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Archive for  February 2013

Thursday 28, Feb 2013

Oscar Pistorius Was Not Doping, Says WADA

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Oscar Pistorius Was Not Doping, Says WADA

The representatives of South African sprint runner Oscar Pistorius named the substance found in his bedroom after the death of his girlfriend as Testis compositum on Wednesday and said it is an herbal remedy used “in aid of muscle recovery.”

The product is also marketed on the internet in both oral and injectable forms as a booster for testosterone and used as a sexual enhancing form. It is claimed by some retailers that it may even be used for treating tiredness.

In a statement, the World Anti-Doping Agency said it would appear to be a homeopathic treatment, and these treatments are not prohibited by the list. Arne Ljungqvist, chairperson of the International Olympic Committee’s medical commission, said he had not heard of the product but that it sounded like “a real cocktail, all pointing in the same direction, namely having something to do with testosterone.” Ljungqvist added this sounds to me like something that needs to be analyzed in order to make sure what it is and you cannot ban something simply on claims and names. It needs to be looked into. Even saying that it is testosterone boosting, it could contain some precursors and it needs to have some analysis.

Meanwhile, Pieter Van Der Merwe, director of South Africa’s Doping Control Laboratory in Bloemfontein, declined to comment on questions over if a sample from Pistorius had been sent to that laboratory for testing. Animal steroids likely would not have an athletic performance-enhancing effect unless taken in huge quantities, said Charles Yesalis, a Penn State professor emeritus and expert on steroid use in sports.

Pistorius became the first double leg amputee to participate in the Olympics when he entered the men’s 400 meters and 4 × 400 meters relay races at the 2012 Summer Olympics. He won gold medals in the men’s 400 meter race and in the 4 × 100 meter relay at the 2012 Summer Paralympics, setting world records in both events. The multiple Paralympic champion, underwent two doping tests in London last year around the Paralympics, the International Paralympic Committee has said. Pistorius tested negative for any banned substances in both tests in August and September.

The first amputee to win an able-bodied world track medal was charged with the murder of his girlfriend Reeva Steenkamp, who was fatally shot by him at his home in the early hours of 14 February 2013 morning; Oscar Pistorius was granted bail eight days later and must appear before court in June 2013.

Testis compositum is made by Biologische Heilmittel Heel GmbH, based in Baden-Baden, Germany. The company website says it is one of the world’s leading makers of homeopathic combination medications. The website of a US subsidiary, Heel USA Inc, says the product provides temporary relief for men’s “sexual weakness” and lack of stamina. The tablets sold in the United States contain 23 ingredients, including pig testicles, pig heart, pig embryo and pig adrenal gland, cortisone, ginseng, and other botanicals besides several minerals, according to a list provided by according to Heel USA Inc. spokesperson Joan Sullivan.

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Tuesday 26, Feb 2013

Lance Armstrong To Challenge USPS Claims

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Lance Armstrong To Challenge USPS Claims

According to recent reports, Lance Armstrong is planning to argue that the case of United States Postal Service against him is too old to pursue. The banned cyclist will also be arguing that he never submitted a false claim to the government, according to a person close to Armstrong’s defense team.

The legal team of the disgraced cyclist, who won seven consecutive Tour de France titles, will argue what the U.S. government knew or should have known about doping on the U.S. Postal Service cycling team but made no attempts to stop it. This strategy demonstrates the technicalities that the 41-year-old retired cyclist will seek after it was recently announced by the U.S. Justice Department that it has joined a civil fraud case against Lance Armstrong under the False Claims Act.

The cyclist vehemently denied all accusations of performance enhancing drug use but succumbed to damning report by the United States Anti-Doping Agency that included testimony from eleven teammates of Lance Armstrong (Frankie Andreu, Michael Barry, Tom Danielson, Tyler Hamilton, George Hincapie, Floyd Landis, Levi Leipheimer, Stephen Swart, Christian Vande Velde, Jonathan Vaughters, and David Zabriskie). While Lance Armstrong was banned for life, two other members of the USPS Team, Dr. Michele Ferrari and Dr. Garcia del Moral, also received lifetime bans for perpetrating this doping conspiracy while three other members of the USPS Team: Johan Bruyneel, the team director; Dr. Pedro Celaya, a team doctor; and Jose “Pepe” Marti, the team trainer, decided to contest the charges.

