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Thursday 03, Nov 2016

  British Amateur Cyclists Banned For Four Years

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British Amateur Cyclists Banned For Four Years

UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) has announced Ian Edmonds, a 41-year-old amateur cyclist, has been suspended from all sport for four years following an Anti-Doping Rule Violation. The anti-doping agency also announced a 46-year-old amateur cyclist, Robin Townsend, has been banned for four years following an Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF) for recombinant erythropoietin (EPO).

Edmonds admitted to the ‘Attempted Use of a Prohibited Substance’ and ‘Refusing to Submit to Sample Collection’ during an interview with UKAD on 6 June 2016. This was after 20 capsules of Testosterone and 100 tablets of Nandrolone were seized by the UK Border Force on 10 April 2016. This parcel of anabolic steroids was addressed to Edmonds, who was a member of Mapperley Cycling Club.

UKAD Director of Operations, Pat Myhill, commented the ordering of Prohibited Substances online by those subject to the anti-doping rules continues to be a major concern for UKAD. Myhill added whether they are obtained in an attempt to improve sporting performance or for aesthetic purposes, a significant threat is posed to both clean sport and public health and also said ordering Prohibited Substances via the internet may result in a ban from all sport and, in some cases, constitute a criminal offence. The UKAD Director of Operations also said the Edmonds case is an excellent example of how we work alongside law enforcement partners to deter and detect doping in the UK by targeting the supply of illicit substances. Myhill added he would encourage anyone who has information about the purchase or supply of performance and image enhancing drugs to contact us in confidence via 08000 322332 or via reportdoping.com.  Edmonds is banned from all sport from 1 August 2016 until midnight on 1 August 2020.

Townsend, who previously rode for Team Swift, was banned for a period of four years earlier this year after he tested positive for the stimulant Modafinil, following an in-competition test at the Burton and District Cycling Alliance 100 Miles event on 5 September 2015. The same sample was re-tested for Erythropoiesis stimulating agent on 8 December 2015, as a result of intelligence being passed to UKAD and the re-analysis returned an AAF for EPO. The amateur cyclist was subsequently charged with an Anti-Doping Rule Violation pursuant to Article 2.1 of the World Anti-Doping Code – presence of a Prohibited Substance. The case was heard in front of an independent National Anti-Doping Panel and it was ruled out by the panel that the period of ineligibility of four years should run concurrently with the four-year sanction already imposed on Townsend. The amateur cyclist is banned from all sport for four years from 8 October 2015 to midnight on 7 October 2019.

Myhill added the receipt and use of information and intelligence is critical to delivering an effective anti-doping program. The UKAD Director of Operations said we received intelligence in the case of Robin Townsend, which we assessed and acted upon by undertaking additional analysis of the original sample and added this has resulted in a further adverse analytical finding.

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Monday 03, Oct 2016

  Doping Progress Hailed By Tour De France Chief

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Christian Prudhomme, the general director of the Tour de France since 2007, has remarked anti-doping measures in the recent past have significantly changed image of cycling. Prudhomme said he believes that doping in cycling is under control and that all the measures that have been taken should be enough.

The Frenchman added cycling is no longer the principal sport to provide news on the use of illegal substances.  Long associated with systematic doping, cycling has been spared such close scrutiny during recent affairs that have plagued athletics, football, and the International Olympic Committee.

Till few years back, cycling was in all kinds of controversies ever since the Lance Armstrong doping scandal broke out. The disgraced cyclist, who was denied doping throughout his illustrious career, finally admitted to making use of banned substances and techniques such as blood doping, testosterone, cortisone, and human growth hormone during a televised interview with Oprah Winfrey.

Prudhomme also commented there is no longer a feeling in the sport that change is necessary and said you don’t see champions who come from nowhere any more. The former French journalist the absence of champions coming “out of nowhere” and the believable and mappable progress of young riders has done the job for cycling. Prudhomme said the likes of Nairo Quintana and Esteban Chaves have a pedigree, they shone on the Tour de l’Avenir and it is reassuring.

The Tour de l’Avenir is the most prestigious under-23 race in the world and both Chaves and Quintana – who have finished on the podiums of the Tour de France and the Vuelta a Espana over the last few years – performed very well in their youth. The Tour de France chief also commented that the change in communication with the sport has been a huge factor in the progress he has seen. Prudhomme said cycling was seen as a closed sport until recently but it is not anymore and people talk. Prudhomme went on to comment that cycling has been cleaning up its act and added it was not easy but it has been cleaning up its act. He also said we want sport to be perfect, while society will never be and also said society is not full of saints or full of crooks. Prudhomme also said all the cheats and the liars on this earth did not gather up one day to decide they would be taking up cycling.

