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Monday 30, Jan 2017

  Riders Should Publish Anti-Doping Data For Transparency

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Former Cyclo-cross world champion and pre-race favorite for the Worlds, Mathieu van der Poel has remarked riders should be open to make their anti-doping controls public.

The comments of Van der Poel same after Kevin Pauwels posted his doping control form on Twitter and Van der Poel himself swiftly following Pauwels. Reigning world champion Wout van Aert was urged to publish his anti-doping controls too but he remarked he would not be doing the same as his two competitors.

Poel, the Dutch cyclist who currently competes in the Cyclo-cross and road bicycle racing disciplines of the sport for the Beobank–Corendon team, recently escaped serious injury despite a nasty crash in the DVV Trophy race in Loenhout.

Van der Poel said he respected the decision of Wout van Aert but added publishing the documents would help with transparency of the sport. Van der Poel said at his pre-Worlds press conference that publishing his data for himself and not meant to provoke Wout van Aert. Poel added Aert is perfectly entitled not to do so and also comment that just because you do not make something public, it does not mean that you have something to hide.  Van der Poel added it is his privacy and added but perhaps it is good that we do all this publicly in the future. Poel added each test for him should be put online and further said there needs to be more transparency, and it could be a pivotal moment in the sport.

Van der Poel added therapeutic use exemptions are open to misuse and the rules around them should be stricter. Poel said he is not saying nothing should be allowed, but it is unfortunately misused in many ways. The rider said it is best to take rest if someone is struggling with something. Poel added TUEs can naturally be used, but it is not the healthy way and said it also seems a good idea to then stay a month on the sidelines instead of the current line of ten days if it is the only way to ride a World Cup. Poel also said maybe you are doing nothing wrong, but he would not personally do it secretly but at a press conference with a doctor immediately and added but again, it is not healthy.

Van Aert was forced to deny requesting a TUE for cortisone after Van der Poel deliberately or unintentionally stoke the fire of doubt against Van Aert. Van Aert had to skip the final round of the World Cup in Hoogerheide and has been suffering from a knee injury of late. In a press conference, Van Aert said he had been suffering from an inflammation of the knee for the last few days and added but he has not been using cortisone or other TUEs.

Riders are required to declare the use of any supplement or medication on the supplied forms when visited by doping control officers. The anti-doping control form of Poel showed he had been using multivitamins and beetroot juice.

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Monday 03, Oct 2016

  Doping Progress Hailed By Tour De France Chief

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Christian Prudhomme, the general director of the Tour de France since 2007, has remarked anti-doping measures in the recent past have significantly changed image of cycling. Prudhomme said he believes that doping in cycling is under control and that all the measures that have been taken should be enough.

The Frenchman added cycling is no longer the principal sport to provide news on the use of illegal substances.  Long associated with systematic doping, cycling has been spared such close scrutiny during recent affairs that have plagued athletics, football, and the International Olympic Committee.

Till few years back, cycling was in all kinds of controversies ever since the Lance Armstrong doping scandal broke out. The disgraced cyclist, who was denied doping throughout his illustrious career, finally admitted to making use of banned substances and techniques such as blood doping, testosterone, cortisone, and human growth hormone during a televised interview with Oprah Winfrey.

Prudhomme also commented there is no longer a feeling in the sport that change is necessary and said you don’t see champions who come from nowhere any more. The former French journalist the absence of champions coming “out of nowhere” and the believable and mappable progress of young riders has done the job for cycling. Prudhomme said the likes of Nairo Quintana and Esteban Chaves have a pedigree, they shone on the Tour de l’Avenir and it is reassuring.

The Tour de l’Avenir is the most prestigious under-23 race in the world and both Chaves and Quintana – who have finished on the podiums of the Tour de France and the Vuelta a Espana over the last few years – performed very well in their youth. The Tour de France chief also commented that the change in communication with the sport has been a huge factor in the progress he has seen. Prudhomme said cycling was seen as a closed sport until recently but it is not anymore and people talk. Prudhomme went on to comment that cycling has been cleaning up its act and added it was not easy but it has been cleaning up its act. He also said we want sport to be perfect, while society will never be and also said society is not full of saints or full of crooks. Prudhomme also said all the cheats and the liars on this earth did not gather up one day to decide they would be taking up cycling.

