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Tuesday 29, Aug 2017

  China Faces Weightlifting Ban After Weightlifters Lose Doping Appeal

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The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) has dismissed the appeals filed by Cao Lei (75kg) and Liu Chunhong (69kg) who were stripped of the gold medals they won at the 2008 Beijing Olympics after they failed doping tests conducted eight years later.

In January, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) ordered the two Chinese female weightlifters to return their medals from the Beijing Games after re-tests of samples tested positive for prohibited substances. Lei and Chunhong tested positive for banned human growth hormones. Compatriot Chen Xiexia, who won gold in the 48kg category in Beijing, was also disqualified by the IOC.

In a statement, the CAS said it had upheld decision of the International Olympic Committee against the two athletes. CAS said, the athletes as a consequence are disqualified from the events in which they participated: Chunhong Liu – Women’s 69kg (gold medal), and Lei Cao – Women’s 75kg (gold medal).

Liu was also the 2004 Athens Olympics champion in her weight class. Chen and Cao were world champions in 2007. Lei and Chunhong both tested positive for GHRP-2 that is known to stimulate the production of growth hormone while Liu also tested positive for Sibutramine, a banned stimulant. The IOC disciplinary commission, because of the similarities of the cases, urged the International Weightlifting Federation to investigate Chinese team coaches and officials. The IOC had then remarked that this suggests a possible involvement of the athlete’s entourage in these cases and the IWF is invited to investigate that situation and, if adequate, to take action against relevant people in the athlete’s entourage.

The lawyer for both athletes argued to the Court of Arbitration for Sport that the doping cases should be dropped as GHRP-2 was not specifically named in the prohibited list of substances published by the World Anti-Doping Agency. The single judge of CAS accepted the IOC case that a section of the list relating to “hormones and related substances” applied in these cases.

The gold medals won by Liu and Cao are now set to be reassigned to Oksana Slivenko of Russia and Kazakhstan’s Alla Vazhenina respectively. The medal of Chen has already been re-allocated to Chen Wei-ling of Taipei.

Under new rules adopted by the International Weightlifting Federation (IWF), a country can be banned for up to a period of four years if three of its lifters test positive in drug tests within a year. It is believed that China, in this first instance, may be handed a ban of one year. The IWF had promised automatic bans if a nation had three athletes testing positive in the IOC’s Beijing and London retests.

In June, the International Olympic Committee warned that weightlifting event could be dropped from the 2024 Olympics because of repeated doping failures. About 50 weightlifters have delivered positive results in drug retesting from Beijing 2008 and London 2012 Olympics. Thomas Bach, the President of IOC, had remarked the International Weightlifting Federation has until December 2017 to deliver a satisfactory report to the IOC on how they will address the massive doping problems this sport is facing.

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Tuesday 10, Jan 2017

  Russia Biathlete Urges Against Hasty Conclusions Amid Doping Scandal

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Russian biathlete Anton Shipulin said in a live broadcast of Match TV television channel that biathletes should not make hasty conclusions amid the unfolding doping scandal.

An informal meeting of biathletes was held in the German town of Oberhof on January 4. This meeting did not support the call by two-time Olympic champion, French biathlete Martin Fourcade of boycotting the World Cup Biathlon stages. Fourcade said he believed that the sanctions imposed by the International Biathlon Union (IBU) on the suspects of the doping scandal were insufficient.

Shipulin remarked Fourcade opened the meeting and at first biathletes talked much with IBU Deputy Head Nicole Resch. The Russian biathlete added many issues were addressed to her on the McLaren doping report and added he understands that more questions than answers remain for most biathletes, like for us. Shipulin said he took the floor after the talk with Resch and tried to call on the biathletes not to make hasty conclusions and wait for final decisions.

Part Two of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Independent Commission report and its chairman, Canadian sports law professor Richard McLaren, revealed that more than 1,000 Russian athletes competing in summer, winter and Paralympic sports could have been involved in the manipulations system of concealing positive doping tests. The second part of the report claimed that doping samples of 12 Russian medalists of the 2014 Winter Games in Sochi had been tampered with. It also claimed that doping tests of two more Russian athletes, who won four gold medals of the 2014 Sochi Olympics had been falsified as well.

The International Biathlon Union recently announced it had obtained a list of 31 athletes, whom the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and its Independent Commission led by Canadian sports law professor McLaren suspect of doping violations. Formal investigations were opened by the IBU against the Russian Biathlon Union (RBU) and 29 athletes mentioned in the report. The IBU also barred Russian female biathletes Yana Romanova and Olga Vilukhina from international competitions.

