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Archive for  June 2014

Monday 30, Jun 2014

Tinkoff-Saxo Sidelines Kreuziger

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Roman Kreuziger has been sidelined by Tinkoff-Saxo team because of doping allegations. It was further disclosed that Kreuziger will not support Alberto Contador in the Tour de France.

According to a statement published on website of the team, the Union Cycliste Internationale is likely due to instigate disciplinary proceedings against Kreuziger arising from an alleged violation of its anti-doping rules due to abnormalities detected in his biological passport in 2011 and 2012.

In a press release, Roman Kreuziger denied taking any forbidden substances or using any forbidden methods and said that an independent inquiry concluded that his passport values were due to causes that were not due to the use of doping substances or methods. The Czech professional road bicycle racer for UCI ProTour team Team Tinkoff-Saxo remarked he asked the UCI for an extension, past the end of June 30 this month but was not allowed.

Tinkoff-Saxo team said in a statement the team has decided, in agreement with Roman, that he will not ride in any races including this year’s Tour de France until more information becomes available to the team and added though he won’t be racing for now, until more information becomes available to the team it will not provisionally suspend Roman unless required by the UCI or the Czech Federation.

It was alleged by the UCI’s Cycling Anti-Doping Foundation (CAFD) that the blood passport profile of Kreuziger revealed abnormalities from March to August 2011 and from April 2012 until the end of that year’s Giro d’Italia when Kreuziger rode for Astana. In June 2013, Kreuziger was notified by the UCI that CAFD considered his data as suspect and he thereafter informed his team. The team’s press release said Kreuziger was adamant that he never used doping methods or substances and added the team through its own medical staff and independent verification was satisfied that Roman’s blood profile had valid medical and scientific explanations other than the use of doping methods or substances and this was subsequently confirmed by the expert opinions Roman shared with the team.

Two exculpatory medical opinions were provided by Kreuziger to the UCI in October 2013 but the world governing body of cycling refused to accept his explanation for the passport abnormalities. Kreuziger provided a third opinion arguing that the profile fluctuation may not be attributed solely to doping methods and that the conclusions of CAFD’s Experts Panel had limited scientific supporting evidence. Kreuziger remarked in order to obtain a certain technical evaluation of the data in his biological passport, he should emphasize that the experts he appointed are trustworthy, independent and of three different nationalities and he requested an assessment from them that was absolutely and totally unbiased and as objective as possible.

Kreuziger, while racing for Liquigas, admitted to having worked with Michele Ferrari in his first year as a professional in 2013. The rider occupied the fifth place at Giro d’Italia in 2011 and at Tour de France in 2013.

The Tour de France starts on July 5 with Contador, a two-time winner, expected to be the main challenger to Chris Froome, last year’s champion.

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Saturday 28, Jun 2014

Luis “Habitual Offender” Suarez Banned

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Luis habitual offender suarez banned

Uruguay striker Luis Suarez, one of the Premier League’s best strikers, has been suspended from all football-related activity for four months. This decision was announced by FIFA, the world governing body of football, after the Uruguayan footballer who plays as a forward for English Premier League club Liverpool was found guilty of biting Italy defender Giorgio Chiellini.

The Mexican referee refused to look at Chiellini’s shoulder despite vigorous objection from the Italian players. After the match, Chiellini told Sky Sports Italia Suarez is a sneak and he gets away with it because FIFA want their stars to play in the World Cup. Chiellini added he did love to see if they have the courage to use video evidence against him and added the referee saw the bite mark too, but he did nothing about it.

Suarez is suspended for nine matches and banned him from any football-related activity for four months besides a fine about $112,000. Suarez will also not be able to enter the stadium for the knockout-round match of Uruguay against Colombia on Saturday in Rio de Janeiro, or any soccer stadium during his four-month suspension. He will miss nine English Premier League matches for Liverpool, three each in August, September and October and also could miss one match in the League Cup and three Champions League matches.