The case against Armstrong may be stronger after he recently confessed to using performance enhancing drugs to win seven Tour de France titles during a TV talk show but a big early hurdle for the government will be the statute of limitations.

In 2010, the suit was first filed by cycling cheat, Floyd Landis, Armstrong’s former USPS teammate, and it was argued that Lance Armstrong and his teammates defrauded the government through their doping scheme on the USPS team. The suit argues that Armstrong and others violated their USPS sponsorship contracts and that the government should get its money back as they used banned drugs and blood transfusions to boost themselves on the bike. From 2001 to 2004, the United States Postal Service paid $31 million to sponsor Armstrong’s team and Landis under the False Claims Act can seek to recover triple that amount for the government that would possibly be more than $90 million.

The attorneys of Armstrong will be arguing that the whole case should be thrown out due to the six-year statute of limitations, which started when Landis filed the case in 2010. On the other hand, the government is expected to argue that the fraud was concealed and that the six-year rule should not apply. The government’s case may receive a setback from the fact that the USPS team hired a public-relations firm to boost its image instead of investigating or filing of a false claim when doping allegations swirled around the team. Furthermore, since Armstrong never entered into a contract with the USPS or the government, he could not have submitted a false claim to them. The contracts by USPS were with Tailwind Sports, the management company of the cycling team of Lance Armstrong but Tailwind also never certified that its riders wouldn’t or didn’t dope.

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Tuesday 26, Feb 2013

Donaire And Rigondeaux Agree To Let VADA And USADA Test For PEDs

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Donaire And Rigondeaux Agree To Let VADA And USADA Test For PEDs

At the start of the press conference at B.B. King Blues Club at Times Square on Thursday, Junior featherweight boxers Nonito Donaire and Guillermo Rigondeaux agreed to have two separate anti-doping agencies conduct drug testing, leading up to their April 13 bout at Radio City Music Hall.

Donaire, the 2012 Fighter of the Year, said he would not fight Rigondeaux unless he agreed to sign a contract with VADA (Voluntary Anti-Doping Agency) to submit to testing for performance enhancing drugs. Rigondeaux and his representatives, on the other hand, said they would agree to testing, but only with the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA). However, both sides agreed to have both agencies (USADA and VADA) conduct test, with the results being forwarded to the boxers, the promoters, and the New York State Athletic Commission.

Melvina Lathan, the chairwoman of the NYSAC, said she is one the board with whatever contractual obligations both Nonito Donaire and Guillermo Rigondeaux agree upon with regards to drug testing and added that we have our own testing procedures pre-and-post fight and we also have the finest medical team in the country. She went on to add that there would be no problem pulling the plug on the match, if either boxer tests positive.

Boris Arencibia of Caribe Promotions, Rigondeaux’s promoter, said he has no problem with drug testing but he does not trust Voluntary Anti-Doping Agency as it has links to Victor Conte, the former head of BALCO. Meanwhile, Pedro Diaz, Rigondeaux’s trainer, said he respects the USADA and said the anti-doping agency conducts testing for Olympic athletes in the United States and it is also the testing agency that the best boxers in the sport, Floyd Mayweather Jr. and Miguel Cotto, uses. Diaz added that it is why we proposed to Nonito and his team that we can have USADA be a part of this testing.

However, this seems unlikely as it is still not clear if USADA and VADA would agree to such an arrangement. The announcement comes as news to the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency and a USADA spokeswoman said this is the first we ever heard about it. Irrespective of that, the commission would have the authority to cancel the fight if either boxer tests positive for banned substances if any of the agency alerts the New York State Athletic Commission of a positive result.

