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Archive for  February 2014

Friday 28, Feb 2014

Partnership Agreement Signed By CIES In Abu Dhabi

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Partnership Agreement Signed By CIES In Abu Dhabi

A partnership agreement has been signed by the International Centre for Sports Studies (CIES) with the Abu Dhabi Sports Council (ADSC) and Paris-Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi (PSUAD).

This partnership’s objective is to organize the FIFA/CIES Program in sport management in the United Arab Emirates. The International Centre for Sports Studies (CIES), the Abu Dhabi Sports Council (ADSC), and Paris-Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi (PSUAD) after fruitful discussions signed the partnership agreement with a goal to organize the FIFA/CIES Program in sport management, which will let students from the UAE and the surrounding region, particularly the Gulf Cooperation Council countries, to acquire fundamental tools in the field of sport management such as law, management, communication, sport event management, marketing, sponsorship, and finance. The FIFA/CIES Program will also be offering the opportunity to students to attend conferences given by international experts on various aspects of sport today.

During the press conference on January 30, CIES President Bertrand Reeb said we over more than a decade have observed the emergence of new geographical regions where sport is successfully developed and rolled out. CIES could not ignore this progress and we are very pleased today to be able to implement this important project in Abu Dhabi with two partners who are both prestigious and motivated. Professor Eric Fouache, Vice-Chancellor of PSUAD, the academic partner, remarked that this program in sport management will lend new dynamics to the higher education curriculum; in particular, it will help participating students achieve goals through the five main management functions (planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling). Pr. Fouache also explained that those who become a part of the program will benefit from top-level education and training in sport management.

Professor Eric Fouache also remarked that Sorbonne Abu Dhabi will offer students with a high-level academic program including practical case studies and this program will be featuring a number of guests who will share their experiences.

H.E. Mohamed E. Al Mahmood, Secretary General of the ADSC and project initiator, remarked that we are very proud and honored to partner with CIES and PSUAD. He added in accordance with ADSC objectives, we contribute to developing the sports sector in our country in compliance with the highest international standards. Al Mahmood added we join forces with such esteemed organizations for the purpose of creating, primarily for current and future potential managers of the sports world, a high-level program in sport management in the UAE which will combine the expertise, experience, image and support of prestigious individuals from the academic and sport world. He also said that this agreement is aimed mainly at managers in national governing bodies, clubs, associations, agencies, and industries related to the world of sport in the UAE.

The Paris-Sorbonne University Abu Dhabi (PSUAD) is the fifteenth university to join the FIFA/CIES International University Network that already has academic partners in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Egypt, Lebanon, Palestine, Peru, Senegal, South Africa, Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, Turkey, and Venezuela. The first edition of the Program organized by the Paris-Sorbonne University will start in September 2014.

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Wednesday 26, Feb 2014

Russian Biathlete Withdraws Over Doping Test

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Russian biathlete withdraws over doping test

One of Russia’s brightest medal hopes in the Sochi Games has pulled out of the event over a positive doping test. Irina Starykh, the athletes, termed the positive result as a “misunderstanding” and withdrew herself from the event.

Irina remarked she will leave the team for “an indefinite period.” Irina wrote in a letter posted on the Russian biathlon program’s website that she finds herself in a difficult situation and think it is necessary to inform about her decision to leave the team for an indefinite period of time. She added it would be unacceptable to be on the team until the end of the proceedings because of the test.

The 26-year-old said she has asked the RBU to exclude her from the team until the end of the investigation and to inform all the concerned organizations about her decision. The athlete has meanwhile asked for the B sample to be tested and said she is extremely sorry that this doping story is linked to her name. Starykh, the sixth-ranked woman in the world, won the sprint competition in the European championships last year.

Recently, the International Biathlon Union remarked that one Lithuanian and two Russian biathletes have tested positive for doping. A statement by the International Biathlon Union revealed that the IBU in accordance with the WADA code therefore provisionally suspended the respective athletes from any IBU competitions until the decision of the anti-doping hearing panel is reached. The IBU however didn’t release the names of the athletes or say whether they were members of their countries’ Olympic teams.