Yana Romanova claimed she was clean of banned performance enhancing drugs. The Russian silver Olympic medalist in biathlon said she does understand that the situation can be changed that I will have to be defending herself taking a look at the recent developments surrounding our sport, all reports, lists and blanket bans of our athletes.

In another development, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko said the victory of Russian skier Sergey Ustyugov in the prestigious Tour de Ski race clearly showed to the world that any allegations of state-run doping program in Russia are groundless. Ustyugov won six out of seven stages of the event and remarked the suspension of six other Russian skiers from the race was unfair.

Mutko said the victory of Ustyugov victory is very important to us. The Russian Deputy Prime Minister said he thinks Sergey has said everything and added he is proud and glad for Sergey and for the Russian skiing sport. Mutko also commented that he showed today that all these attacks and talks about special programs have no basis.

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Thursday 31, Mar 2016

  Chinese Swimmers ‘Warned’ For Clenbuterol Use

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A “warning penalty” will be issued to swimmers Wang Lizhuo and An Jiabao after both tested positive for the banned substance Clenbuterol, according to an announcement by the Chinese Swimming Association.

Clenbuterol is a performance enhancing drug, which is usually used by athletes and non-athletes during cutting cycles, and the substance is on the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) banned list.

The CSA, in a terse statement posted online, said it would also issue warning and finding An’s Tianjin club and Wang’s Chinese Navy team besides issuing fines on their coaches. The CSA said the coaches will each face fines equivalent to the cost of five stimulant detection tests, amounting to 5,000 Yuan ($767.94).  The Chinese Swimming Association also said the unit overseeing athletes for the Tianjin Swimming Association and the Navy’s Swimming and Diving team will each get a warning and a penalty equivalent to the cost of 10 doping tests. Decision of the CSA was in accordance with the anti-doping rules of FINA, the world governing body of swimming, and doping management regulations.

In a statement, FINA said it was bound to confidentiality by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) code but added it would establish whether any allegations require further investigation. A statement by FINA reads there are a small number of cases of failed doping controls by Chinese swimmers currently being investigated under the jurisdiction of CHINADA, the WADA-recognized Chinese Anti-Doping Agency. The statement further reads FINA and WADA are both fully aware of these cases, but we are bound by confidentiality until the moment an athlete is actually banned.

Reacting to the allegations, WADA Spokesman Ben Nichols said these are very serious allegations concerning Chinese swimming that warrant further examination. Nichols added WADA is now fully scrutinizing the information that The Times newspaper has passed on to us so that we can determine exactly what the appropriate steps are and so that we can address this matter head on.

The identities of An and Wang were revealed after the Chinese Swimming Association last week announced that six swimmers had failed doping tests during the 2015-16 season. The CSA identified the third swimmer as Chinese Navy’s Zhao Ying. The swimmer also tested positive for Clenbuterol in an out-of-competition test but has not yet been punished.

A few days back, the use of doping stimulants in Chinese swimming caught worldwide attention after it was announced by the World Anti-Doping Agency that it was presently investigating claims that Chinese sports authorities were suppressing five positive tests for “avoiding a storm”.

The Chinese anti-doping agency (CHINADA) denied claims published by The Times newspaper that it was “covering up” the tests. CHINADA argued that it was following the protocols by protecting the identities of the swimmers while test procedures and hearings were still underway.

The Chinese Swimming Association also announced that three other unnamed Chinese swimmers tested positive for the prohibited diuretic hydrochlorothiazide in out-of-competition tests in January. Zhao Jian, the deputy director of the Chinese anti-doping agency (CHINADA), remarked last week that CHINDA would soon release results and punishments within 20 days after the relevant association makes its respective punishments.

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Wednesday 23, Mar 2016

  Russian Wrestlers Could Miss Rio Olympics

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The wrestling team of Russia may not compete at the Rio Olympics this year after it recorded “tens” of positive doping results, according to an announcement by the head of the Russian Wrestling Federation (WFR).

WFR President Mikhail Mamiashvili remarked multiple positive doping tests by Russian wrestlers were uncovered by an internal investigation. The head of the Russian Wrestling Federation said there are tens of positive tests in the team and everyone is in a bad condition psychologically. Mamiashvili also commented that wrestlers of the country could now possibly join track-and-field athletes of Russia in being barred from competing at the Olympics in August.

