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Archive for  October 2015

Saturday 31, Oct 2015

Mauro Santambrogio Banned By UCI

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Italian professional road racing cyclist Mauro Santambrogio has received a ban of three years from the world governing body of cycling.

The cyclist, who last rode for UCI Continental team Amore & Vita-Selle SMP, received the ban for a positive test for Testosterone in 2014. Last year, Santambrogio failed the out-of-competition doping control in October while the rider was still serving a doping ban for testing positive for Erythropoietin (EPO) on May 4, the opening day of the 2013 Giro d’Italia. Santambrogio tested positive for Testosterone and was suspended from February 5, 2013 to November 2, 2014.

In his defense, Santambrogio said he used drugs under the supervision of a doctor for treating erectile dysfunction and infertility. Santambrogio will be allowed to return to competition on October 21, 2017 but the cyclist announced he would not return to racing after receiving the ban.

 The cyclist had defended himself by saying that the urologist prescribed him Andriol, a brand name for Testosterone, 40mg for three months and Aprosten for 60 days and he only used the fertility and erectile drugs to start a family. Santambrogio added he did not use the drugs to enhance his cycling performance or make a comeback to the sport. The use of Andriol is banned at all levels by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA). Santambrogio’s lawyer, Giuseppe Napoleone said his client was taken off the Registered Testing Pool (RTP) list and his name was not on the UCI’s website for testing since his ban began in 2014.

Under the UCI Rules, suspended cyclists are required to re-enter its testing pool six months before they make a return to their first race. In Santambrogio’s case, he announced his contract and plans to make a return in the 2015 season with Amore & Vita on October 31, 2014. In a statement, Napoleone said it appears out of the question that the drug use was not aimed to change or alter sporting results, since Mauro Santambrogio could not compete given his suspension.

During the 2013 Giro d’Italia, Santambrogio joined Danilo Di Luca from his Vini Fantini team who also tested positive for EPO. In the same race, Frenchman Sylvain Georges (Ag2r-La Mondiale) tested positive for the stimulant Heptaminol. Santambrogio had won stage 14 to Jafferau and placed ninth overall at the 2013 Giro d’Italia before news of his positive test emerged. Vini Fantini manager Angelo Citracca had announced (after the Giro d’Italia ban) that the team has fired Santambrogio and may seek damages following any disciplinary action. Citracca had also added we were wrong to engage Santambrogio, betrayed by nice promises, and a very promising beginning of a career but we cannot let this undermine a long-running project like ours.

The UCI at that time remarked it advised Santambrogio that he is provisionally suspended. The UCI statement also read that the decision to provisionally suspend this rider was made in response to a report from the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) accredited laboratory in Rome indicating an Adverse Analytical Finding of EPO in his urine sample.

Santambrogio is not new to controversies. He was suspended by Team BMC Racing from racing after his involvement in the Mantua Investigation that centered on team Lampre, where he raced until 2009.

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Thursday 29, Oct 2015

Gran Fondo New York Winner Stripped Of Title

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Oscar Tovar of Colombia, the winner of the 2015 Campagnolo Gran Fondo New York, has been stripped of his title. This was after he failed an in-competition anti-doping test at the May event, according to an announcement by the organizers and the U.S. Anti Doping Agency (USADA).

Tovar won the 100-mile (160km) race that featured 5,000 cyclists from 70 nations, in less than four hours and 15 minutes on May 17. His ban was backdated to start May 17 and any results since then were also forfeited. However, Tovar was able to keep his victory in the Gran Fondo NY Colombia, staged in Bogota on April 26.

A USADA test found that the 32-year-old Tovar had synthetic testosterone in his system on May 17, 2015, following the 100-mile event. Tovar has been banned for two years under WADA rules and Gran Fondo New York (GFNY) has banned the Colombian for life from all GFNY of its events.

GFNY CEO Uli Fluhme said we are of course upset and hurt that a doper taints the reputation of our race and had us celebrate him on the day. Fluhme added however, it is without a doubt more important for us to do what we can to make our race fair, of which doping controls are an integral part. The GFNY CEO also commented that simply looking away and not testing the athletes is the worst decision that a race director can make because it forces everyone to take drugs to try to level the playing field.

