The Court of Arbitration for Sport has imposed a doping ban of four years on former Saudi Arabia star Mohammed Noor over a doping offence.

The 38-year-old Noor tested positive for banned substance Amphetamine in a routine in-competition doping control exam in November 2015. Amphetamine is considered as a performance enhancing drug by many anti-drug bodies and included in most of drug-related tests. It is not known to create extra physical strength or mental energy and its main effects include alertness, wakefulness, a decrease sense of fatigue, and increased confidence.

Noor, whose full name is Mohammed bin Mohammed Noor Adam Hawsawi, was initially given a ban of four years by the Saudi anti-doping authorities but he was allowed to resume playing football in April this year. This was after an appeal panel accepted his claim that he had served a sufficient punishment. However, FIFA made an appeal to CAS to have his full four-year ban reinstated, which was upheld after proceedings in Lausanne on Friday.

In a statement, the CAS said its Panel found that the player failed to identify any basis for impugning the reliability or accuracy of the testing laboratory’s analysis of his A and B Sample. The statement further reads the player moreover could not identify any particular deviation from the World Anti-Doping Agency International Standards for Laboratories and therefore, the appropriate sanction for the player’s anti-doping rule violation is a four-year period of ineligibility.

Noor was provisionally suspended in November last year and then banned for four years in February by the Saudi anti-doping panel. The football star appeal and the Saudi appeal panel recognized the presence of the banned substance in his sample but decided to end the ban in April. Noor then retired in June.

Noor twice represented his country at the World Cup. He has 98 international caps to his name and is one of the country’s most famous sporting figures and has spent 23 years in the top flight with Al Ittihad and Al Nassr. Noor has won two AFC Champions League and eight Saudi Premier League titles in a highly successful career. An attacking midfielder, Noor spent nearly his entire career at Jeddah club Al-Ittihad. The 38-year-old has played nearly 400 league games for Al-Ittihad, scoring more than 130 goals and has scored 8 goals in nearly 100 appearances for the Green Falcons on international level.

Considered to be one of the best players ever to play in Asia, Mohammed Noor made his first appearance with the national football team in the 1999 FIFA Confederations Cup in the semi-finals against Brazil. He was honored with many titles and prizes including Arab Nations Cup 2002 – Most Valuable player and 2003 Arabian Footballer of the Year. Noor was voted as the Best Player In Saudi Premier League 2009 and was named as the Arab Player of the Decade (MBC group poll): 2000 – 2010. He was nominated for the Asian Player of the Year in 2009 and became the MVP in the Asian Champions League 2009.

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