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Tuesday 26, Feb 2013

  Lance Armstrong To Challenge USPS Claims

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Lance Armstrong To Challenge USPS Claims

According to recent reports, Lance Armstrong is planning to argue that the case of United States Postal Service against him is too old to pursue. The banned cyclist will also be arguing that he never submitted a false claim to the government, according to a person close to Armstrong’s defense team.

The legal team of the disgraced cyclist, who won seven consecutive Tour de France titles, will argue what the U.S. government knew or should have known about doping on the U.S. Postal Service cycling team but made no attempts to stop it. This strategy demonstrates the technicalities that the 41-year-old retired cyclist will seek after it was recently announced by the U.S. Justice Department that it has joined a civil fraud case against Lance Armstrong under the False Claims Act.

The cyclist vehemently denied all accusations of performance enhancing drug use but succumbed to damning report by the United States Anti-Doping Agency that included testimony from eleven teammates of Lance Armstrong (Frankie Andreu, Michael Barry, Tom Danielson, Tyler Hamilton, George Hincapie, Floyd Landis, Levi Leipheimer, Stephen Swart, Christian Vande Velde, Jonathan Vaughters, and David Zabriskie). While Lance Armstrong was banned for life, two other members of the USPS Team, Dr. Michele Ferrari and Dr. Garcia del Moral, also received lifetime bans for perpetrating this doping conspiracy while three other members of the USPS Team: Johan Bruyneel, the team director; Dr. Pedro Celaya, a team doctor; and Jose “Pepe” Marti, the team trainer, decided to contest the charges.

The case against Armstrong may be stronger after he recently confessed to using performance enhancing drugs to win seven Tour de France titles during a TV talk show but a big early hurdle for the government will be the statute of limitations.

In 2010, the suit was first filed by cycling cheat, Floyd Landis, Armstrong’s former USPS teammate, and it was argued that Lance Armstrong and his teammates defrauded the government through their doping scheme on the USPS team. The suit argues that Armstrong and others violated their USPS sponsorship contracts and that the government should get its money back as they used banned drugs and blood transfusions to boost themselves on the bike. From 2001 to 2004, the United States Postal Service paid $31 million to sponsor Armstrong’s team and Landis under the False Claims Act can seek to recover triple that amount for the government that would possibly be more than $90 million.

The attorneys of Armstrong will be arguing that the whole case should be thrown out due to the six-year statute of limitations, which started when Landis filed the case in 2010. On the other hand, the government is expected to argue that the fraud was concealed and that the six-year rule should not apply. The government’s case may receive a setback from the fact that the USPS team hired a public-relations firm to boost its image instead of investigating or filing of a false claim when doping allegations swirled around the team. Furthermore, since Armstrong never entered into a contract with the USPS or the government, he could not have submitted a false claim to them. The contracts by USPS were with Tailwind Sports, the management company of the cycling team of Lance Armstrong but Tailwind also never certified that its riders wouldn’t or didn’t dope.

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Monday 25, Feb 2013

  US Government To Sue Lance Armstrong

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US Government To Sue Lance Armstrong

The US government has joined a lawsuit against Lance Armstrong, who was banned for life from cycling and stripped of his seven Tour de France wins, after talks with his lawyers broke down. This was after Armstrong said he will not agree to be interviewed under oath by the United States Anti-Doping Agency.

The disgraced cyclist admitted to using performance enhancing drugs during all of his Tour wins. Filed by his former teammate Floyd Landis, the lawsuit aims to recover sponsorship money from the 41-year-old cyclist. During his interview with chat show host Oprah Winfrey in front of a worldwide television audience, Lance said he made those decisions, they were his mistake and he was there to say sorry. The cyclist went on to remark that he did not fear getting caught and he did not feel he was cheating at the time and viewed it as a “level playing field.” He also admitted that he received a backdated therapeutic user exemption certificate for a cream containing steroids at the 1999 Tour to ensure he did not test positive.