Till a few decades ago, Russia was the frontrunner in biathlon but its team had lost its luster in the last few years. Russia has been overpowered by Norwegians and Germans. The country was still considered by many as a serious competitor for many medals in the Sochi Games. The national and international sports officials have appreciated the efforts of Russian Biathlon Union (RBU) president Mikhail Prokhorov, who is also the owner of the NBA’s Brooklyn Nets, to clean up the sport. Prokhorov has spent heavily for preparing the biathlon team of Russia for the Olympics. Prokhorov has publicly vowed to resign if Russia does not win at least two gold medals. Prokhorov remarked the RBU would issue a detailed comment on the case only after receiving the records about the case from the IBU. He added we have tested 10 times more samples than WADA (world anti-doping agency) did in these years and we have tested our athletes in and after every training camp as it’s a question of principle for us (RBU).

Meanwhile, Anders Besseberg, the IBU president, has remarked he was very pleased with the detection system. He also expressed his satisfaction over the time and money spent on catching cheats and remarked it is clear proof that we are doing a very serious job here. Max Cobb, president of the U.S. Biathlon Association, said if top-ranked athletes are involved, then it really calls into question the whole program and makes you really wonder about the results of the whole team. Cobb went on to add that he thought that with the new leadership that this was getting cleaned up and said it is very disappointing to see this, if it’s all what it appears to be.

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Monday 24, Feb 2014

UCI Instructs WCC Athletes Not To Consume Meat Due To Clenbuterol Risk

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Uci instructs wcc athletes not to consume meat due to clenbuterol risk

UCI president Brian Cookson has issued a warning about the risks of accidental positives in China and Mexico to all the national federations. Cookson issued this warning in wake of the positive tests for Clenbuterol, a drug for treating asthma that is used by athletes to lose body fat, concerning Tinkoff Saxo rider Michael Rogers and Crelan-Euphony rider Jonathan Breyne.

In a letter, Cookson referred to the status of the drug as an anabolic agent on the WADA’s banned list that incurs a provisional suspension if a positive A test happens. Cookson however accepted that there is the possibility of accidental positives in China and Mexico. Cookson wrote that it is widely acknowledged that there is a risk of meat contaminated with Clenbuterol leading to a positive sample in an athlete and the World Anti-Doping Agency has specifically drawn attention to this problem in China and Mexico.

Cookson also remarked that athletes who are under our care at the World Cycling Centre in Switzerland, as a consequence, have been told that they should not eat meat in these countries.

Crelan-Euphony rider Jonathan Breyne was competing in the Tour of Taihu when he tested positive for Clenbuterol, while the positive test of Tinkoff Saxo rider Michael Rogers occurred at the Japan Cup, days after he finished the Tour of Beijing. Rogers has insisted that he never knowingly consumed the drug and Breyne said the same. Breyne tried to attempt suicide in December after being immensely pressurized by the positive test for Clenbuterol but has recovered now. After Rogers’ positive test, Australian cycling legend Robbie McEwen remarked that the UCI has to take up some responsibility for any positive tests to Clenbuterol in China.

UCI spokesman Louis Chenaille, when asked if Cookson’s statement could have an impact on the disciplinary hearings by the national federations of Breyne and Rogers, said that the governing body of cycling would not be the one making the decisions in the cases. Chenaille remarked this is not a matter of us and it is for the national federations and the anti doping bodies and added we want to be professional in that we wish to alert the national federations about the risks in some countries.

The UCI spokesman added that the cycling’s governing body had information discussions with the World Anti-Doping Agency and the authorities in China in order to make sure that everyone was on the same level as regards the issue. Chenaille also remarked that the Tour of Beijing organizers, the UCI, the local authorities and the teams have been discussing the issue of food safety since the first edition of the race in 2011. He also said that measures put in place as a result of these discussions include the employment by the organizers of a dedicated cook to supervise food in all the hotels which house the riders during the race and the UCI will be discussing this issue with all parties concerned, particularly with WADA, to see if there are improvements which can be made to the current regulatory structure and the arrangements in place at the race.