A few weeks back, Erik Morales and Danny Garcia agreed to be tested by USADA prior to their match at Barclays Center and Morales tested positive for Clenbuterol, a banned substance. After this, the New York State Athletic Commission was notified of the positive result 24 hours in advance of the fight, but Morales and Garcia went ahead with their bout anyway. The two fighters agreed to have any adjudication process go through USADA by signing a contract with it. Morales and Garcia were still eligible to compete and the NYSAC allowed the fight to proceed as the legal process had not been completed by the time of their match. Thereafter, the United States Anti-Doping Agency wrote a letter to Morales and indicated that he will be banned for a period of two years if he does not contest the sanction.

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Monday 25, Feb 2013

US Government To Sue Lance Armstrong

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US Government To Sue Lance Armstrong

The US government has joined a lawsuit against Lance Armstrong, who was banned for life from cycling and stripped of his seven Tour de France wins, after talks with his lawyers broke down. This was after Armstrong said he will not agree to be interviewed under oath by the United States Anti-Doping Agency.

The disgraced cyclist admitted to using performance enhancing drugs during all of his Tour wins. Filed by his former teammate Floyd Landis, the lawsuit aims to recover sponsorship money from the 41-year-old cyclist. During his interview with chat show host Oprah Winfrey in front of a worldwide television audience, Lance said he made those decisions, they were his mistake and he was there to say sorry. The cyclist went on to remark that he did not fear getting caught and he did not feel he was cheating at the time and viewed it as a “level playing field.” He also admitted that he received a backdated therapeutic user exemption certificate for a cream containing steroids at the 1999 Tour to ensure he did not test positive.

Ronald C Machen Jr, US Attorney for the District of Columbia, said Armstrong and his cycling team took more than $30m from the US Postal Service based on their contractual promise to play fair and abide by the rules – including the rules against doping and the Postal Service has now seen its sponsorship unfairly associated with what has been described as ‘the most sophisticated, professionalised, and successful doping programme that sport has ever seen.’ Machen added that this lawsuit is designed to help the Postal Service recoup the tens of millions of dollars it paid out based on years of broken promises and the Postal Service, in today’s economic climate, is simply not in a position to allow Lance Armstrong or any of the other defendants to walk away with the tens of millions of dollars they illegitimately procured.

The cyclist won seven Tour de France titles between 1999 and 2005 and the US Postal Service sponsored the team between 1996 and 2004.

The legal team of Lance Armstrong had tried to convince the US government not to join the so-called ‘whistleblowing’ lawsuit filed by Landis. Armstrong’s counsel Robert Luskin remarked Lance and his representatives worked constructively over these last weeks with federal lawyers to resolve this case fairly, but those talks failed because we disagree about whether the Postal Service was damaged and the own studies of the Postal Services show that the Service benefited tremendously from its sponsorship – benefits totalling more than $100m.

It is alleged by the lawsuit that Armstrong and other riders on the postal service-sponsored team knowingly violated their postal service agreements by regularly using banned substances and methods to enhance their performance. Landis, by flagging up fraud allegations, could receive a substantial share of any money recovered from Armstrong under the federal False Claims Act. This law, introduced by President Abraham Lincoln in 1863, stipulates the person bringing the lawsuit can receive 15-25% of any damages.

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Sunday 24, Feb 2013

USADA Lobbied DOJ To Join Whistle-Blower Lawsuit

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USADA Lobbied DOJ To Join Whistle-Blower Lawsuit

The head of the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency, Travis Tygart, lobbied Attorney General Eric Holder for the Justice Department to join a whistle-blower lawsuit against Lance Armstrong. This was on the same day when the disgraced cyclist confessed in an interview to Oprah Winfrey that he used banned performance enhancing drugs.