Prudhomme took charge of the Tour de France by inheriting the mantel of his predecessor, Jean-Marie Leblanc, in 2006, the year of the Operación Puerto doping scandal. Prudhomme has overseen doping scandals in 2007, 2008, and 2010 but admitted revelations about mechanical doping earlier this year was something he was not prepared for. The Frenchman called mechanical doping the “biggest challenge facing cycling.” The Tour de France director said he was scared eight days before the Tour of the rumors would mar the race but was relieved after the secretary of state announced the use of thermal imaging cameras to help locate any motors being used in the peloton.

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Friday 26, Feb 2016

  Young Athletes Pushed To Doping By Parental Pressure

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A research from the University of Kent has shown that pressure to be perfect from parents makes young male athletes feel positive about doping.

The research from the University’s School of Sport and Exercise Sciences revealed that pressure from parents makes junior athletes more likely to use banned substances to improve sporting performance. It was suggested by lead researcher Daniel Madigan that anti-doping programs because of the risks identified in the findings should target junior athletes early in their sporting career. Madigan also suggested that parents should be made of the potential consequences of such pressure on their children.

The first-of-its-kind research, which was published by the Journal of Sports Sciences, discovered that attitudes of young athletes are more influenced by their parents than anyone else. Perfectionism and attitudes towards doping in 129 male British junior athletes (mean age 17.3 years) were examined by the research in four different aspects of perfectionism.

It was found by the study that there was a positive relationship with positive doping attitudes only from parental pressure. The researchers examined other factors such as the striving of athletes for perfection, pressure from their coach to be perfect, and their concerns about making mistakes. Perfectionistic strivings additionally showed a negative relationship in a multiple regression analysis controlling for the overlap between the four aspects. A structural equation model that examined the relationships between all variables suggested that pressure from coaches had a negative indirect effect on attitudes towards doping via perfectionistic strivings. It was indicated by findings of this study that perceived parental pressure to be perfect may be a factor that contributes to vulnerability of athletes to doping where perfectionistic strivings may be a protective factor.

This study also disclosed the price young athletes may choose to pay to meet their parents’ expectations and dreams with the rise of so-called “tiger” parenting where strict and demanding parents push their children to high achievement levels.

The study will now be widened for examining if young female athletes are similar and if the findings of this study are the same for those taking part in team versus individual sports.

Daniel Madigan, who is a PhD student, said the problem of pressure from parents watching their children play sports is widely known, with referees and sporting bodies highlighting the difficulties and taking steps to prevent it.

Perfectionism and attitudes towards doping in junior athletes (Daniel Madigan; Professor Joachim Stoeber, School of Psychology, University of Kent; Professor Louis Passfield, School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Kent) is published online in the Journal of Sports Sciences.

In another development, Windsor Lancer athletes visited St. Anne’s high school recently to make students aware of the dangers of using performance enhancing drugs. This visit was part of the Succeed Clean program that started with the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport back in 2010 for encouraging young athletes to avoid doping to improve their performance.

Liz Vandenborn, the region’s community coordinator for the centre for ethics, said when a lot of people think about doping in sport, they think about males, who are taking testosterone, taking steroids but a growing population of females are actually using steroids at an increasingly alarming rate.

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Thursday 12, Nov 2015

  Vitor Belfort Says He Is Ready To Move On

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Vitor Belfort, the Brazilian mixed martial artist and former UFC Light Heavyweight Champion, has remarked he is ready to move on in his life. The UFC 12 Heavyweight Tournament Champion also remarked he is not hiding anything and has always fought with the approval of a commission and the Ultimate Fighting Championship.

The 38-year-old Belfort has almost served as the de facto face of the testosterone replacement therapy argument. Belfort remarked fourteen men were in the treatment and twelve of them were Americans and the media kind of picked him up because of his success.

In 2013, the Brazilian knocked out Luke Rockhold, Dan Henderson, and Michael Bisping in a span of 10 months but with the help of TRT that is now banned but was completely legal at that time with a therapeutic use exemption. In September this year, it was reported by veteran reporter Josh Gross that testosterone levels of Belfort were significantly elevated before his light heavyweight title bid at UFC 152 against then-champ Jon Jones. In his defense, Belfort said he lives with a clean and clear conscience regarding his use of legally-administered performance enhancing substances. Belfort remarked he is one of the very few fighters who openly accepted they are on TRT and he is not like those who don’t come out and hide. The MMA fighter also remarked he was on TRT for medical reasons.

