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Archive for  March 2013

Sunday 31, Mar 2013

Disgraced Cyclist Faces Possible Criminal Case In Spain

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Disgraced Cyclist Faces Possible Criminal Case In Spain

American former professional road racing cyclist Lance Armstrong is being investigated for possible criminal charges in Spain.

According to sources in the United States and Spain, the investigation relates to the doping activities of the disgraced cyclist who was accused by the United States Anti-Doping Agency of enforcing “the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program that sport has ever seen.”

It is believed the crimes may have been committed in Spain, a country often accused of being soft on doping, and they are under investigation to decide if charges should be brought by the winner of the seven consecutive Tour de France titles and Spanish associates who worked with him on the U.S. Postal Service cycling team. The investigation is ongoing in multiple regions of Spain — Alicante, Valencia, Girona, and Tenerife and is described as being in a “very active and sensitive” phase.

The cyclist was a resident of Girona, Spain, for many years during his reign as the Tour de France champion. He lived in Spain with the singer Sheryl Crow in 2004 and his former teammate, Floyd Landis, said during that period he babysat the cyclist’s “blood fridge” in Spain to make sure the temperature remained constant when the Texan rider traveled out of town with the singer.

Spanish laws don’t make it a crime for athletes to use performance enhancing drugs for personal use though they be fined and their licenses may get suspended in some cases. However, the cyclist may get into bigger trouble if investigators can prove trafficking, distribution, and commercialization of doping drugs that carry a prison term of two years and fines of as much as 400,000 euros.

Lance Edward Armstrong had won the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times between 1999 and 2005 but was later disqualified from those races and received a lifetime ban from cycling for doping offenses. The cyclist was diagnosed with testicular cancer in October 1996 that had spread to his brain and lungs and was declared cancer-free in February 1997 after undergoing cancer treatments including brain and testicular surgery and extensive chemotherapy. The 41-year-old rider was a member of the US Postal/Discovery team between 1998 and 2005 and retired from racing at the end of the 2005 Tour de France, but returned to competitive cycling with the Astana team in January 2009.

In 1992, he began his career as a professional cyclist with the Motorola team and his breakthrough victory was the 1993 UCI Road World Championship held in Norway. Lance Armstrong became the first American to win the La Flèche Wallonne and finished 6th in the time trial and 12th in the road race in the 1996 Olympic Games. The American cyclist announced his retirement from competitive cycling on February 16, 2011, while still facing a US federal investigation into doping allegations. After denying doping allegations for a big part of his career, Lance Armstrong admitted to using drugs throughout his career and said he used EPO, blood transfusions, and testosterone but remarked he stopped doping for his 2009 and 2010 comeback Tour de France rides.

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Saturday 30, Mar 2013

Supplements Were Legal, Says Retired Bomber

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Supplements Were Legal, Says Retired Bomber

Former Bomber Mark McVeigh has claimed that every supplement taken by his teammates last year had been approved by the Australian Sports Anti-doping Authority. The statement by McVeigh was in response to the allegations that the children of Essendon players and officials have been bullied in relation to the doping scandal that has engulfed the club.

The former Bomber, who was critical of whistle-blower Kyle Reimers in the immediate aftermath of his testimony about the dubious medical practices at Essendon last year, went on to rubbish claims that off-site injections being investigated by the Australian Sports Anti-doping Authority took place in a sinister environment. However, the former Essendon vice-captain said it was appropriate that the club was under investigation due to its employment of people with “a dodgy past or history” but remarked ere was no way any Essendon player would have knowingly taken performance enhancing drugs.

McVeigh added that we were obviously in an auditorium alongside doctors and coaches and it was explained, in a PowerPoint presentation, what supplements we would be using and went on to add that the players knew exactly what we were taking, that it was above board and ticked off by ASADA. He also remarked that anything that went into our bodies that was illegal, there is no way we would have known about that and there is no way any of the current players would have taken that and contended that when you have got James Hird and doctors in the room that you respect, you believe them and every supplement taken by the teammates was ticked off by ASADA or WADA (the World Anti-Doping Authority).

Before his retirement last August, McVeigh played 232 games with Essendon and contested claims that the off-site injections overseen by Stephen Dank, the man central to investigations in both rugby league and AFL, took place in a dubious environment. He added that a lot of us have got young children and we are close to our families and that would be disgusting for us to be doing something like that, so he was just shocked.