The letter by Tygart is dated the same day on which Armstrong confessed to using performance enhancing drugs before Winfrey. Officials of USADA have been urging Armstrong to speak under oath with its investigators if he hoped to have his lifetime ban reduced but he recently refused to do so and said he will only depose before an international tribunal formed to comprehensively address pro cycling. Tim Herman, Armstrong’s longtime lawyer, remarked that Lance for several reasons will not participate in USADA’s efforts to selectively conduct American prosecutions that only demonize selected individuals while failing to address the 95 percent of the sport over which USADA has no jurisdiction.

A person familiar with discussions between the two sides said among the topics was how much protection the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency could provide Lance Armstrong in the whistle-blower case and against possible criminal action and the cyclist and his attorneys ultimately were not satisfied with USADA’s offer.

Travis Tygart wrote in the letter to Holder that USADA “uncovered one of the greatest frauds in the history of sport” but that his agency had reached the end of what it can do to punish the now-banned cyclist and other “non-sports” people involved with his teams. The USADA chief also wrote that fraud and other crimes were committed and the case involved drug trafficking, federal witness intimidation and that other federal agencies have gathered more information. He also told Holder that the Justice Department joining the case against the cyclist would be viewed favorably by the public and the media. Tygart called the doping by Lance Armstrong and the Postal Service teams a “massive economic fraud” that “absolutely dwarfs anything Landis did.”

Tygart wrote to Holder on January 14 and urged him to join the civil case and told Holder that “fraud and other crimes were committed” by Lance Armstrong and other members of his former U.S. Postal Service teams. It is not clear if the Attorney General responded, but the Justice Department has not yet announced if it will join the lawsuit filed by former Armstrong teammate Floyd Landis, who was stripped of the 2006 Tour de France title for doping. Landis has accused Lance Armstrong of committing fraud against the Postal Service that sponsored most of the teams of the now-banned Armstrong as the star rider made use of performance enhancing drugs to win the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times. The former teammate of Armstrong was also a key witness in an investigation by the United States Anti-Doping Agency last year, which exposed the doping past of the 41-year-old retired cyclist Armstrong. Landis stands to collect millions of dollars of any possible financial penalties against Armstrong from the whistle-blower suit.

According to the latest update, the Justice Department has joined a whistle-blower lawsuit against disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong. This increases the odds the cyclist may have to forfeit millions of dollars paid out by his team sponsor, the U.S. Postal Service.

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Saturday 23, Feb 2013

Tougher Anti-Doping Penalties Introduced By Marathon Majors

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Tougher Anti-Doping Penalties Introduced By Marathon Majors

The organizers of the World Marathon Majors (WMM), the series that brings together six of the world’s top races, said on Friday that stricter anti-doping penalties will be applied to elite athletes.

Elite athlete contracts have been collectively revised by Tokyo, Boston, London, Berlin, Chicago, and New York to include new provisions that include the right to suspend payment and demand repayments of prize money, appearance fees, and performance bonuses. WMM said in a statement, the sanctions will be triggered for any athlete “found in violation of a criminal offense involving drugs, anti-doping rules, or if for any other reason the athlete’s result has been nullified by a relevant governing body.”

The new provisions in WMM elite athlete contracts will include that the athlete acknowledges that his/her right to receive payment is conditional upon remaining fully compliant with all applicable anti-doping rules. Also, if the athlete is found – before, during or after the term of the agreement- to have committed a criminal offense involving drugs, or an anti-doping rule violation, or if for any other reason the athlete’s result in the marathon is later nullified by a relevant governing body, then the marathon organizers will have the right to reduce or suspend payments due to the athlete, or to terminate the agreement with immediate effect and the right to repayment from athlete of all or part of the money paid to the athlete under the agreement.

The move was applauded by the women’s world record holder Paula Radcliffe and she hopes all major events would follow suit. Radcliffe remarked the cheaters need to understand that they are not welcome in our sport and will be caught and made to pay and this announcement is a step forward in increasing the deterrent and showing athletes and managers that cheating won’t be tolerated. She went on to add that having to pay back all money won while cheating is common sense and a logical element that has been missing for a long time and it is clear that any money won while cheating are tantamount to fraud and should be returned.