Mamiashvili said 2015 World Cup silver medalist Sergei Semenov and 2014 world championship silver medalist Evgeny Saleev had been caught using Meldonium. The drug, which is used for treating low magnesium levels and diabetes, was banned on January 1 this year by the World Anti-Doping Agency after it was linked to enhanced sporting performance. Russia’s four-time world swimming champion Yulia Efimova announced on Monday that her doping samples had tested positive for Meldonium. Efimova added she was not notified by anyone of the inclusion of Meldonium into the WADA’s list of substances prohibited from January 1, 2016. The Russian athlete, who is the 2012 Olympic bronze medalist in swimming, has already been once under suspension for doping abuse. She received a ban of 16 months in 2014 after testing positive for a DHEA, a banned substance.

R-Sport news agency recently disclosed around 40 athletes from Russia from more than 10 different sports had tested positive for the drug in the first two months of this year.

Russian sports minister Vitaly Mutko recently said he was ready to tender his resignation if asked to do so. Russian President Vladimir Putin said Mutko would remain as the sports minister despite the scandal.

The disclosure came a few hours after four athletes from Russia were exposed as having tested positive for Meldonium, the recently-banned drug. This development further damaged the efforts of Moscow to overturn a suspension in time for the Rio de Janeiro Olympics starting on August 5. Russia athletes were suspended from competing after the Russian Athletics Federation received suspension from the world governing body of athletics after a World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) report exposed corruption and endemic cheating in Russian athletics.

Since then, at least 18 Russian male and female sports professionals have tested positive for Meldonium despite a notification released by WADA in October.

The Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) tried to clean its hands by saying all national sports federations were timely informed about the inclusion of Meldonium (Mildronate) in the WADA list of substances prohibited for use by athletes. Alexander Kravtsov, the head of the Russian national teams’ Training Center, remarked the Russian Anti-Doping Agency had officially and timely notified doctors of all sports federations that Meldonium would be on the list of banned substances starting January 1. Kravtsov added the doctors, considering their official status, had to pass on this information to their teams.

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Saturday 05, Mar 2016

  Andre Russell Set For World T20 Despite Doping Violation

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West Indies cricketer Andre Dwayne Russell is all set to play in the World Twenty20 International cricket tournament to be held in India from 8 March to 3 April 2016.

On Friday, the Jamaica Anti-Doping Commission said Andre Russell would not be suspended pending a hearing into his “anti-doping whereabouts” rule violation. JADCO said the Jamaica Anti-Doping Commission has referred the matter regarding Andre Russell to the Independent Anti-Doping Disciplinary Panel, according to a statement by JADCO executive director Carey Brown. It was also added by Brown that the Commission is awaiting a date for the hearing and Andre Russell has not been provisionally suspended.

The 27-year-old all-rounder was named in the West Indies squad for the World Twenty20 and his place in the team was in doubt ever since news emerged that he has missed three doping tests within a period of 12 months and could possibly face a ban of two years from cricket if found guilty.

Last month, Russell played a critical role to help Islamabad United win the Pakistan Super league. He was named man of the tournament in the recently-concluded Pakistan Super league. The Jamaican cricketer also plays for the Kolkata Knight Riders in the Indian Premier League and is a part of the Sydney Thunder in the Australian Big Bash League. Russell, a fast bowling all rounder, made his Test cricket debut in November 2010 against Sri Lanka and made his ODI debut in the 2011 Cricket World Cup match at Mohali against Ireland.

Russell has already played 188 T20s and gathered 158 wickets with his lively seamers and 2,669 runs with his audacious right-hand batting. A brilliant fielder, Russell has made his name in all the major T20 domestic leagues including the Australian Big Bash, Caribbean Premier League, South African Ram Slam, Bangladesh Premier League, Indian Premier League, and the Pakistan Super League.

Russell has the distinction of being the first bowler to take 4 wickets in 4 successive deliveries. He achieved this distinction in a match against India A on September 21, 2013 when he took the wickets of Kedar Jadhav, Yuvraj Singh, Naman Ojha, and Yusuf Pathan.

A limited specialist for West Indies, Russell has played 35 T20 Internationals and 51 One-Day Internationals. One of the most sought-after players on the global Twenty20 (T20) circuit in recent years, Russell was recently named as one of its global brand ambassadors by Japanese automaker Nissan. He joined the likes of South African speedsters Dale Steyn and Kagiso Rabada, Indian batting star Rohit Sharma, and New Zealand women’s captain Suzie Bates who were also appointed as Nissan ambassadors.

