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Thursday 02, Nov 2017

  UCI Chief Wants To Totally Eliminate Mechanical Doping

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International Cycling Union (UCI) President David Lappartient has pledged to restore credibility of cycling in relation to the issue of mechanical doping.

Tests to prevent mechanical doping were introduced in 2016 but only one rider has been caught. Critics of UCI have raised questions on the robustness of the current testing protocol and determination of the world governing body of cycling to handle the matter.

Lappartient, who was elected president last September, had mentioned in his manifesto that he wants to totally eliminate mechanical doping from the sport. The UCI President has promised to outline his plans for the future by the end of the year before he would roll out a new program for detecting motors from the start of 2018.

The International Cycling Union chief also commented that we need to avoid any suspicion that we have it in our sport. Lappartient remarked it is really bad for our image and said he wants everyone to trust the credibility of the UCI. The Frenchman also remarked that he wants people to know that we are doing our best and checking in the most professional way. It was also commented by Lappartient that people should trust in the results of racing and this is what we have to deliver.

Lappartient said testing at races and events will become more robust in the coming year. The UCI President added heat guns would work alongside the criticized UCI tablets. Lappartient remarked the UCI concentrates on the top level, but we have to understand that we can have the same problem at all levels, even at mass participation events. The chief of International Cycling Union added it would be a disaster to see a guy at this low level using this kind of technology just to get his name in the newspaper.

Lappartient said Tour de France director Christian Prudhomme has asked the cycling’s world governing body to work on tackling the menace of mechanical doping. The UCI chief said we will be ready for the next season and during the winter we will make some announcement on this, probably at the beginning of December.

Less than a month after the election of Lappartient, a French amateur rider was caught with a motor in his bike at a local race. The incident highlighted the fear of many that mechanical doping had already spread to all levels of racing.

Lappartient also advocated for a reduction in team sizes to six riders per team. The newly elected UCI president also made a vow to stop the use of race radios in the sport over concerns that it may result in race fixing. Lappartient said the connection officially goes from a team car to the rider and added there is however nothing technologically that prevents him or anyone from calling the wearer of the yellow jersey during a stage of the Tour. The Frenchman said there have been no claims regarding the adverse use of race radios, but he wants to address the issue before it arise like that of mechanical and biological doping.

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Friday 18, Aug 2017

  Former Olympic Cycling Champion Fails Doping Test

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Samuel Sanchez, the former Olympic champion from Spain, has been suspended with immediate effect after testing positive for banned growth hormones, according to an announcement by the world governing body of cycling.

The 39-year-old Sanchez, who won the 2008 Olympic road race in Beijing and five individual stages in the Vuelta a Espana between 2005 and 2007 as well as an individual stage on the 2011 Tour de France, will now miss this year’s Vuelta that begins on Saturday in France.

In a statement, the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) said on its website that Samuel Sanchez had been notified of an “Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF) of GHRP-2” from an out-of-competition test on August 9th. The UCI added Sanchez has the right to request and attend the analysis of the B sample in accordance with UCI Anti-Doping Rules. It added the rider has been provisionally suspended until the adjudication of the affair.

The governing body also remarked the doping control was planned and carried out by the Cycling Anti-Doping Foundation, the independent body mandated by the UCI, in charge of defining and implementing the anti-doping strategy in cycling.

GHRP-2 refers to GH-Releasing Peptides (GHRPs) that are classified as “Peptide Hormones, Growth Factors, Related Substances, and Mimetics” on the World Anti-Doping Agency’s 2017 Prohibited List. It is commonly used to increase lean body mass, reduce fat, and improve aerobic performance.

Team BMC Racing of Sanchez immediately announced his suspension and announced the rider would be replaced by Loic Vliegen in the Vuelta. In a statement, BMC said Sanchez has been provisionally suspended with immediate effect in accordance with BMC Racing Team’s zero tolerance policy and UCI regulation. The statement also reads that no further action will be taken until the results of the B sample are provided. The team also commented that all riders and staff are held to the highest ethical standard and BMC Racing Team is extremely disappointed to share this news on the eve of the Vuelta a Espana.

Sanchez vehemently denied doping allegations and remarked the positive test was a ‘total surprise.’ The cyclist added the lawyers have told him not to make statements because we have to wait for the result of the analysis of the B sample. The 2008 Olympic Road Race Champion said he is nearing the end of his professional career and it makes no sense for him to dope at this stage.