Ronald C Machen Jr, US Attorney for the District of Columbia, said Armstrong and his cycling team took more than $30m from the US Postal Service based on their contractual promise to play fair and abide by the rules – including the rules against doping and the Postal Service has now seen its sponsorship unfairly associated with what has been described as ‘the most sophisticated, professionalised, and successful doping programme that sport has ever seen.’ Machen added that this lawsuit is designed to help the Postal Service recoup the tens of millions of dollars it paid out based on years of broken promises and the Postal Service, in today’s economic climate, is simply not in a position to allow Lance Armstrong or any of the other defendants to walk away with the tens of millions of dollars they illegitimately procured.

The cyclist won seven Tour de France titles between 1999 and 2005 and the US Postal Service sponsored the team between 1996 and 2004.

The legal team of Lance Armstrong had tried to convince the US government not to join the so-called ‘whistleblowing’ lawsuit filed by Landis. Armstrong’s counsel Robert Luskin remarked Lance and his representatives worked constructively over these last weeks with federal lawyers to resolve this case fairly, but those talks failed because we disagree about whether the Postal Service was damaged and the own studies of the Postal Services show that the Service benefited tremendously from its sponsorship – benefits totalling more than $100m.

It is alleged by the lawsuit that Armstrong and other riders on the postal service-sponsored team knowingly violated their postal service agreements by regularly using banned substances and methods to enhance their performance. Landis, by flagging up fraud allegations, could receive a substantial share of any money recovered from Armstrong under the federal False Claims Act. This law, introduced by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863, stipulates the person bringing the lawsuit can receive 15-25% of any damages.

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Sunday 24, Feb 2013

  USADA Lobbied DOJ To Join Whistle-Blower Lawsuit

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USADA Lobbied DOJ To Join Whistle-Blower Lawsuit

The head of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency, Travis Tygart, lobbied Attorney General Eric Holder for the Justice Department to join a whistle-blower lawsuit against Lance Armstrong. This was on the same day when the disgraced cyclist confessed in an interview to Oprah Winfrey that he used banned performance enhancing drugs.

The letter by Tygart is dated the same day on which Armstrong confessed to using performance enhancing drugs before Winfrey. Officials of USADA have been urging Armstrong to speak under oath with its investigators if he hoped to have his lifetime ban reduced but he recently refused to do so and said he will only depose before an international tribunal formed to comprehensively address pro cycling. Tim Herman, Armstrong’s longtime lawyer, remarked that Lance for several reasons will not participate in USADA’s efforts to selectively conduct American prosecutions that only demonize selected individuals while failing to address the 95 percent of the sport over which USADA has no jurisdiction.

A person familiar with discussions between the two sides said among the topics was how much protection the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency could provide Lance Armstrong in the whistle-blower case and against possible criminal action and the cyclist and his attorneys ultimately were not satisfied with USADA’s offer.

Travis Tygart wrote in the letter to Holder that USADA “uncovered one of the greatest frauds in the history of sport” but that his agency had reached the end of what it can do to punish the now-banned cyclist and other “non-sports” people involved with his teams. The USADA chief also wrote that fraud and other crimes were committed and the case involved drug trafficking, federal witness intimidation and that other federal agencies have gathered more information. He also told Holder that the Justice Department joining the case against the cyclist would be viewed favorably by the public and the media. Tygart called the doping by Lance Armstrong and the Postal Service teams a “massive economic fraud” that “absolutely dwarfs anything Landis did.”

Tygart wrote to Holder on January 14 and urged him to join the civil case and told Holder that “fraud and other crimes were committed” by Lance Armstrong and other members of his former U.S. Postal Service teams. It is not clear if the Attorney General responded, but the Justice Department has not yet announced if it will join the lawsuit filed by former Armstrong teammate Floyd Landis, who was stripped of the 2006 Tour de France title for doping. Landis has accused Lance Armstrong of committing fraud against the Postal Service that sponsored most of the teams of the now-banned Armstrong as the star rider made use of performance enhancing drugs to win the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times. The former teammate of Armstrong was also a key witness in an investigation by the United States Anti-Doping Agency last year, which exposed the doping past of the 41-year-old retired cyclist Armstrong. Landis stands to collect millions of dollars of any possible financial penalties against Armstrong from the whistle-blower suit.

