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Friday 02, Jan 2015

Haloti Ngata Apologizes For Failed Test

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Haloti Ngata Apologizes For Failed Test

Etuini Haloti Ngata, the American football nose tackle and defensive end for the Baltimore Ravens of the National Football League, has rendered an apology to his teammates. On his arrival back this week, Ngata said he made a mistake and is happy that he can help the team with the playoff run.

Haloti Ngata missed the last four games on a suspension for violating the performance enhancing drugs‘ policy of the league. Ngata added he was hugely relieved that the Baltimore Ravens were able to qualify for the post season and he did not have to wait an entire offseason to return to the field. Ngata did not made it clear whether he would be applying for a theraputic use exemption for Adderall.

The suspension of Ngata cost him $2 million — or the equivalent of four game checks — and now the five-time Pro Bowl selection has one year remaining on the five-year, $61 million deal that he signed in September 2011.

The 30-year-old said his suspension was a result of testing positive for Adderall that is commonly used for treating attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Ngata, one of the franchise’s model players on and off the field, said he felt that he let the team, coaches, teammates, and his family down because of the suspension. In his absence, the Baltimore Ravens went 3-1 by beating the Miami Dolphins, Jacksonville Jaguars, and Cleveland Browns, and losing to the Houston Texans.

Ngata returned to the team and practiced on Tuesday for the first time since December 3. Baltimore Ravens next plays the third-seeded and AFC North champion Pittsburgh Steelers at Heinz Field in an AFC wild-card game. He remarked his team has dealt with a lot of it and he just feel like he owes these guys, so he is going to do whatever he can to help the team and added he is definitely just ready to be out there again.

Baltimore Ravens’ coach John Harbaugh said it is great to have Ngata back in the team. Harbaugh also remarked Ngata is in good shape and his weight is good. The head coach added Ngata has been training really hard from what he told me, and he looks that way and he thinks Ngata is really appreciative of the opportunity to come back and make a little statement here in the postseason.

Defensive end Chris Canty said even when he wasn’t here, it was tough for Ngata. Canty also remarked we tried to be good teammates and we wanted to be there for him, knowing what he was dealing with, understanding how he was feeling being away from us and we just tried to hold down the fort. Canty also added Ngata was doing the same thing, he was always encouraging us, making sure we’re keeping on top of what we need to be doing. Outside linebacker Pernell McPhee said he knows Ngata is hungry and he has a point to prove. McPhee added he knows Ngata is going to come back playing phenomenal

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Wednesday 24, Sep 2014

NFL May Be Stripped Of Its Tax-Exempt Status

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Several U.S. senators have proposed that the NFL should be stripped of its tax-exempt status. Last week, lawmakers introduced bills that threaten to revoke the tax exempt status of the league.

Legislation was unveiled by Sen. Cory Booker, a New Jersey Democrat, to boost funding for domestic violence prevention programs by revoking the NFL’s tax exemption status, which is technically a non-profit organization, and nine other professional sports leagues.

A few days later, Sen. Maria Cantwell of Washington, Sen. Harry Reid of Nevada and Sen. Tim Johnson of South Dakota — all Democrats — introduced a measure for eliminating the tax protection status of the league if it continues to support the Washington team name, “Redskins.” Reid remarked it is not right that the National Football League continues to denigrate an entire population, while referring to Native Americans generally and the 27 tribes in his state. The Senate majority leader added he wish Roger Goodell and the NFL’s leadership team would take a stand. In a statement, Redskins said our position remains consistent with more than 80 percent of Americans who do not want to change the Washington Redskins name.

The bill came as the NFL and its commissioner, Roger Goodell are making efforts for repairing image of the league following the indefinite suspension imposed on former Ravens’ running back Ray Rice for knocking his then-fiancée unconscious in February in an Atlantic City casino elevator. The NFL is also fighting hard to control domestic or child abuse allegations against other players.

Congress has coerced sports leagues for years into action with the threat of removing tax or legal protections. Major League Baseball increased penalties more than fivefold for a first steroid offense in 2006 after being chastised and embarrassed at public hearings. The MLB also introduced a lifetime ban for a third violation.

University of Richmond law professor Carl Tobias said it is so difficult to have Congress agree on anything. Tobias added threats can still be effective in moving those who are the targets to taking some action. And the NFL, like many others, does not want the adverse publicity. Sports economist Andrew Zimbalist of Smith College remarked it was not the threat of legislation that accelerated steroids reforms. Zimbalist added he does not believe the NFL will be influenced by threats to alter its tax status.