Claudio Sulser, who serves as chairman of FIFA‘s Disciplinary Committee, remarked such behavior cannot be tolerated on any football pitch, and in particular not at a FIFA World Cup when the eyes of millions of people are on the stars on the field. Sulser added the Disciplinary Committee took into account all the factors of the case and the degree of Suarez’s guilt in accordance with the relevant provisions of the Code and the decision comes into force as soon it is communicated. FIFA vice-president Jim Boyce, who also presides as head of the organization’s referees committee, said he is seriously disappointed with the actions of Suarez. Boyce remarked he had watched the incident several times on television and added there is no doubt Luis Suarez is a fantastic footballer but, once again, his actions have left him open to severe criticism.

Teammate Diego Lugano said the British media has a vendetta against Suarez, and everyone knows that and added it is obvious the vendetta sells newspapers in England.

The 27-year-old has already been banned twice in his career but those offenses happened in club-level games. Suarez was suspended seven games for biting PSV Eindhoven’s Otman Bakkal on the shoulder while playing for Ajax in the Netherlands in 2010. He was suspended for 10 games in 2013 while playing for Liverpool in England for biting Chelsea’s Branislov Ivanovic on the arm. Suarez was also criticized for deliberately handling the ball at the 2010 World Cup in South Africa on the goal-line to deny Ghana a place in the semifinals of the World Cup. Uruguay went on to finish third in the tournament. Suarez was suspended for eight games in 2011 and fined 40,000 pounds by the English Football Association after he made racially abusive remarks toward Manchester United’s Patrice Evra, who was born in Senegal.

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Thursday 26, Jun 2014

Irish Sprinter Withdrawn Over EPO Positive Test

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Irish Sprinter Withdrawn Over EPO Positive Test

Steven Colvert, the Irish sprinter who was set to compete in the 100m, 200m and 4x100m relay in the European Team Championships in Tallinn, has been forced to withdraw because of an adverse finding for EPO in an out of competition test on May 20.

The “A” sample of Colvert was found to have an “adverse analytical finding” for the substance “recombinant erythropoietin”, which is commonly known as EPO. Erythropoietin is generally used by athletes, especially distance runners, to improve performance. In the London 2012 Olympics, the Crusaders athlete narrowly missed out in the 200m by two hundredths of a second, running 20.57 seconds, just short of the 20.55 required. Colvert vehemently denied taking any banned substance and wants to get his ‘B’ sample tested to clear his name.

Colvert, a third year law student in DCU, remarked he was in an exam in DCU on May 20 when drugs testers from the Irish Sports Council met him outside the exam hall and notified  him that he had to take an out of competition test and he duly provided urine and blood samples. Colvert said he thought nothing of it until he was informed on June 17 that there had been an adverse analytical finding for EPO in the urine sample only. The athlete, who has season’s bests of 20.90 for the 200m and 10.58 for the 100m, said it all just feels like a really bad dream or a horrible prank and added he does not take any supplements except for during that exam period where he took a generic multivitamin [Activ-Max], which can be bought off the shelf in Aldi because he was feeling run down from his exams and added he also took an iron supplement called Galfer which  he purchased over the counter in a pharmacy. Colvert remarked he took one tablet of each supplement two days before the test.

The Irish sprinter added he normally doesn’t take any supplements and he sources protein from whole foods such as eggs, meat, and cheese. Steven Colvert added he does not take any recovery or energy drinks or creatine or any supplements in general. The sprinter added he is going to seek to have the B sample tested along with giving his full co-operation to the Irish Sports Council and all the relevant bodies involved in the investigations and he is happy to provide any extra drugs tests, provide financial statements and take any forensic test above and beyond what’s required in order to vindicate his name as he firmly believes there has been some sort of error or false positive. Colvert went on to add that he is part of the program in which they keep all of his samples for 10 years and he is happy to go back and let them test every single sample ever provided – both in competition and out of competition. He also remarked the natural inclination of a majority of people is to think that a person with a failed ‘A’ sample is guilty but there are a number of cases in the past where an ‘A’ sample has been a false positive.