A close friend of Essendon coach James Hird, McVeigh remarked it was clear the scandal had taken a toll on his health and said he has lost a bit of weight and looks a little bit stressed. McVeigh also remarked that Hird is a resilient person, a great figure of the game and it would have taken all of his strength to get himself up, to get the club in the right frame of mind to be able to play.

David Zaharakis, a former teammate who appeared alongside McVeigh on the Seven Network’s AFL Game Day, remarked it was distressing that it was not only the players and coaches being affected by the saga and added that it definitely takes its toll on everyone and it’s ridiculous people can start targeting your family or your kids and added that he know some of the coaches and even players who have kids at school (who) have copped a bit of bullying.

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Friday 29, Mar 2013

Danish Olympic Riders Were Doping, Says Rasmussen

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Danish Olympic Riders Were Doping, Says Rasmussen

Three of the riders on the Danish Olympic team were doping when they competed at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, former professional bicycle rider Michael Rasmussen has told anti-doping authorities.

In late January, the Dane who was kicked out of the 2007 Tour de France when he was wearing the race leader’s yellow jersey admitted to doping for 12 years and revealed he has been cooperating with authorities, including the US Anti-Doping Agency, about his drug links and cheating past. The 38-year-old revealed he used EPO, cortisone, insulin, human growth hormone, and blood transfusions from 1998-2010 when he was riding for various teams such as CSC-Tiscali and Rabobank.

According to Politiken newspaper, the former cycle star while being questioned by representatives of the international doping agency, WADA, as well as authorities in the Netherlands, Denmark, and the US explained how doping was part of the preparations of the Danish cycling team for the Olympic Games just over eight years ago. It was remarked that one of the five members of the Danish road cycling team – Frank Høj, Bo Hamburger, Nicki Sørensen, Lars Michaelsen, and Michael Rasmussen – allegedly smuggled the drugs into the Olympic camp. One of the Danes was successful in breaching the otherwise top-notch security at Olympic Games to smuggle a syringe through the control by concealing it in the battery compartment of a media device. The five cyclists shared an apartment in the Olympic Village and spent a lot of time together before the race and discussed the possibility of doping and three of the five riders injected a cortisone product.

The head of the Danish cycling authority and the team leader for the Danish team during Athens 2004, Jesper Worre, was shocked to hear the news and remarked we need to get to the bottom of this because it’s absolutely insane if that actually happened. Worre added we will try to get an overview before commenting and were not present during Rasmussen’s questioning and don’t have insight into the case. He further added that he knew nothing of such occurrences.

The information must be verified before action is taken, Jens Evald, a law professor at Aarhus University and former head of Anti-Doping Danmark, contended. Evald added that everyone that was present at the questioning is part of a confidentiality pact and just because Rasmussen says it is does not mean that it is a truthful statement and said one has to be careful not to conclude anything until the information has been verified.

        Meanwhile, Hamburger and Michaelsen both denied to Ekstra Bladet tabloid that they were doping during the 2004 Olympics. Sørensen, who is still active as a rider for Team Saxo-Tinkoff, also denied doping and said he thinks the accusations about the Olympics in the media are very unpleasant and he just wants to say that they are unfounded. Sørensen added he is willing to speak with Anti-Doping Danmark and DCU about the story.

The head of the Danish athletics association, Danmarks Idræts-Forbund, Niels Nygaard said that it would be very sad if the news was indeed true and remarked it is always sad when Danish athletes are doping, but it is even more of a shame if the Danish cyclist were doping during the Olympic Games.

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Thursday 28, Mar 2013

Olympic Champion Wins Doping Appeal

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Olympic Champion Wins Doping Appeal

On Tuesday, two-time Olympic cross-country skiing champion Andrus Veerpalu won his appeal against a doping ban of three years despite the suspicion of the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) that he used human growth hormone.

The CAS upheld the appeal of the Estonian skier against the ban imposed on him by the International Ski Federation and cited “procedural flaws” that could have caused false positive test results. It said in a statement that the panel noted that there were many factors in this case which tend to indicate that Andrus Veerpalu did in fact himself administer exogenous human growth hormone. The three arbitrators of the court also stated their belief in the value of the HGH test that has traditionally been one of the hardest substances to detect in the fight against doping. The court also said the CAS arbitrators considered that the FIS had shown to their comfortable satisfaction that the HGH test is a reliable testing method for HGH abuse in professional sports that is based on scientifically correct assumptions and methods.

The court however remarked that FIS, the ski federation, failed to meet the applicable standard of proof that was essential to avoid the risk of having false positive’ tests. FIS said the 42-year-old skier tested positive for HGH in Estonia in January 2011 while preparing for the world championships the following month. Veerpalu won gold medals in the classical 15-kilometer races at the 2002 and 2006 Olympics, and was also a two-time world champion.

