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Monday 08, Feb 2016

  Pakistan Spinner Banned For Doping Violation

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Pakistan leg-spinner Yasir Shah has received a ban of three months after he admitted to a doping offense. This announcement was made by the International Cricket Council (ICC) after Yasir tested positive for a banned substance in December. ICC’s general manager Geoff Allardice said this announcement reminds all international cricketers from all parts of the world that they remain personally responsible to ensure that anything they eat, drink or put into their bodies does not result in an anti-doping rule violation.

The ICC provisionally suspended the leg-spinner on December 27 after the ‘A’ sample of the 29-year-old was found to contain the presence of Chlortalidone, a Prohibited Substance that appears in Section 5 of the WADA Prohibited List. This sample was provided by Shah in an in-competition test that was conducted on 13 November 2015.

In January this year, the Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) had made an appeal against provisional ban imposed on the cricketer. The PCB contended that Shah had mistakenly taken the blood pressure medicine of his wife. The ICC accepted his claim but stressed on its zero-tolerance to doping. The ban was backdated to December 27, 2015.

Yasir Shah would now be available to play again from March 27, 2016. He holds the record of fastest Pakistan bowler to reach the milestone of 50 wickets. He can make a return to Pakistan’s touring party to England this summer. Yasir made his international debut in 2011 and has since played in 12 Tests and 15 one-day internationals. Shah took 12 wickets as Pakistan beat Australia 2-0 in a Test series in 2014 and then won the hearts of all with his stunning wicket tally that brought a 2-1 win for Pakistan over Sri Lanka in 2015.

In a statement, Yasir remarked he assures all the followers of the Pakistan cricket team and his fans that he had never taken a performance enhancing drug. Yasir also added he never had the intention to mask any such substance. The Pakistani bowler, who will miss the Asia Cup and the World Twenty20, added he acknowledges that he should have more precautions to ensure that his blood pressure medication was stored separately from his wife’s medication so that there was no possibility of it being mistaken for his own and also remarked he therefore accept the consequences imposed upon him.

The specialist leg break spin bowler who is known for his leg spinners, flippers, and googlies made his Test match debut against Australia in the United Arab Emirates on 22 October 2014. Cousin of Pakistan fast bowler Junaid Khan and Australian international cricketer Fawad Ahmed, Yasir Shah was born on 2 May 1986 in Swabi. The international cricketer from Pakistan played his first international match on Pakistan’s tour of Zimbabwe, on 14 September 2011 where he took two wickets in 10 runs, giving away 51 runs. Shah has been an integral part of Pakistani first-class domestic cricket circuit teams like Pakistan A cricket team, Abbottabad Rhinos, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa cricket team, Pakistan Customs cricket team, and Sui Northern Gas Pipelines Limited.

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Thursday 04, Feb 2016

  Paralympic Sprint Medalist Banned For Doping Violation

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US Paralympic and world medalist Blake Leeper has been banned by the US Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) for an anti-doping rule violation.

The 25-year-old Leeper tested positive for Benzoylecgonine from a sample collected on 21 June 2015 at the US Paralympic Track & Field National Championships.

Benzoylecgonine is a metabolite of cocaine, a substance in the class of Stimulants prohibited under the USADA Protocol for Olympic and Paralympic Movement Testing and the International Paralympic Committee Anti-Doping Code, both of which have adopted the World Anti-Doping Code (“Code”) and the World Anti-Doping Agency Prohibited List.

Benzoylecgonine, the compound tested for in most substantive cocaine urinalyses, is the primary pharmaceutical ingredient in Esterom, the investigational drug, which is a not FDA approved or on the market in the United States. Esterom is a topical solution used for the relief of muscle pain. Chemically, it is ecgonine benzoate, a primary metabolite of cocaine. Benzoylecgonine can be found in the urine for significant longer than the cocaine itself that is generally cleared out within five days.

The US Anti-Doping Agency determined that the use of cocaine by Leeper was not intended to improve performance. Leeper, in consideration of other mitigating factors, was deemed eligible for a reduced sanction of one year. His one-year period of ineligibility began on 21 June 2015, which was the date of his sample collection. The US Paralympic and world medalist has been disqualified from all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to June 19, 2015, the date he first competed at the US Paralympics Track & Field National Championships, including forfeiture of any medals, points and prizes.

