The United States and Germany led calls for Russia to be exiled from international competition. The countries demanded that no international sporting events should be held in Russia until its anti-doping program is fully code compliant. This was after Canadian lawyer Richard McLaren submitted a report in which it was revealed that doping in sport in the country represented an “institutional conspiracy”.

McLaren remarked more than 1,000 athletes in the summer and winter Olympics and Paralympics can be identified as being involved in or benefiting from manipulations to conceal positive testing. Te report prepared for the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) also disclosed that drug test samples at the Sochi Winter Olympics in 2014 were even manipulated by the addition of salt and coffee.

Travis Tygart, the head of the US anti-doping body (USADA), said it is another staggering example of how the Olympic movement has been corrupted and clean athletes robbed by Russia’s state-supported doping system. Tygart added the International Olympic Committee (IOC) has to act and clean athletes won’t be satisfied until WADA is empowered to be a truly independent global regulator and the Russian Olympic Committee is suspended until deemed code compliant. The USADA chief also remarked that no international sporting events should be held in Russia until its anti-doping program is fully code compliant and all the individuals who participated in the corruption are held accountable.

Clemens Prokop, the president of the German Athletics Federation (DLV), urged for a complete ban on all Russian competitors. The DLV President said Russian sport should be excluded from all international competitions, including the Olympic Games, until its credibility is restored. Prokop added this is fundamental attack against the Olympic movement when the values of the movement are dragged through the mud by a country. He further commented that measures taken must be up to the mark and added the credibility of the IOC is at stake.

The IOC commented it would re-analyze all 254 samples it has from Russian athletes at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympics. It added it had had extended the second inquiry to cover the 2012 London Olympics in addition to two disciplinary inquiries into Russian sport and doping at the 2014 Olympics.

In a statement, the Russian sports ministry said it with full responsibility states there are no government programs to support doping in sport. The statement further reads that it will continue the fight against doping with zero tolerance and carefully study the information contained in the report with the aim of coming up with a constructive position.

UK Anti-Doping Chief Executive, Nicole Sapstead, called the McLaren report hugely significant for sport. Sapstead remarked 2016 has also shown that whilst athletes are held to account under the World Anti-Doping Code every day of the year, when it comes to a country demonstrating a disregard for the rules, the same sort of sanctions do not apply.

The International Paralympic Committee (IPC), which banned Russia completely from the Rio Paralympics in September, termed findings of McLaren “astonishing”. In a statement, the IPC said the full findings of the report are unprecedented and astonishing and added they strike right at the heart of the integrity and ethics of sport.

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