On Sunday, Tokyo is making its WMM debut with Kenyan Dennis Kimetto holding the fastest time in the men’s field while compatriot Michael Kipyego is the defending champion. In 2006, the Marathon Majors series was founded with the men’s and women’s winners each receiving $500,000 in prize money at the end of a two-year cycle. The World Marathon Majors said it has supported increased and more frequent out-of-competition drug tests in Kenya and Ethiopia, the two countries which provide a majority of top competitors. Any athlete found guilty of a doping offense will not be invited back to their races, all the six member marathons have agreed.

Last week, Kenya’s three-times world 3,000 meters steeplechase champion Moses Kiptanui said doping was taking place in Kenyan running camps. In the past, allegations that athletes from Kenya were using drugs surfaced ahead of last year’s London Olympics when German television broadcaster ARD reported systematic doping by elite athletes in the country who train at camps in the Rift Valley region.

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Friday 22, Feb 2013

Armstrong Misses USADA Deadline To Give A Full Confession

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Armstrong Misses USADA Deadline To Give A Full Confession

Lance Armstrong, who recently admitted to making the use of banned performance enhancing drugs to win seven consecutive Tour de France titles, has decided not to give a full confession under oath. The cyclist, however, remarked once again that he is open to participating at an international tribunal into cycling’s doping past.

The cyclist was given a two-week extension by the United States Anti-Doping Agency but that passed on Wednesday. After that, the cyclist’s lawyer, Tim Herman, released a statement which said his client would not participate in USADA’s efforts to “demonize” individual riders. Herman added that Lance Armstrong is willing to cooperate fully at an international tribunal formed to comprehensively address pro cycling, an almost exclusively European sport. The lawyer said we remain hopeful that an international effort will be established and everything they can to facilitate that result will be performed. However, the lawyer said Armstrong in the meanwhile will not be a part of the effort of USADA to selectively conduct American prosecutions that only demons selected individuals while failing to address the 95 percent of the sport over which the anti-doping agency has no jurisdiction.

The cyclist and his representatives were contacted by USADA chief executive Travis Tygart around the time of his televised confession to Oprah Winfrey  about the possibility of a plea bargain to reduce the ban if the banned cyclist gave a full admission of his doping past. On Wednesday, Tygart said enough opportunities have been offered to Armstrong to assist in our ongoing efforts to clean up the sport of cycling and the World Anti-Doping Agency had informed him in writing that assisting USADA was the appropriate avenue for him if he wanted to be part of the solution. Tygart added that the disgraced cyclist has led us to believe over the last few weeks that he was keen to come in and assist USADA but he was worried about potential criminal and civil liability if he did so. He went on to add that the United States Anti-Doping Agency will move forward with its investigation without the cyclist and it will continue to work with WADA and other appropriate and responsible international authorities to fulfil its promise to clean athletes to protect their right to compete on a drug-free playing field.

Meanwhile, the WADA and UCI (the world governing body of cycling) are making efforts to agree the format of a possible Truth and Reconciliation commission to look into doping in the sport. UCI president Pat McQuaid said at the world track cycling championships in Minsk on Wednesday evening that he has always relations with WADA, at an operational level, have been excellent and they continue to be excellent. McQuaid also remarked that hopefully the UCI will be able to work something out now on truth and reconciliation and … draw a line in the sand.

In another development, Russian cycling team Katusha have provisionally suspended Spanish rider Ángel Vicioso for misleading them over his non-appearance at a high-profile doping trial.

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Thursday 21, Feb 2013

Disgraced Former US Cyclist Paid $40,000 A Year For Doping

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Disgraced Former US Cyclist Paid $40,000 A Year For Doping

Tyler Hamilton told a Spanish court on Tuesday that he paid tens of thousands of euros (dollars) a year to Spanish doctor Eufemiano Fuentes and bought the blood booster EPO, testosterone, growth hormone, and insulin off Fuentes.