Prudhomme took charge of the Tour de France by inheriting the mantel of his predecessor, Jean-Marie Leblanc, in 2006, the year of the Operación Puerto doping scandal. Prudhomme has overseen doping scandals in 2007, 2008, and 2010 but admitted revelations about mechanical doping earlier this year was something he was not prepared for. The Frenchman called mechanical doping the “biggest challenge facing cycling.” The Tour de France director said he was scared eight days before the Tour of the rumors would mar the race but was relieved after the secretary of state announced the use of thermal imaging cameras to help locate any motors being used in the peloton.

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Thursday 07, Jan 2016

  Boogerd Given Two-Year Suspension For Doping

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The world governing body of cycling, the UCI, has handed a suspension of two years to former rider and directeur sportif Michael Boogerd.

In a press release issued by the UCI, it confirmed that the suspension of Boogerd would run until December 21, 2017. The statement on the UCI’s website reads the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) announces that Michael Boogerd has been sanctioned with a two years’ ineligibility for the anti-doping rule violations he committed during his cycling career. It was further added that the ban is effective until 21 December 2017. The UCI also mentioned that the case has been resolved via an acceptance of consequences as provided for by the World Anti-Doping Code and the UCI Anti-Doping Rules and the UCI will not comment any further.

In a statement, Boogerd said he is bearing the responsibility because of his voluntary confession on March 6, 2013 and would accept the consequences of decisions that he had taken in the past. Boogerd added he did not receive a reduced ban as he was always alone and ready to tell his own story and not about other riders of coaches. In a statement, the Roompot team confirmed that Boogerd would not fight the suspension and added we wish Michael and his family a lot of strength in this difficult time and hope in the future to re-use his knowledge of and love for cycling.

Boogerd would not be able to continue in his role as a directur sportif for the Roompot – Oranje Peloton Pro Continental team. In addition to this, the results of Boogerd from 2005 to 2007 will be scratched from his palmares that included a victory at the Dutch national championships in 2006.

In an interview in 2013, the former Rabobank rider confessed to having used the banned blood booster EPO, cortisone, and blood transfusions. Boogerd, who was an official with the Dutch second-tier team Roompot Oranje last season, said he used banned substances at the end of his career from 1997 to 2007.

Nicknamed the “Boogie-man”, Boogerd was appointed team manager of Team Roompot, a UCI Professional Continental cycling team launching in 2015. Boogerd was a specialist in the one-day classics who won the Amstel Gold race in 1999 and edged Lance Armstrong into second place, and had two stage wins in the Tour de France. In 1993, he turned professional with the WordPerfect–Colnago–Decca team that would later become Racobank.

The Dutch former professional road bicycle racer was one of the leaders of a generation of Dutch cyclists in the late 1990s and early 2000s along with teammate Erik Dekker. The specialties of Boogerd were hilly classics such as La Flèche Wallonne, Liège–Bastogne–Liège, and the Amstel Gold Race in the Ardennes week and the Lombardian races in the Fall, and mountain-stages. Boogerd has been Dutch Champion three times, in 1997, 1998 and in 2006.Boogerd finished 5th overall in the General classification in the 1998 Tour de France that was his highest finish ever in the Tour.

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Tuesday 13, Oct 2015

  Ben Foster Took Drugs To Play Lance Armstrong

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American actor Ben Foster has admitted he took drugs in a contained, doctor-supervised manner to better understand why athletes took drugs. Foster is playing the role of Lance Armstrong in a film “The Program”, which is an adaptation of the book Seven Deadly Sins: My Pursuit of Lance Armstrong.

In an interview with the Toronto Star, Foster admitted he wanted to understand — on a personal level, on a cellular level — what that experience is like. Foster also remarked coming off those drugs is the difficult part but that was a calculated risk and part of the joy of the job.

The actor said he would not name the drugs and remarked everything was “all legal” and was “an interesting element”. Foster revealed he would not reveal how long he took the drugs for and remarked he was part of a program (hat went before they started shooting) that was supervised by a doctor. Ben added athletes take performance enhancing drugs to go stronger, go longer, and go faster but also remarked they also can damage the body very long-term and in very serious ways.

Ben Foster added cycling is a brutal, brutal, brutal, brutal sport and he does not understand how cyclists do it and do it for that long. Foster also said the Tour de France is a wicked sport in the way that it’s not just man against man or woman against woman; it’s not flesh against flesh. It’s flesh against machine.