Belfort has passed five random drug tests ever since the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency took over the anti-doping efforts of the UFC this year. He passed four tests since October 1 and insisted he is at peace with his place in the world of mixed martial arts.

Belfort is not new to controversies. He tested positive for 4-hydroxytestosterone at Pride 32: The Real Deal on October 21, 2006. The MMA fighter argued that he bought an over the counter supplement that had the illegal substance and also explained that he could have received the drug because of rehabilitative injections given to him by Brazilian endocrinologist Dr. Rodrigo M. Greco. A statement from Dr. Greco was received by the Nevada State Athletic Commission that stated that he had given post-surgical injections containing testosterone to Vitor Belfort. NSAC remarked Belfort would still be guilty of a violation of the banned substances policy even if he was unaware that the medical practitioner did not inform him that injections contained anabolic steroids. Belfort was banned on December 21, 2006 for a period of nine months and was fined $10,000.

The Brazilian mixed martial artist is the #4 contender in official UFC middleweight rankings s of June 29, 2015 and was also the last Cage Rage World Light Heavyweight Champion. He was given the nickname The Phenom after he started competing in the UFC. At the age of 19, he became the youngest fighter to ever score a victory inside the Octagon. The former UFC Light Heavyweight Champion is expected to face Dan Henderson, the American mixed martial artist and former Olympic wrestler, in a rubber match at UFC Fight Night 77 on November 7, 2015.

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Monday 02, Nov 2015

  Anderson Silva Is A “Coward”, Says Ben Rothwell

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Top-ranked UFC heavyweight contender Ben Rothwell has called Anderson Silva a “coward” for not admitting his guilt after receiving a 12 month suspension from the Nevada Athletic Commission for using anabolic androgenic steroids.

Rothwell said Anderson Silva destroyed his legacy not because he was busted but because he continually denied everything to show just what a coward he is. Ben Rothwell added he has no respect for Silva and added Silva is a cheat and is not a man.

Silva, the Brazilian mixed martial artist and former UFC Middleweight Champion, holds the longest title defense streak in UFC history. He tested positive for Drostanolone and Androstane after his fight against Nick Diaz at UFC 183. Silva beat Diaz via unanimous decision but the win was overturned to no contest after his use of performance enhancing drugs. The former middleweight champion pleaded his innocence and said he tested positive because of a mysterious sexually enhancing “blue vial” that he acquired from a friend in Thailand.

In 2013, Ben Rothwell himself tested positive for elevated levels of Testosterone. He was suspended for a period of nine months but took full responsibility for his actions and vowed to never cheat again.

In another development, Michael Bisping said he is no longer interested in Anderson Silva. Bisping (27-7 MMA, 17-7 UFC) said the drug test failure of Silva has changed his desire to fight against Silva. Bisping added he believes that a person does not make a decision to try a new thing called steroids at the age of 39 and Silva must have been on the juice the whole time. Bisping, who is arguably the most famous fighter to have never received a UFC title shot, said he is not sure if he would accept a fight with the man who is considered by many as one of the greatest of all time.

Bisping added nobody expected Anderson Silva to test positive and he has always been a fantastic fighter, always been a fan favorite. The English mixed martial artist who competes in the middleweight division of the Ultimate Fighting Championship added it is ridiculous that Anderson’s positive test was the first time he was ever tested out of competition and he failed it. Bisping also remarked Silva came up with every excuse under the sun, including Viagra, and he looked the fool and added he wouldn’t fight Silva or anyone else that has a history of taking steroids.

Silva was recently criticized for laughing when his team made fun of Steven Seagal, action movie star and former mentor of Anderson. Seagal has always been a figure of ridicule within the MMA community. The 63-year-old started working with Silva and Lyoto Machida in 2010 and served as a mentor and teacher to the former UFC champions. However, Seagal has been absent from the mixed martial arts sphere since he started taking credit for some of their techniques. Anderson Silva started to distance himself from Seagal after he took praise for the front kick Silva used to knockout Vitor Belfort at UFC 126.

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Saturday 31, Oct 2015

  Mauro Santambrogio Banned By UCI

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Italian professional road racing cyclist Mauro Santambrogio has received a ban of three years from the world governing body of cycling.