The disgraced cyclist told the court that he used blood doping some 15 times and was associated with the doctor at the heart of the Operation Puerto scandal for blood doping and other drug supply services to boost his performance in competitions.

Fuentes, his sister and fellow doctor, Yolanda, Manolo Saiz, a former ONCE and Liberty Seguros team sports director, and Vicente Belda and Ignacio Labarta, both associated with the former Kelme team, are on trial in a Madrid court for endangering public health.

The former teammate of banned cyclist Lance Armstrong, Hamilton said he paid between 25,000 and 30,000 for the services in 2002 and 2003. Hamilton also said he agreed to pay 50,000 ($US67,000) for 2004, but was not able to complete the treatment as he tested positive for receiving someone else’s blood in September 2004. The cyclist was stripped of his gold medal from the 2004 Athens Olympics last year after confessing to doping.

Meanwhile, the judge announced that Alberto Contador, the two-time winner of Tour de France and one of 50 cyclists implicated in the Puerto investigation, would not be required to appear in court. The attorney for defendant Saiz, Ignacio Arroyo, said at the end of hearing on Tuesday that he renounced the witness statement he had requested from Contador. The judge then ruled that the rider’s presence would no longer be necessary because Arroyo had been the only trial participant to request testimony from Contador.

A former professional rider for the US Postal and CSC team, Tyler Hamilton, among others, said he first met the Spanish doctor at a rest area “on the highway between Barcelona and Valencia” in Spain “to fix up blood transfusions” and “to plan for the future.”

Hamilton told the court the worst reaction he had was in 2004 when he had a reinfusion during the Tour de France and as far as he could tell the blood hadn’t been stored properly and said he knew something was not working out as it should when he went to the bathroom 35-40 minutes later and found his urine was black. On 11 September, 2004, Hamilton while riding in Spain’s Vuelta, tested positive for “mixed blood cell population,” or receiving someone else’s blood. The cyclist, under cross-examination, also remarked that he had heard that another rider in his team, Santiago Perez, had also tested positive for the same reason. Tyler Hamilton said he knew Perez and other riders also used the blood doping services of Fuentes as they had flown together from Lyon in France to Madrid, during the Dauphine Libere race, to get infused. Hamilton, when asked who had put him in contact with Fuentes, said that one-time Tour de France and Giro d’Italia winner “Bjarne Riis, general manager of team CSC, put me in touch with him.”

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Wednesday 20, Feb 2013

Tyler Hamilton Points Finger At Fuentes In Operation Puerto Trial

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Tyler Hamilton Points Finger At Fuentes In Operation Puerto Trial

On Tuesday, American cyclist Tyler Hamilton described in detail how Spanish doctor Eufemiano Fuentes who is at the center of the Operation Puerto trial oversaw his program of blood doping and supplied him with banned substances including Erythropoietin (EPO).

The former teammate and friend of disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong, Hamilton was speaking through an interpreter by video link from the Spanish embassy in Washington and spoke for approximately three hours about his time as a patient of the Spanish doctor between 2002-04 when the rider paid him as much as 110,000 euros ($146,900) for his services. The 41-year-old Hamilton came clean about his doping past in an award-winning book ‘The Secret Race’, and revealed he met Eufemiano Fuentes at a clinic or in apartments in Madrid and Monaco and in “many, many hotel rooms” and the pair spoke and sent text messages using “secret phones”.

While the Spanish doctor was watching him on a large-screen television, Hamilton told the court that his blood transfusion under the direction of the doctor was in March 2002 and he said he had met him “probably 15 times”, each time having blood extracted or reinjected. The relationship between Tyler Hamilton and Eufemiano Fuentes ended in September 2004 when traces of someone else’s blood were found in one of the samples of the cyclist and he was suspended for a period of two years.