Sanchez, who turned pro in 2000 and who has been riding for BMC Racing since 2014, was expected to announce his retirement after Vuelta a Espana. BMC re-signed Sanchez for the 2015 season and his role was described by the team’s sporting manager Allan Peiper as similar to that in 2014, but with a greater focus on supporting and developing the team’s younger riders. The Spanish professional road bicycle racer had proven himself in hilly classics and stage races as one of the most important riders in the peloton in recent years. Known as one of the best descenders in the peloton, Sanchez won the Vuelta a Burgos in 2010, the Tour of the Basque Country in 2012, and five stages of the Vuelta a España.

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Thursday 29, Jun 2017

  Portuguese Cyclist Cardoso Suspended For Doping

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Portuguese cyclist Andre Cardoso has been provisionally suspended after he failed a test for the banned blood-booster Erythropoietin (EPO), according to the International Cycling Union (UCI).

Cardoso had been included in Trek-Segafredo’s team for the Tour de France that includes Alberto Contador.

In a statement, the world governing body of cycling said the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) announces that Portuguese rider Andre Cardoso was notified of an Adverse Analytical Finding (AAF) of Erythropoietin in a sample collected in the scope of an out-of-competition control on 18 June 2017.

Trek-Segafredo can still replace Cardoso in their nine-man squad for the Tour under the UCI rules, which is spearheaded by twice champion Contador and German John Degenkolb. The team later announced that Spanish veteran Haimar Zubeldia will replace Cardoso on its Tour squad. In a statement, Trek-Segafredo said we hold our riders and staff to the highest ethical standards and will act and communicate accordingly as more details become available.

The 32-year-old Cardoso had managed top-20 finishes in the Giro d’Italia and the Vuelta a Espana. He was to be one of the domestiques of Contador in the mountains on the Tour de France that runs from July 1-23.

Since 2008, Cardoso has raced professionally. This was his first season with the Trek-Segafredo professional cycling team. Before this, Cardoso raced for four years with the Slipstream Sports outfit — first Garmin-Sharp, then Cannondale-Garmin and Cannondale-Drapac.

In a statement, Andre Cardoso remarked that he has already requested his B sample to be tested. Cardoso also said that getting the chance to ride at the pinnacle of professional cycling is the greatest honor he could ever hope for, and he was looking forward to doing his best for his team and himself at the Tour. The Portuguese cyclist also commented that he believes in clean sport and had always conducted himself as a clean athlete, but he realizes that this news puts a dark cloud on not just himself but also on our sport and his team, teammates, and staff. Cardoso went on to add that those people are my friends and colleagues before anything else and for whom he had unlimited respect, and under no circumstances he would ever do something that could put them, their families or their reputations in jeopardy.

In the statement, Cardoso added he is fully aware that he will be presumed to be guilty and added but it is important to him to say that he is devastated by this news and he wanted to state that he had never taken any illegal substances. The cyclist from Portugal added that he had seen firsthand through his career the awful effects that performance enhancing drugs have had on our sport, and he would never want to be a part of that. Cardoso added he had always tried to be a constructive influence in the peloton and on young, aspiring cyclists and added it is his great hope that the B sample will come back as negative and will clear him of any wrongdoing.

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Friday 03, Mar 2017

  Team Sky Has No Record Of Medication Of Cyclists

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A scathing attack was launched on British Cycling, Team Sky, and their doctor Richard Freeman by UK Anti-Doping boss Nicole Sapstead for failing to keep proper records of drugs given to riders in their care.

Sapstead made an appearance before the Culture, Media and Sport (CMS) select committee that is investigating allegations of wrongdoing in British cycling since September. The committee received information about a package delivered to Team Sky doctor Freeman for star rider Bradley Wiggins at the end of the Criterium du Dauphine race in June 2011. Sapstead remarked 34 current and former riders and staff members at British Cycling and Team Sky have been interviewed by UK Anti-Doping.

In a shocking revelation, the UK Anti-Doping boss remarked her organization is still unaware whether the legal decongestant Fluimucil was in the package as claimed by Freeman. It is alleged that the packed contained the banned corticosteroid Triamcinolone. Sapstead said we are not able to confirm or refute that it contained Fluimucil and also said we have asked for inventories and medical records and we have not been able to ascertain that because there are no records.