The cyclist, who last rode for UCI Continental team Amore & Vita-Selle SMP, received the ban for a positive test for Testosterone in 2014. Last year, Santambrogio failed the out-of-competition doping control in October while the rider was still serving a doping ban for testing positive for Erythropoietin (EPO) on May 4, the opening day of the 2013 Giro d’Italia. Santambrogio tested positive for Testosterone and was suspended from February 5, 2013 to November 2, 2014.

In his defense, Santambrogio said he used drugs under the supervision of a doctor for treating erectile dysfunction and infertility. Santambrogio will be allowed to return to competition on October 21, 2017 but the cyclist announced he would not return to racing after receiving the ban.

 The cyclist had defended himself by saying that the urologist prescribed him Andriol, a brand name for Testosterone, 40mg for three months and Aprosten for 60 days and he only used the fertility and erectile drugs to start a family. Santambrogio added he did not use the drugs to enhance his cycling performance or make a comeback to the sport. The use of Andriol is banned at all levels by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). Santambrogio’s lawyer, Giuseppe Napoleone said his client was taken off the Registered Testing Pool (RTP) list and his name was not on the UCI’s website for testing since his ban began in 2014.

Under the UCI Rules, suspended cyclists are required to re-enter its testing pool six months before they make a return to their first race. In Santambrogio’s case, he announced his contract and plans to make a return in the 2015 season with Amore & Vita on October 31, 2014. In a statement, Napoleone said it appears out of the question that the drug use was not aimed to change or alter sporting results, since Mauro Santambrogio could not compete given his suspension.

During the 2013 Giro d’Italia, Santambrogio joined Danilo Di Luca from his Vini Fantini team who also tested positive for EPO. In the same race, Frenchman Sylvain Georges (Ag2r-La Mondiale) tested positive for the stimulant Heptaminol. Santambrogio had won stage 14 to Jafferau and placed ninth overall at the 2013 Giro d’Italia before news of his positive test emerged. Vini Fantini manager Angelo Citracca had announced (after the Giro d’Italia ban) that the team has fired Santambrogio and may seek damages following any disciplinary action. Citracca had also added we were wrong to engage Santambrogio, betrayed by nice promises, and a very promising beginning of a career but we cannot let this undermine a long-running project like ours.

The UCI at that time remarked it advised Santambrogio that he is provisionally suspended. The UCI statement also read that the decision to provisionally suspend this rider was made in response to a report from the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) accredited laboratory in Rome indicating an Adverse Analytical Finding of EPO in his urine sample.

Santambrogio is not new to controversies. He was suspended by Team BMC Racing from racing after his involvement in the Mantua Investigation that centered on team Lampre, where he raced until 2009.

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Thursday 29, Oct 2015

  Gran Fondo New York Winner Stripped Of Title

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Oscar Tovar of Colombia, the winner of the 2015 Campagnolo Gran Fondo New York, has been stripped of his title. This was after he failed an in-competition anti-doping test at the May event, according to an announcement by the organizers and the U.S. Anti Doping Agency (USADA).

Tovar won the 100-mile (160km) race that featured 5,000 cyclists from 70 nations, in less than four hours and 15 minutes on May 17. His ban was backdated to start May 17 and any results since then were also forfeited. However, Tovar was able to keep his victory in the Gran Fondo NY Colombia, staged in Bogota on April 26.

A USADA test found that the 32-year-old Tovar had synthetic testosterone in his system on May 17, 2015, following the 100-mile event. Tovar has been banned for two years under WADA rules and Gran Fondo New York (GFNY) has banned the Colombian for life from all GFNY of its events.

GFNY CEO Uli Fluhme said we are of course upset and hurt that a doper taints the reputation of our race and had us celebrate him on the day. Fluhme added however, it is without a doubt more important for us to do what we can to make our race fair, of which doping controls are an integral part. The GFNY CEO also commented that simply looking away and not testing the athletes is the worst decision that a race director can make because it forces everyone to take drugs to try to level the playing field.

The Gran Fondo starts under the George Washington Bridge in New York and winds through urban and rural areas, including Bear Mountain, before finishing in the suburbs of New Jersey. The 2015 Campagnolo Gran Fondo New York brought as many as 5,000 riders through all five Rockland towns, and riders from 70 countries, including last year’s top finisher, Gabriel Corredor of Colombia. The longer course winds its way across the George Washington Bridge and then riders have to climb Perkins Memorial Drive on Bear Mountain before they head west into Ramapo for a stop at Provident Bank Park. After this, they go down South Mountain Road and through Orangeburg en route to rejoin Route 9W for the return to Manhattan.