According to the latest update, the Justice Department has joined a whistle-blower lawsuit against disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong. This increases the odds the cyclist may have to forfeit millions of dollars paid out by his team sponsor, the U.S. Postal Service.

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Thursday 24, Jan 2013

  Ex-UCI Head Says Riders Were Warned

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Ex-UCI Head Says Riders Were Warned

The world governing body of cycling warned Lance Armstrong and other riders when they came close to testing positive for performance enhancing drugs, according to the former President of UCI, Hein Verbruggen.

Verbruggen, in an interview with the Dutch magazine Vrij Nederland published on Wednesday, said dozens of the top riders and team managers were invited to the headquarters of the UCI in Aigle “one by one”, where the chief doctor of the cycling body, Mario Zorzoli, gave them presentations on its anti-doping strategy and information about suspect values. The former UCI President this was part of a conscious strategy to try to reduce doping.

Verbruggen justified his defense of Armstrong during his tenure despite the fact that the world governing body of cycling warned him about his red blood cell values being suspect. He further added that he is not responsible if a cyclist is tested 215 times and he is always negative and the problem lies in the test itself.

The Australian anti-doping expert instrumental in developing the biological passport for the UCI between 2008 and 2012 before he resigned, Michael Ashenden, remarked he was not aware of any other international federation pursuing a similar strategy.

The World Anti-Doping Agency and the United States Anti-Doping Agency have refused to cooperate with the independent commission set up by the UCI to look into claims that the governing body covered up a positive drug test in 2001 in return for a donation of $125,000 from Lance Armstrong.  Meanwhile, Brian Cookson, the president of British Cycling, has remarked that he is fully supportive of UCI president Pat McQuaid who since his election in 2005 has done an impressive job in frequently difficult circumstances and added that it is absolutely vital for the future of our sport that we all remain united.

Verbruggen, who is still an honorary president of the UCI, and his successor, Pat McQuaid, have been under intense pressure ever since the Lance Armstrong doping scandal wherein the disgraced cyclist was stripped of his seven Tour de France victories and admitted doping throughout each of them. A lifetime ban was imposed on the cycling icon by the UCI after the United States Anti-Doping Agency submitted its reasoned decision that was supported by the testimony of many of Armstrong’s former teammates (Frankie Andreu, Michael Barry, Tom Danielson, Tyler Hamilton, George Hincapie, Floyd Landis, Levi Leipheimer, Stephen Swart, Christian Vande Velde, Jonathan Vaughters, and David Zabriskie).

The evidence brought forward by USADA included direct documentary evidence including financial payments, emails, scientific data, and laboratory test results that proved the use, possession and distribution of performance enhancing drugs by Lance Armstrong and confirmed the deceptive activities of the USPS Team.

After this, Lance Armstrong and two other members of the USPS Team, Dr. Michele Ferrari and Dr. Garcia del Moral, also received lifetime bans for perpetrating this doping conspiracy while three other members of the USPS Team (Johan Bruyneel, the team director; Dr. Pedro Celaya, a team doctor; and Jose “Pepe” Marti, the team trainer) decided to contest the charges and take their cases.

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Friday 04, Jan 2013

  DOJ Officials May Join Landis Whistleblower Lawsuit

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DOJ Officials May Join Landis Whistleblower Lawsuit

Lance Armstrong may have made all his fans from 1998 to 2005 by winning seven consecutive Tour de France titles but the year 2012 brought an end to his unmatched legacy.