Veerpalu said in a statement he is happy that justice has prevailed but added that the decision now would not make disappear what he has lived through during the last two years.

The sanction lifted by the CAS was intended to apply until February 23, 2014 – the final day of the Sochi Winter Olympics. The CAS panel endorsed the HGH test, which was performed on Veerpalu’s sample by a WADA-accredited laboratory in Cologne, Germany despite it ruling against the governing body of skiing.

The former and so far the most successful Estonian male cross country skier won his second Winter Olympics gold medal in 2006 and became the fourth Estonian to have won two Olympic gold medals (Kristjan Palusalu, Erika Salumäe and Kristina Šmigun-Vähi are the first three). Veerpalu is the most successful Olympic athlete from Estonia with three medals.

The skier announced his retirement from competition within weeks of his positive drug test and it is still not clear whether or not he decides to make a comeback. The CAS decision clears him to work in the sport as a coach or official, even if he does not plan to race again.

The National Football League’s players union last Tuesday said the decision highlighted its concerns about testing for human growth hormone in the most popular sport in the United States. The NFLPA said in a statement the NFL players for almost two years have fought the NFL and certain members of Congress who have publicly referred to the players’ insistence on scientific validity and fairness as `stalling’ and `posturing’ and this decision validates the players’ demand for scientific validity, full due process rights, and a transparent system.

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Wednesday 27, Mar 2013

Sharks Feared Doping Before Sports Scientist Left

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Sharks Feared Doping Before Sports Scientist Left

An email trail linking the four sacked members of the football department of the Sharks reveals they feared possible doping breaches at the club at least two months before sports scientist, Stephen Dank, was told to leave, on May 29, 2011.

Hard copies of emails, dating from March 2011, which linked football manager Darren Mooney, club doctor David Givney, physiotherapist Konrad Schultz and trainer Mark Noakes show they could have informed the Cronulla board much earlier about the possible use of performance enhancing drugs at the club and the trail included a warning from a doctor at another National Rugby League club. The NRL confirmed information obtained by the Deloitte Forensic and funded by the NRL has been sent to ASADA.

The team conducted their own inquiry that resulted in the sacking of the four staff and the standing down of coach Shane Flanagan because of the failure of management practices. Flanagan has subsequently been reinstated after hard-copy evidence suggested that he was not a part of the email trail. He was also reinstated as the Cronulla board clearly sees him as a mentor who can offer sound advice to the 14 Sharks players being investigated by ASADA. The emails, however, suggested that the four sacked members of the football department could have acted sooner against Dank and trainer Trent Elkin.

Flanagan is signed for a further two years and if any of the 14 players accepted a ban of six months, they would be back for the 2014 season. The Australian Anti-Doping Agency will be recommending some six-month penalties via its ability to offer a maximum 75 per cent discount of a doping ban of two years, after a player offers ”substantial assistance”.

Hooker John Morris, who has taken on a leadership role within the team and played for Cronulla in 2011 at the time players allegedly took performance enhancing substances, said the sage had been tough on the players but remarked they were comfortable with the legal advice provided by former ASADA chief counsel Richard Redman. The Australian Anti-Doping Agency, after interviewing coach Shane Flanagan and the four sacked members of the side’s football operations staff earlier this month, wants to interview 31 NRL players, including 14 current Sharks and eight former players who were at the club in 2011, as well as others now in Super League.

Morris, with Isaac De Gois sidelined by a hamstring injury, started at hooker against the Warriors and was one of the best of the Sharks and teammates admitted he has been a rock off the field. Morris further added that everyone thinks the place is falling apart, but you get in here after a game like that and you see the energy and the effort the boys are putting in week in and week out … it speaks volumes for the pride the boys have in the jumper.

Presently, the Sharks are at the end point of an 18-month investigation that started with the detection of imported peptides from China. However, the agents may escape without any penalty as ASADA merely makes recommendations to a sport’s judiciary and cannot demand an interview of anyone not contracted to a club; it has no sanctioning powers.

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Tuesday 26, Mar 2013

Two-Year Doping Ban For Erik Morales

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Two-Year Doping Ban For Erik Morales

Mexican professional boxer Érik Isaac Morales Elvira has received a doping ban of two years after he twice tested positive for the banned substance, Clenbuterol last October, prior to his junior welterweight bout with Danny Garcia, according to the United States Anti-Doping Agency.