The Gran Fondo starts under the George Washington Bridge in New York and winds through urban and rural areas, including Bear Mountain, before finishing in the suburbs of New Jersey. The 2015 Campagnolo Gran Fondo New York brought as many as 5,000 riders through all five Rockland towns, and riders from 70 countries, including last year’s top finisher, Gabriel Corredor of Colombia. The longer course winds its way across the George Washington Bridge and then riders have to climb Perkins Memorial Drive on Bear Mountain before they head west into Ramapo for a stop at Provident Bank Park. After this, they go down South Mountain Road and through Orangeburg en route to rejoin Route 9W for the return to Manhattan.

In the last few years, the sport of cycling has been marred by many doping controversies. Some of the biggest names in the world of professional cycling, including Lance Armstrong, were found guilty of doping and banned. The UCI, the world governing body of cycling, has been on an improvisation mission ever since to curb doping in cycling. During this year’s Tour de France, anti-doping controls at the Tour de France were done in collaboration with the French Anti-Doping Agency (AFLD). In a press release, UCI president Brian Cookson had said he would like to highlight once again the excellent climate in which all the stakeholders involved in the fight against doping work together on a daily basis for the benefit of our sport. Cookson had added we can be confident of the robustness of our program thanks to the sharing of information between all anti-doping actors and a strategy focused on even more targeted controls.

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Tuesday 27, Oct 2015

Doping Should Not Be A Criminal Offense, Says WADA

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In a statement issued on Sunday, the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has remarked it does not believe doping should be made a criminal offense for athletes.

The anti-doping agency said it does not wish to interfere in the sovereign right of any government to make laws for its people. The World Anti-Doping Agency added the current system has been globally accepted by sport and government. Presently, athletes who are caught doping face a four-year period of ineligibility for serious doping and have a right of appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

The WADA statement reads the World Anti-Doping Agency does not wish to interfere in the sovereign right of any government to make laws for its people. It added however the Agency believes that the sanction process for athletes, which includes a right of appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), is a settled process, accepted by all governments of the world, and further that the sanctions for a doping violation by an athlete, which now includes a longer, four-year period of ineligibility, have been globally accepted by sport and government. The statement also reads the Agency as such does not believe that doping should be made a criminal offence for athletes.

The statement also reads WADA and its partners in the anti-doping community do however encourage governments to introduce laws that penalize those who are trafficking and distributing banned substances; those individuals who are ultimately putting banned substances into the hands of athletes. The WADA statement also reads this is a commitment that governments made in ratifying the UNESCO International Convention against Doping in Sport in 2005 and also reads that WADA acknowledges that countries that have introduced criminal legislation for doping have been effective in catching athlete support personnel that possess or traffic performance enhancing drugs.

The German government passed draft legislation earlier this year that makes it illegal for athletes to make use of performance enhancing drugs inside borders of the country. The law, which still must be approved by the parliament of the country, cites jail terms of up to three years for professional athletes who are caught using or possessing performance enhancing drugs and would affect approximately 7,000 elite athletes who are subject to Germany’s National Anti Doping Agency (NADA) regulations but this law does not apply to amateur athletes. Many of Germany’s neighbors — Italy, France, and Austria — have passed legislation that has also criminalized doping. Reservations have been voiced against the law by the German Olympic sports association that argued that pressure on athletes, whether based on performance or financial incentives, is overwhelming and all encompassing.

The Daily Mail reported on Monday that a new law has been proposed by Colin Moynihan, Lord of the British Olympic Association, which would see athletes caught using performance enhancing drugs sent to prison for up to two years. Moynihan is expecting the law will be in place for the 2017 World Athletics Championships in London. Under this proposed law, any athlete, regardless of nationality, who is caught of doping in the United Kingdom could be arrested and made to stand trial in the country.

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Sunday 25, Oct 2015

Ronaldo Reacts Angrily To UEFA Drug Test Request

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Real Madrid superstar Cristiano Ronaldo was left irritated after he was singled out for a doping test after his side’s 0-0 draw with Paris Saint-Germain on Wednesday.

Ronaldo was not pleased at being singled out and reportedly said “Siempre yo (Always me).” The comments of Ronaldo indicate that the Portuguese professional footballer who plays for Spanish club Real Madrid and the Portugal national team is tested on a regular basis. Given his high level of consistent performances, this is probably not a big surprise.

According to Forbes, Cristiano Ronaldo is the eights most valuable athlete brand in the world and far ahead of Lionel Messi. Tiger Woods is at number 1 (£19.5m), followed by Phil Mickelson (£18.2m), Roger Federer (£17.5m), LeBron James (£17.5m), Indian cricketer MS Dhoni is fifth (£14m), while Usain Bolt and Kevin Durant (£12m) tie for sixth place. Rory McIlroy (£8m) is in ninth position and Floyd ‘Money’ Mayweather is in 10th position (£7.5m).