In a statement, Leeper said he made a mistake and he is deeply sorry for his behavior and for letting all the people who believed in him down. The Paralympic athlete from United States added he is taking full responsibility for the bad choices he had made in his life. Leeper also said in the statement that he can overcome his mistakes and become a role model Olympian which he is working hard to prove in Rio Olympics just as he overcame the monumental obstacle of being born without legs to become a world-class athlete. Leeper will regain his eligibility in time to attempt to qualify for the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio de Janiero. Leeper also said he apologizes to his fans, sponsors, friends, and family and he is grateful to have this opportunity to prove that anything is possible with or without legs.

Born in Tennessee, Leeper has worn prosthetics since nine months of age. He was born with both legs missing below the knee and studied medicine at the University of Tennessee. In 2009, Leeper made his international debut at Rio de Janeiro and won a silver medal in the World Championships 4 x 100m Relay T42-46 classification with a time of 42.84 in 2011. He won an individual silver medal in the 400 meter T44 event and a bronze medal in the 200m T44 event with a time of 22.46 in the 2012 Paralympic Games.

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Saturday 09, Jan 2016

  Turkey Will Be Mentioned In Upcoming WADA Report

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Owen Gibson of The Guardian has reported that the upcoming report by the World Anti-Doping Agency will mention Olympic gold medalist Asli Cakir Alptekin and Turkey.

In November last year, the World Anti-Doping Agency published the findings of emails, documents, whistleblower and witness statements, laboratory records, videos, photographs, recordings, and other information outlets for determine whether Russia was guilty of running systemic doping in the country. Thereafter, Russia was suspended by the International Association of Athletics Federation until they met WADA guidelines. The second report by WADA’s independent commission is likely to have its focus on cover-up of positive tests by Russians and the levels of bribery and blackmail that took place between officials. Four senior officials were recently suspended by the world governing body of athletics as part of their own internal review.

This week’s 170-page report by the International Association of Athletics Federations referenced a meeting between the WADA chairman, Sir Craig Reedie, and the then deputy Russian sports minister Yuri Nagornykh in September 2014. Nagornykh told that Valentin Balakhnichev, president of the All Russia Athletics Federation and one of four senior officials banned by the IAAF ethics commission, told him that the Russian Anti-Doping Agency had been blackmailed by the IAAF since 2011. Nagornykh also remarked the system was in place not only in Russia but, potentially, in other countries such as Morocco and Turkey.

Balakhnichev, the former ARAF President, denied the account but his denial was rejected by the ethics commission, chaired by Michael Beloff QC, as not credible. The World Anti-Doping has managed to discover that a similar case of attempted extortion in relation to a Turkish athlete was reported in which money was demanded in return for covering up suspicious blood values. A WADA spokesman said we were able to use this information as it relates to the suggestion of a similar system in Turkey and Morocco to discover a case of attempted extortion of a Turkish athlete for money in exchange for covering up a doping rule violation. The spokesman added this information was passed on by WADA to the Independent Commission for its investigation.

The athlete is believed to be Asli Cakir Alptekin, who won gold at London 2012 in the women’s 1500m but should have already been banned according to her blood profile. On 6 July 2012, Alptekin recorded her personal best in 1500m with 3:56.62 at the Diamond League meet in Paris and won the gold medal at the 2012 Olympics in the 1500 m event but she was soon stripped of her Olympic title as a result of her use of banned substances and methods. The Court of Arbitration for Sport reported on 17 August 2015 that it approved a settlement agreed to by Alptekin and the world governing body of athletics. Alptekin has agreed to give up her 1500 m Olympic title and serve an eight-year ban for blood doping. The athlete has forfeited all her results from 29 July 2010, including the 2012 Olympic gold and her 2012 European Championship title.

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Wednesday 26, Jun 2013

  Paralympic Medal Winning Powerlifter Suspended

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Paralympic Medal Winning Powerlifter Suspended

The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) has announced has Nigerian Paralympic medal winning powerlifter Folashade Oluwafemiayo has received a two-year suspension after testing positive for a banned substance at the 2013 Fazaa International Powerlifting Competition in Dubai.

