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Friday 11, Dec 2009

  Body-shaping drug use in female high school athletes

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Body-shaping drug use in female high school athletesAs per an article in issue of The Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, a peer-led and sport team-centered program helps in minimizing eating disordered behavior and drug use for body-shaping in female high school athletes.

It was revealed in the article that about half of high school students (male and female) participate in school sports and the pressure to excel in these events influence young women to come closer to disordered eating behaviors, drug use (tobacco, diet pills, diuretics, laxatives, amphetamines, and anabolic steroids).

The topics in the ATHENA program were gender specific and included information on effective exercise training, drug use, depression prevention, media images of women, and healthy sport nutrition.


Sunday 29, Nov 2009

  Joselio Hanson of Eagles suspended over diuretics

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Joselio Hanson of Eagles suspended over diureticsThe National Football League has suspended Joselio Hanson, Philadelphia Eagles cornerback, for four games for violating anti-doping rules of the league.

David Cornwell, Hanson’s lawyer, said that Hanson had tested positive for a diuretic after a National Conference championship game against Arizona last year.

It seems that the Eagles have once again been in the limelight for all the wrong reasons. This revelation also highlighted the fact that there may be a possibility of a lack of understanding or misunderstanding about steroids and diuretics in sporting events.

 

 

 

Thursday 29, Oct 2009

  Steroids being masked to stay protected

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Steroids being masked to stay protectedNow that doping officials have formulated improved plans to catch hold of steroid users in sports, the use of substances such as diuretics is on a rampant high as they almost eliminate the presence of steroids in urine samples.

In this regard, sportsmen have been making use of compounds such as plasma expanders, secretion inhibitors, and epitestosterone. These diuretics have been in much demand since steroid-taking sportsmen have felt the urge to stay away from suspicious eyes.

Let us find out some important things about steroid masking.

Doping officials and medical scientists have been trying hard to inhibit the sale and popularity of diuretics but until this eventful day comes, steroids will be used by sportsmen of all ages.

Wednesday 05, Aug 2009

  Rampant Masking of Steroid

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Rampant Masking of SteroidIn today’s times when some people have been advocating a greater and urgent need to find steroids to curb them, the need to reduce the presence of steroids by steroid masking in urine samples is on a rampant high.

In this regard, many people are using compounds like epitestosterone, plasma expanders, and secretion inhibitors. These diuretics have been helping professional athletes and bodybuilders to be free without being seen with suspicious eyes after use of steroids to gain an advantage over the peers.

Let us see how they work to gain a clear and complete understanding about masking of steroids.

From Entertainment.howstuffworks.com:

Epitestosterone
Epitestosterone is a biological form of testosterone that does not enhance performance. Drug tests for testosterone typically measure the ratio of testosterone to epitestosterone (T/E ratio). An athlete can inject epitestosterone, lower the T/E ratio and hide the use of testosterone. By itself, epitestosterone has no real harmful side effects.

Plasma Expanders
Plasma expanders are substances that are used to increase the fluid component of blood. They are used to treat victims of shock, trauma and surgery. Athletes can use these substances to dilute the concentration of banned substances (EPO) in their blood. Most side effects include moderate to severe allergic reactions.

Secretion Inhibitors
Many drugs and foreign substances have structures that are shaped like organic acids. In the body, these organic acids are removed by a protein in the kidney that transports organic acids. If this protein can be blocked, then these drugs or foreign substances would not appear in the urine. Doctors use these inhibitors to treat gout. However, the drugs can be used to manipulate the results of urine drug tests. Possible side effects include nausea, vomiting, allergic reactions and kidney problems.

After this info on steroid masking, it can be easily concluded that these diuretics have been in use since long but scientists are yet to find possible ways to curb them completely. Till that time, steroid-taking sportsmen and bodybuilders will have a carefree life.

