have tested positive for Nandrolone. Tennis star Petr Korda tested positive for this steroid after his 1998 Wimbledon quarter final match against Tim Henman. During the 2000 baseball season, Roger Clemens, a member of the 2000 World Series winning New York Yankees, was reported to have been injected with Deca Durabolin by Brian McNamee, major league strength coach.

In a statement, the UFC remarked Mike King has been informed that his positive test violated the UFC Fighter Conduct Policy and Promotional Agreement with Zuffa, LLC. The statement also said the UFC has a strict, consistent policy against the use of any illegal and/or performance-enhancing drugs, stimulants or masking agents by our athletes. It was further added that King agreed to serve a 9-month suspension retroactive to the event and must pass a drug test before receiving clearance to compete again. As part of the suspension, the UFC fighter will also forgo his $50,000 ‘Fight of the Night’ bonus that he earned in the fight with Pendred.

In a statement, King confirmed that he has been released from the UFC. He added the consequences for my conduct are truly significant and added the life changing $50,000 ‘Fight of the Night’ bonus he was awarded has been taken away, and he had been informed that his UFC promotional agreement is being terminated. King added he has been placed on a nine month suspension, and he has publicly humiliated himself but added that he accepts full responsibility for his actions and decisions and will make no excuses.

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Saturday 09, Aug 2014

Steroid Use Among Teens On Rise

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Steroid Use Among Teens On Rise

Don Hooton, president of the Taylor Hooton Foundation, recently remarked that we should never lose sight of steroid use among teenagers, which is a potential killer among our youth.

In 2003, Hooton’s son Taylor hanged himself after using anabolic steroids. Don Hooton started the Taylor Hooton Foundation for educating parents, coaches, and young athletes to deter them from going down like his son. In 2005, Don remarked if it can happen in our home, it can happen in any home and added it is no longer a drug that only affects the user as it affects all of us and our students’ lives and health are worth it.

Over the last decade, abusers of anabolic steroids have been policed and punished by the Major League Baseball, the NFL, and other professional sports. However, many studies in the past have revealed that the use of performance and appearing enhancing drugs have continued to rise among youth.

Since 2012, the use of synthetic Human growth hormone (HGH) among high school-age teens has almost doubled according to the organization Partnership for Drug-Free Kids. Eleven percent of teenagers in grades 9-12 reported using human growth hormone with a prescription, up from five percent two years earlier, according to the latest Partnership Attitude Track Study (PATS), sponsored by MetLife Foundation. It was further revealed by the Partnership Attitude Track Study that there was a gradual increase in lifetime use of anabolic androgenic steroids among teenagers, from five percent in 2009 to seven percent in 2013. Twenty-one percent remarked at least one friend makes use of anabolic steroids presently and it is easy to obtain these drugs.

Steve Pasierb, president and CEO of the Partnership of Drug-Free Kids, said this new data point to a troubling development among today’s teens. He added young people are seeking out and using performance-enhancing substances like synthetic HGH and supplements purporting to contain HGH, hoping to improve athletic performance or body appearance without really knowing what substances they are putting into their bodies.

De La Salle (Concord, California) coach Justin Alumbaugh remarked all health-related habits — good and bad — are on our radar. He remarked no supplements are allowed in his program, unless they are cleared by the medical staff of the program. Alumbaugh further added we are constantly monitoring our kids’ health and said we monitor their weight and chart their every lift. Alumbaugh also said if anything is off kilter or out of the norm or haywire, we see it and act on it.

Tony Sanchez, a sixth-year coach for Bishop Gorman (Las Vegas), said his program closely follows National Collegiate Athletic Association guidelines and attempts to educate his players. Sanchez said there are so many good products and supplements out there to embrace and added that we try to teach the kids to make good, informed decisions. Like all other areas of our program, we try to educate our kids. He further commented we can’t put our heads in the sand and assume kids aren’t going to use some of these health products and we need to teach them what are good and bad so they can be informed.

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Sunday 03, Aug 2014

Two More Powerlifters Fail Doping Tests

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Two More Powerlifters Fail Doping Tests

Two powerlifters have received suspension after they failed doping tests at the World Championships in Dubai. This brings the count of suspended powerlifters to four athletes who have been ousted as cheating at the competition.

In a urine sample given on April 10, Rashed Hassan Ahmed of the United Arab Emirates tested positive for dehydrochloromethyl-testosterone and its metabolites. The stimulant is listed under the category of exogenous anabolic androgenic steroids as per World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA).

Rashed’s sample was taken after he finished 14th of 20 powerlifters in the under 97 kilogram class at the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) Powerlifting World Championships. The power lifter has been banned from competition for two years from April 10, and fined €1,500 (£1,190/$2,039).

