The jury is still out on whether patients with acute lung injury and adult respiratory distress syndrome derive any benefit from the use of corticosteroids, according to Dr. Stephen M. Pastores.

“This is probably the most controversial topic in acute lung injury and ARDS,” Dr. Pastores of the department of anesthesiology and critical care medicine at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, said at the annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians.

“An important piece of this study was that [the researchers] did regular infection surveillance with regular bronchoscopies, and they avoided the use of neuromuscular blockers,” said Dr. Pastores, who is also professor of medicine and anesthesiology at Cornell University in New York.