Saturday 28, Feb 2009

  A LOOK AT THE PAST AND THE FUTURE OF THE “WILLIAMS WALL”

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a-look-at-the-past-and-the-future-of-the-e2809cwilliams-walle2809dIn December of 2008, a surprising news hit the world of the National Football League as well as several fans of the Minnesota Vikings. Two of its best defense linemen had failed the drug test done. Pat and Kevin Williams were tested positive for a diuretic. Diuretics are banned from football mainly because they can mask the effect of steroids. Although the two have not been proven to have used anabolic steroids, they were given a four-game suspension. Pat and Kevin Williams addressed the issue by suing the NFL. According to the athletes, they didn’t know that the supplement Starcaps which they were taking had a diuretic component and that component was not even listed in on the bottle. Starcaps is not banned from the NFL. The two will be facing trial this coming June 2009.

The pair is known as the “Williams Wall” of the Minnesota Vikings. They are not blood related but they can set up one great defense— probably the best rush defense the NFL has ever seen. In fact, other athletes have a hard time getting past these two and their absence in games will be a thorn in the Vikings’ foot.

Monday 29, Dec 2008

  Suspended Vikes said they used diuretic to get $400,000 bonus

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williams-steroidsAccording to Minneapolis Star Tribune Vikings defensive tackles Pat Williams and Kevin Williams, also known as the Williams’ Wall, used a banned compound to be eligible for the $400,000 bonus. They will get said reward if they weigh at or below the prescribed weight during several weigh-ins conducted throughout the year.

This information was included in the NFL letter to the Williams’ lawyer in connection with both players’ appeal of their four-game suspensions. More on this from Star Tribune.

The letter was sent by NFL executive vice president Jeffrey Pash on Dec. 2 to Peter Ginsburg, lawyer for the Williams’, denying their appeal of the suspensions. According to the document, the players tested positive “on or about July 26″ and were advised by letter two months later. They appealed, and at their appeal hearing Nov. 20, both players said they took StarCaps “on more than one occasion” the night before a scheduled weigh-in. The supplement contained the banned diuretic known as bumetanide.
According to the letter, both Pat and Kevin Williams get their bonuses if they are at or below their prescribed weight 11 times during the year (eight during the season, three off-season). That weight clause, however, provided that the players “would not engage in any ‘last-minute weight reduction techniques,’ which included ‘use of diuretics.’” Pash also wrote “I accept the representations of both players that they did not use steroids.”

Diuretics, such as bumetanide, have the ability to aid in rapid weight loss by enhancing rapid water loss through urine excretion. Sports organizations like the NFL consider diuretics as masking agents since they can banned compounds such as anabolic steroids by diluting urine.

Wednesday 05, Nov 2008

  Spiked supplement likely behind NFL doping controversy

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NFL steroidsAnti-doping experts believe the spate of positive tests for a banned diuretic is due to a tainted over-the-counter dietary supplement.

Several NFL players tested positive for the diuretic bumetanide and most of the players involved point to one direction – StarCaps ‘miracle diet solution’.

Players alleged that the StarCaps product contained the loop diuretic bumetanide. Bumetanide has been in the NFL’s list of prohibited compounds for eons and experts wonder how and why a compound that is easy to detect turned up in the systems of veteran athletes. And the fact that the positive tests showed up during training camp – the time when all NFL players undergo doping tests – proves more baffling to NFL observers.

Are NFL players really that stupid?

Anti-doping czar Don Catlin the controversy may have been caused by tainted supplements.
“I’d love to know,” said Catlin. “But that’s why the first thing I thought was, ‘They take supplements all the time. Every athlete does. Maybe it’s a bad batch of supplements.’”

Bumetanide is prescribed for the treatment of edema (swelling) resulting from several conditions including heart and kidney failure.  This drug reduces the amount of water in the body by increasing urination. Patients are warned against using bumetanide for prolonged periods as this can lead to severe mineral and water loss (dehydration).

It is often used for nonmedical reasons by athletes who compete in sports with weight divisions or by athletes who want to mask or hide their use of prohibited drugs like anabolic steroids.