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Tuesday 24, Jun 2014

Costa Rica Complains To FIFA

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Costa Rica Complains To FIFA

The Football federation of Costa Rica has sent a  letter to FIFA, the world governing body of football, and demanded an explanation as to why so many of its players were asked to submit to anti-doping controls after a surprise victory over Italy.

After Friday’s 1-0 win, seven Costa Rica players were tested that angered team officials who remarked it may lead people to believe that the world governing body of football suspects Costa Ricans of doping. Adrian Gutierrez, the president of Costa Rica’s selection committee, remarked we believe in, accept and trust doping controls that FIFA carries out, but we want an explanation as to why so many of the players were called in and added what causes surprise at the world level is that they take seven players in one sitting for anti-doping tests, which gives an image of suspicion that Costa Rican players are doping.

The Costa Rica federation said FIFA remarked eight players were not available for testing before the World Cup when an anti-doping commission of FIFA visited Costa Rica as part of a routine control carried out on national teams competing in Brazil. Two of those players undergo testing after the Uruguay match and the other six were tested after the Italy match and a seventh Costa Rica player was chosen by lottery. FIFA was challenged by Coach Jorge Luis Pinto to test all his players and even himself after the next match of Costa Rica against England on Tuesday in Belo Horizonte. Pinto remarked he is happy that they do these types of tests and added if they want in the next match, they can test all 11 players on the pitch and even me.

A FIFA spokeswoman said that two of the Costa Rica players were called for the post-match anti-doping tests as usual while the remaining five needed to be tested for their so-called biological passports. The spokeswoman added the decision to test the seven was standard procedure and there was nothing suspicious.

Football legend Diego Maradona hit out at FIFA after claiming that seven of Costa Rica’s players were subjected to post-match anti-doping controls. Maradona alleged that doping scrutiny on Costa Rica was due to fears that sponsors would not pay up if bigger teams like Italy failed to get out of the group stage at the World Cup finals. The football legend from Argentina said decision of FIFA amounted to a lack of respect for the rules and said he is not impressed by FIFA’s explanation. Maradona said this is only happening because some people are annoyed Costa Rica, and not the big teams, are going through to the next round, and so the sponsors won’t pay what they’d promised to pay. He went on to remark that it is against the rules as two players from each team are supposed to undergo doping controls.

Costa Rica stunned South American champions Uruguay 3-1 last week and then won 1-0 over four-time champions Italy in Recife to qualify for the last 16 of the World Cup.

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Sunday 22, Jun 2014

Players Disappointed With Lack Of Clarity On AOD-9604

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Players Disappointed With Lack Of Clarity On AOD-9604

The Australian Football League (AFL) Players Association is disappointed that the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority took so long for publicly clarifying its stance on AOD-9604, a modified fragment of human growth hormone.

The AFLPA expressed confidence that players will not face any more questioning about the drug. Recently, Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority chief executive Ben McDevitt remarked his organization does not have plans to pursue any alleged use of AOD-9604 prior to April, 2013. A few days back, former Melbourne captain Jack Trengove was cleared by ASADA with no chance of prosecution over his alleged use of AOD-9604. Trengove was linked by texts from biochemist Stephen Dank emerged in April 2013 to the use of a cream containing AOD-9604 in 2012 as he recovered from a foot injury.

It was confirmed by the World Anti-Doping Agency on April 22, 2013 that AOD-9604 was a banned substance under the S.0 category of the WADA code though Essendon argued it was permitted. ASADA remarked it will not pursue anti-doping cases related to the peptide AOD- 9604 prior to 22 April, 2013 and added WADA publicly stated for the first time on 22 April 2013 that AOD-9604 was a prohibited substance in sport. It added that ASADA cannot take the position that prior to April 2013 athletes and support personnel could have known that AOD-9604 was in fact a prohibited substance and also remarked that pursuing anti-doping rule violations that relate to this substance prior to 22 April, 2013 would be unsuccessful and unfair to athletes.