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Saturday 22, Feb 2014

Legendary Local Bicycle Racer Banned

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Legendary local bicycle racer banned

David LeDuc, known to many as the king of bicycle racing in North Carolina, has received a two-year ban from competition from the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA).

The 62-year-old cyclist, known by the nickname “The Ol’ Man” in local racing circles, is a 21-time national champion and 2001 age-group world champion. LeDuc failed a urine test at the U.S. Masters National Road Championships in Oregon last summer. The cyclist admitted to using a wide range of performance enhancing drugs, including synthetic testosterone and EPO, a drug used by some professional cyclists like Lance Armstrong. However, USADA has allowed LeDuc to keep all his wins before the positive test.

LeDuc remarked he admitted to doping when he was informed of his positive A test. He added that doctors had given him legitimate prescriptions for Testosterone and amphetamines but he had no excuse for EPO. LeDuc remarked he suffered from symptoms of low testosterone such as depression and lethargy and his doctor diagnosed with low testosterone levels. LeDuc added that a friend competing in a different sport had given a small amount of EPO to him shortly after the 2013 nationals after he learned that LeDuc was having a poor season.

The cyclist added he had been riding clean when he conquered the national championship and hesitated to reveal how long he had been using amphetamines but said he had been using the testosterone and EPO only a short period before he delivered the positive test. LeDuc went on to remark that using testosterone and EPO didn’t help him and he had the worst results this year. LeDuc remarked he plans to race again when his sanction is over.

LeDuc started racing in 1980 when he was doing graduation in English at N.C. State University and after being influenced by the iconic cycling movie “Breaking Away.” In 2013, LeDuc won the 27-mile race for over-60 racers in the morning at the Tour de Moore in 2013. The cyclist then lined for the 55-mile race for 50-plus rider at 12:15 p.m. that he won as well. He was almost a regular at the 39-year-old Tour de Moore in Southern Pines, which is one of the largest races in the Southeast. Race director Mac Canon said LeDuc is an excellent racer, an excellent rider, and he’s safe to be around. Mac Canon added he is shocked but LeDuc has had a lot of wins, and won a lot of races convincingly and added nobody trains harder than him.

Judy Rhyne of Southern Pines, a long-time national racing judge and president of the Carolinas Cycling Association, said he like many others find it hard to understand why someone old enough to be a grandfather would be using such drugs to win obscure races with tiny prizes. Rhyne added that her organization has plans to enter into a partnership with USA Cycling, the national sanctioning body, to share the cost for USADA testing at certain events this year.

Doping has remained a big problem in professional cycling as well as amateur bike racing. In 2012, a masters’ racer from California failed a drug test at the U.S. Masters National Road Championships. In 2010, a racer named Pete Cannell tested positive for an anabolic steroid and forfeited three masters’ national championships.

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Thursday 20, Feb 2014

Cycling Community Rallies Against Luca’s Drug Claims

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Cycling community rallies against luca’s drug claims

Danilo Di Luca’s comment that doping remains rife in Giro d’Italia, one of cycling’s most famous races, has provoked furious attacks from members of cycling communities.

Chiara Passerini, the wife of Australia’s Tour de France champion Cadel Evans, termed Luca a clown. Andrew Talansky, the American pro and top-10 finisher in 2013 Tour de France, said he feel genuine hatred towards Danilo Di Luca and added Luca is a worthless lying scumbag making false statements that hurt the sport he loves.

Danilo Di Luca, a former Italian professional road racing cyclist who rode for Neri Sottoli-Yellow Fluo recently, had claimed that 90 percent of the 200 riders competing in the Giro d’Italia dope. He further claimed that the remaining 10 percent don’t care about the race and they are preparing for other races. Luca also remarked it is impossible to finish in the top 10 in the Giro d’Italia and not dope. Luca said the best thing would be to legalize drugs so the entire peloton is on a level playing field. The cyclist added he first learned about doping as an amateur.