In the past, Lionel Andrés “Leo” Messi, an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a forward for Spanish club Barcelona and the Argentina national team, also expressed his dissatisfaction with the amount of testing he has to do compared to his peers. In December 2014, the director of Spain’s anti-doping agency remarked there was nothing out of the ordinary about the “double testing” of Messi when the footballer was asked to give both blood and urine samples when the testers visited the training ground of Barca. Messi complained via social media about being regularly singled out for attention.

The director of Spain’s anti-doping agency says there was nothing out of the ordinary about the “double testing” of Barcelona’s Lionel Messi.

Messi was asked to give both blood and urine samples when the testers visited Barca’s training ground on Monday morning, and the Argentina captain then appeared to complain via social media about being regularly singled out for attention.

Enrique Gomez Bastida, the Spanish government-appointed director of the Agencia Espanola Antidopaje, said nobody should have been left surprised about what happened as all clubs have already been briefed on the procedures at the beginning of the season. Gomez Bastida also remarked we had a meeting beforehand with all team sports to explain how the doping controls were going to work this season and also commented that we explained the new parameters so there would be no surprises later, so they would know the surprise [out of competition] controls would be part of the routine. Bastida also said individual players may be specifically selected to undergo a test should there be some “objective” reason to do so. He said if someone at a specific point has played and stood out in every game, there could be an objective statistic that would lead to a control being carried out and also remarked that could be, for example, on Messi or Cristiano Ronaldo and also said but we also understand that the stars are more protected than others, and it might be more noticeable when it is a player from a smaller team.

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Friday 23, Oct 2015

Ronda Rousey Is Most Tested UFC Fighter

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The United States Anti-Doping Agency has completed its first round of testing of Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) fighters. USADA posted the results on a new athlete test history website. The information is arranged by search criteria sorted by names, year, quarter, and more.

The anti-doping agency primarily focused on ensuring UFC athletes have received the necessary education to understand their rights and responsibilities under the new anti-doping program. The first round of testing took three months and testing happened both in and out-of-competition. The United States Anti-Doping Agency commented that an education initiative – including prohibited substances and methods, whereabouts requirements, the sample collection process, dietary supplement awareness, therapeutic use exemption rules, as well as the general rules and guidelines of competing clean – was a concurrent priority.

USADA conducted 81 tests of 50 UFC fighters to date and UFC women’s bantamweight champion Ronda Rousey was screened the most with five tests. She was followed by Thiago Alves, Bethe Correia, and Antonio Silva who have been tested four times; Anthony Johnson and Jimi Manuwa were tested three times. The list of UFC fighters who were tested twice included UFC featherweight champion Jose Aldo, Andrei Arlovski, Daniel Cormier, Todd Duffee, Cezar Ferreia, Claudia Gadelha, Alexander Gustafsson, Michael Johnson, Cris Justino, Conor McGregor, Dustin Poirier, and others while those who were tested only once included notable names like Vitor Belfort, Erick Silva, Ryan Bader, Josh Barnett, John Dodson, Dan Henderson, Johny Hendricks, UFC flyweight champion Demetrious Johnson, Roy Nelson, and Tyron Woodley.

USADA CEO Travis T. Tygart said on USADA’s website that we have had the opportunity to speak with many athletes during this initial program phase, and we have appreciated their passion for protecting clean sport and their dedication to participating in a comprehensive anti-doping program. Tygart added the first three months have been right on track with the program launch plan, which necessarily included a large emphasis on the vitally important athlete education efforts. Now, with the whereabouts filing process complete, we begin the rollout of the full strategic out-of-competition testing plan.

In the second and now-current phase, UFC fighters would be required to complete their whereabouts file so that they can be contacted and tested in an easier way during out-of-competition windows.

USADA was hired by UFC in June 2015 to conduct and control their anti-doping programs. As part of UFC’s Athlete Marketing and Development Program, USADA started serving as the independent third-party administrator of UFC’s year-round Anti-Doping Policy beginning on July 1, 2015. The premier anti-doping agency is renowned globally for its mission to preserve the integrity of competition and protect the rights of clean athletes. Under the association, the United States Anti-Doping Agency would be responsible for independently administering all areas of the UFC Anti-Doping Policy, including comprehensive education, testing, science and research, and results management. UFC also appointed Jeff Novitzky, the famed drug cop who almost singled-handedly took down BALCO, as UFC VP of Athlete Health & Performance in an attempt to restore credibility in the sport.