In recent weeks, NFL commissioner Roger Goodell has created a new position for overseeing the social responsibility of the league. Goodell named consultants, all women, for studying domestic violence policies for the league. Rep. Elijah Cummings, a Maryland Democrat who played a vital role in pushing baseball to enact stricter steroids penalties, said he is glad to see the NFL’s recent commitment to support organizations fighting domestic violence across the country. Cummings added we must continue to represent the interests of our constituents by holding the NFL’s feet to the fire on domestic violence and also remarked given the NFL’s popularity in American culture and the fact that one in four women have been victims of domestic violence, Congress can and should help ensure that the NFL appropriately addresses these incidents.

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Friday 20, Jun 2014

Essendon Players May Not Even Miss Training

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Essendon Players May Not Even Miss Training

A generous clause in the Australian Football League’s anti-doping code means the chances of any Essendon player even missing a training session may be significantly reduced.

The clause is expected to give great comfort to Essendon players who have been fighting the battle against doping allegations. This clause deals with delays in hearings that are outside the control of players. It is rumored that this is the same clause about which AFL chief executive Gillon McLachlan talked about on the possibility of backdating penalties and serving suspensions in the off-season. Updated in March, Rule 14.7 clause (A) of the code emphasizes on the timing of player sanctions. The code addresses likely options for the anti-doping tribunal to consider under the heading “Delays Not Attributable to the Athlete or other Person.”

This clause reads, the tribunal determining the sanction may start the period of ineligibility at an earlier date commencing as early as the date of sample collection or the date on which another anti-doping rule violation last occurred where there have been substantial delays in the hearing process or other aspects of doping control not attributable to the player or other person. The last “anti-doping violation” under rule 14.7 would have to relate to season 2012 as there are no positive tests involved in the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority inquiry into Essendon. If that was not all, the ban would lapse under clause (A) in rule 14.7 even if the players were given a suspension of two years for taking prohibited substances.

It was recently indicated by players’ association acting chief executive Ian Prendergas that they would continue to fight against allegations included in the show-cause letters rather than seeking the reduced penalty. Prendergast added Essendon players had done nothing wrong and had fully cooperated throughout the process of 16 months.

The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority sent show-cause letters to 34 footballers who were at Essendon in 2012 and twenty of those footballers still remain on the Essendon playing list. This letters were sent in response to the club running a controversial and possibly illegal supplements program under former Sport Science Chief Stephen Dank.

New ASADA chief executive Ben McDevitt said clubs do have huge legal capabilities behind them but he have got to do this without fear or favor and I am not about to baulk because of the potential cost or duration of any litigation. McDevitt added we believe there is a case to answer and we are going to proceed along those grounds and added that we have started this and he intends to see this through to a resolution one way or another. He also added these processes can be, by their nature, protracted because they involve complex ­investigations being conducted to compile briefs of evidence, which then need to be very carefully considered by legal entities. A few days back, McDevitt remarked that sanction could be reduced to six months if the players could prove there was no intent to breach Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority rules and they gave all the assistance they could to the authority.

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Monday 19, May 2014

Robert Mathis Admits Mistake

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Robert Mathis Admits Mistake

Indianapolis Colts linebacker Robert Mathis has been suspended by the NFL after he was found violating the league’s ban on performance enhancing substances. The 33-year-old was suspended for four games after he tested positive for the use of fertility drugs.

Mathis remarked he failed to check with the NFL or NFLPA to find out if the substance was on the suspended list. The linebacker remarked the union has worked very closely with me to present all of the facts and medical records for consideration of discipline that does not include a suspension because of the unique facts of my case, but the Commissioner refused the request. Mathis, who had been Indianapolis Colts’ best defender last season, had 19.5 sacks and eight forced fumbles in 2013. He was the runner-up to the Carolina Panthers’ Luke Kuechly for Defensive Player of the Year.

It is rumored that Mathis tested positive for Clomid, which is used for treating low sperm counts. In 2010, Cincinnati Reds pitcher Edinson Volquez was suspended 50 games by Major League Baseball for using male fertility drugs.

One of the team’s elder statesmen and most respected leaders, Mathis broke Dwight Freeney’s franchise career record for sacks and has 111 career sacks in 11 NFL seasons.