The 36-year-old Erik Morales was knocked out by Danny Garcia at Brooklyn’s Barclays Center on October 20 and it was argued by the critics that the fight should have been cancelled, while the debate about the doping policies of boxing raged anew. Boxers are not subject to a uniform drug-testing policy as the sport has no national governing body.

Before the fight, both the boxers agreed to be tested by USADA and signed a contract that stipulates any adjudication process must go through the agency. The legal process was still ongoing despite the New York State Athletic Commission was notified 24 hours in advance of the Garcia-Morales bout regarding the positive drug test results of Morales. The fight was allowed by NYSAC even though Morales, the first Mexican-born boxer in history to win world titles in four different weight classes, tested positive for Clenbuterol on October 3 and 10.

A portion of USADA’s statement reads professional boxing does not have a universally-implemented, WADA (World Anti-Doping Agency) accredited anti-doping program, and as a result of the lack of effective testing, many professional boxers and event organizers have contracted with USADA to conduct comprehensive anti-doping programs prior to and during their fights. It also stated that USADA conducts testing programs for professional boxing matches only when both athletes contractually agree to participate in the anti-doping program, which stipulates agreeing to abide by the applicable anti-doping rules, including the rules regarding the adjudication process and sanctioning.

The boxer had said he might retire after the October 20 bout rather than face the potential sanction and had until February 18 to respond to USADA as to whether he would contest the decision, and was granted an extension. A ban of two years was imposed on Morales after he selected not to elect an “independent arbitration process,” according to an announcement by USADA.

The former WBC Light Welterweight Champion, WBC & IBF Super Featherweight, WBC Featherweight (x2), and WBC & WBO Super Bantamweight Champion is famous for his trilogies with fellow Mexican legend three-division champion Marco Antonio Barrera and Filipino octuple champion Manny Pacquiao and ranks #49 on ESPN’s 50 Greatest Boxers Of All Time. Erik Morales has defeated 15 different world champions during the course of his career. At the age of 16, he made his professional debut by knocking out Jose Orejel in two rounds. The record of Morales consists of 52 wins, 36 of these by knockout, and 9 losses (2KO) and he has won eight world titles in four different weight classes and successfully defended his titles fifteen times. The Mexican-born boxer also holds victories over champions Kenny Mitchell, Hector Acero-Sanchez, Daniel Zaragoza, Junior Jones, Jose Luis Bueno, Wayne McCullough, Marco Antonio Barrera, Kevin Kelley, Guty Espadas Jr., In Jin Chi, Paulie Ayala, Jesús Chávez, Carlos Hernández, and Manny Pacquiao.

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Monday 25, Mar 2013

Florida Clinic Sued By MLB For Doping Players

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Florida Clinic Sued By MLB For Doping Players

On Friday, Major League Baseball has sued a now-shuttered South Florida clinic and its operators and accused them of scheming to offer banned performance enhancing drugs to its players in violation of their MLB contracts.

Unspecified damages from Coral Gables anti-aging clinic Biogenesis of America and its operator, Anthony Bosch, were sought by the lawsuit in Miami-Dade Circuit Court. The lawsuit also named several other associates of Bosch, who is believed to be out of the country. It was contended by the Major League Baseball that the operators of the clinic solicited players to make use of banned drugs knowing that such use would violate their contracts, specifically the drug prevention and treatment program that became effective in 2003 and is a part of baseball’s collective bargaining agreement with the players, includes a list of banned substances and lays out penalties for violations and imposes testing requirements.

It was also contended by the lawsuit that former star Manny Ramirez, who is now signed to play for a team in Taiwan, obtained a prohibited substance from Bosch in 2009 that ultimately resulted in a suspension of 50 games for Ramirez by MLB when he was with the Los Angeles Dodgers, which marks the first time that the MLB has gone on the record saying Ramirez tested positive for the female fertility drug HCG, or human chorionic gonadotropin.

According to the lawsuit, the elements of the scheme included the use of fake or partial names on drug packages sent to players, visits to players at home or at hotels to personally administer the banned substances and claims made to the players that if used properly the drugs “would not result in a positive test” under the MLB drug program. The lawsuit said testosterone, human growth hormone, and human chorionic gonadotropin were among the banned drugs supplied and MLB players were told that the drugs would increase their strength and help them recover from injuries more quickly.