Meanwhile, Italian anti-doping authorities are questioning Di Luca in the wake of his sweeping claims.

The Italian cyclist was given a life ban by the Italian Olympic Committee (CONI) after he delivered a positive test for the banned blood booster erythropoietin (EPO) in an out of competition test on 29th April 2013, which forced him to quit the Giro d’Italia. Luca was fined 35,000 euros, banned for life, and his results since mid-April 2013 were erased from the record books. A CONI statement had revealed that the national anti-doping tribunal has imposed a lifetime ban on Danilo Di Luca for his violation of Articles 2.1 and 2.2 of the World Anti-Doping Agency code. It added that this ban takes effect from May 24, 2013, and annuls any competitive results that Luca achieved after taking a biological test on April 29.

The 37-year-old cyclist won the Giro d’Italia in 2007 and finished second overall in 2009. Luca received a suspension in 2007 for his involvement with the Italian doping doctor Carlo Santuccione and tested positive in 2009 for using the blood-booster CERA during that year’s Giro. The rider delivered a positive urine sample during his 2007 Giro victory that reportedly recorded the hormone levels of a small child, a sign of using masking agents. Luca was however cleared for the offense after it was admitted by CONI anti-doping officials that there was not a sufficient degree of probability for a doping conviction.

Luca started his professional career in 1998 and demonstrated his talent to the world by conquering the under-23 version of the Giro D’Italia. In 2005, the cyclist switched to Liquigas-Bianchi to join the ranks of Dario Cioni, Mario Cipollini, Stefano Garzelli, and Magnus Bäckstedt. Luca won the Amstel Gold Race and La Flèche Wallonne and took the ProTour leader’s white jersey. Di Luca became 2005 UCI ProTour champion after his success in the 2005 Giro d’Italia where he won two stages and finished fourth. He finished fourth in the 2005 Züri-Metzgete and fifth in the Tour de Pologne.

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Tuesday 18, Feb 2014

New Steroid Act Hailed By Trade Associations

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New Steroid Act Hailed By Trade Associations

A coalition of associations representing supplement manufacturers have expressed their support in the favor of Designer Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2014 that was introduced by Sens. Sheldon Whitehouse, D-R.I., and Orrin Hatch, R-Utah.

The coalition consists of the American Herbal Products Association, the Consumer Healthcare Products Association, the Council for Responsible Nutrition, the Natural Products Association, and the United Natural Products Alliance. It said the trade associations of the dietary supplement industry strongly support DASCA, a bill that protects consumers by empowering the Drug Enforcement Administration with new tools to identify and quickly respond when new designer anabolic steroids — illegal drugs — are falsely marketed as dietary supplements.

The coalition made a joint statement that read that responsible dietary supplement industry stakeholders have consistently supported congressional and regulatory efforts to enact and enforce laws that help eliminate illegal products that masquerade as dietary supplements, and to prosecute the criminals who manufacture and sell them. It added that the industry lobbied Congress to pass the Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 2004, and our trade associations are proud to work with Sens. Whitehouse and Hatch on this critical issue and added we are committed to coming together to advance this important legislation and to see that it is enacted.

DSACA was also welcomed by Travis Tygart, CEO of the US Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), who remarked that this legislation introduced by Senators Hatch and Whitehouse is an important step in helping to protect athletes at all levels, parents and all consumers from unscrupulous companies who are selling dangerous designer steroids disguised as supplements.

The Designer Anabolic Steroid Control Act would immediately place 27 known designer anabolic steroids on the list of controlled substances. It would also grant authority to the DEA to temporarily schedule new designer steroids on the controlled substances list, so that if bad actors develop new variations, these products can be removed from the market. In addition to this, DASCA will also create new penalties for importing, manufacturing, or distributing anabolic steroids under false labels and authorize the U.S. Attorney General to publish a list of products containing an anabolic steroid that are not properly labeled.