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Wednesday 21, Oct 2015

Frankie Andreu ‘Doped For The Majority Of His Career’, Says Armstrong

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On Monday, the transcript from a recent Lance Armstrong testimony became public following the filing of court documents by the US Federal Government. This transcript revealed that Armstrong, the former seven-time Tour de France winner, alleged that his former teammate Frankie Andreu “doped for the majority of his career”.

Frankie Andreu was a domestique in his 12 years as a professional cyclist and was a worker bee whose primary job was to assist a top rider like Lance Armstrong win.

Frankie denied the allegation and said the testimony of the disgraced cyclist was “completely false”. Frankie admitted to a limited amount of doping during his career in 2006 and added he raced for the majority “completely clean”. Andreu remarked a lot of riders made bad choices in that time and he was one of them and added that he was taking Erythropoietin (EPO) off and on. Andreu also revealed he was introduced to performance enhancing drugs in 1995 and took EPO for “a few races.”

Frankie revealed his introduction to performance enhancing drugs came in 1995 when Armstrong and he were with the Motorola team. Frankie said some of the riders from the team felt that they were unable to compete with some European teams that had rapidly improved and were rumored to be using Erythropoietin. The top riders of Motorola asked their doctor, Massimo Testa, now a sports medicine specialist at the University of California at Davis, about the safety of EPO as more than a dozen young riders in Europe had died mysteriously of heart attacks. Dr. Testa gave literature about Erythropoietin to each rider in case any of them decided to use it on their own. Dr. Testa said he wanted riders to be educated and urged the riders not to take the drug.

Steve Swart, one of Armstrong’s teammates, has admitted using Erythropoietin while riding for Motorola. Swart discussed his time with the team in the book “L.A. Confidential: The Secrets of Lance Armstrong,” that was published in 2004, only in French. Roberto Heras of Spain, another former lieutenant of Armstrong, tested positive for EPO and served a suspension of two years. Pavel Padrnos, one of Lance Armstrong’s United States Postal Service teammates, was summoned to appear before an Italian tribunal and face accusations about taking illicit substances during the 2001 Giro. In 2004, Tour de France Tour director, Jean-Marie Leblanc ejected Stefano Casagranda of the Saeco team and Martin Hvastija of Alessio for suspected doping. The cyclists were associated with an Italian doctor, Enrico Lazzero, in an investigation of doping at the 2001 Giro d’Italia.

EPO is a synthetic hormone that boosts stamina by improving the body’s production of oxygen-rich red blood cells that can last several weeks or more.

Frankie and wife Betsy revealed to the world that they saw Lance Armstrong telling a doctor in October 1996 that he had taken performance enhancing drugs. This hospital admission came three months after the Atlanta Olympics and three years before his first Tour de France title and more than 16 years before Lance admitted to doping during his career.

The testimony of Lance Armstrong was part of a pretrial deposition in a US Federal Government whistleblower case brought forward by former teammate Floyd Landis. Armstrong faces the risk of losing up to $100 million.

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Monday 19, Oct 2015

USA Cycling To Ban People With Doping History To Work

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USA Cycling will very soon enact a formal zero-tolerance doping policy for its contractors and employees to draw a line the stand by defining who all can and cannot work at the US governing body of cycling.

The policy is likely to be enacted within weeks and still under evaluation by internal counsel. This policy will be roughly structured into two branches, each defined by the individuals it will prohibit from working at or with USA Cycling. The first section of the policy states that any employee or contractor with a proven doping past will not be hired to work directly with athletes. In other words, any coach, trainer or doctor must have a clean record under the new policy.

Derek Bouchard-Hall, USA Cycling’s new CEO, defined “proven doping past” as having been sanctioned by the World Anti-Doping Agency or the United States Anti-Doping Agency. Bouchard-Hall added this has already been done informally, but we’re putting into a formal policy and also commented that we are not in the business of evaluating rumor and innuendo but with a proven doping past, you will not work at USA Cycling with athletes.

The second section of the policy states that USA Cycling will not hire any employee or contractor (who has a proven connection to doping from “this point forward“), whether he or she works directly with athletes or not. In other words, f a rider or coach or doctor is found guilty from October 2015 onward, he or she cannot work at USA Cycling in any capacity. USA Cycling, to augment this new policy, will be asking new employees to sign a statement when they are hired that will verify they have never been involved in doping in any way. If an employee is proven to be involved in doping after hiring, he or she will be terminated.