Attorneys Allen Weitzman and Matthew Menchel wrote in the complaint that MLB has suffered “costs of investigation, loss of goodwill, loss of revenue and profits and injury to its reputation, image, strategic advantage and fan relationships,” because of the alleged conspiracy. The lawsuit may offer a way for the Major League Baseball to more deeply investigate Biogenesis and Bosch through depositions of witnesses and subpoenas to obtain documents, although it seeks money damages. The MLB was rebuffed in an effort to get access to clinical records from the alternative Miami New Times newspaper, which has published detailed accounts of the alleged player drug use. The newspaper implicated New York Yankees third baseman Alex Rodriguez, outfielder Melky Cabrera of the Toronto Blue Jays, Washington pitcher Gio Gonzalez, Oakland pitcher Bartolo Colon, Texas outfielder Nelson Cruz, and San Diego catcher Yasmani Grandal though most of them denied a link with Biogenesis. In the past, Rodriguez has admitted to using performance enhancing drugs and Colon, Cabrera, and Grandal were each suspended for 50 games last year for testing positive for elevated testosterone levels.

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Sunday 24, Mar 2013

WADA May Get Blood Samples From Operation Puerto Evidence

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WADA May Get Blood Samples From Operation Puerto Evidence

There was a way for evidence contained in blood bags seized during the Operation Puerto blood doping trial to be shared with anti-doping authorities without breaking rules aimed at protecting a crime scene once the trial is completed, the lawyer representing the Spanish state said.

Lawyer Lucia Pedrero told the court the complete blood bags shouldn’t be handed over because they are part of a crime, but yes, samples of them could be given and then later the evidence could be destroyed. However, the final decision on this rests solely with judge Julia Santamaria, who has said she will announce her decision after the trial ends on April 2.

        A request for the same has already been made to the court by the World Anti-Doping Agency to release more than 200 blood bags seized by the Spanish police during raids to clinics and other places of doctor Eufemiano Fuentes, the alleged mastermind of a complex doping ring, in 2006. Meanwhile, the anti-doping watchdog of Spain has said it will do so as well when the trial is over.

The Spanish anti-doping authorities and WADA are hopeful that their analysis may lead to the identification of any cheating athletes, and uncover clues which most advanced tests available today could reveal. The World Anti-Doping Agency for years has tried and failed to get access from the Spanish courts to the blood bags found in the possession of Fuentes.

A report in El País has claimed that all 216 blood bags seized during the Operation Puerto have finally been accounted for and belong to 36 different athletes or cyclists.

Fuentes and five other defendants, including his sister and fellow doctor Yolanda Fuentes, are on trial for endangering the health of athletes they performed blood transfusions on with the goal of boosting their performance as doping in Spain was not illegal before 2006. The Operation Puerto blood doping trial involves defendants, including Fuentes and his sister, Manolo Saiz, former ONCE and Liberty Seguros team sports director, Vicente Belda and Ignacio Labarta, both of whom were associated with the former Kelme team. Fuentes and the other defendants did not follow health regulations by carrying out blood transfusions under improper conditions, argued lawyer Lucia Pedrero and said we are not judging specific sport practices but judging if they carried out or incited acts that broke regulations on blood transfusions, thereby putting at risk the public health. He added that it is not necessary to show that harm was done, it is enough to prove the mere creation of the risk. The doctor however denies the charges, saying his procedures were safe.

Meanwhile, the lawyer for the International Cycling Union asked the judge to hand out harsh punishments to set an example. Pablo Jimenez de Parga told judge Julia Santamaria we are before the largest trial against a doping ring in sport, not just in Spain, but possibly in the world and the moment has arrived for the entire world to know Spain’s answer to this kind of behavior.

The trial is set to end on April 2 and the defendants stand to lose their professional licenses and face two years in jail.

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Saturday 23, Mar 2013

German Cyclist Casts Doubt On Fuentes Defense In Trial

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German Cyclist Casts Doubt On Fuentes Defense In Trial

The Operation Puerto blood doping trial was recently told by German cyclist Jörg Jaksche that he the treatment he received from Spanish doctor Eufemiano Fuentes was designed to beat doping controls and had nothing to do with genuine health issues. The evidence of Jaksche on the first day of testimony from professional riders before the judge in Madrid may have a bearing on whether the Spanish court decides that the disgraced doctor who denies doping and other defendants violated public health laws.

The cyclist from Germany was the first cyclist to admit blood doping in connection with the Puerto investigation that made it to the courtroom almost after seven years after Spanish police seized anabolic steroids, transfusion equipment, and blood bags in 2006. On June 2007, the cyclist said he had used banned drugs over a period of 10 years and confirmed that he was a client of Spanish doctor Eufemiano Fuentes from 2005 and said going to see the doctor was like “going for an oil change”. The rider said Fuentes had supplied him with banned drugs including the booster erythropoietin (EPO) and performed blood transfusions. Jaksche also told the court that Fuentes had also given him an unidentified “white powder” to contaminate urine samples.

