Steroid medications not effective for children with lower respiratory infectionsAccording to a study published in the July 26 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine, the use of steroid medications is not effective for preventing hospitalization or improving respiratory symptoms when it comes to treating bronchiolitis, a common viral lower respiratory infection in infants.

These findings by the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) are considered to provide qualified guidance for treating one of the most common causes of infant hospitalization.

Nathan Kuppermann, M.D., a professor of emergency medicine and pediatrics at the University of California, Davis, chair of the PECARN network’s steering committee, and the senior investigator of the study, said that the study highlights the power of a research network such as PECARN for resolving difficult-to-answer questions.