In a statement, Mathis said he is deeply saddened that this situation will prevent him from contributing to my team for four games, and he regrets that I didn’t cross check what his doctor told him before he took the medication. Mathis added he hopes that his fans will understand the unique circumstances involved here and continue to know that he is a man of integrity who would never intentionally circumvent the performance enhancing substance policy agreed to by the NFL and my union.

In a statement, Colts said we recognize the extreme seriousness of this matter and will honor the confidentiality requirements of the League’s program. It was added by the team that we nevertheless wish to assure Robert and our fans that he remains an honored and cherished member of the Colts family and that we support him as he deals with this difficult challenge. Mathis can make a return on September 29 and his team can have an exemption roster spot to replace him for the first four games.

The NFL said it was acknowledged by Mathis’s agent that his client failed to follow the protocols in the policy that the NFL and NFLPA agreed upon to address precisely these kinds of claims. The NFL added Mathis did not consult with the policy’s independent administrator, a physician jointly approved by the NFL and NFL Players Association nor did he consult with his team doctor, the team’s training staff, the NFLPA, the league office or the hotline established under the policy to give confidential information to players and each of these sources would have warned against using this substance. It was added that a cornerstone of the program is that a player is responsible for what is in his body and consistent application of the policy’s procedures is critical to the integrity of the program.

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Friday 14, Feb 2014

Tyson Gay’s Doping Linked To Anti-Aging Cream

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Tyson Gay’s Doping Linked To Anti-Aging Cream

Tyson Gay, American track and field sprinter who last July delivered a positive test, is believed to have made use of a cream containing banned substances that the sprinter obtained from an Atlanta chiropractor and anti-aging specialist, according to a report by Sports Illustrated and ProPublica.

It is believed that Tyson Gay consulted a doctor in Atlanta who treats other runners and NFL players. The doctor, Clayton Gibson III, has a client list including names such as Cincinnati Bengals defensive end Michael Johnson, the late boxing champion Vernon Forrest, New York Jets safety Ed Reed, and Cleveland Browns running back Willis McGahee. Forrest thanked Gibson in 2008 on television for assisting with his nutrition program after the boxer reclaimed the WBC light middleweight title. The doctor is identified in a testimonial for a 2010 book on acupuncture as a personal physician to numerous elite, Olympic and Professional Athletes (NFL, NBA, MLB, USATF, and NCAA).

According to writer David Epstein, other athletes and coaches told him that Tyson Gay was assured by Gibson that the supplement cream was “all natural” and it had been used by NFL players who passed drug tests but Gay failed the test. Epstein remarked that the sprinter should have known better as the label on the cream is believed to have used starkly says ‘Testosterone/DHEA Crème,’ and lists Testosterone and DHEA among its ingredients. Both DHEA and testosterone are banned for Olympic athletes and two other listed ingredients, IGF-1 and somatropin (human growth hormone) are also forbidden.

Epstein was told by Director General of the World Anti-Doping Agency David Howman that it is “staggering” for a modern-day athlete not to realize they were using banned substances. Howman added that’s where it falls into the level of negligence and remarked WADA expected athletes to be hyper-cautious about supplements given the history of high-profile positive drug tests linked to them but even world-class athletes are relying more on people around them to be responsible and then, when they get let down, blaming those other people. Howman added that athletes should understand by now that hunting for an edge in a cream or potion will often end badly.

The writer reminded sport fans about current Olympian Lauryn Williams who caused a stir when she wrote on her blog post that she was urged to consult a man a fellow elite athlete had called the “sports doctor of all sports doctors.” Epstein remarked though Williams did not identify Gibson but people familiar with the matter confirmed that Williams met with Gibson and the blog post was about the meeting.

Trinidadian Kelly-Ann Baptiste, who was in the training group of Gay, also failed a drug test in 2013 and it is believed that she also consulted with Gibson and used the cream. The bronze medalist in the 100 meters at the 2011 world championships confirmed consultations with Gibson but declined to comment any further until her disciplinary process is concluded.

A former All-Pro NFL lineman who claims he was approached by Gibson said the culture in today’s times is that if you don’t have all this extra stuff, you’re not winning.

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Saturday 06, Jul 2013

Bombers Could Lose Competition Points

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Bombers Could Lose Competition Points

The Australian Football League (AFL) has left open the possibility that third-placed Essendon with a 10-3 record in 2013 may be stripped of premiership points over the supplements scandal.