His director Stephen Frears said he came to know about drugs only two weeks ago and did not feel like it was any of his business. Frears added there has been doping at the beginning of sport and there will always be doping and also said they will always be one step ahead but the governing bodies just need to keep up with that. Frears also commented that we have to keep their feet to the fire most importantly and make sure they are not complicit with the athletes creating and generating money for their sport for their endorsements.

Once considered to be the greatest cyclist of all time, Lance Edward Armstrong was stripped of Tour de France seven consecutive title wins from 1999 to 2005 after a protracted doping scandal. The American former professional road racing cyclist was found guilty in 2012 by the United States Anti-Doping Agency of using and promoting the use of banned performance enhancing drugs. The former cyclist decided not to contest the charges and received a lifetime ban from competing in all sports. In January 2013, Lance Armstrong admitted to making use of performance enhancing drugs and said he used Testosterone, Cortisone, and other drugs and methods to win the Tour de France.

In the past, Armstrong has been hugely criticized by outspoken opponents of doping like Paul Kimmage and Christophe Bassons. During the 1999 Tour de France, Bassons wrote many articles in which he made references to doping in the peloton. Lance Armstrong entered into an altercation with Bassons. Kimmage referred to Lance Armstrong as a “cancer in cycling” and posed questions before the former cyclist in relation to his “admiration for dopers” that provoked a scathing reaction from Armstrong.

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Tuesday 23, Jun 2015

  Danish Cyclist Admits To Doping

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Nicki Sorensen, the former Tinkoff-Saxo rider, has admitted that he doped during the first part of his career. The former professional cyclist said he doped in the initial stages of his career, which was more than a decade ago. This admission came a day ahead of the release of a report into doping in Danish cycling between 1998 and 2015.

Sorensen said he told Anti-Doping Denmark of his experiences and admitted to doping to ease his conscience and because he also wanted to help the sport of cycling. According to reports in Danish media, Sorensen admitted to doping during the 2004 Olympic Games.

The cyclist, who won four Danish National Road Race Championships between 2003 and 2011, denied Bjarne Riis, his former team principal, had encouraged him to do so. Sorensen said it was his own decision to dope. Interestingly, Riis won the 1996 Tour de France but he admitted in 2007 that he used Erythropoietin (EPO, the banned blood booster) to secure victory. Riis admitted to using EPO from 1993 to 1998, including during his 1996 Tour de France victory. The cyclist also admitted to taking human growth hormone and cortisone.

In 1999, Nicki Sorensen turned professional with Team Chicky World. Later, he joined Team Fakta before joining CSC-Tiscali, where he would spend the remainder of his career.

The 40-year-old Sorensen is now a sport director at the Tinkoff-Saxo team. The four-time Danish national champion and a Tour de France stage winner will be named in an impending report from Anti-Doping Denmark (ADD) that also investigated former Tinkoff team boss Bjarne Riis. ADD is relying heavily on the testimony of Michael Rasmussen, the former Tour de France yellow jersey wearer.

In a book, the former Tour de France king of the mountains Michael Rasmussen provided complete insights about his doping practices. Rasmussen also claimed in the book “Yellow fever” that systematic doping was going on his former CSC-Tiscali team and team owner Bjarne Riis was fully aware of what was going on. The former cyclist also disclosed that it was his impression that almost all riders used doping and added he got systematic injections with cortisone to ride faster and delay fatigue.

In the book, the ex-cyclist disclosed that the team doctors constantly monitored blood values for monitoring hematocrit values during the season to find out which riders used EPO and which riders were in danger of getting caught. Rasmussen also accused Nicki Sørensen of doping. Rasmussen said both of them lived in the same hotel and Nicki told him rather desperately that he had been unable to find EPO or growth hormone. At this point of time, Rasmussen said he calmed Nicki and sed a CSC car and drove to a known pharmacy and bought EPO and growth hormones.

In a team press statement, Tinkoff-Saxo said the team has a deep-rooted anti-doping culture that is implemented throughout the entire team. It was added that the team was convinced at the time and remains of the view that Sorensen has conducted himself fully in accordance with this culture over the past decade of working with the team.

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Thursday 30, Apr 2015

  Tom Meeusen Cleared By Belgian Cycling Federation

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Tom Meeusen Cleared By Belgian Cycling Federation

Tom Meeusen, the Cyclo-cross rider from Belgium, has successfully appealed against decision of the Belgian Cycling Federation not to register him at the World Championships after doping suspicion.