This was after the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) submitted its reasoned decision against the 41-year-old retired Texan rider that banned the cyclist for life and stripped him of all his titles since 1998, the year in which he first won the Yellow Jersey. His woes don’t seem to end as now the U.S. Department of Justice officials are considering whether or not to join a whistleblower lawsuit filed by his former teammate, Floyd Landis. According to court documents made public in the last month, the cyclist has been subpoenaed for documents in the case; the documents also suggest that Armstrong has been fighting vigorously to control the flow of information.

It was revealed by the court documents that Lance Armstrong was subpoenaed by the United States Postal Service’s Office of the Inspector General in fall, 2010. The Postal Service was the team sponsor of Armstrong during six of his seven Tour de France victories. Under the contract with the Postal Team, riders were prohibited from using performance enhancing drugs.

The Justice Department wanted the court records made public. “The sealing of judicial records is not appropriate,” it wrote, “if it is done merely to protect parties from embarrassment.” Robert Luskin, an attorney for the cyclist, said the subpoena put Armstrong in an unfair and difficult position as it puts Lance in a trick box where he would assert his Fifth Amendment rights because of the criminal investigation and then they would leak it to embarrass him and added that we thought that was improper. Armstrong’s lawyer, John Keker, warned that if the public found out that Armstrong had “intended to assert his Fifth Amendment rights,” that it would “further damage Mr. Armstrong’s reputation.”

Lawyers with the Justice Department’s civil division asked the U.S. District Court in Washington, D.C., to step in and enforce it when Armstrong did not comply initially with the subpoena. For more than a year, the proceedings were kept under seal but U.S. magistrate judge Deborah Robinson ordered that seal to be lifted and the legal battle became public. The lawyers of the Justice Department who attempted to enforce the subpoena are the same ones representing the government in its consideration of whether to intervene in the whistleblower lawsuit. The lawsuit accused the cyclist of defrauding the U.S. Postal Service because he allegedly used performance enhancing drugs in violation of the team contract. In the lawsuit, Floyd Landis sued on behalf of the government under the Federal False Claims Act that allows citizens to sue for alleged fraud against the government.

The government under the whistleblower law can intervene in Landis’s suit, essentially pursuing the case on its own behalf. Landis stands to collect up to 30 percent of any money the government recovers though the case is technically convened on behalf of the government. Armstrong and others named in the suit would be liable for triple the amount of the sponsorship if found to have violated the False Claims Act.

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Tuesday 18, Dec 2012

  Armstrong Stripped Of Prestigious BBC Award

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Armstrong Stripped Of Prestigious BBC Award

In the wake of the USADA report and the UCI’s ban on Lance Armstrong, the cyclist has been stripped of a prestigious BBC award. The 41-year-old cyclist won the British broadcaster’s Overseas Sports Personality of the Year prize in 2003 after he captured his final Tour de France win, but his name was absent from the list of previous winners in the program for the 2012 event.

The BBC says in a statement that it took the decision “following the UCI’s decision to strip Lance Armstrong of his Tour de France titles.” This year, Olympic gold medalist and Tour de France winner Bradley Wiggins was voted the 2012 BBC Sports Personality of the Year, with heptathlete Jessica Ennis second and US Open winner Andy Murray bagging the third place.

The woes of the Texan rider don’t end here. On December 6, the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia issued an order and denied the request of Lance Armstrong to keep certain documents under permanent seal. The ruling of Magistrate judge Deborah A. Robinson freed documents into the public domain centering around another investigation into Armstrong and this time it will be at the hands of the Postal Service’s Office of Inspector General, or the OIG. The lawyers now want to know everything about the cycling affairs of the United States Postal Service and how much money was paid to the cyclist to his communications with trainer Michele Ferrari and drug-makers capable of manufacturing performance-enhancing substances.