The AFL will consider various options if the Bombers are found guilty following the completion of the anti-doping investigation by the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA), said AFL general manager of football operations Mark Evans. When asked if Essendon could lose premiership points, Evans said it is certainly within the scope of the (AFL) Commission to do that, but it will be a Commission decision once it has been tabled.

The internal investigation of Essendon has already described what was going on at the AFL club in the year 2012 as a pharmacologically experimental environment never adequately controlled or challenged. The problems of the team were increased when Essendon Captain Jobe Watson said he believes he was administered AOD-9604 in 2012, saying it was cleared for his use by club medical staff.

The first casualty for the club was Essendon chief executive Ian Robson who rendered his resignation as the fallout from the club’s supplement scandal grows. Robson remarked we now know a lot happened at this club in 2012 that just should not have happened and we let down our players and their families. He also said he is accountable as the CEO and accept his accountability.

This was after an internal investigation by former Telstra boss Ziggy Switkowski was critical of the governance failures of Essendon. Bombers recently released the findings from the Switkowski report that said the use of exotic supplements, frequency of injections, and marginalization of traditional medical staff created a disturbing picture of a pharmacologically experimental environment never adequately controlled or challenged or documented within the club. Though the report did not call for sackings but said the CEO was responsible for overseeing all club matters.

In March this year, the Herald Sun revealed that Essendon players were urged to have up to 40 injections each last season. The team’s coach James Hird was accused by Stephen Danks, who was running the team’s sports science program in 2002, of taking drugs banned for players. The Herald Sun also revealed that Danks ordered another banned substance, Thymosin Beta 4 CJC-1295, from biochemist Shane Charter while working at Essendon but it is not known if the drug was administered to players.

The Essendon Football Club, nicknamed The Bombers, was formed in 1871 as a junior club and as a senior club in 1873. This Australian rules football club which plays in the Australian Football League (AFL) has won 16 Victorian Football league/AFL premierships which, along with Carlton, is the most of any club in the AFL. Today, the Essendon Football Club’s leadership group consists of Jobe Watson (Captain), David Hille (Vice-Captain), Heath Hocking, Brent Stanton, Michael Hurley, David Zaharakis, Brendan Goddard, Dyson Heppell, and Jason Winderlich. The club’s mascot is named Skeeta Reynolds (a mosquito), named after Dick Reynolds. The team mascot was created in honor of the team’s back-to-back Premierships side in the 1920s known as the Mosquito Fleet.

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Wednesday 03, Jul 2013

Essendon Player Were Used As Guineas Pigs

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Essendon Player Were Used As Guineas Pigs

The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) is presently investigating whether Bombers players were a part of a virtual clinical trial of the banned substance AOD-9604, which is not approved for human use.

Meanwhile, Essendon admitted that they would not know the complete extent of what all happened at the AFL club during their controversial supplements program until the anti-doping investigation of ASADA is completed. It would be deeply distressing and disturbing if shocking allegations that their players were used as guinea pigs for the anti-obesity drug AOD-9604 were found to be correct, the Bombers say.

The AFL club said the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority is probing if some players were put on the banned drug and their performance is measured against players who were not using it. In a statement, Essendon said the club has no knowledge of any clinical trial and, if this is found to be true, it is deeply distressing and disturbing, and goes to the heart of what may have been perpetrated at our club. It was further revealed through the statement that there is information that Essendon still do not have as a club and it is looking to the ASADA investigation to uncover the full extent of what happened at the club.

Meanwhile, Essendon skipper Jobe Watson admits he believes he was administered AOD-9604 last year and said it was cleared for his use by club medical staff. According to reports, players including Watson were given the banned anti-obesity drug at a volume and frequency far exceeding that of clinical trials.

A source familiar with the ASADA inquiry remarked that the World Anti-Doping Agency is shocked by some of the substances going around Essendon and some of the NRL clubs and some of those drugs had not been thought of in a sporting context before. It was also remarked that we’ve got a playing generation of guinea pigs.

AFL deputy chief executive officer Gillon McLachlan said the AFL will not comment on claims and speculation related to the case out of respect for the ongoing ASADA-AFL investigation. McLachlan added that we understand the intense interest in the matter, but the integrity of the process must be respected and urged everyone to remain patient and to allow the investigators to do their work and to reach their conclusions based on all the evidence available.