Nissan’s corporate vice-president and global head of marketing and brand strategy, Roel de Vries, had remarked Nissan is absolutely delighted to welcome this illustrious line-up to the Nissan team as ambassadors. Vries added these players as genuine performers in the shorter form of the game consistently deliver on the big stage and we look forward to working together to bring cricketing excitement to fans worldwide, starting with the ICC World T20.

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Wednesday 24, Feb 2016

  Argentina Now Compliant With WADA Code

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The World Anti-Doping Agency has declared Argentina compliant again with its global anti-doping code.

The South American nation had been declared non-compliant because of its national anti-doping agency using non-accredited laboratories for doping tests. According to an announcement by WADA, the national anti-doping agency was previously using non-accredited laboratories for doping tests but the same has been resolved now.

A statement by WADA said it, following a circular vote of its Foundation Board members, announces that it has removed the Secretaría de Deporte de la República Argentina (Argentinian NADO) from the list of signatories previously deemed non-compliant with the 2015 World Anti-Doping Code.

In November last year, Argentina was put on the list of non-compliant countries along with countries like Andorra, Bolivia, Russia, and Ukraine.

The world governing body of athletics had banned Russia from international track and field competitions after it was alleged by a WADA report that vast system of state-sponsored doping and cover-ups existed in the country. Decision by the WADA to suspend the Russian Anti-Doping Agency followed decision by the IAAF to ban Russia’s track and field athletes from competing in international competition. This means the Moscow laboratory that processed blood and urine samples from athletes of its country has been decertified and the country now has no functioning national anti-doping body to test its athletes in any sport.

WADA’s spokesman, Ben Nichols, then explained Andorra and Israel were declared non-compliant after it was deemed they did not have sufficient anti-doping rules in place. Argentina, Bolivia and Ukraine were declared non-compliant for using non-accredited laboratories for their urine and blood sample analysis – this is prohibited under world anti-doping rules. On the other hand, WADA gave four months to Belgium, Brazil, France, Greece, Mexico, and Spain to put their houses in order; these countries were put on a compliance “watch list”. Belgium, Brazil, France, Greece, Mexico, and Spain were given tine until March 18 to come into compliance.

Last month, Israel was removed from the list of countries found to be non-compliant with the world anti-doping code. According to the World Anti-Doping Agency, Israel “drafted and adopted anti-doping rules” in line with the global WADA code.

In another development, German journalist and producer of the film on doping in Russian sports Hajo Seppelt has remarked WADA is under heavy influence from international sports organizations. Seppelt said he would not say that WADA is not clean but he would like to highlight that approximately 50 percent of its money comes from sports federations and the president of WADA is also the vice-president of the International Olympic Committee and he does not think this is the best way to fight doping around the world.

Following the broadcast of Seppelt’s film The Doping Secret: How Russia Creates Champions that disclosed some hard truths by Vitaliy and Yuliya Stepanov – Russian Whistleblowers, an investigation was opened by WADA into use of performance enhancing drugs by Russian athletes. In January this year, a number of athletes were disqualified by the Russian Anti-Doping Agency, including Olympic champions Sergei Kirdyapkin, Valery Borchin and Olga Kaniskina, and a world champion Sergei Bakulin.

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Friday 15, Jan 2016

  Lidiya Grigoryeva Faces Doping Allegations

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Lidiya Grigoryeva, the 2007 Boston Marathon champion, is facing doping allegations after the world governing body of athletics has decided to pursue a case against her.

According to an IAAF spokesman, the sanction of Grigoryeva is about to be concluded and will be published accordingly. In a statement, Boston Athletic Association executive director Tom Grilk remarked we await the findings as the current investigation continues. Grilk added the Boston Athletic Association has pushed for many years for increased testing in and out of competition and harsh sanctions against those who test positive for doping and that we cooperate with and rely on the IAAF and WADA that conduct the testing and impose sanctions.

In a statement, IAAF spokesman Chris Turner said there was a huge influx in 2009 of suspicious profiles coming through. Turner also said 8-18 months from investigation to sanction on average happened for blood passport cases. The IAAF spokesman also remarked there was a need to prioritize, and in particular to expedite those cases which involved potential medal winners ahead of the 2012 Olympic Games and also commented that no cases were concealed or suppressed, the IAAF simply tackled them in order of importance.