       The cyclist initially fought a sweeping subpoena from the Postal Service’s Office of Inspector General but the Department of Justice stepped in to enforce the subpoena. In a filing dated October 10, 2011, Robert Chandler, an attorney with the Department of Justice’s civil division, made 21 requests of Armstrong, ranging from financial disclosures of information regarding the use of performance enhancing drugs. The subpoena also asked the cyclist for disclosing documents related to blood analysis and training, complete with scheduled use of performance enhancing drugs, and to produce any and all communications preserved through audio or video recording on which any prohibited substance or method is discussed or the use of any prohibited substance or method by any person is discussed.

The governing body of cycling (UCI) initially resisted allegations that the cyclist used anabolic steroids and performance enhancing drugs but succumbed to massive evidence provided by USADA and testimonies of many of the cyclist’s former teammates, including Floyd Landis, Tyler Hamilton, and George Hincapie.

Hincapie, the veteran American cyclist who raced alongside Lance Armstrong during all of his seven Tour de France victories and his trusted lieutenant, acknowledged that he took banned substances and that he had disclosed the details of his doping to investigators. His testimony was the last nail in the coffin of Lance Armstrong’s career after he implicated Armstrong in alleged doping, including EPO and testosterone use, as well as blood transfusions. The United States Anti-Doping Agency charged Armstrong and five others associated with the Postal team with engaging in an alleged doping conspiracy aimed at dominating the Tour de France.

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Thursday 08, Nov 2012

  Independence A Must For Clean Sport, Says Tygart

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Independence A Must For Clean Sport, Says Tygart

 USADA CEO Travis Tygart has said that the work is not done yet even though the lifetime ban and the disqualification of the results of Lance Armstrong are now secure.

The arbitration cases for Johan Bruyneel and Jose “Pepe” Martí are still lying in pending status and there is a huge possibility that more details may emerge from the seedy tale of the doping culture in cycling. Tygart, after unearthing the disturbing truths, sees independent organizations like USADA as the only way forward for the sport.

At times when the governing body of cycling was turning a blind eye to whistle-blowers such as Jörg Jaksche, Tyler Hamilton, and Floyd Landis, the United States Anti-Doping Agency was taking them seriously and started investigating on the allegations made by the former teammates of Lance Armstrong against him. Tygart said the reason why the cycling’s governing body failed to do so sooner was because of the inherent conflict of interest or “fox guarding the henhouse” that is key to cycling’s problems.

USADA chief said if a single precedent is established by the case of the disgraced cyclist, Armstrong, it is that clean athletes have now greater faith in the anti-doping establishments and trust that these institutions will not turn a blind eye, irrespective of how powerful or influential those who broke the rules may be. He added that the UCI was arguing and telling everyone that USADA was on a witch hunt and they seem to have no idea of what the evidence was, they sued Floyd Landis and called the whistle-blowers scum bags, these surely are not the actions one takes if the sport is to be moved in the right direction on this topic.

The differences between USADA and UCI emerged in public ahead of the 2011 Tour of California when the governing body of cycling said it wants the absolute results management authority and could only allow USADA to simply perform the controls. In 2010, a similar conflict happened between the UCI and French Anti-Doping Agency (AFLD) before the Tour de France. Meanwhile, the management committee of the UCI has decided to form an independent commission for examining the “various allegations made about UCI relating to the Armstrong affair” but the USADA chief hopes the scope will be broader than just looking into a few important issues like the 2001 Tour de Suisse doping control of Lance Armstrong that was suspicious for EPO.

Tygart added that the USADA report into the Lance Armstrong doping scandal did to some extent what the Mitchell Report did for baseball. The report by USADA not only had a look into and exposed the past, but it also helped in learning lessons that one can unshackle himself from that past besides placing tangible recommendations to ensure the sport moves in the right direction. Tygart expressed hope that USADA, their equivalents around the world, and WADA itself, have demonstrated that they could offer a reasonable avenue for clean athletes to report on doping activities and said Armstrong scandal will surely send a very powerful deterrent and preventative message to those who cheat and think that they could get away with it or grow so big they become too big to fail.