In the last few years, the sport of cycling has been marred by many doping controversies. Some of the biggest names in the world of professional cycling, including Lance Armstrong, were found guilty of doping and banned. The UCI, the world governing body of cycling, has been on an improvisation mission ever since to curb doping in cycling. During this year’s Tour de France, anti-doping controls at the Tour de France were done in collaboration with the French Anti-Doping Agency (AFLD). In a press release, UCI president Brian Cookson had said he would like to highlight once again the excellent climate in which all the stakeholders involved in the fight against doping work together on a daily basis for the benefit of our sport. Cookson had added we can be confident of the robustness of our program thanks to the sharing of information between all anti-doping actors and a strategy focused on even more targeted controls.

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Tuesday 13, Oct 2015

  Ben Foster Took Drugs To Play Lance Armstrong

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American actor Ben Foster has admitted he took drugs in a contained, doctor-supervised manner to better understand why athletes took drugs. Foster is playing the role of Lance Armstrong in a film “The Program”, which is an adaptation of the book Seven Deadly Sins: My Pursuit of Lance Armstrong.

In an interview with the Toronto Star, Foster admitted he wanted to understand — on a personal level, on a cellular level — what that experience is like. Foster also remarked coming off those drugs is the difficult part but that was a calculated risk and part of the joy of the job.

The actor said he would not name the drugs and remarked everything was “all legal” and was “an interesting element”. Foster revealed he would not reveal how long he took the drugs for and remarked he was part of a program (hat went before they started shooting) that was supervised by a doctor. Ben added athletes take performance enhancing drugs to go stronger, go longer, and go faster but also remarked they also can damage the body very long-term and in very serious ways.

Ben Foster added cycling is a brutal, brutal, brutal, brutal sport and he does not understand how cyclists do it and do it for that long. Foster also said the Tour de France is a wicked sport in the way that it’s not just man against man or woman against woman; it’s not flesh against flesh. It’s flesh against machine.

His director Stephen Frears said he came to know about drugs only two weeks ago and did not feel like it was any of his business. Frears added there has been doping at the beginning of sport and there will always be doping and also said they will always be one step ahead but the governing bodies just need to keep up with that. Frears also commented that we have to keep their feet to the fire most importantly and make sure they are not complicit with the athletes creating and generating money for their sport for their endorsements.

Once considered to be the greatest cyclist of all time, Lance Edward Armstrong was stripped of Tour de France seven consecutive title wins from 1999 to 2005 after a protracted doping scandal. The American former professional road racing cyclist was found guilty in 2012 by the United States Anti-Doping Agency of using and promoting the use of banned performance enhancing drugs. The former cyclist decided not to contest the charges and received a lifetime ban from competing in all sports. In January 2013, Lance Armstrong admitted to making use of performance enhancing drugs and said he used Testosterone, Cortisone, and other drugs and methods to win the Tour de France.

In the past, Armstrong has been hugely criticized by outspoken opponents of doping like Paul Kimmage and Christophe Bassons. During the 1999 Tour de France, Bassons wrote many articles in which he made references to doping in the peloton. Lance Armstrong entered into an altercation with Bassons. Kimmage referred to Lance Armstrong as a “cancer in cycling” and posed questions before the former cyclist in relation to his “admiration for dopers” that provoked a scathing reaction from Armstrong.

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Tuesday 29, Sep 2015

  Belfort Tested For Elevated Testosterone Before UFC 152

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Vitor “The Phenom” Belfort, the Brazilian mixed martial artist and former UFC Light Heavyweight Champion, has been the subject of heavy scrutiny and multiple controversies in the past and has found himself again in a controversy.

A special investigation has revealed the UFC 12 Heavyweight Tournament Champion tested positive for elevated testosterone in the state of Nevada just less than three weeks before fight night with Jon Jones at UFC 152 in Toronto. A document has revealed that the free testosterone levels of Vitor Belfort were two and half times high above the average for a man his age. This news emerged after the results that were supposed to be sent via email to three UFC executives were accidentally sent “to a group of 29 fighters, trainers, and managers,” including longtime MMA manager Monte Cox.

The UFC immediately went into damage control mode and sent another mass email that ordered the unintended recipients to delete the emails. The special investigation was penned by Josh Gross. A prominent fighter who saw the results came to the conclusion that Belfort had cheated and that the UFC had covered it up, according to Gross.