Sapstead said Freeman is unable to produce any evidence that he gave what was an unlicensed product in the UK to Wiggins, as he is obliged to do under correct medical practice as there are simply no records. Sapstead also added that Freeman medical records on a laptop and he was meant, according to Team Sky policy, to upload those records to a dropbox that the other team doctors had access to and also commented but Freeman did not do that and his laptop was stolen in 2014 when he was on holiday in Greece. Sapstead also said Freeman, who was effectively working for both British Cycling and its road racing off-shoot Team Sky, ordered and stored medicines for riders at Manchester headquarters of the governing body and there was no clear separation between which drug was for which outfit.

Freeman was scheduled to appear before the committee but told chairman Damian Collins MP he was too ill to attend.

Sapstead went on to remark that there is simply no record of Fluimucil being ordered by Freeman though there are invoices for Kenalog, a brand name for Triamcinolone. Britain’s most decorated Olympian Bradley Wiggins controversially received therapeutic use exemption (TUE) to use Triamcinolone before his three most important races in 2011, 2012 and 2013, including his 2012 Tour de France victory. The UK Anti-Doping boss also remarked the British Cycling medical store held a significant amount of Kenalog that suggested the drug was being used by more than one rider but access to every rider’s medical files would be required before coming out with a statement.

Sapstead also said he could not “confirm or deny” if Bradley Wiggins was actually given Triamcinolone on the final day of the Dauphine that would have resulted in an anti-doping rule violation because he did not have a TUE to use it in that race because of the missing records of Freeman.

Wiggins had claimed that he required the drug for preventing a flare-up of pollen-related breathing problems that is associated with his history of asthma.

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Wednesday 15, Feb 2017

  Armstrong Fails To Block Government Lawsuit

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Lance Armstrong, the American former professional road racing cyclist, has lost his bid to block a $100m (£79m) lawsuit by the US government.

The U.S. Justice Department had accused the cyclist, who had won the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times from 1999 to 2005, before he was banned for life and stripped of his titles, of defrauding the government by accepting millions of dollars in sponsorship money from the U.S. Postal Service (USPS). The U.S. Anti-Doping Agency accused Armstrong in a report of engineering one of the most sophisticated doping schemes in sports.

On Monday, a federal judge cleared the way for a U.S. government lawsuit that seeks nearly $100 million in damages from the former professional cyclist to go to trial. Judge Christopher Cooper of the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia wrote in a 37-page ruling that the Court must deny Armstrong’s motion for summary judgment on this issue because the government has offered evidence that Armstrong withheld information about the team’s doping and use of PEDs and that the anti-doping provisions of the sponsorship agreements were material to USPS’s decision to continue the sponsorship and make payments under the agreements.

Armstrong’s cycling team, the now-defunct Tailwind Sports Corp, received around $32.3 million from USPS from 2000 to 2004. Cooper said in his ruling USPS looked to capitalize on the Tour de France victories of Armstrong as well as his “compelling personal story.” The US federal government now wants the money back and Armstrong may likely end up paying triple under the False Claims Act.

In defense, the attorney of Armstrong claimed USPS suffered no damages and received far more in value from the sponsorship than the amount paid by it. The Judge responded by saying the argument should be decided by a jury at trial.

Cooper wrote the Court concludes that the monetary amount of the benefits USPS received is not sufficiently quantifiable to keep any reasonable juror from finding that the agency suffered a net loss on the sponsorship, especially if one considers the adverse effect on the Postal Service’s revenues and brand value that may have resulted from the negative publicity surrounding the subsequent investigations of Armstrong’s doping and his widely publicized confession. The Judge also said determination of damages must therefore be left to a jury and the Court accordingly declines to grant Armstrong summary judgment on damages and will set the case for trial.

The former cyclist admitted to making use of banned performance enhancing drugs in seven of his Tour wins.

In another development, Armstrong’s former directeur sportif Johan Bruyneel poured scorn on legendary cyclist Greg LeMond. Bruyneel said LeMond has an unnatural obsession with tarnishing the reputation of Lance Armstrong. Bruyneel, who is currently serving a 10-year ban for his involvement in doping, said LeMond has realized that people are less and less outraged by Lance, because it has become clear that he was only one of many who were doping, and that is why LeMond is now looking for something new with which to tarnish his name. Armstrong’s former directeur sportif added LeMond is not going to manage it and went on to comment that they can keep trying until the year 3000 and they are not going to find mechanical doping.