Acting AFLPA chief executive Ian Prendergas remarked we do not believe that ASADA will take any further step through the Essendon investigation in relation to AOD-9604 given the comments of the ASADA chief executive.

A few weeks ago, Essendon chairman Paul Little said in a statement that Essendon has filed an application in the Australian Federal Court to have the case of ASADA declared “null and void” and added the action had been taken on the basis that the joint investigation conducted by Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority with the Australian Football League contravened the ASADA Act. The Essendon chairman remarked our players have been forced to endure 16 months of uncertainty, breaches of confidentiality, conflicts of interest, leaks through the media, baseless allegations, and indisputable reputational damage.

AFL chairman Mike Fitzpatrick said the players should be given space and support to pursue their legal rights and added this process has gone on too long. Fitzpatrick added he is extremely disappointed that the players are in this position and went on to remark that the interim report into the Essendon supplement program in 2012 outlined very serious breaches of our rules and it was clear that the program subjected our players to unacceptable risks and one of those risks is playing out now. Fitzpatrick reiterated his belief that all Essendon players have already revealed all what they knew to the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority and said the players from the outset of the investigation have fully co-operated with all requests and inquiries made of them.

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Friday 20, Jun 2014

Essendon Players May Not Even Miss Training

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Essendon Players May Not Even Miss Training

A generous clause in the Australian Football League’s anti-doping code means the chances of any Essendon player even missing a training session may be significantly reduced.

The clause is expected to give great comfort to Essendon players who have been fighting the battle against doping allegations. This clause deals with delays in hearings that are outside the control of players. It is rumored that this is the same clause about which AFL chief executive Gillon McLachlan talked about on the possibility of backdating penalties and serving suspensions in the off-season. Updated in March, Rule 14.7 clause (A) of the code emphasizes on the timing of player sanctions. The code addresses likely options for the anti-doping tribunal to consider under the heading “Delays Not Attributable to the Athlete or other Person.”

This clause reads, the tribunal determining the sanction may start the period of ineligibility at an earlier date commencing as early as the date of sample collection or the date on which another anti-doping rule violation last occurred where there have been substantial delays in the hearing process or other aspects of doping control not attributable to the player or other person. The last “anti-doping violation” under rule 14.7 would have to relate to season 2012 as there are no positive tests involved in the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority inquiry into Essendon. If that was not all, the ban would lapse under clause (A) in rule 14.7 even if the players were given a suspension of two years for taking prohibited substances.

It was recently indicated by players’ association acting chief executive Ian Prendergas that they would continue to fight against allegations included in the show-cause letters rather than seeking the reduced penalty. Prendergast added Essendon players had done nothing wrong and had fully cooperated throughout the process of 16 months.

The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority sent show-cause letters to 34 footballers who were at Essendon in 2012 and twenty of those footballers still remain on the Essendon playing list. This letters were sent in response to the club running a controversial and possibly illegal supplements program under former Sport Science Chief Stephen Dank.

New ASADA chief executive Ben McDevitt said clubs do have huge legal capabilities behind them but he have got to do this without fear or favor and I am not about to baulk because of the potential cost or duration of any litigation. McDevitt added we believe there is a case to answer and we are going to proceed along those grounds and added that we have started this and he intends to see this through to a resolution one way or another. He also added these processes can be, by their nature, protracted because they involve complex ­investigations being conducted to compile briefs of evidence, which then need to be very carefully considered by legal entities. A few days back, McDevitt remarked that sanction could be reduced to six months if the players could prove there was no intent to breach Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority rules and they gave all the assistance they could to the authority.