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Tuesday 06, Nov 2012

  Jonathan Vaughters Calls For UCI To Split

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Jonathan Vaughters Calls For UCI To Split

Former professional cyclist Jonathan Vaughters who admitted to doping in an affidavit to USADA recently said the UCI, governing body of cycling, needs to distance itself from anti-doping controls.

The International Association of Professional Cycling teams (AIGCP) head Jonathan Vaughters said he would like an independent audit on all the presently running anti-doping efforts and this will be of great use of the World Anti-Doping Agency.

AIGCP said its management committee will make an announcement this week on which sports body would be nominating members and define the scope of the commission. UCI had not yet contacted his organization, WADA’s director general, David Howman, said in an interview.

AIGCP members voted for supporting a proposal for an independent review of the anti-doping program of cycling ahead of UCI’s announcement of its plans for a commission. Pressure is mounting on UCI after Lance Armstrong was stripped of all his titles and banned for life by USADA, a decision that was later ratified by the governing body of cycling. The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) found through testimony from 11 of his former teammates, including Vaughters, that the disgraced cyclist doped for much of his career.

It was alleged by former teammates of Armstrong, Floyd Landis and Tyler Hamilton that UCI had a part in Armstrong’s doping legacy and the cyclist bragged that the UCI helped cover up an alleged positive doping control from the 2001 Tour de Suisse. The allegation was however denied by UCI president Pat McQuaid but the management committee provided the green signal to a commission for examining it. The UCI stated, in a press release, that the scope of the commission will be to look into the different allegations made about the cycling’s governing body related to the Lance Armstrong doping scandal and to identify ways for ensuring that sportsmen caught for doping were no longer able to take part in the sport, including as part of an entourage.

The UCI has yet to respond to the proposal of the AIGCP, Vaughters said and added that he hopes the commission will examine the present anti-doping structure and explained that ideally the commission should make a recommendation to separate UCI from anti-doping operations as this will reduce the  chances of cover-up and bribery claims. He added that the anti-doping group should move to a different office and must be funded by teams and race organizers directly and WADA should have the ultimate authority and auditory power.

Vaughters of Garmin-Sharp has hired a number of ex-dopers and recently said Tom Danielson, Christian Vande Velde, and David Zabriskie had doped in the past and he treats dopers and clean cyclists the same but with a condition that they will ride clean on his team and said he did not sign Jörg Jaksche not because he was a doper but because he loves to gossip and calling anyone and everyone a doper. Vaughters added that Jorge wants to be a leader but he believes that Jorge doesn’t have the physiological or social qualities to be a leader.

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Monday 05, Nov 2012

  UCI Sued By Sponsor For £1.25m

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UCI Sued By Sponsor For £1.25m

Australian clothing firm SKINS has threatened to sue the governing body of cycling, UCI, for its failure to crack down on doping and run a clean sport.

The Australian company’s Swiss lawyers wrote to UCI saying the company had been involved in professional cycling since 2008 in the belief that the sport had cleaned up its act after the 1998 Tour de France that was hit by scandals. In a statement issued through its lawyers, the company said it concluded that it must revise that view. The statement reads SKINS, as a supplier and sponsor, is particularly concerned with its brand image and is firmly against doping as it strongly believes in the true spirit of competition.

The company said it had acted accordingly after the Lance Armstrong scandal, which saw the Texan stripped of his seven Tour de France titles after a USADA investigation into alleged systematic doping. It was indicated by the firm that the manner in which the governing body of cycling dealt with the case of the disgraced cyclist and its fight against doping in general is the primary reason for the total loss of confidence in professional cycling by the public and added that this loss of credibility and confidence for cycling “harms SKINS, as well as any other sponsor or supplier.”

The company sponsors Cycling Australia, USA Cycling, the Rabobank, Europcar and Telekom teams and BikeNZ in New Zealand, among others.