Hatch remarked designer anabolic steroids present serious health risks, and this bill will ensure that the DEA has the ability to test products for anabolic effects and declare them controlled substances before they enter the marketplace. He added the DEA needs to be able to act faster and have better enforcement tools to prosecute those that develop and falsely market anabolic steroids as safe products. Whitehouse remarked the world’s top athletes competing in the Winter Olympics are subject to strict guidelines and rigorous testing to prevent the use of steroids, as they should be and added at the same time, many American citizens may be unknowingly dosing themselves with these harmful substances. Whitehouse added that American consumers deserve to know what is in the products they purchase and this bill would help prevent the sale of falsely labeled steroids and punish those who seek to profit from them.

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Sunday 16, Feb 2014

Cycling’s Doping Investigation Gets Underway

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Cycling’s Doping Investigation Gets Underway

Cycling Independent Reform Commission, which was set up by International Cycling Union (UCI), has started delving into the murky doping past of cycling. This commission will be making efforts to find out the complete truth about doping allegations surrounding the sport and this effort will include offering reduced sanctions for doping offenders who come forward with information.

UCI President Brian Cookson told reporters in Geneva that the lesson we can learn from the last few years is the truth will come out eventually. Cookson added his message to any rider involved in doping is that now is the time to come forward (and) tell the commission everything you know because it will come out sooner or later, maybe as a result of somebody’s testimony to the commission and also said it is in their interests if they have got something to hide to come and tell all the truth, not just some of the truth. Cookson also said the commission will investigate allegations the UCI was in some way complicit or in some way colluded in covering up some of the problems. The UCI chief said this is a very, very important day for the UCI and for the sport of cycling and we have put aside a very substantial amount of money from the UCI’s reserves to do this, we have appointed a genuinely independent commission with three people of the highest levels of integrity. He also said that it is not just important we analyze what went on in the past but that we learn some lessons for the future to stop the sport making the same mistakes again.

The Cycling Independent Reform Commission (CIRC), the three-man body, was created in January for investigating the recent past of cycling including allegations that the world governing body of cycling was involved in previous wrongdoings.

CIRC chairman Dick Marty remarked the primary aim of the commission was to avoid scandals in the future in cycling, a sport that reached a low when Lance Armstrong, considered to be the best cyclist, was stripped of his seven Tour de France wins after the United States Anti-Doping Agency discovered that doping allegations against the Texan rider were true. Marty added the primary purpose is not to punish doping offenders but to learn from the past so we can help ensure a better future for cycling.

The CIRC chairman also remarked that reduced sanctions may be proposed by the investigators to riders, officials, agents, and staff members who came forward clean and full with “substantial information”. Marty, a senior Swiss politician and former state prosecutor, remarked the commission could propose further reductions or even a “zero sanction” if the information is of “great importance.” He said we will treat all witnesses fairly and I urge anyone in the cycling community with information that can help our investigation to come forward and added that this offer was generally limited to license holders who were not currently suspended or facing disciplinary action though riders and officials who are presently banned may be considered on a case-by-case basis for a reduction in their sanctions if they provided valuable evidence.

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Friday 14, Feb 2014

Tyson Gay’s Doping Linked To Anti-Aging Cream

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Tyson Gay’s Doping Linked To Anti-Aging Cream

Tyson Gay, American track and field sprinter who last July delivered a positive test, is believed to have made use of a cream containing banned substances that the sprinter obtained from an Atlanta chiropractor and anti-aging specialist, according to a report by Sports Illustrated and ProPublica.

It is believed that Tyson Gay consulted a doctor in Atlanta who treats other runners and NFL players. The doctor, Clayton Gibson III, has a client list including names such as Cincinnati Bengals defensive end Michael Johnson, the late boxing champion Vernon Forrest, New York Jets safety Ed Reed, and Cleveland Browns running back Willis McGahee. Forrest thanked Gibson in 2008 on television for assisting with his nutrition program after the boxer reclaimed the WBC light middleweight title. The doctor is identified in a testimonial for a 2010 book on acupuncture as a personal physician to numerous elite, Olympic and Professional Athletes (NFL, NBA, MLB, USATF, and NCAA).