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Wednesday 18, Jun 2014

WADA Appeals For Longer Bans Against Former USPS Team Officials

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WADA Appeals For Longer Bans Against Former USPS Team Officials

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has announced it will make an appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) for increasing durations of the bans imposed on former US Postal Service team manager Johan Bruyneel and two of its staff.

The American Arbitration Association (AAA) imposed a ban of 10 years in April on Bruyneel and handed over bans of eight years each to Dr Pedro Celaya and Jose “Pepe” Marti for their role in the US Postal doping conspiracy. In June 2012, all three were charged at the same time as disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong. The former cyclist was given a lifetime ban and was stripped of his results, including seven Tour de France titles.

The AAA had remarked in its April decision that Bruyneel trafficked performance enhancing drugs and encouraged riders to make use of banned substances such as EPO, Testosterone, and Cortisone, and to undergo blood transfusions. The AAA had further remarked that Bruyneel was engaged in the allocation of team-related resources and caused a variety of prohibited doping substances and methods to be used expressly for the purpose of gaining an unfair advantage for the teams and cyclists he managed in cycling events. It was further remarked by the AAA panel that Bruyneel personally profited considerably from the successes of the teams and riders he managed during the relevant period.

A WADA statement said it has appealed the American Arbitration Association North American Court of Arbitration for Sport (AAA)’s decision following the review of the full case file to issue 10-, eight- and eight-year bans respectively to Johan Bruyneel, Dr Pedro Celaya, and Jose ’Pepe’ Marti for their involvement in the US Postal Services Pro Cycling Team doping conspiracy. WADA will request that consideration be given to longer sanctions for all three individuals involved in order to best protect athletes, and ensure a clean sport of cycling. It adds that WADA’s appeal is supported by world cycling’s governing body, the UCI, and by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA), which conducted the investigation, and that they will provide support to WADA during this process. It was added that WADA, the UCI and USADA do not plan on any further public statement on the appeal case until the appeal is considered and a decision rendered by CAS as with all cases, and adhering to the importance of respecting the integrity of the legal process.

According to the United States Anti-Doping Agency, Johan Bruyneel was at the apex of a conspiracy to commit widespread doping on the U.S. Postal Service and Discovery Channel teams spanning many years and many riders. A three-member, independent panel of the American Arbitration Association North American Court of Arbitration for Sport (AAA) found the three guilty of committing multiple anti-doping rule violations over many years. USADA CEO Travis T. Tygart had remarked that our investigation from the beginning has focused on ridding cycling of those entrusted to care for the well-being of athletes who abuse their position of trust and influence to assist or encourage the use of performance enhancing drugs to defraud sport and clean athletes. Tygart had also remarked that there is no excuse for any team director, doctor or other athlete support person who corrupts the very sport and the athletes they are supposed to protect.

pdf_iconDownload in PDF: WADA Appeals For Longer Bans Against Former USPS Team Officials

Monday 16, Jun 2014

Chael Sonnen Announces Retirement

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Chael Sonnen Announces Retirement

UFC light heavyweight Chael Sonnen who failed a random drug test from the Nevada State Athletic Commission has announced his retirement from competitive mixed martial arts on June 11, 2014.

The Nevada State Athletic Commission (NSAC) found Sonnen’s sample positive for two illegal substances, Anastrozole and Clomiphene.

Clomiphene is a female infertility drug and is used by athletes and bodybuilders to prevent estrogenic side effects (such as oily skin and gynecomastia) that are associated with the use of anabolic androgenic steroids. Anastrozole (Arimidex) is medically prescribed for treating breast cancer and is used for on-cycle support by athletes while using anabolic steroids.