The special investigation had revealed that the administered test of Belfort on September 1, 2012 by Dr. Pierce measured 1038 nanograms of testosterone per deciliter. A person in the age range of Vitor Belfort is more likely to be in the 700s. His free testosterone levels were clearly elevated as the acceptable range listed on LabCorp metrics—standards vary between laboratories—is 8.7 to 25.1 picograms, or a trillionth of a gram, per milliliter while Belfort’s free testosterone registered 47.7 pg/ml.

The manager of disgraced pound-for-pound Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) star Jon Jones said Jones was not happy with the hidden positive test result of Belfort. Malki Kawa, the manager of Jon Jones, said Jones is very angry about this. Jones defeated “The Phenom” inside Air Canada Centre in Toronto, Ontario, Canada via fourth-round submission. Jones is angry because the UFC knew of the results and failed to disclose them to the Jones and the public. Belfort, a known user of performance enhancing drugs, injured the elbow of Jones in the fight.

Welterweight champion Ben Askren came in support of Jon Jones. Askren compared handling of the Belfort result by the UFC to the UFC 182 pre-fight test for cocaine metabolites of Jones, a test that was never supposed to be made public. Askren said it is hilarious that Jon Jones tested positive for cocaine in a test which he should not have been tested for as they are not supposed to test for recreational drugs outside of competition while Belfort tested positive for a substance, or was over the limits for a substance he wasn’t supposed to be using, and that was covered up.

In June 2014, Belfort had admitted that he tested positive for testosterone levels outside the therapeutic range in February. Following the drug test, all Testosterone Replacement Therapy exemptions were abolished by the Nevada State Athletic Commission and the Brazilian mixed martial artist withdrew from his UFC middleweight title bout with Chris Weidman.

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Monday 21, Sep 2015

  Doping Suspicions In Football Dismissed By UEFA

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European soccer body UEFA has dismissed the notion that the use of performance enhancing drugs could be common among top footballers. The governing body of football in Europe made this comment after a study, which was published in a monthly science journal this month, showed a high number of suspicious testosterone levels.

This study was based on 4,195 urine samples taken mainly from players who featured in the Champions League between 2008 and 2013. Results of the samples were analyzed by scientists from 12 anti-doping laboratories in Europe. No “B” samples were taken, UEFA said and the governing body also said no additional analysis was conducted to confirm whether the high testosterone levels were due to doping or not.

The UEFA-commissioned study disclosed that high testosterone levels were found in urine samples of 7.7 percent of 879 players involved in the Champions League, Europa League, and two European Championships between 2008-13 who were tested by researchers and these high testosterone levels could indicate the use of anabolic steroids. This research was never publicized by UEFA and it came to light in a report by German broadcaster ARD on Sunday. However, UEFA did announce that steroid use by players was being added this season to its biological passport program.

Commenting on the research, UEFA said the study simply shows that the introduction of steroidal biological passport in football would be beneficial by offering further analysis possibilities in case of atypical test results. The European soccer body also added it has had a very thorough anti-doping program for many years with over 2000 tests a year and only two occurrences of positive tests, both for recreational drugs, which proves that doping in football is extremely rare.

UEFA also said this study does not present any scientific evidence of potential doping in football especially due to the presence of confounding factors, the lack of standardization procedures among the 12 laboratories, and the quantification of steroid profiles when the samples were collected. It added there was an inability to perform a second analysis as required now by the WADA international standards for laboratories.

The soccer body also said the study simply shows that the introduction of steroidal biological passport in football would be beneficial by offering further analysis possibilities in case of atypical test results and also remarked it has now implemented a new steroid profiling program which has come into operation at the start of the 2015/16 season. Players in UEFA competitions, including Euro 2016 and the Champions League, will give more than 2,000 urine or blood. UEFA also said players who could be selected for the 24-team European tournament in France can be tested from January. It also said the program will boost the already strong deterrent effect of UEFA’s testing program, as it will help better detect the effects of doping over time, thereby complementing existing direct anti-doping testing.

Recently, FIFA and UEFA medical committee chairman Michel D’Hooghe said doping control and the fight against doping is an absolute top priority both for the medical commission of FIFA and UEFA. D’Hooghe also added UEFA wants to start with pre-tournament out-of-competition doping control, blood as well as urine, precisely with the intention of controlling all the players and to establish a biological passport for all of the players.

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