According to writer David Epstein, other athletes and coaches told him that Tyson Gay was assured by Gibson that the supplement cream was “all natural” and it had been used by NFL players who passed drug tests but Gay failed the test. Epstein remarked that the sprinter should have known better as the label on the cream is believed to have used starkly says ‘Testosterone/DHEA Crème,’ and lists Testosterone and DHEA among its ingredients. Both DHEA and testosterone are banned for Olympic athletes and two other listed ingredients, IGF-1 and somatropin (human growth hormone) are also forbidden.

Epstein was told by Director General of the World Anti-Doping Agency David Howman that it is “staggering” for a modern-day athlete not to realize they were using banned substances. Howman added that’s where it falls into the level of negligence and remarked WADA expected athletes to be hyper-cautious about supplements given the history of high-profile positive drug tests linked to them but even world-class athletes are relying more on people around them to be responsible and then, when they get let down, blaming those other people. Howman added that athletes should understand by now that hunting for an edge in a cream or potion will often end badly.

The writer reminded sport fans about current Olympian Lauryn Williams who caused a stir when she wrote on her blog post that she was urged to consult a man a fellow elite athlete had called the “sports doctor of all sports doctors.” Epstein remarked though Williams did not identify Gibson but people familiar with the matter confirmed that Williams met with Gibson and the blog post was about the meeting.

Trinidadian Kelly-Ann Baptiste, who was in the training group of Gay, also failed a drug test in 2013 and it is believed that she also consulted with Gibson and used the cream. The bronze medalist in the 100 meters at the 2011 world championships confirmed consultations with Gibson but declined to comment any further until her disciplinary process is concluded.

A former All-Pro NFL lineman who claims he was approached by Gibson said the culture in today’s times is that if you don’t have all this extra stuff, you’re not winning.

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Wednesday 12, Feb 2014

Cyclist ‘Suspends Himself’ After Muddle With SAIDS

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Cyclist ‘Suspends Himself’ After Muddle With SAIDS

Brandon Stewart has suspended himself after a muddle for 11 months with the South African Institute of Drug-Free Sport (SAIDS), according to an announcement by sponsors of the FedGroup Itec Pro Mountain Biking team.

Cycling South Africa informed the former Absa Cape Epic African jersey leader and SA Cross Country champion in October that he had tested positive for a banned substance after a routine drug test four months earlier. Stewart was told he faced the possibility of a ban from cycling. On the other hand, Stewart’s sponsors said the positive drug test was due to the cyclist taking a medically necessary testosterone treatment and Stewart informed SAIDS while applying for a therapeutic use exemption.

Brandon Stewart, one of South Africa’s top marathon mountain biking talents and festival regulars, was a part of Team FedGroup-Itec after Team 360Life withdrew their sponsorship of the team after David George tested positive for Erythropoietin (EPO). The marathon mountain biker received a ban of two years from the South African Institute for Drug-Free Sport and the cyclist was being targeted after his biological passport showed suspicious activity.

FedGroup chief financial officer Scott Field remarked while we fully support initiatives aimed at ensuring that South African sport is drug-free, Stewart’s unpleasant experience has resulted in his voluntarily suspending himself and could hold serious negative implications for sport in general. FedGroup remarked the cyclist had consultations with a doctor a year ago after bouts of depression and mood swings and he was told that his levels of testosterone were on the lower side. After this, Brandon Stewart had consultation with the SAIDS exemption liaison official, Anique Coetzee, who advised to go for a testosterone treatment after which the cyclist applied online for an exemption to use the medication. Coetzee told Stewart on phone that he could undergo the treatment and continue to race while waiting for a response to the application, which was confirmed in writing.