In another development, a new legislation (Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority Amendment Bill 2013) has been passed that provides new powers to the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) to compel individuals to assist ASADA’s investigations. The legislation was drafted on the recommendation of esteemed Judge James Wood following the review into Cycling Australia, said former Minister for Sport, Senator Kate Lundy.

Senator Lundy said doping has no place in sport and it is incumbent on the Government to provide ASADA with the right tools to investigate allegations of doping and added that this legislation won’t force individuals to self-incriminate in interviews, interviewees will now have to produce documents, materials and things relating to anti-doping investigations and the legislation will also force those people who work with athletes at the fringes, but not directly employed by clubs, to attend ASADA interviews.

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Monday 20, May 2013

Anti-Doping Allies Recruited By ACC

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Anti-Doping Allies Recruited By ACC

The Australian Crime Commission has gone all guns blazing and is now looking for a range of high-powered law enforcement bodies to help embattled anti-doping officials deal with drugs in sport.

The ACC has been building a broader network of police and government officials behind the scenes to help safeguard the integrity of sport, with the Australian Sports Anti-doping Authority under pressure to demonstrate the results of its investigation into the major football codes. The Commission has been distributing intelligence briefs to stakeholders and has convinced the government to allow even more sensitive information to be shared in the future.

In its bombshell report, the ACC alleged widespread doping and illegal drug use among Australian athletes and the Commission found that the use of banned drugs had been “orchestrated and condoned” by coaches, sports scientists, and support staff across multiple sporting codes. It was also found that crime groups were involved in the distribution of banned drugs including hormones and growth-hormone releasing substances called peptides. After the report was released, Jason Clare, the national minister for home affairs and justice said the findings are shocking and will disgust Australian sports fans and added that it’s cheating but it’s worse than that as it’s cheating with the help of criminals and we’re talking about multiple athletes across multiple codes.

The Australian Crime Commission report caused disbelief and controversy in February after the agency issued a warning that sport was under threat from cheats and criminals. The agency has distributed a classified strategic assessment on Project Aperio to state and territory police, Customs, the Australian Taxation Office, the Australian Securities & Investments Commission, the Attorney-General’s Department, and the Australian Security Intelligence Organization.

The pursuit of ACC towards organized crime figures led investigators to the National Rugby League and the Australian Football League more than a year ago and officials from those codes were only briefed on the threats and not read the assessment prepared in February. The assessment included a series of confidential recommendations to clean up the major football codes and is less diplomatic than the shorter and sanitized version made public a few months ago. The assessment, while the new legislation aims to give stronger powers to the Australian Sports Anti-doping Authority, suggests that the government consider leveraging the powers of law enforcement agencies, including the coercive powers of the ACC, to enhance and strengthen the anti-doping arrangements of Australia.

The recommendations were confirmed by Sport Minister Kate Lundy and Justice Minister Jason Clare and included law enforcement bodies and government agencies forging permanent working relationships with ASADA and the newly established National Integrity of Sport Unit.

The Commission is also looking for consistent laws making the supply of drugs banned by the World Anti-doping Agency a criminal offense, punishable by at least an imprisonment of three years, and suggests tighter regulation of the supply of sports supplements, which the Australian government has yet to commit to. A few months back, Opposition spokesman Michael Keenan said a Coalition government would direct the ACC to get back to “chasing the most serious criminals”, but the Australian Crime Commission regards the potential for sport to be infiltrated by organized crime as such a serious threat it wants to re-examine the drug issues within three years.

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Sunday 19, May 2013

Strict New Anti-Doping Laws Introduced By AOC

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Strict New Anti-Doping Laws Introduced By AOC

The Olympic boss of Australia, John Coates, has introduced the strictest anti-doping laws in Australia that would make athletes and officials to truthfully answer any questions put to them by the anti-doping body, the Australian Anti-Doping Agency.

Speaking at an Australian Olympic Committee meeting, Coates remarked that his organization was watching the investigation the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority was undertaking into the National Rugby League and Australian Football League and wanted to make sure that any investigation into the use of drugs in Olympic sports was not hindered. He added that it would be naïve to not expect that some Australian athletes and officials in Olympic sports have so far fallen through the net because of inefficient (drugs) testing. The AOC chief also said he had no problem with information from “phone taps, surveillance and credit card receipts” being used to assist any anti-doping investigation.