The 26-year-old rider, who found himself in an investigation by the Belgian Cycling Federation, was acquitted because of lack of evidence that he made use of performance enhancing substances, Cortisone and Vaminolact. If he was found guilty, Meeusen would have faced a doping ban of two years and a fine of €28,550 and his 2012 results would have been annulled. Meeusen successfully appealed his exclusion at the 2015 cross world championships in the Czech Republic in January because of the ongoing investigation, along with other riders Laurens Sweeck and Bart Wellens.

Sweeck has admitted that he did purchased Vaminolact, injectable amino acids developed as a nutritional source for premature and sick babies, but added that he did not receive illegal ozone treatments from Belgian doctor Chris Mertens. Sweeck was named among 19 athletes linked to a three-year-long investigation into the activities of Merten who was charged with providing ozone treatment, a procedure where blood is extracted and infused with ozone before being injected back into the body.

Article 9.2.002 of the UCI regulations states that a rider against whom an investigation was opened in relation to a breach of anti-doping rules will not be eligible for the World Championships until their definitive acquittal. Stijn Debaene, Partner of Fieldfisher, the firm that defended Meeusen, said the Arbitration Court has only issued a decision without a motive for it, so we do not yet know on which basis they have decided that this rule is not applicable. Debaene added maybe they have decided that this rule is not applicable because there is no investigation that has been initiated against the rider, which is the first thing that we pleaded. Maybe they have said, as they did in the Valverde case, that the rule in and of itself is not a rule which should be applied anyway. But we do not know at this time.

Greg van Avermaet of BMC Racing is now the next high-profile rider to wait on a decision by the Belgian Federation. Avermaet too was associated with Dr Mertens. In April, prosecutors requested for a doping ban of two years and a fine of €262,500 at a hearing. Final decision on the Classics specialist’s fate is expected on May 7.

In January, the Belgian Court for Sport Arbitration (BAS) ruled that Tom Meeusen, Laurens Sweek, and Bart Wellens must be allowed to race the upcoming World Cup and UCI world championships.

Dr Chris Mertens is suspected of providing ozone treatment to 19 athletes, especially to notable cyclo-cross riders. Also known as ozonated autohemotherapy, ozone treatment has the ability to increase the levels of oxygen in the body and is considered illegal under UCI rules.

Pieter Van Herck and Stefan Van Dijk so far have been handed bans as part of the investigation. Herk was given a two-year suspension after being found guilty of ozone-therapy conducted in 2011. Stefan Van Dijk was handed an eight-year suspension and 10,000 Euro fine for ozone therapy. According to Belgian media, Dijk had blood extracted and then infused on certain occasions and took ozone therapy during the 2011 season, in which he rode for Verandas Willems.

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Wednesday 25, Mar 2015

  WADA Says Lance Armstrong ‘Too Late’ For Reduced Ban

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WADA Says Lance Armstrong ‘Too Late’ For Reduced Ban

The director general of the World Anti-Doping Agency has remarked that Lance Armstrong, the former American professional road racing cyclist who previously held seven consecutive Tour de France titles from 1999 to 2005 before being stripped of all his titles, has not done enough to get his life ban reduced.

David Howman said the latest bid for rehabilitation from Armstrong’s side is coming too late. Howman added Armstrong did not seize the he had to come forward with details of his doping past and also remarked if Lance satisfied the criteria to go forward and ask for suspension of his ban, the criteria will be carefully looked at, but so far he has not. The WADA Chief also remarked that he is not sure why Lance Armstrong has not done anything and also said that Lance certainly had plenty of opportunities, including talking to us, but he has not come forward with substantial information that might be helpful to the cycling fraternity.

Howman went on to remark that Lance should have made an appeal if he thought he had been given a harsher treatment. He added the cyclist should have sit down and explain the whole regime and what they did but he did not do it before the independent commission that was established by the UCI, he did not do it with USADA, and he has not done it with WADA.

Howman agreed with Brian Cookson, International Cycling Union President, who said plans of Lance Armstrong to ride part of the Tour de France route a day before the professional peloton this summer would be disrespectful. Howman said Cookson is the correct judge of that, and he thinks his statement reflected what was probably the position from their perspective, which is damaging and went on to add that he thinks there is probably going more attention on what he is doing than on the Tour, and that is a little bit sad.

 Armstrong was approached to join the ride by former English soccer player Geoff Thomas. The former soccer star is trying to raise $1.5 million for the fight against blood cancer.