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Wednesday 23, Nov 2016

  USADA Chief Blasts IOC For Attempted Reform Chaos

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Travis Tygart, the chief executive of the United States Anti-Doping Agency, has criticized the International Olympic Committee of acting like the “Keystone Cops”.

Tygart also said the IOC decision not to suspend the entire Russian contingent in the Rio Olympics was wrong. The USADA chief executive said that has always been our biggest worry – if you fail to put any consequence in place, which is what the IOC did, that sends a message that there are some that are too big to fail. Tygart also remarked the credibility of the IOC and WADA was further undermined by a report on anti-doping operations at Rio itself by an independent observer. The USADA chief said he is surprised and worried that 4,000 athletes out of the 11,000 that were in Rio had no tests prior to the Rio Olympics, out of which 1,900 of them were in high-risk sports. Tygart said he fears that clean athletes would very soon turn their backs on sport if there was not a fundamental overhaul.

Tygart also issued a warning that it is “now or never” to overhaul the global fight against doping in the wake of the Russian doping scandal or lose it forever. Tygart, who led the investigation that brought down the seven-time Tour de France winner Lance Armstrong, added the governance of the World Anti-Doping Agency has to change and be made truly independent.

The USADA chief added we have to be cogniscent and honest about the tension between promoting and policing your sport. Tygart went on to add that we have to remove the fox from guarding the henhouse as it can’t police itself. Tygart was referring to the recent re-election of Sir Craig Reedie as WADA president for another three years. WADA recently launched its first whistleblower program and ratified a process that should allow it to set its own sanctions against non-compliant countries for the first time.

Tygart added it was time for wholesale reform. The USADA chief also said clean athletes are frustrated and they are upset and also commented they see what’s going on. The chief executive of the United States Anti-Doping Agency added they want their rights protected and they want a system that works. Tygart also said there was a fundamental unwillingness on the part of the International Olympic Committee that provides half of WADA’s $30m per year funding – to give up control and further remarked the IOC could immediately remove themselves from the WADA board, they could immediately put $500m or whatever the number is into a fund to ensure anti-doping has the resources it needs to truly protect the brand. He said the IOC should place $500m in a blind trust and use the proceeds to fund a truly independent global anti-doping regulator. Tygart remarked it is an investment in the brand and it is short-sightedness that is really frustrating. He also said people want fair play and they want to know what they are watching is real and is not a fraud and is not rigged.

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Monday 17, Oct 2016

  Former Cyclist Reveals Ways Of Exploiting TUE Loopholes

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Former professional David Millar in a revealing opinion piece published in the New York Times titled ‘How to get away with doping’ has provided a detailed account of his personal use of use of Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs) during his career.

Millar offered an account about the powerful effects of Kenacort and how the World Anti-Doping Agency and the UCI, the world governing body of cycling, have failed in their oversight of the list of drugs available with a Therapeutic Use Exemption and in their administration of the application process.

Millar said Kenacort was so powerful that it was ultimately destructive. The former cyclist said the substance, apart from being a catabolic agent, would also suppress the immune system, making you more susceptible to infections. Millar said he took Kenacort only twice after 2001: for the 2002 Vuelta a España and the 2003 Tour de France. The ex-cyclist went on to reveal that he used to take an initial 20 to 40 milligram dose, and then topped up with 10 to 20 milligrams about 10 days later both times in order to prolong the effects into the final week of the three-week stage race and to avoid too rapid a descent off it. Millar added he was taking this powerful, potentially dangerous drug as a performance enhancer, yet he was doing so within the rules — thanks to the T.U.E. loophole.

Millar was arrested by French police in 2004 and confessed to making the use of Erythropoietin (EPO) in 2001 and 2003. The UCI imposed a ban of two years on him in August 2004 and Millar was stripped of his 2003 individual time trial world title and was fired by his Cofidis team.

Millar made a return to racing in 2006 with Saunier Duval–Prodir but would leave the team at the end of 2007 season to join the newly created Slipstream–Chipotle outfit. The American team and its owner Jonathan Vaughters on a strong anti-doping stance with Millar becoming a spokesman for ‘clean cycling’.