Bouchard-Hall added USA Cycling would also want current employees to sign such a statement. He also remarked we are seeking to do that with all employees, including those that are here today and added but that’s a legal nuance we need to work out, whether we can do that or not. Previously, Bouchard-Hall described the new, tougher stance of the organization on dopers in broad terms to express the requirement for evaluating the context of doping offenses before meting out punishment. Bouchard-Hall

Bouchard-Hall said athletes should learn that doping can have professional ramifications well after their riding career is over. He also commented that it is not at all about vengeance but this is about stopping doping in the future. The USA Cycling’s new CEO also said the policies that we’re making are not about putting further penalties on those in the past, it’s about how we stop doping going forward. Bouchard-Hall also clarified that his recent statement that there will be no coaches working with our athletes or directly with athletes who have a doping past was not understood rightly. He said the policy does not apply beyond USA Cycling employees and into American-registered teams and riders.

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Saturday 17, Oct 2015

Lamar Odom Used Cocaine Before Hospitalization

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Lamar Odom, the former NBA player and husband of reality television star Khloe Kardashian, took cocaine and as many as 10 sexual performance supplement pills that resulted in his hospitalization in Las Vegas. This revelation was made by a dramatic 911 call released Wednesday by the Nye County Sheriff’s Department.

Odom was rushed to a medical facility after he was found unresponsive by staff at a brothel called the Love Ranch in Crystal, Nevada. The two-time NBA champion was drinking cognac and had been taking Reload, sexual enhancement pills.

Sheriff Sharon Wehrly said at a media conference two employees of the Love Ranch disclosed Lamar Odom was unresponsive when they called 911 at 3:15pm on Tuesday afternoon. Wehrly added they confirmed Odom’s use of cocaine but were not sure if it had continued throughout the weekend and also said they also informed dispatch that he had used up to 10 tabs of sexual performance supplements. The actions of Odom were not ruled by Detective Michael Eisenloffel as a suicide attempt.

Police disclosed that the sexual performance supplements that were ingested by Odom were legal. It was also disclosed that they were obtained from Love Ranch. Dennis Hof, the owner of the Love Ranch, claimed no supplements are offered by the brothel to its visitors. The Love Ranch do advertises “Viagra” parties on its website. Owner Dennis Hof said Odom spent $75,000 there, the price that guaranteed two women would “take care of any of his needs and added he was there “to get far away from something.”

Odom and Khloe Kardashian signed divorce papers this year but the divorce has not been finalized. Therefore, Khloe Kardashian will make medical decisions for the former NBA star.

Mitzi John, an employee of the Love Ranch, made the initial emergency call to 911 and described Lamar Odom as unconscious and in need of an ambulance. Mitzi called a second time frantically and urged the dispatchers to hurry up as Odom had blood coming out of his nose and white stuff coming out of his mouth. The telephone was later on passed on Richard Hunter, media director of the Love Ranch, who described that the ex-NBA player arrived at the ranch on Saturday and had taken the sexual-performance enhancer over the course of three days. It was also stated by the media director of the Love Ranch that Odom had taken cocaine on Saturday but he could not confirm whether Odom had taken the drug since.

The 35-year-old Odom last played in the NBA in 2013 and was waived by the New York Knicks in July 2014. Odom was part of the Los Angeles Lakers championship-winning teams in 2009 and 2010. In 2013, Odom was arrested by the California Highway Patrol in August of 2013 on suspicion of driving under the influence of alcohol and or drugs.

In a statement, Excel Sports Management president Jeff Schwartz said Lamar Odom is a long-time member of the Excel family, and we are keeping him in our thoughts and prayers. Schwartz added we are staying close to the situation but have no additional information or comment at this time.

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Thursday 15, Oct 2015

Horse Trainers Plead Not Guilty To Cobalt Doping Charges

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Horse trainers Lee and Shannon Hope have pleaded not guilty to doping their horses with the banned supplement cobalt.

The father-son duo recently faced a Racing Appeals and Disciplinary Board Hearing. This was after three of their horses returned cobalt readings over the legal limit. The board heard three of the Hopes’ horses returned readings of 510 micrograms, 440 micrograms, and 290 micrograms in June and July last year while the threshold for the performance-enhancing drug is 200 micrograms per liter of urine.

Racing Victoria, in April last year, introduced a cobalt threshold of 200 micrograms per liter of urine. Chief steward Terry Bailey described the level at that time as generous.