Sonnen, who last competed in the Light Heavyweight division of the Ultimate Fighting Championship, expressed frustration with the recent rule changes by NSAC regarding Testosterone replacement therapy. Explaining his positive drug test, Chael Sonnen remarked there is a transition period while getting off from TRT and he couldn’t have been more open or more transparent. He added he used perfectly legal substances that are not performance enhancing drugs or anabolic steroids. Sonnen went on to remark that he used the drugs for preventing side effects from getting off Testosterone replacement therapy and also required them for fertility reasons. Sonnen remarked doctors prescribed him Anastrozole and Clomiphene with a hope of stimulating natural testosterone production after TRT was banned by the Nevada Athletic Commission in February.

Sonnen further remarked that his legitimate medical need for estrogen blockers would not allow him to stop taking them, leaving him with no option but to announce his retirement. He thanked his fans, team members, Fox Sports, UFC executives, and Nevada State Athletic Commission board member Bill Brady and also thanked former UFC middleweight champion Anderson Silva, whom he challenged for the title in 2010 and 2012. Sonnen said he wants to thank the single most important opponent he ever had.

In 2009, Sonnen’s career took off after he mocked Silva in public events and media interviews. Sonnen was superior to Silva through four rounds of a title fight at UFC 117 in August 2010 before he submitted to a triangle choke in the final round. After this fight, Sonnen tested positive for an elevated testosterone-to-epitestosterone ratio for which he was fined $2,500 and suspended for one year (until September 2, 2011) by the California State Athletic Commission (CSAC) though his suspension was later reduced to six months. Sonnen then revealed a diagnosis of hypogonadism and being approved for TRT. A rematch against Anderson Silva remains the highest-grossing UFC event ever held in Las Vegas. It took place at UFC 148 in July 2012 and the event drew an attendance of 15,016 and a live gate of $7 million wherein Sonnen lost via TKO in the second round.

The three-time UFC title contender started his career in May 1997 and was pulled out by the UFC from a light heavyweight bout against Vitor Belfort, scheduled for July 5 in Las Vegas, because of the failed drug test. One of the biggest pay-per-view draws in the UFC, Sonnen (28-14-1), Sonnen hosted “UFC Tonight” with Kenny Florian and also acted as an analyst for UFC live events.

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Saturday 14, Jun 2014

Study Suggests Lance Armstrong Failed Social Media

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Study Suggests Lance Armstrong Failed Social Media

Disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong made use of Twitter for employing image-repair strategies in a way that cultivated followers and countered media reports but neglected to enact any image-repair tweets, according to researchers.

It was revealed by researchers that Armstrong made the mistake of not using image-repair tweets after he admitted to using banned performance enhancing drugs in an interview with Oprah Winfrey.

It was disclosed by Clemson University communication studies assistant professor Jimmy Sanderson that traditional media such as newspapers and television have remained a staple of image repair but athletes now have additional revenue with the rise of social media. The research suggested that athletes should now be prepared with strategies to help navigate traditional and social media platforms for presenting consistent messages in multiple settings and contexts.

The image-repairing strategies of Lance Armstrong during 2012 and early 2013 were explored by Sanderson and co-authors Marion E. Hambrick and Evan L. Frederick. This was the period when the cyclist was facing a doping investigation by the U.S. government. Sanderson remarked it is an important direction to explore how Armstrong managed image repair via traditional media and digital media given the cyclist’s global recognition. Sanderson added understanding how these efforts intersect and diverge yield important insights for image repair, particularly for athletes. For evaluation purposes, 859 tweets of Lance Armstrong from 2012 to early 2013 were analyzed by the researchers along with his comments made during the much-publicized Oprah Winfrey interview where he admitted to using banned drugs, including Testosterone and Growth hormone.

It was indicated by the results that the now-banned cyclist made use of strategies, including attacks on accusers, stonewalling, and bolstering and then demonstrated contrition by employing mortification, simple denial, provocation, shifting blame, and victimization besides conforming and retrospective regret. Hambrick, of the University of Louisville, remarked digital and social media also afford them the capability to introduce alternative narratives and redirect audiences with respect to athletes, when image repair becomes necessary. Hambrick added athletes now have the opportunity to promote their charitable endeavors and diligence during workouts and practices, which may shift the public’s attention away from the situation that prompted image repair.