Cookson warned Armstrong not to take part in a Tour de France charity ride in July. The International Cycling Union president said Armstrong was “completely disrespectful” to the current riders, cycling authorities, and the race and remarked he is sure Geoff Thomas means well, but frankly he thinks that is completely inappropriate.

This month, Armstrong met US Anti-Doping Agency Chief Travis Tygart in hopes to get a reduction of his ban but the cyclist is yet to get in touch with the World Anti-Doping Agency. Armstrong was banned in 2012, stripped of his seven Tour de France titles, and banned for life after systematic doping was exposed within his former teams. The cyclist decided not to appeal the decision before the Court of Arbitration for Sport and accepted that he used banned performance enhancing drugs and methods like Testosterone, Cortisone, and Blood transfusion to gain an “unfair” advantage over other cyclists.

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Friday 30, Jan 2015

  Armstrong Says He Will Cheat Again If Doping Remained Pervasive

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Disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong, who admitted to extensive use of banned performance enhancing drugs during his career, has remarked that he would use the drugs again if he was competing in the doping-abundant culture that existed in professional cycling during the 1990s.

The former American professional road racing cyclist, who won the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times between 1999 and 2005, was stripped of his seven Tour de France victories. Armstrong received a lifetime ban from competitive cycling by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) in 2012. This was after Armstrong was found guilty of using and promoting the culture of performance enhancing drugs throughout his career. In January 2013, the cyclist admitted to doping and use of banned drugs and techniques such as blood doping, testosterone, cortisone, and human growth hormone during a televised interview with Oprah Winfrey.

Armstrong denied using banned drugs before he was held guilty by USADA. He called many former teammates and riders liars when they accused him of doping. Lance Armstrong also threatened lawsuits against many of them.

The 43-year-old, in an interview with the BBC, said he had to make use of performance enhancing drugs in order to compete. Armstrong said if he was racing in 2015, he would not do it again because he does not think you have to but added he would probably do it again if he is taken back to 1995 when doping was completely pervasive. Armstrong remarked he would want to change the man that did those things, maybe not the decision, but the way he acted and added the way he treated people, the way he couldn’t stop fighting and went on to add that it was unacceptable and inexcusable. The former cyclist also expressed a desire for forgiveness from the public and remarked he is hopeful that he is getting close to that time when his life in public might return to normal. Armstrong also remarked that he believes he should still be considered a seven-time winner of Tour de France.

Armstrong also criticized Brian Cookson, the present president of the world governing body of cycling. The ex-cyclist said the decisions to “rush” through the request of Team Sky for Chris Froome to get emergency steroid treatment after the prologue of the Tour de Romandie and handling of the Astana doping affair by Cookson depict failures to signal a new direction at the top of the sport.

Many observers believed that Team Astana will have its WorldTour license revoked by UCI but the world governing body decided against it. Armstrong said he believes Cookson’s hands might have been tied by rules of the UCI.

In another development, former world cycling chief pat McQuaid has remarked that he had’certain sympathy’ with Armstrong. The ex-UCI chief said Armstrong has been harshly treated and very much made a scapegoat and added that there was a ‘witch-hunt’ after the cyclist. McQuaid also remarked that USADA wanted a ‘big name’ and this was the reason why Lance Armstrong was ‘treated differently’ from other cyclists who engaged in doping. The former UCI chief also said USADA made deals with smaller riders so that they can get information about the big riders.

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Thursday 16, Oct 2014

  Armstrong Admitted Doping In 2011, Says Hushovd

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Norway’s retired world champion cyclist Thor Hushovd has revealed in his autobiography “Thor” that he knew about doping of Lance Armstrong in 2011. Hushovd said Armstrong himself told him that he made use of banned products during his career.

Thor Hushovd was friends with the American cyclist for many years and appeared critical of the doping investigation against Lance Armstrong at times. Hushovd won the World Road Race Championship in 2010 and three National Road Trial Championships (2002, 2004, and 2005).  In a 15 year professional career, Hushovd also won 10 individual stages of the Tour de France throughout his career.

Hushovd revealed he was invited by Armstrong to Hollywood after the 2011 Tour of California. A few weeks back, Armstrong’s former US Postal Service teammate Tyler Hamilton had accused Armstrong of doping and Hushovd said Armstrong spontaneously admitted it to him that we all indulge in doping.