“The big thing that stands out to me is that if you took it for an extended period of time, you could end up with a serious medical condition,” said Larry Bowers, head scientist at the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency. “I have no idea where these players are getting this advice or if they’re getting a bad supplement. But if you’re using a prescription drug like this as part of an over-the-counter dietary supplement, it’s illegal and dangerous.”

Monday 27, Oct 2008

  Two New Orleans Saints players named in latest NFL doping controversy

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NFL-steroidsAccording to news reports, New Orleans Saints’ Deuce McAllister and Will Smith were among the several players who violated NFL’s steroid policy and related substances.

Fox 31 television in Denver reported that there are between six to 10 players who have tested positive for Bumetanide, a diuretic. ESPN.com, meanwhile, reported the number is more than 10 and may even exceed 15.

The sport league has not offered any comment on the reports so far, but attorney David Cornwell, who is reportedly handling some of the athletes’ appeal cases, has stated his disapproval about the reports, particularly the naming of the two athletes.

“These men are entitled to confidentiality and entitled to go through an appeal process, so the (Fox 31) report … is completely unfair,” Cornwell said. “The cornerstone of any workplace testing program, especially one in professional sports with high-profile people, is confidentiality.

“The recent reports about pending appeals by players who are alleged to have used weight loss supplements reflect the most egregious violation of the NFL steroid policy. The foundation of the policy is both a player’s right to appeal and an absolute right to confidentiality. By leaking this story, the ‘source’ is clearly attempting to put their thumb on the scale of justice and harm these men.”

Cornwell refused to name any of his clients or divulge the exact number of the athletes involved.

Just last month, another Saints player Jamar Nesbit was also suspended for violating NFL’s policy on anabolic steroids and related substances. Nesbit was barred from playing for four games, and he has rejoined his team’s active roster Monday, October 20.

Bumetanide is a diuretic and this type of compound works by facilitating weight loss through its promotion of water loss via urine excretion. Diuretics are often used as masking agents because they have the ability to dilute urine by increasing renal flow, making it difficult to for laboratories to detect anabolic steroids and other banned compounds. For this reason, diuretics have been included in the World Anti-Doping Agency’s 2007 prohibited list.

Saturday 17, May 2008

  Steroids, Diuretics Used to Control Weight

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steroids-weightAccording to a recent study, participation in sports with real or perceived requirements motivates teens to adapt aggressive weight control behaviors including use of anabolic steroids. The study conducted by researchers at the University of Minnesota was published in 2007 in the Journal of the American Dietetic Association.

Ballet, sports, and wrestling are some of the sports that are linked with this weight control practice among teenagers. The study found that 6% of males between the ages 12 to 18 induced vomiting within the week before survey. Those who are not into weight-related sports figured only at 0.9%.

Diuretics are also being used to maintain ‘ideal’ weight. The use of diuretics within the previous year was reported by 4.2% of males in a weigh-related sport, while only 0.8% of those who were not involve in this type of sport.

In females, steroid use was reported at 6.8% by those involved in weight-related sports while only 2.3% of those who are not participating in weight-related sport. Laxatives are also substances commonly used to control weight.

“The link between unhealthy weight-control behaviors and weight-related sports, especially in boys, is alarming,” said Marla Eisenberg, Sc.D., M.P.H., assistant professor at the University of Minnesota Medical School Department of Pediatrics. “Parents and coaches should emphasize skill and talent instead of weight and body image and educate teens about the negative health effects of steroid use and extreme weight control.”

Said study has surveyed more than 4,500 middle and high school students from the Minneapolis and St. Paul metro area.
Synthetic steroids are derived male hormone, testosterone. They are particularly popular in the athletics, especially in competitive sports, because they increase muscle mass and strength. According to anecdotal reports, steroids also improve endurance and accelerate recovery from injury.

The negative effects of steroid use may be due to abuse and misuse of these compounds. Users may experience health problems such as liver damage and cardiovascular dysfunction.

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