Armstrong, the winner of seven consecutive Tour de France titles, used Twitter for employing image-repair strategies to cultivate followers and countered media reports but failed to enact any image-repair tweets following his admission to using drugs in the Winfrey interview. The cyclist received a life ban from the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) after he was found guilty of using and encouraging the use of banned drugs within his team.

Frederick, of the University of New Mexico, said Lance Armstrong could have maintained both an assertive and remorseful position that likely would have removed doubt and skepticism among his fans and the public at large given the immense public outpouring and the ability to navigate between identity positions using Twitter. Frederick added Armstrong instead minimized the effectiveness of future messages delivered via Twitter, as skeptical followers may view his tweets as little more than propaganda rather than insightful information and commentary.

The findings of the study were published in journal Communication & Sport

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Thursday 12, Jun 2014

Athletes Abuse Non-Approved Therapeutic Compounds For Performance Gains

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Athletes Abuse Non-Approved Therapeutic Compounds For Performance Gains

Non-steroidal and tissue-selective anabolic agents such as Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators (SARMs) are commonly being sold on the black market because of their performance enhancing qualities. This finding was revealed by researchers from the German Sport University Cologne in Germany in a study appearing in an issue of Drug Testing and Analysis published by Wiley-Blackwell.

In a product sold via the internet, the availability of authentic Selective Androgen Receptor Modulators was demonstrated for the first time by the detection of the drug candidate Andarine. SARMs represent a class of therapeutics that are used for treating health conditions like osteoporosis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), sarcopenia, and cancer cachexia. However, none of the agents are approved for therapeutic use though SARMs are gaining widespread popularity in the sport doping communities as it is believed that they offer the advantages of traditional anabolic androgenic steroids like Testosterone with fewer unwanted side effects.

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) prohibited the use of SARMs in sports in 2008 because of their potential for misuse. The World Anti-Doping Agency is in constant touch with drug evaluation bodies, medicine agencies, and pharmaceutical and biotechnological companies on the issues of therapeutics being misused in sports. The preventive approach of WADA was validated with the finding of non-approved arylpropionamide-derived SARM termed Andarine that was commercially available. Declared as green tea extracts and face moisturizer to pass customs, this product was available on the internet for a low price.

Mario Thevis, Ph.D., and colleagues, analyzed the advertised product using state-of-the-art mass spectrometric approaches with high resolution/high accuracy (tandem) mass spectrometry for proving that SARMs lacking clinical approval are distributed and potentially misused in sports. Dr. Thevis said one unit (30 mL) was purchased online and delivered in a box labeled to contain face moisturizer and green tea extract and the sealed bottle did not declare any content and no further documents accompanied package.

Dr. Thevis explained that LC-MS (/MS) analysis of this solution disclosed the presence of S-4 at approximately 150 mg/mL with equal amounts in each container, yielding a total of 4.5 g of the Selective Androgen Receptor Modulator. The active ingredient was identified and characterized by comparison to synthesized reference material regarding retention time and production mass spectrum, its elemental composition (via high resolution/high accuracy mass spectrometry), and elucidation of its mass spectrometric behavior. It was also noted that a considerable amount of byproduct was observed besides the detection of the active ingredient S-4. Dr. Thevis said major concerns result from these findings and added that this product with considerable anabolic properties is readily available without sufficient research on its undesirable effects and this is especially significant where uncontrolled dosing is applied and drug impurities with unknown effects are present in considerable amounts as observed in the studied material. Dr. Thevis concluded our study demonstrates once more that the misuse of therapeutics without clinical approval by athletes cannot be dismissed.

The issue was addressed at the Conference of Parties to the International Convention against Doping in Sport, at the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s (UNESCO) headquarters in Paris.

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