It is however surprising to note that Hushovd was critical of Floyd Landis, who tested positive during the 2006 Tour de France. Hushovd told TV 2 Sport then that Landis is certainly free to come to a world championship city, but he has no place in an anti-doping conference. The Norwegian cyclist had remarked when you have managed to lie for so many years and spent lots of money in the system, then he has lost my confidence, and probably that of many others too and had added then it is the wrong person to get to work on anti-doping issues.

Hushovd also revealed an incident of October 2012 when he received a text message from his manager Atle Kvålsvoll that Dane Steffen Kjærgaard, head of the Norwegian Cycling Federation (Norges Cycleforbund – NCF), had admitted to using banned drugs to compete. Hushovd said he admits that he had thought about it and remarked Steffen had been riding together with Lance Armstrong in a period when there was a lot of drug taking, and in addition he had been at a time when the Danish cycling environment was quite hard for a period.

Hushovd became publicly critical of Lance Armstrong when the American cyclist admitted to using banned performance enhancing drugs and techniques such as testosterone, cortisone, and blood doping during a televised interview with Oprah Winfrey in January 2013.

Hushovd also claimed in his autobiography that he never doped himself and added he never made this clear to Armstrong. The Norwegian cyclist said he had nothing to hide and added he understands that it can be hard for people to believe that after such a long period in the sport that he was never offered any kind of doping. Hushovd insisted but it’s true that no one has ever come to him and asked if he would try.

The Cycling Independent Reform Commission is presently investigating into the doping past of cycling and specifically into claims that the previous leadership at UCI helped Lance Armstrong evade detection for many years. Hushovd remarked Armstrong was the sport’s big superstar and the golden calf and added the UCI would have lost a lot if Armstrong was revealed as a cheater. The Norwegian cyclist said he thinks the positive samples were hidden to save Armstrong and to protect the sport.

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Wednesday 18, Jun 2014

  WADA Appeals For Longer Bans Against Former USPS Team Officials

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WADA Appeals For Longer Bans Against Former USPS Team Officials

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has announced it will make an appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) for increasing durations of the bans imposed on former US Postal Service team manager Johan Bruyneel and two of its staff.

The American Arbitration Association (AAA) imposed a ban of 10 years in April on Bruyneel and handed over bans of eight years each to Dr Pedro Celaya and Jose “Pepe” Marti for their role in the US Postal doping conspiracy. In June 2012, all three were charged at the same time as disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong. The former cyclist was given a lifetime ban and was stripped of his results, including seven Tour de France titles.

The AAA had remarked in its April decision that Bruyneel trafficked performance enhancing drugs and encouraged riders to make use of banned substances such as EPO, Testosterone, and Cortisone, and to undergo blood transfusions. The AAA had further remarked that Bruyneel was engaged in the allocation of team-related resources and caused a variety of prohibited doping substances and methods to be used expressly for the purpose of gaining an unfair advantage for the teams and cyclists he managed in cycling events. It was further remarked by the AAA panel that Bruyneel personally profited considerably from the successes of the teams and riders he managed during the relevant period.

A WADA statement said it has appealed the American Arbitration Association North American Court of Arbitration for Sport (AAA)’s decision following the review of the full case file to issue 10-, eight- and eight-year bans respectively to Johan Bruyneel, Dr Pedro Celaya, and Jose ’Pepe’ Marti for their involvement in the US Postal Services Pro Cycling Team doping conspiracy. WADA will request that consideration be given to longer sanctions for all three individuals involved in order to best protect athletes, and ensure a clean sport of cycling. It adds that WADA’s appeal is supported by world cycling’s governing body, the UCI, and by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), which conducted the investigation, and that they will provide support to WADA during this process. It was added that WADA, the UCI and USADA do not plan on any further public statement on the appeal case until the appeal is considered and a decision rendered by CAS as with all cases, and adhering to the importance of respecting the integrity of the legal process.

According to the United States Anti-Doping Agency, Johan Bruyneel was at the apex of a conspiracy to commit widespread doping on the U.S. Postal Service and Discovery Channel teams spanning many years and many riders. A three-member, independent panel of the American Arbitration Association North American Court of Arbitration for Sport (AAA) found the three guilty of committing multiple anti-doping rule violations over many years. USADA CEO Travis T. Tygart had remarked that our investigation from the beginning has focused on ridding cycling of those entrusted to care for the well-being of athletes who abuse their position of trust and influence to assist or encourage the use of performance enhancing drugs to defraud sport and clean athletes. Tygart had also remarked that there is no excuse for any team director, doctor or other athlete support person who corrupts the very sport and the athletes they are supposed to protect.

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