Oleg Gridassov of Kazakhstan tested positive after he was placed eighth out of 27 powerlifters in the under-80kg competition. Gridassov was found to have dehydrochloromethyl-testosterone and its metabolites in a urine sample given on April 8. The banned substance is listed under the same WADA category. Gridassov has been banned from competition for two years and fined €1,500.

All results from the date of the test and onwards will be stripped for Gridassov and Rashed with any medals, points, records and prizes being forfeited.

During the World Championships, London 2012 silver medal winner Roohallah Rostami from Iran also failed a doping test. Rostami won silver in the under 72kg division and was suspended after he returned an adverse analytical finding for the banned stimulant Methylhexaneamine. The power lifter was banned for two years and handed a €1,500 fine. His ban is backdated to April 7 and the power lifter is stripped of all of his results since the positive test occurred, including the World Championship silver medal he initially won in the under 72kg division behind Egyptian winner Mohamed Elelfat. Sergei Sychev of Russia will be upgraded to silver while Peng Hu of China will move up from fourth to bronze.

Rostami finished runner-up behind Liu Lei of China in the 67.5 kilogram category in 2012 London Games. During the London Games, power lifters Ivory Nwokorie and Folashade Oluwafemiay of Nigeria were stripped of the gold and silver medals they originally won.

In July, the IPC announced Ilfat Mukhatarov of Russia had failed a drugs test during the World Championships. The Russian will be ineligible from competition for two years from April 4 and fined €1,500 after he tested positive for Indapamide in a urine sample provided on April 4 during an out-of-competition test ahead of the World Championships.

Ivan Palacios of Colombia also failed a drugs test during the 2014 Para South American Games in the Chilean capital Santiago in March. In the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games, Indian power lifter Sachin Choudhary was sent home after a failed doping test.

An IPC statement reiterated that each athlete is strictly liable for the substances found in his or her sample, and that an anti-doping rule violation occurs whenever a prohibited substance, or its metabolites or markers, is found in his or her bodily specimen. It was added that the IPC as a signatory of the World Anti-Doping Code remains committed to a doping free sporting environment at all levels.

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Friday 01, Aug 2014

IPC To Take Action Against Countries Over Doping

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IPC To Take Action Against Countries Over Doping

The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) is evaluating actions against National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) for reducing the number of anti-doping violations in para-sport, in particular the sport of powerlifting.

In the last 14 months, 13 power lifters have received suspension for failing drug tests despite IPC Powerlifting conducting more tests than ever before. The IPC Powerlifting also implemented a comprehensive education program for athletes and support staff. Now, the IPC and the IPC Anti-Doping Committee are evaluating a range of actions that may be taken against a country that repeatedly has athletes failing drugs tests. The nature and quantum of actions will be presented to the IPC Governing Board in October. If it is approved, the action(s) will be included in the new IPC Anti-Doping Code and will come into effect on 1 January 2015.

It is widely believed that the IPC may be considering imposing financial sanctions on National Paralympic Committees and reducing the number of slots an NPC is allowed for athletes to compete in a particular sport at the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games.

Last year, the powerlifting qualification guide was published for maintaining a fair and consistent qualification pathway for the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games. This guide states that all athletes must attend at least one IPC approved powerlifting competition each year leading up to the Games in addition to meeting the Minimum Qualification Standard.

Xavier Gonzalez, the IPC’s Chief Executive Officer, said doping cheats, and those supporting them, have no place in IPC Powerlifting and added that we take doping in sport extremely seriously and, as our testing program clearly shows, we are 100 per cent committed to finding the cheats and suspending them from the sport. Gonzalez added we are disappointed with the high number of positive tests in recent years despite IPC Powerlifting’s best efforts to educate power lifters and support staff around the world.

He went on to add that we are more disappointed however at the number of athletes across all sports who, during anti-doping hearings, have said they have received no education or support on anti-doping from their NPC, despite the fact that this is ultimately their responsibility. The IPC’s Chief Executive Officer added the IPC will be increasing our efforts further but the NPCs also must fulfill their obligations too. He also remarked that they have a duty to ensure their athletes are not cheating and are fully aware of the rules, especially in light of all the supplements that are out there and if they fail this duty, then they, as well as the athlete, may face a range of actions should an ant-doping violation occur.

Gonzalez also remarked the IPC going forward will continue to educate athletes and their support staff on the importance of anti-doping and added we will conduct workshops and produce materials in a variety of languages to make it easier for athletes to understand the message. Gonzalez also remarked we will also be stepping up the number of tests we conduct each year, both in and out of competition, and covering blood and urine. He further remarked but countries also have to act and said no longer can they neglect their responsibilities when it comes to anti-doping education for athletes.

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