Millar wrote in the New York Times article that he served a ban of two years but he was at least free of all the deception and disgust. The Scottish former professional road racing cyclist said he was determined to do everything in his power when he returned to the sport for preventing the next generation of riders having to make the decisions he had made. Millar said telling his story is his way of helping to prevent other athletes’ careers being poisoned as his was. The former professional cyclist also wrote he believes the “the biggest races are today being won by clean riders.”

The Scottish former professional road racing cyclist added the Fancy Bears hack of the World Anti-Doping Agency and the release of Therapeutic Use Exemptions for athletes such as Team Sky’s Tour de France winners Bradley Wiggins and Chris Froome has opened the world’s eyes to a disturbingly gray area in sporting law: the therapeutic use exemption, and shown the system is open to abuse.

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Monday 03, Oct 2016

  Doping Progress Hailed By Tour De France Chief

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Christian Prudhomme, the general director of the Tour de France since 2007, has remarked anti-doping measures in the recent past have significantly changed image of cycling. Prudhomme said he believes that doping in cycling is under control and that all the measures that have been taken should be enough.

The Frenchman added cycling is no longer the principal sport to provide news on the use of illegal substances.  Long associated with systematic doping, cycling has been spared such close scrutiny during recent affairs that have plagued athletics, football, and the International Olympic Committee.

Till few years back, cycling was in all kinds of controversies ever since the Lance Armstrong doping scandal broke out. The disgraced cyclist, who was denied doping throughout his illustrious career, finally admitted to making use of banned substances and techniques such as blood doping, testosterone, cortisone, and human growth hormone during a televised interview with Oprah Winfrey.

Prudhomme also commented there is no longer a feeling in the sport that change is necessary and said you don’t see champions who come from nowhere any more. The former French journalist the absence of champions coming “out of nowhere” and the believable and mappable progress of young riders has done the job for cycling. Prudhomme said the likes of Nairo Quintana and Esteban Chaves have a pedigree, they shone on the Tour de l’Avenir and it is reassuring.

The Tour de l’Avenir is the most prestigious under-23 race in the world and both Chaves and Quintana – who have finished on the podiums of the Tour de France and the Vuelta a Espana over the last few years – performed very well in their youth. The Tour de France chief also commented that the change in communication with the sport has been a huge factor in the progress he has seen. Prudhomme said cycling was seen as a closed sport until recently but it is not anymore and people talk. Prudhomme went on to comment that cycling has been cleaning up its act and added it was not easy but it has been cleaning up its act. He also said we want sport to be perfect, while society will never be and also said society is not full of saints or full of crooks. Prudhomme also said all the cheats and the liars on this earth did not gather up one day to decide they would be taking up cycling.

Prudhomme took charge of the Tour de France by inheriting the mantel of his predecessor, Jean-Marie Leblanc, in 2006, the year of the Operación Puerto doping scandal. Prudhomme has overseen doping scandals in 2007, 2008, and 2010 but admitted revelations about mechanical doping earlier this year was something he was not prepared for. The Frenchman called mechanical doping the “biggest challenge facing cycling.” The Tour de France director said he was scared eight days before the Tour of the rumors would mar the race but was relieved after the secretary of state announced the use of thermal imaging cameras to help locate any motors being used in the peloton.

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Tuesday 27, Sep 2016

  Drug Exemption Of Wiggins Defended By Team Sky Boss

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Team Sky boss Dave Brailsford has defended the decision to obtain special permission for Bradley Wiggins to receive injections of Triamcinolone, a banned drug before three major races, including his historic win in the 2012 Tour de France.

Brailsford reiterated his belief that Team Sky had done nothing wrong. The Team Sky boss denied that this was remotely similar to the doping so prevalent in the sport a decade ago. Brailsford commented what we’re talking about here is Bradley having a need, the team doctor supporting that, an expert giving their opinion that this is the medicine that is required, and that then going to the authorities who say that we agree with you, and here is the certificate that gives you the permission to use that medication.