The accused doctor, along with four other defendants including his sister Yolanda, is being tried for violating health laws as the Spain’s current anti-doping legislation was not in force in 2006 when the police raids took place. The prosecutor has asked for jail sentences of two years.

Last month, Fuentes remarked he had clients in sports including soccer, tennis, athletics, and boxing and agreed to reveal his client list if the same is sought by the World Anti-Doping Agency and the Spanish anti-doping authorities. The judge Julia Santamaria said she would not prevent Fuentes from doing so but would also not oblige him to do so, and said it would infringe the rights of those implicated.

In another development, Italian rider Ivan Basso told the court he had blood extracted on three occasions at the clinic of another doctor implicated in the Operation Puerto case but never had any reinjected. Tyler Hamilton, a long-time associate of Lance Armstrong, told the court that he paid tens of thousands of dollars a year for doping to the doctor at the heart of the Operation Puerto scandal. The rider said he used blood doping about 15 times and also bought the blood booster EPO, testosterone, growth hormone and insulin from Eufemiano Fuentes. He said he paid $33,000 to $40,000 for the services in 2002 and 2003. The former rider for the U.S. Postal and CSC teams who was stripped of his gold medal from the 2004 Athens Olympics last year after confessing to doping said he had first met the Spanish doctor in Spain at a highway rest area between Barcelona and Valencia “to fix up blood transfusions” and “to plan for the future.” He named one-time Tour de France and Giro d’Italia winner “Bjarne Riis, general manager of team CSC, when asked who put him in contact with Fuentes.

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Friday 22, Mar 2013

Doping Samples From 2006 Turin Olympics To Be Retested

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Doping Samples From 2006 Turin Olympics To Be Retested

The International Olympic Committee will retest doping samples from the 2006 Winter Olympics in Turin with the eight-year deadline approaching in a bid to catch any drug cheats who may have escaped detection at the time.

The statute of limitations for Turin expires in February 2014. The Turin samples are stored at the doping laboratory in Lausanne, Switzerland and they include urine and blood samples.

The international Olympic body has been storing samples for eight years since the Athens Games to allow for retesting when new methods are made available. Samples will be retested with more advanced techniques to search for banned substances that could not be found in 2006, IOC medical commission chairman Arne Ljungqvist said and added that any positive tests would result in athletes being retroactively disqualified and stripped of any medals. The IOC is presently in consultation with the World Anti-Doping Agency on how many samples to retest and what all events to target. Endurance events like cross-country skiing are considered the most open to doping abuse while Ljungqvist said no samples are immune.

Ljungqvist said we could see from the retests of the Athens Games that there are good reasons for going back to Torino with methods that were not available then. The IOC last year retested samples from the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens and caught five athletes who were retroactively stripped of their medals for using anabolic steroids, including men’s shot put winner Yuriy Bilonog of Ukraine. The International Olympic Committee in 2010 re-analyzed some Turin samples for insulin and the blood-booster CERA but all those tests came back negative. During the Turin Games, there was only one positive test with Russian biathlete Olga Pyleva stripped of a silver medal after testing positive for a banned stimulant but the games were hit by a major doping scandal when Italian police on a tip-off from the IOC raided the lodgings of the Austrian cross-country and biathlon team and seized blood-doping equipment. Four athletes received life bans from the IOC after no athlete from Australia testing positive initially.

CERA retests from the 2008 Beijing Olympics led to five positive cases that included the stripping of Bahrain runner Rashid Ramzi’s gold medal in the 1,500 meters.

Ljungqvist said the IOC is discussing with WADA what to do and how much we do, just like we did with Athens and the joint effort was confirmed by WADA director general David Howman. Leaders of WADA last year criticized the IOC for not retesting more of the 3,000-plus samples from the Athens Olympics; the international Olympic body re-analyzed about 100 samples. Officials of the IOC are hopeful to wrap up the Turin retesting process, including any disciplinary procedures, before the next Winter Games in Sochi, Russia, in February 2014.

Meanwhile, the International Association of Athletics Federations has also conducted retesting of doping samples and recently announced that six athletes from Russia and Belarus, including three gold and two silver medalists, had been caught for doping in retests from the 2005 track and field world championships in Helsinki.

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