The announcement came as Sports Minister Kate Lundy announced new funding of $3.46 million in the 2013/14 Budget for the Australian Anti-Doping Agency and the National Integrity of Sport Unit. A total of $1.7 million of the funding will be provided to the National Integrity of Sport Unit and $1.76 million to ASADA. Senator Lundy, in a statement, said this funding was being provided to help the Australian Anti-Doping Agency with its present investigations and to help individual sports strengthen their integrity systems on the back of the Australian Crime Commission’s Project Aperio Report. Senator Lundy added the investigation resources of ASADA have already been doubled in the wake of Project Aperio and this funding will see those resources maintained until at least 2014/15, to ensure ASADA can explore all possible avenues of inquiry. Lundy added that from grass-roots participation to elite sport, the Australian government is committed to Australian sport being played clean and fair.

All athletes and officials, under the new AOC Anti-Doping By-Law, would be required to give a statutory declaration upon taking up positions or membership in the team agreeing to fully cooperate with any investigation by ASADA and they must fully co-operate with ASADA even if to do so might incriminate or expose them to a penalty. The new law also obligates athletes and officials to give information, produce documents and answer questions as required by ASADA.

The Lance Armstrong case in which he categorically denied use of banned performance enhancing drugs and managed to pass all doping tests, had given more weight to amending the AOC By-Law, Coates remarked.

Coates added that failure to co-operate with and assist ASADA, in every way, can result in an athlete or official being ruled out of an Olympic Team and they may be ineligible for membership of or selection to any Team, or to receive funding from or to hold any position within the AOC for such period as determined by the Australian Olympic Committee. He also added that it was important to uphold the integrity in Olympic sport and Coates “welcomed” the assistance that Customs and the Australian Crime Commission were offering to the Australian Anti-Doping Agency.

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Sunday 05, May 2013

Banned Anti-Obesity Drug Was Administered To Essendon Players

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Banned Anti-Obesity Drug Was Administered To Essendon Players

The Essendon Football Club, on the eve of ANZAC Day, made a public admission that the anti-obesity drug AOD-9604 had been administered to some of its players last year.

The announcement comes as devastating news for the Melbourne Football Club, with the World Anti-Doping Agency stating categorically that AOD-9604 is a banned substance. The determination of WADA was made with respect to substances that are prohibited at all times and appears under the heading ‘Non-Approved Substances’ as any pharmacological substance which is not addressed by any of the subsequent sections of the List and with no current approval by any governmental regulatory authority for human therapeutic use (e.g. drugs under pre-clinical or clinical development or discontinued, designer drugs, substances approved only for veterinary use) is prohibited.

Many in the sports fraternity said the banning by WADA of AOD-9604 with regard to it having never received government regulatory approval would not carry weight retrospectively, but the wording of the relevant clause is a ‘catch-all’ that encompasses all and any drugs that have failed to receive the necessary tick required for human use. There have also been claims going around that WADA had earlier provided, in writing, a determination that AOD-9604 was indeed not a banned substance and the Bombers said they relied on the authenticity of that document with respect to the use of the drug.

John Fahey, the head of WADA, said he has never heard of WADA informing an individual club on what’s on the prohibited list. The section relating to ‘Non-Approved Substances’ is numbered S0, which comes before a group of other sections numbered S1 to S5 that cover the full gamut of drugs specifically banned under the World Anti-Doping Agency Code – like anabolic agents, peptides, EPO, and masking agents.

The use of AOD-9604, in accordance with the WADA code, brings with it the standard two-year ban. A reading of the explanatory notes within the WADA Code attached to rules 10.5.1 and 10.5.2 indicates that players banned for administering AOD-9604 will have a very hard time getting their penalties overturned as the notes specify the administration of a prohibited substance by the athlete’s personal physician or trainer without disclosure to the athlete does not constitute an acceptable excuse to have a ban overturned.

If the bans are imposed, it could be argued that the players were simply complying with instructions given to them by people they believed were in a position of trust, who had been installed within the club by its administration after a test of due diligence and it may be said the young men in question were simply acting on good faith when asked to submit to certain medical protocols. The examples of young athletes in countries like East Germany back in the 1970s and ’80s can be cited wherein athletes took sinister substances like testosterone and anabolic steroids after being wrongly told that there were only vitamin pills.

However, a big majority of sports thinkers believe it is hard to see any leniency being granted to those who were administered banned substances given the framework of the WADA Code and the way it has been applied since it was codified.

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