In August 2012, Hamilton was stripped of the time-trial gold medal he won at the 2004 Athens Games by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). Hamilton also told the court the Spanish doctor have him a calendar with a schedule of races and a schedule of when to take what performance enhancing drugs and said Fuentes gave him EPO if he remembers correctly. Hamilton, wearing a light gray suit, white shirt, and striped tie, said he provided me with EPO, growth hormone, insulin, and testosterone and the cyclist added that his greatest fear was something like the Operation Puerto trial happening.

The Spanish doctor and four other defendants, including his sister Yolanda, are making an appearance in the court almost seven years after anabolic steroids, transfusion equipment, and numbered blood bags were seized by police as part of the Puerto investigation. Fuentes has revealed that he had clients in sports including soccer, tennis, athletics, and boxing. The doctor and other accused are being tried for violating public health regulations and the prosecutor has asked for prison terms of two years as the present anti-doping legislation of Spain was not in force in 2006 when the police raids took place. Hamilton was questioned about whether he had been warned of the possible risks from blood doping and if he had any negative reaction to the transfusions or drugs. The cyclist said during the Tour de France in July of 2004, he had a transfusion that gave him a bad fever and his urine was black when he went to the bathroom. When asked if he had anything more to say, Tyler Hamilton rendered an apology for breaking the rules. The trial is set to end on March 22.

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Tuesday 19, Feb 2013

Fight Against Doping Discussed By Fahey And Blatter

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Fight Against Doping Discussed By Fahey And Blatter

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) President John Fahey and the WADA Secretary General David Howman recently met FIFA President Joseph S. Blatter, Secretary General Jérôme Valcke, and Chairman of FIFA’s Medical Committee Dr Michel D’Hooghe at the Home of FIFA in Zurich on 14 February 2013, for a courtesy visit.

Fahey wanted to thank FIFA for its progressive and productive collaboration with WADA over the years in the fight against doping and President Blatter reiterated the commitment of FIFA to fight against this serious threat, and its will to continue working hand-in-hand with the World Anti-Doping Agency. One of the highlights of this discussion was the biological profile that is considered by many as one of the best methods for detecting the use of performance enhancing drugs.

FIFA is developing plans to introduce biological profile, including a steroid profile through urine and a blood profile, for the FIFA Confederations Cup Brazil 2013 and 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil, where in- and out-of-competition tests would be conducted on all participating players. This comes as a new step after a pilot project was initiated in 2011 for capturing the individual steroid profile of players, with in- and out-of-competition tests on the participants at the FIFA Club World Cup. In 2011, 178 out-of-competition tests were conducted on this occasion and 184 tests were conducted in 2012. In addition to this, the world governing body of football is currently developing the hormonal profiling project, a new initiative in collaboration with the WADA-accredited laboratory in Switzerland.

WADA president Fahey said their agency is interested in continuing the work on biological profiles and the World Anti-doping agency is very satisfied with the commitment of the FIFA on these profiles that will be run not only at the FIFA World Cup in 2014 but already at the FIFA Confederations Cup in June this year. Fahey added there is always more which can be done in the fight against doping, but we know FIFA has always been serious in this domain.

The Chairman of FIFA’s Medical Committee Dr Michel D’Hooghe explained that the world football body is directly carrying out in- and out-of-competition tests at its own competitions (FIFA World Cups, including qualifiers). In 2012, 662 urine samples were taken at FIFA’s competitions (FIFA U-20 Women’s World Cup, FIFA U-17 Women’s World Cup, FIFA Futsal World Cup, FIFA Club World Cup, Brazil 2014 qualifiers and Men’s and Women’s Olympic Football tournaments. There has been one adverse analytical finding till date at a FIFA World Cup Qualifier in October 2012. D’Hooghe added we will be spending 2.5 million USD in the fight against doping in 2014, the year of the FIFA World Cup and said FIFA was the first international organization for team sport to start with longitudinal profiles and it is our commitment to have all players participating in the 2014 FIFA World Cup having biological profiles. FIFA will carry out doping controls at 114 matches and collect a total of 456 samples for the 820 Brazil 2014 qualifiers. Four players are to undergo a doping control and out of those selected, one is drawn for EPO, at these selected matches.

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