Meanwhile, a giant effigy of Lance Armstrong went up in flames recently as part of one of the biggest bonfire parties in the UK. The cyclist, accused by the USADA of using and promoting the use of performance enhancing drugs, was stripped of his seven Tour de France titles and banned for life, pipped the likes of Jimmy Savile and Chancellor George Osborne after suggestions from members of the public. The effigy came complete with a ‘Jim Fixed It For Me’ medallion and a sign which read ‘For sale, Racing bike no longer required’.

In another development, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has applauded the USADA for its case against the disgraced cyclist who was accused by some of his former teammates of using and encouraging the use of performance enhancing drugs within the USPS team. WADA recently said that it would not appeal against the sanctions imposed by the USADA on Armstrong and said WADA has no concerns as to the complete process and the overwhelming weight of evidence against the cyclist. USADA accused the Texan rider of spearheading “the most sophisticated, professionalised and successful doping programme that sport has ever seen”.

The seven-time champion of Tour de France was accused by teammates including Frankie Andreu, George Hincapie, Floyd Landis, and Tyler Hamilton of using EPO, growth hormone, and other performance enhancing drugs. The veteran American cyclist who raced alongside Lance Armstrong during all of his seven Tour de France victories, Hincapie, said he made use of banned substances during his professional career and remarked he is looking forward to play a substantial role to develop, encourage, and help young riders to compete and win with the best in the world.

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Saturday 03, Nov 2012

  WADA Would Not Appeal Against Armstrong Verdict

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Wada would not appeal against armstrong verdict

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) will not be appealing against the ban imposed on American cyclist Lance Armstrong, according to an announcement by the anti-doping agency.

Armstrong, the winner of seven Tour de France titles, was banned by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) after testimony from former teammates, including Tyler Hamilton, George Hincapie, Frankie Andreu, and Floyd Landis, who all were involved in what the USADA called the most sophisticated doping program ever seen in sport. The ex-teammates of the disgraced cyclist testified that Armstrong used and even encouraged the use and provided performance enhancing drugs and threatened cyclists in the team who didn’t doped of losing their place in the team.

The evidence against Armstrong showed prolonged use of a range of performance enhancing drugs including erythropoietin (EPO), blood transfusions, testosterone, corticosteroids, human growth hormone, and masking agents, according to the USADA.

The 41-year-old Armstrong, a cancer survivor, has denied cheating and never failed a doping test but was stripped of all titles and given a lifetime ban after electing not to fight the charges made against him. The USADA banned Armstrong for life and stripped him of all his titles and results since August 1, 1998, a decision that was later ratified by the UCI, the governing body of cycling.

After the USADA sent the report to the the governing body of cycling, UCI, and World Anti-Doping Agency, they had the option of taking the matter to the Court of Arbitration of Sport (CAS) or ratify the sanctions imposed by USADA on the cyclist. The UCI said Lance had no place in cycling and annulled all his results besides banning him for life. Now, WADA that had the option to challenge the ruling made by USADA has joined USADA and UCI against the cyclist.

WADA President John Fahey said in a statement that the anti-doping agency has no concerns as to the complete process and the overwhelming weight of evidence against Lance Armstrong. Fahey added that the Armstrong doping scandal has resulted in a proper and right sanction for the cyclist and has served as a revelation to the world of sport for which USADA must be applauded. WADA also called on the governing body of cycling to disclose details of its independent investigation that it vowed to undertake after widespread doping revelations. Fahey said the anti-doping agency has had no communication from the UCI with regard to the Armstrong-reasoned decision, the UCI management decisions, or their upcoming inquiry and added that WADA would like to make a contribution to the inquiry, if it is established and resourced beyond reproach. Fahey further added that this is not a situation wherein just because an athlete didn’t return a positive test there was nothing for the UCI could do.

After being exposed as a drug cheat, Lance Armstrong has been asked to pay back millions of dollars in prize money, threatened with lawsuits, dropped by sponsors, and stepped down as the chairman of his charity foundation, Livestrong. The International Olympic Committee is even considering taking back his 2000 Olympic bronze medal.

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