Robert Stitt QC, the barrister for Lee and Shannon Hope, told the hearing that horses of his clients had a regular feed and a veterinarian oversees medical supplement regime. In reply, Jeff Gleeson QC, acting for Racing Victoria’s stewards, remarked the chances of those levels of cobalt occurring with a “regular diet” were more than one in a million according to experts. Gleeson added the only possibility could be that someone had administered the horses with a high level of cobalt the day before a race or a low level on the day. Stitt, in defense of his clients, said the question is how and when did cobalt become present in the three horses and added the stewards searched their stables and home garage and found no evidence at all of illegal cobalt. Stitt also added that his clients were different to the other trainers of the ‘Cobalt Five’, who he said had admitted to administering cobalt to their horses.

In humans, cobalt has same effects as the endurance drug Erythropoietin and is toxic at high dosages.

The hearing was the first for the so-called Cobalt Five, a group of five trainers, including Peter Moody, Danny O’Brien and Mark Kavanagh, who are charged with doping.  Moody will face hearings in December and O’Brien and Kavanagh will front the board in November. The trio is allowed to participate in major meetings in the lead up but their winnings, if any, would be frozen until the hearing is held.

Last month New South Wales trainer Sam Kavanagh received a disqualification for nine years and three months after he was found guilty of 23 cobalt-related offences. Kavanagh was found guilty at the end of the long-running inquiry into cobalt found in Midsummer Sun after he won the Gosford Cup in January. The trainer was found guilty of 23 offences relating to cobalt and race-day drenches administered to different horses in his stable. Initially, he received a ban of 18 years and three months by Racing NSW but later his penalty was reduced by nine years.

Dr Tom Brennan, the vet of Sam Kavanagh, was also charged and found guilty of 12 charges, including lying to the original inquiry. Brennan was named by Kavanagh as the principal of the Flemington Equine Clinic that was the source of a substance called Vitamin Complex. This substance was found to contain 175 times the amount of cobalt usually found in a supplement.

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Tuesday 13, Oct 2015

Ben Foster Took Drugs To Play Lance Armstrong

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American actor Ben Foster has admitted he took drugs in a contained, doctor-supervised manner to better understand why athletes took drugs. Foster is playing the role of Lance Armstrong in a film “The Program”, which is an adaptation of the book Seven Deadly Sins: My Pursuit of Lance Armstrong.

In an interview with the Toronto Star, Foster admitted he wanted to understand — on a personal level, on a cellular level — what that experience is like. Foster also remarked coming off those drugs is the difficult part but that was a calculated risk and part of the joy of the job.

The actor said he would not name the drugs and remarked everything was “all legal” and was “an interesting element”. Foster revealed he would not reveal how long he took the drugs for and remarked he was part of a program (hat went before they started shooting) that was supervised by a doctor. Ben added athletes take performance enhancing drugs to go stronger, go longer, and go faster but also remarked they also can damage the body very long-term and in very serious ways.

Ben Foster added cycling is a brutal, brutal, brutal, brutal sport and he does not understand how cyclists do it and do it for that long. Foster also said the Tour de France is a wicked sport in the way that it’s not just man against man or woman against woman; it’s not flesh against flesh. It’s flesh against machine.

His director Stephen Frears said he came to know about drugs only two weeks ago and did not feel like it was any of his business. Frears added there has been doping at the beginning of sport and there will always be doping and also said they will always be one step ahead but the governing bodies just need to keep up with that. Frears also commented that we have to keep their feet to the fire most importantly and make sure they are not complicit with the athletes creating and generating money for their sport for their endorsements.

Once considered to be the greatest cyclist of all time, Lance Edward Armstrong was stripped of Tour de France seven consecutive title wins from 1999 to 2005 after a protracted doping scandal. The American former professional road racing cyclist was found guilty in 2012 by the United States Anti-Doping Agency of using and promoting the use of banned performance enhancing drugs. The former cyclist decided not to contest the charges and received a lifetime ban from competing in all sports. In January 2013, Lance Armstrong admitted to making use of performance enhancing drugs and said he used Testosterone, Cortisone, and other drugs and methods to win the Tour de France.

In the past, Armstrong has been hugely criticized by outspoken opponents of doping like Paul Kimmage and Christophe Bassons. During the 1999 Tour de France, Bassons wrote many articles in which he made references to doping in the peloton. Lance Armstrong entered into an altercation with Bassons. Kimmage referred to Lance Armstrong as a “cancer in cycling” and posed questions before the former cyclist in relation to his “admiration for dopers” that provoked a scathing reaction from Armstrong.

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