Brailsford added he has got trust in the therapeutic use exemption process and the integrity of that process. The chief of Team Sky added it is not one person making that decision and further remarked it is not the rider or the team doctor, who is picking the medication as they have to seek permission to use it and they were granted permission. The 52-year-old added the brilliant team of doctors of Team Sky has a duty to help the riders be as healthy as they can be, and the riders are supported in every aspect of their performance. The Team Sky boss rejected any comparisons with former dopers and remarked certain dopers, who cheated with a cocktail of drugs, claim they used this and abused it for performance enhancement and that is not the case here.

Brailsford went on to defend reputation of his team by remarking one-hundred per cent you can trust in Sky, absolutely 100 percent and also added this is the very essence of why we created this team in the first place. Brailsford added this sport had a difficult time in the past and the whole reason for creating the team was so that young guys leaving (Manchester’s National Cycling Centre) could go and you’d know they would never be pressurized to cheat.

A group of Russian computer hackers recently leaked medical records of several athletes including Wiggins. It was disclosed Bradley Wiggins used the powerful anti-inflammatory drug on the eve of the 2011 and 2012 Tours and 2013 Giro d’Italia. The 36-year-old British star applied was granted three therapeutic use exemptions (TUEs) to take Triamcinolone to deal with a pollen allergy that aggravates his long-standing asthma condition. The TUEs of Wiggins were approved by the UCI, the world governing body of cycling, and there is no suggestion that he or the team have broken any rules.

However, Triamcinolone is widely used as a doping agent and has the potential of assisting athletes to lose weight, fight fatigue, and aid recovery.

Wiggins, who last month in Rio became Team GB’s most decorated Olympian with his eighth medal, said he was not seeking an “unfair advantage” but was trying to level the playing field so he could perform at the highest level.

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Monday 19, Sep 2016

  Tour De France Winner Denies Link To Doctor Convicted Of Doping

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Bradley Wiggins, the first British man to win the Tour de France, is facing a fight for his reputation after recently-leaked documents showed he used banned performance enhancing drugs.

Wiggins used Triamcinolone, the same drug Lance Armstrong tested positive for at the 1999 Tour de France.

Wiggins has been forced to deny that the controversial Belgian doctor Geert Leinders was involved in his obtaining so-called therapeutic use exemptions. This was after details of the therapeutic use exemptions granted to him and fellow Tour de France winner, Chris Froome, were leaked.

The leaked documents suggested three TUEs were obtained by Bradley Wiggins for the treatment of asthma and allergies between 2011 and 2013, each before his major target race for that season. The British cyclist also had to clarify apparent inconsistencies between what he wrote in 2012 about the use of needles and the details that have emerged via the Fancy Bears hackers.

In a statement, a spokesperson for Wiggins said Brad has no direct link to Geert Leinders. The spokesperson added Leinders was ‘on race’ doctor for Team Sky for short period and so was occasionally present at races dealing with injuries sustained whilst racing such as colds, bruises etc. It was further commented by the spokesperson of Wiggins that Leinders had no part in Brad’s TUE application and added Brad’s medical assessments from 2011-2015 were processed by the official Team Sky doctor, and were verified by independent specialists to follow WADA, UCI, and BC guidelines. The statement also reads Brad’s passing comment regarding needles in the 2012 book referred to the historic and illegal practice of intravenous injections of performance-enhancing substances, which was the subject of a law change by [world cycling’s governing body] the UCI in 2011. It was also commented that the Triamcinolone injection that is referred to in the Wada leaks is an intramuscular treatment for asthma and is fully approved by the sport’s governing bodies and Brad stands by his comment concerning the use of illegal intravenous needle injections.

Belgian doctor Geert Leinders was a Team Sky doctor between 2011-2012 and Bradley won the Tour de France in the latter year. Leinders was later banned for life for doping offences committed during a previous stint at the tainted Rabobank cycling team between 2001-2009.

David Walsh, the Sunday Times journalist who brought down Lance Armstrong, suggested that a 2012 injection of Triamcinolone was given as a preventive measure rather than to treat existing symptoms ahead of Wiggins’s historic Tour victory. The journalist said the team that wanted to be seen as whiter than white had been dealing in shades of grey and added what they did was legal, but it was not right.

The British professional road and track racing cyclist, who rides for the UCI Continental team WIGGINS and was awarded a CBE in 2009, won the Paris–Nice, the Tour de Romandie, the Critérium du Dauphiné, and became the first British cyclist to win the Tour de France and the time trial at the Olympic Games in 2012.

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