Oluwafemiayo, who won silver in the women’s 75kg event at London 2012, returned an adverse analytical finding in a urine sample provided on February 26 for Furosemide (a loop diuretic), which the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) classifies as a masking agent for performance enhancing drugs. She was stripped of the 125kg world record and gold medal she clinched at the competition and received a fine of €1,500 (£1,300/$2,000). Furosemide is included on the World Anti-Doping Agency’s banned drug list due to its alleged use as a masking agent for other drugs and has also been used to prevent Thoroughbred and Standardbred race horses from bleeding through the nose during races.

After her suspension, Egyptian Geehan Hassan, who originally won silver with a lift of 117kg, will receive gold, bronze medalist Marzena Łazarz of Poland will take silver with 97kg and Libya’s Sahar El-Gnemi who finished fourth will be awarded the bronze medal with 90kg. A statement from the IPC reads Folashade Oluwafemiayo in accordance with the IPC Anti-Doping Code will serve a two-year suspension for the offence beginning on April 19 2013, the date from which she was notified of her Anti-Doping Rule Violation and added that the IPC remains committed to a doping free sporting environment at all levels as a signatory of the World Anti-Doping Code (WADC).

The Nigerian powerlifting games star, after winning a Silver medal at the London 2012 Paralympic games, married her male powerlifting counterpart Tolulope Owolabi on November 3, 2012 at Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria after having their traditional engagement in April 2012. The wedding was attended by the Sports Minister, Bolaji Abdullahi, the Director of Sports, Patrick Ekeji and some other top officials in the Sports Ministry.

Oluwafemiayo’s case came just a few days after Uzbekistani powerlifter Ruza Kuzieva was hit with an identical ban testing positive for a prohibited substance at the fifth Fazaa International Powerlifting Competition earlier this year. She was given a ban of two years for returning an adverse analytical finding for Methandienone, which is banned by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and therefore prohibited under the IPC Anti-Doping Code, in a urine sample provided during the competition in Dubai on February 23. Suspension of the athlete began on April 19 and this means she will now lose all results, medals, points, records and prizes from February 23 onwards, including the bronze medal she won she set the junior world record with a lift of 52kg besides receiving a fine of €1,500 (£1,270/€2,000). An IPC statement reads the principle of strict liability applies to anti-doping matters and therefore, each athlete is strictly liable for the substances found in his or her sample, and that an anti-doping rule violation occurs whenever a prohibited substance (or its metabolites or markers) is found in his or her bodily specimen, whether or not the athlete intentionally or unintentionally used a prohibited substance or was negligent or otherwise at fault.

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Friday 07, Jun 2013

  Para-Snowboarder Serves One-Month Suspension

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Para-Snowboarder Serves One-Month Suspension

According to a recent announcement by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), American para-snowboard athlete Mike Shea has served a one month suspension for an Anti-Doping Rule Violation committed in March.

Shea returned an adverse analytical finding for Buprenorphine in a urine sample provided on 6 March 2013 at an IPC Alpine Skiing sanctioned competition in Sochi, Russia. Buprenorphine is included on the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) 2013 Prohibited List under the category S7. Narcotics and is considered a “specified substance”. It is consequently prohibited under the IPC Anti-Doping Code. The para-snowboarder exercised his right to a hearing during which he provided corroborating evidence to explain how the substance had entered his body.

The IPC panel hearing him was satisfied that he did not take the substance to enhance his performance or mask the use of a performance enhancing substance. A suspension of one month was imposed on Mike Shea in accordance with the IPC Anti-Doping Code though no financial sanctions were imposed on him. However, all his results obtained at the competition in Sochi will be disqualified with all the resulting consequences including forfeiture of any medals, points and prizes.

A statement from the global governing body of the Paralympic Movement reads the IPC remains committed to a doping free sporting environment at all levels as a signatory of the World Anti-Doping Code (WADC) and added the IPC, together with the International Federations and the National Paralympic Committees, established the IPC Anti-Doping Code to prevent doping in sport for Paralympic athletes, in the spirit of fair play.

Buprenorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid that is used to treat opioid addiction in higher dosages and for controlling moderate acute pain in non-opioid-tolerant individuals in lower dosages. It is a semi-synthetic derivative of thebaine, one of the most chemically reactive morphine alkaloids. A μ-opioid receptor agonist with high affinity but low intrinsic activity, Buprenorphine is generally defined as a partial μ-opioid agonist that shows high affinity for and slow dissociation from the μ-opioid receptor. The drug, in recent years, has been introduced in most European countries as a transdermal formulation for the treatment of chronic pain. This drug is metabolized by the liver, via CYP3A4 (also CYP2C8 seems to be involved) isozymes of the cytochrome P450 enzyme system, into norbuprenorphine (by N-dealkylation) and is best used in opioid-naïve patients.

Buprenorphine was rescheduled to Schedule III drug from Schedule V just before FDA approval of Suboxone and Subutex in the United States. It is also used to control moderate chronic pain and is available in a variety of formulations: Subutex, Suboxone (Buprenorphine HCl and naloxone HCl; typically used for opioid addiction), Temgesic (sublingual tablets for moderate to severe pain), Buprenex (solutions for injection often used for acute pain in primary-care settings), Norspan and Butrans (transdermal preparations used for chronic pain). Side effects associated with overdose or abuse of buprenorphine includes nausea and vomiting, drowsiness, dizziness, headache, memory loss, cognitive and neural inhibition, perspiration, itchiness, dry mouth, miosis, orthostatic hypotension, male ejaculatory difficulty, decreased libido, and urinary retention.

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Sunday 10, Mar 2013

  Supplement Results In Six Month Sanction For Philippines Player

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Supplement Results In Six Month Sanction For Philippines Player

A six-month sanction has been received by Philippines player Chris Hitch as a result of a positive finding for the prohibited substance Methylhexaneamine (MHA) following a doping test at the Hong Kong Sevens tournament in March 2012, according to the International Rugby Board.

It was revealed that Hitch started taking a Dietary Supplement during April 2011 branded as “Mesomoiph” that he purchased from a health food shop in Newcastle, Australia. According to the player, he took the recommended dose of the supplement in lieu of “NODoz” (a caffeine tablet) which the Team Physiotherapist (Mr Raper) distributed to players prior to matches and prior to the Philippines first match of the Tournament, against Canada on 23″ March 2012 as he was suffering from tiredness arising from the demands of his occupations as a scaffolder, delivering furniture and appliances, and his intense fitness and training schedules.

Hitch provided a urine sample (Code Number 2693335) during the In-Competition Test conducted on behalf of the IRB. He failed to declare when providing the sample that he had taken a supplement prior to the match. Subsequently, the sample returned an Adverse Analytical Finding for the substance Methylhexaneamine (“MHA”). The player accepted he had not applied for a therapeutic exemption allowing him to use the substance. Chris Hitch also disclosed he had signed the Team Member Consent Form prior to the commencement of the Tournament, on 21st March 2012 and admitted the anti-doping rule violation that he attributed to his ingestion of the supplement.

On the WADA Prohibited List, Methylhexaneamine is classified as a specified stimulant and can be found in some nutritional supplements. The stimulant has been responsible for a number of positive cases over the last year within Rugby and other sports and the Philippines player had consumed the supplement Mesomorph.

This case highlights the clear need for players to pay due consideration to the contents of any dietary or nutritional supplement and ensure that they are familiar with the World Anti-Doping Agency’s list via the International Rugby Board or their Union’s website and only the player can be responsible for what they consume, IRB Anti-Doping Manager Tim Ricketts said.

A zero-tolerance stance is operated by the IRB towards drug cheats in sport and all rugby players are reminded to thoroughly research the ingredients of any supplements before purchasing or consumption to ensure that they do not contain prohibited substances and in particular the various names Methylhexaneamine is known by.