An internal IAAF note named 10 athletes — middle distance runners, race walkers, and marathoners — who would be eligible for “rapid and discreet” treatment. Out of them, six were banned for two years and most of them received the bans after the 2012 London Olympic Games while four others named in the 2011 note have not been banned and this list includes the name of Lidiya Grigoryeva.

A few days back, judges of the International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) issued lifetime bans to former Russian walking coach Alexei Melnikov, former Russia athletics Chief Valentin Balakhnichev, and the son of former world body president Lamine Diack over the blackmailing of athletes who failed doping tests.

Recently, evidence emerged that the IAAF was aware of the massive doping problem in Russia. Internal documents obtained by the Associated Press revealed the governing body of athletics knew of the doping issue as far back as 2009. Correspondence revealed the IAAF feared that Russian athletes could end up killing themselves due to their extensive use of blood transfusions and Erythropoietin, the blood-boosting drug. In a hand-written dated October 14, 2009 to Valentin Balakhnichev, the then Russian athletics president, Pierre Weiss, then the IAAF general secretary, wrote this matter of the Russian athletes’ blood levels is now so serious and is not getting any better [in fact possibly getting worse] that immediate and drastic action is needed. Weiss also remarked not only are these athletes cheating their fellow competitors but at these levels are putting their health and even their own lives in very serious danger.

Dick Pound, founding president of WADA, commenting on the issue said documents indicated concerned officials of the world governing body of athletics not disclosing doping bans surprised him. Pound added it is clear that there were deals and there didn’t seem to be any political will to take on Russia.

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Monday 14, Dec 2015

  Criteria For Removal Of Russia Doping Ban Revealed By IAAF

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IAAF President Lord Sebastian Coe has unveiled the criteria that Russia must meet for the present doping ban to be lifted. The International Association of Athletics Federations chief said a complete change in culture must be displayed.

Coe remarked that a holistic change in the doping culture of Russia is required for the sanction to be lifted and added there was no predetermined timescale for the ban. The IAAF head said the conditions we have announced leave no room for doubt and also added that Russia must demonstrate verifiable change across a range of criteria and satisfy our task force that those criteria will be met permanently. Lord Coe also remarked that it is up to Russia to implement verifiable change both in anti-doping practice and culture.

Russian athletes are presently a possible exclusion from the Rio 2016 Olympic Games following an investigation by the World Anti-Doping Agency last month. The world governing body of athletics agreed and handed down sanction to Russia after it was recommended by WADA that athletes of the country from international competition for an indiscriminate amount of time. The All-Russia Athletics Federation (ARAF) decided not to appeal the decision that meant it faces a race against time to prove itself before the Rio de Janeiro Olympics next summer.

The IAAF has told All-Russia Athletics Federation that Russia must demonstrate that it meets the regulations of WADA and IAAF, with specific criteria set out. These regulations include resolving current disciplinary cases and introducing a new code of ethics and stepping away from those who were previously found guilty of doping. It was also stipulated by the world governing body of athletics that all officials and directors who are involved with IAAF must demonstrate that they have had no previous involvement with doping. The Russian Anti-Doping Agency is also asked to prove that it can work independently without outside influence.

In another development, an advisor to the Russian Sports Minister said UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) will be helping the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) to carry out its work. Natalia Zheleznova said the World Anti-Doping Agency has recommended UK Anti-Doping to Russian Anti-Doping Agency and they are expected to plan tests together attracting international companies which take doping tests.

Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko remarked that he is fully determined to fight the use of doping products by athletes of the country. Mutko added Russia does not need some deceitful athlete or coach to fool everyone. If needed, we will clean up this federation completely. The sports minister added it has requested IAAF to allow Russian track and field athletes to participate in the upcoming competitions under the flag of the Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) instead of the Russian flag for circumventing the ban imposed by the IAAF.

ARAF General Secretary Mikhail Butov said the IAAF overreacted in this situation and also commented that the decision won’t do any good to international track and field athletics.

The first trip of IAAF task force to Russia to begin its overview is scheduled for January 2016.

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Tuesday 08, Dec 2015

  Federer Frustrated By Anti-Doping Program Of Tennis

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Roger Federer, the Swiss professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No. 3 by the Association of Tennis Professionals, has remarked at the ATP World Tour Finals in London that he is always surprised to find the anti-doping guy missing when he talks off the court after winning a tournament.