In a statement, FedGroup said Stewart received an e-mail two months after making his application telling him that his application had been declined and the e–mail recommended that Stewart have further tests done. The cyclist maintains he stopped taking the testosterone treatment, Nebido,in April. Three months after the first reports by the endocrinologist had been submitted,, Stewart was informed in July that his second exemption application had also been denied. The statement read that two days prior to receipt of this July e-mail, one of the SAIDS’s routine drug tests had been done on Stewart and he had been off the Nebido treatment for three months and in October, four months after the drug test in July, Stewart was informed by Cycling SA that he had tested positive for a banned substance. The cyclist appealed against the decision and the FedGroup statement said all of the major sponsors of the team are comfortable that everything Brandon did was above board and Stewart has kept us informed and retains our confidence and trust.

Khalid Galant, the chief executive of SAIDS, remarked a preliminary investigation was under way and a decision on whether or not to charge Stewart with doping would be made the by end of this month.

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Monday 10, Feb 2014

Ken Shamrock Appreciates Voluntary Drug Testing

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Ken shamrock appreciates voluntary drug testing

Ken Shamrock, one of the biggest stars of MMA, has appreciated Filipino-American boxer Nonito “The Filipino Flash” for his efforts to clean up the sport by willingly opting for voluntary drug testing.

Shamrock remarked the Filipino-American boxer has become the ideal example of a drug-free fighter after subscribing to 24/7 drug testing with the Voluntary Anti-Doping Association (VADA). Shamrock, who admitted to using anabolic steroids in the past, said Nonito Donaire is a name that comes into my mind and is someone who has proven that he does not use steroids because he does random drug testing. Ken Shamrock said the fighter has demonstrated there is nothing to hide as he is open to testing at any given time. The MMA great, who is best known for his rivalry with Brazilian jiu-jitsu great Royce Gracie in the early 1990s, said anti-doping officials can come to his gym whenever they want and they would test Donaire.

Shamrock became the first UFC superfight champion after he defeated Dan Severn at UFC 6. He was the first foreign MMA champion in Japan after he won the title of King of Pancrase. Shamrock then entered the world of professional wrestling to become the WWF intercontinental champion, the WWF tag team champion, and the 1998 WWF “King of the Ring.”

Shamrock remarked he never used steroids while in the ring and never fought using them. He added he understands the present-day turmoil in the context of drug testing in MMA but said the fighters who have already been making money can afford to get around the testing. Shamrock, described by many as “The World’s Most Dangerous Man“, is working these days as a security guard for the world-renowned rapper 50 Cent.

The retired American mixed martial artist, UFC Hall of Famer, and professional wrestler emerged as one of the biggest stars in the history of mixed martial arts during the course of his career. Shamrock set many pay-per-view records with his drawing power. Considered to be the #1 mixed martial artist in the world, Shamrock was ranked by Inside MMA as one of the top 10 greatest mixed martial arts fighters of all time. World Wrestling Entertainment—formerly the World Wrestling Federation—credited Shamrock for popularizing the ankle lock that was named by it one of the top five submission holds in history. Born Kenneth Wayne Kilpatrick, Shamrock came to overnight prominence by defeating world kickboxing champion and future UFC Heavyweight Champion Maurice Smith and Alex Cook in the Opening Round of the 16 man King of Pancrase Tournament. He defeated Masakatsu Funaki and Manabu Yamada in the Second Round to become the first King of Pancrase.

Shamrock’s finishing moves were mostly all about ankle locks and his signature moves included sleeper hold, hurricanrana, and belly-to-belly suplex. Ken Shamrock is the only fighter to ever defend the UFC Superfight Championship and is credited with having the longest Fight in UFC History UFC 5 at 36 minutes. He was the first inductee into the UFC hall of fame with Royce Gracie and was the first fighter to defend a UFC title belt. Shamrock was ranked by Pro Wrestling Illustrated as the Most Improved Wrestler of the Year (1997) and #8 of the 500 best singles wrestlers of the PWI Years in 1998.

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