    MHA is known by a number of different names including Methylhexaneamine; Methylhexanamine; DMAA (dimethylamylamine); Geranamine; Forthane; Forthan; Floradrene; 2-hexanamine, 4-methyl-; 2-hexanamine, 4-methyl- (9CI); 4-methyl-2-hexanamine; 1,3-dimethylamylamine; 4-Methylhexan-2-amine; 1,3-dimethylpentylamine; 2-amino-4-methylhexane; Pentylamine, 1, 3-dimethyl-; pelargonium graveolens; pelargonium extract; geranium, geranium oil or geranium root extract.

This non-exhaustive list provides examples of some commercial supplements which contain, or have been identified in certain countries to contain, MHA or its variants: Hemo Rage, Jack3d, OxyElite Pro, 1.M.R., Mesomorph, Rocked, Crack, USN Anabolic Nitro, Ergolean Amp 2, DynaPep, Core Zap, C4 Extreme, Nutrimax Burner, NitroX, IBE XForce, Fusion Geranamine, ClearShot, Black Cats, and Musclespeed.

pdf_iconDownload in PDF: Supplement Results In Six Month Sanction For Philippines Player

Monday 04, Mar 2013

  Riccardo Ricco’s 12-Year Ban Upheld

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Riccardo Ricco’s 12-Year Ban Upheld

The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has dismissed the appeal of the Italian cyclist Riccardo Riccò against the decision of the Anti-Doping Tribunal of the Italian Olympic Committee that had imposed a suspension of twelve years on him, beginning on 19 April 2012, because of an anti-doping rule violation. The ban runs until April 2024.

The controversial Italian cyclist remains under contract to UCI Continental team Meridiana-Kamen but has been suspended from all competition until 2024. The former professional road bicycle racer from Italy joined UCI ProTeam Saunier Duval-Prodir in 2006 and won the Settimana Bergamasca.

An investigation into the banned Italian cyclist had revealed that he did perform a blood transfusion on himself on February 6 and was subsequently hospitalized with kidney problems. The cyclist had a bruise consistent with an injection site on one arm and asked the staff to inject him using the other arm, a nurse said. Meanwhile, the bacteriological analysis of the Italian cyclist’s blood disclosed an infection caused by a failed blood transfusion. The doctor who saved his life said Riccardo Ricco had confessed to having performed a blood transfusion on himself with blood that he kept in his refrigerator. The cyclist was suspended by his country’s national Olympic committee’s (CONI) anti-doping body and the ban imposed on the cyclist applies to events in Italy as well as abroad. Ricco, stating his innocence, said he injected himself with an iron solution but the claim was dismissed by experts who said it would not have produced the symptoms he was suffering from.

Nicknamed “Cobra”, Ricco won two stages at the 2008 Tour de France but was thrown off the race after a positive test for Cera EPO (erythropoietin) and was given a ban for 20 months. The cyclist appealed to the CAS on 18 June 2012 to request the annulment of the CONI Anti-Doping Tribunal’s decision and argued that the proceedings before such body were flawed and that the Tribunal which handled the case was not impartial; Ricco also raised many procedural errors. His case was handled by a Sole Arbitrator, Professor Ulrich Haas (Germany), who considered that the arguments of Ricco were unfounded and that, in particular, he had failed to demonstrate a lack of impartiality by the CONI Anti-Doping Tribunal. Thereafter, the twelve year suspension was confirmed.

Riccardo Ricco was previously banned for doping at the 2008 Tour de France. In the past, Ricco and Leonardo Piepoli were sacked by the Spanish team Saunier Duval for “doping practices”. Piepoli was dismissed because of a “violation of the team’s ethics code” while Ricco tested positive for the blood-boosting drug EPO. The cyclist tested positive for the banned blood booster Continuous Erythropoiesis Receptor Activator (or CERA, a variant of Erythropoietin) on 17 July 2008 from a sample taken following the fourth stage, making him the third rider to test positive for this substance in the 2008 Tour de France after Moisés Dueñas of Barloworld and Manuel Beltrán of Liquigas. He later admitted to the Italian National Olympic Committee (CONI) that he had been taking EPO independent of the team in preparation for the 2008 Tour de France, and he accepted responsibility for his actions and apologized to his teammates and fans.

pdf_iconDownload in PDF: Riccardo Ricco’s 12-Year Ban Upheld