Federer added he believes tennis player should undergo more anti-doping tests so that the sport does not suffer with the same problems that have plagued sports like cycling and athletics. The 17-times grand slam champion also called for more out-of-competition tests.

Speaking at a news conference at London’s O2 Arena, Federer said he thinks the world governing body of tennis is trying its best but there are some things that still need to be taken care of. The tennis star also commented that you should know that you will be tested whenever you make the quarter-finals of a tournament, when the points are greater, and the money is greater. The Swiss tennis player also said he is even happy to keep the tests for longer as that is the way to scare people.

Federer broadly endorsed the comments of fellow tennis star Andy Murray. World No 1 Novak Djokovic said he had received ‘three or four’ visits at home from anti-doping officials this year. Djokovic added he however feels the daily whereabouts rule of giving location for one hour every day could prove to be excessive at times but added the current system was doing its job.

Federer expressed confidence in the Swiss anti-doping model but remarked out-of-competition testing was still not frequent enough. Considered by many players and commentators as the greatest tennis player of all time, Federer said he feels like the Swiss program is tough and strict but out-of-competition testing could definitely increase as well.

The world No. 3 said he still thinks that should happen more on a frequent basis and added he is sure that the Swiss anti-doping agency does things how it should be done, so you can try to imagine how others do it. The Swiss professional tennis player also remarked he has been tested out of competition about five times this year and added there needs to be more resources. Federer also said players need to feel that there are going to be tests so they will shy away from any silly thought they might have.

Federer turned professional in 1998 and held the world No. 1 position for 302 weeks that included 237 consecutive weeks. The Swiss star won 17 Grand Slam singles titles and reached the Wimbledon final ten times and each Grand Slam final at least five times (an all-time record). The Swiss tennis star has won the most matches in Grand Slams (297) and reached a record 36th consecutive Grand Slam quarterfinal. Federer also won the Olympic gold medal with his compatriot Stan Wawrinka in doubles at the 2008 Summer Olympic Games and conquered the Olympic silver medal in singles at the 2012 Summer Olympic Games. The tennis player was named the Laureus World Sportsman of the Year for a record four consecutive years (2005–2008).

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Sunday 19, Jul 2015

  WADA Wants Pan Am Games Organizers To Store Drug Test Samples

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Organizers of the Pan Am Games and other large multi-sport events have been urged by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) to follow the example of the International Olympic Committee of storing samples for possible testing in the future.

Drug-test samples from Olympic Games are stored for a period up to 10 years that means an athlete who cheated might be caught a decade later by new testing technology. Officials running the Pan Am anti-doping program remarked they will conduct 1,900 urine and blood tests and this number is about one-third of the 6,000 athletes participating in Toronto.

Three athletes failed doping tests just hours after the opening ceremony at the 2011 Pan Ams in Guadalajara, Mexico.

David Howman, the director general of WADA, said we encourage them to do it because it’s important for clean athletes to know that some substance, which couldn’t have been analyzed now, could be analyzed later and detected. The director general of WADA said he recognizes there are budgetary restrictions but added storing more samples would be a further deterrent to athletes that cheat and will remind them they are being targeted. Howman also said we have discussed that with the IOC as they store all of theirs and also remarked we are trying to encourage others to look at a process where they can store any that they think will be beneficial in the future.

Two main changes to the revised WADA Code may be noticed at the Pan Am Games currently underway in Toronto, according to Howman. The new rules make it mandatory for a certain percentage of athletes in a sport to be tested for specific banned substances, like some cyclists would be tested for the blood-booster EPO. Howman also added that specific athletes will be targeted for testing and said that is a little bit more smart-testing than in the past, when it was a more random approach.

Matthew Koop, who leads the anti-doping program with Dr. Julia Alleyne at the Pan Am Games, remarked the games organizers (the Pan American Sports Organization) were responsible for deciding about storing samples and said he was in favor. Koop commented these are regional games, and it is a different competition from the Olympics, but many leading anti-doping organizations at the national level are starting to look at this.

Craig Reedie, head of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), said there will be one day when athletes coming to multi-sport events like the Pan American Games will know they are competing on a level playing free of drug cheats. Reedie said he is prepared to happily concede that in a world of many billion people there is never going to be total eradication and added he wants to believe it is possible to have clean sport. The WADA Chief said but he thinks there is a very reasonable chance that at an organized sport level we can get to a situation where those people who cheat are an ever diminishing part of the sport family.

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