Retired NFL players, musculoskeletal injuries, and steroids share associationThe use of anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) increases the risk of certain types of musculoskeletal injuries, as per an unprecedented survey of retired National Football League players reported in the March issue of the American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation.

Senior author Kevin Guskiewicz, Ph.D., A.T.C., Professor of Exercise and Sport Science and Research Director at The Center for the Study of Retired Athletes at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, said compounded medical complications appearing with use of steroids with negative impact on joint health could cause chronic diseases later in life.

The lead author was Scott Horn, D.O., of the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in the UNC School of Medicine.