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Tuesday 23, May 2017

  Cycling Athlete Sanctioned By USADA

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The United States Anti-Doping Agency has announced that Amanda Geving, a national-level athlete in the sport of cycling, has accepted a 12-month sanction for an anti-doping rule violation.

The 28-year-old tested positive for Acetazolamide as the result of an out-of-competition urine sample she provided on January 18, 2017.

Acetazolamide is a Specified Substance in the class of Diuretics and Masking Agents and prohibited at all times under the USADA Protocol for Olympic and Paralympic Movement Testing, the United States Olympic Committee National Anti-Doping Policies, and the International Cycling Union (UCI) Anti-Doping Rules, all of which have adopted the World Anti-Doping Code and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) Prohibited List.

The drug is medically prescribed for treating open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma, certain epileptic seizures, and reducing swelling caused by drugs, congestive heart failure, or other conditions. Acetazolamide belongs to group of drugs known as carbonic anhydrase inhibitors and works by decreasing the amount of hydrogen ions and bicarbonate in the body and inhibiting an enzyme known as carbonic anhydrase from working in a normal way.

Sold under the trade name Diamox among others, Acetazolamide is taken by mouth or injection into a vein and the drug is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines. Available as a generic medication, Acetazolamide is particularly useful in situations when you cannot make a slow ascent. The “water pill” (diuretic) has the ability to reduce the amount of fluid that can build up in the eye. It is also used to reduce a buildup of body fluids caused by congestive heart failure or certain medications. The drug is usually used only for a short period as it can work less well over time.

The sanction for a violation resulting from the use of Acetazolamide, being a specified substance, can be reduced from the standard two-year period of ineligibility depending on an athlete’s degree of fault. The explanation of Geving that the prohibited substance detected in her sample was from a medication she took to prevent altitude sickness was accepted by USADA.

It was confirmed by the United States Anti-Doping Agency after a thorough review of the case that Amanda Geving used the medication for a short period while traveling to a high-altitude location and that she had experienced altitude sickness symptoms in the past. However, the athlete did not have or apply for a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE) that is required in order to authorize the use of a prohibited substance in sport. An athlete, under the WADA International Standard for TUEs (ISTUE) and the USADA TUE Policy, has the responsibility to demonstrate in advance of using a prohibited substance that the use is medically legitimate, will not create a performance enhancing advantage, and there are no appropriate permitted alternatives.

The 12-month period of ineligibility of Geving began on January 18, 2017, the date her positive sample was collected. In addition, she has been disqualified from all competitive results obtained on and subsequent to January 18, 2017, including forfeiture of any medals, points, and prizes. USA Cycling will impose this sanction.

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Thursday 01, Sep 2016

  More Medalists Stripped For Doping At Beijing Olympics

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The International Olympic Committee has stripped four athletes, including three Russians, after their doping samples from 2008 were retested and came back positive for banned drugs.

The IOC sanctioned a total of six athletes — one runner and five weightlifters — on reanalysis of their samples with improved techniques. The athletes were among the 98 positive cases recorded in the retesting of more than 1,000 samples from Beijing and the 2012 London Olympics.

Yarelys Barrios of Cuba was stripped of the silver medal in the women’s discus from the 2008 Beijing Olympics after he tested positive in a reanalysis of her doping samples. The Cuban discus thrower tested positive for Acetazolamide, a banned diuretic and masking agent. The drug is used to prevent and reduce the symptoms of altitude sickness and has the ability to reduce nausea, headache, tiredness, dizziness, and shortness of breath. This “water pill” (diuretic) can work less well over time.

The 33-year-old has been retroactively disqualified and loses the silver medal that she won with a throw of 63.64 meters. Olena Antonova of Ukraine would now receive the silver medal and Song Aimin of China will move from fourth to bronze. Stephanie Brown Tratfton of the United States won the gold with a throw of 64.74 meters. Yarelys also competed at the 2012 London Olympics and was upgraded from fourth place to the bronze medal after Darya Pishchainikova of Russia was retroactively stripped of the silver for doping.

The International Olympic Committee asked the IAAF, the track and field’s world governing body, to modify the 2008 discus results and consider any further action against the two-time silver medalist at the world championships and two-time gold medalist in the Pan American Games.

The Nigerian-born Qatari sprinter Samuel Adelebari Francis was disqualified from the Beijing Games after testing positive for the steroid Stanozolol. Francis was eliminated in the 100-meter heats and did not start in the 200-meter heats. The Qatari sprinter was the 100-meter champion at the 2007 Asian Games in Amman where won in a personal best time of 9.99 seconds.

Russian weightlifter Marina Shainova was stripped of her silver medal in the 58-kilogram class after testing positive for Stanozolol and Turinabol. Nadezda Evstyukhina was stripped of her bronze medal in the 75-kilogram weightlifting division after her samples came back positive for Turinabol and EPO. Armenia’s Tigram Martirosyan, who tested positive for Stanozolol and Turinabol, was stripped of the bronze medal in the men’s 69 kg weightlifting class. Russian runner Tatyana Firova was stripped of her silver medal in the women’s 4×400-metre relay after she tested positive for Turinabol and a cocktail of other steroids. Tatyana had her ninth-place finish in the individual 400 meters annulled.

Alexandru Dudoglo of Moldova (ninth place in the 69 kg division) was also disqualified for Stanozolol and Intigam Zairov of Azerbaijan (ninth place in the 85 kg class) tested positive for Turinabol.

Previously, Russia was stripped of the relay medal when runner Anastasia Kapachinskaya tested positive. The country also lost the Beijing gold medal in the 4×100 relay after Yulia Chermoshanskaya failed a retest of her samples.

pdf_iconDownload in PDF: More Medalists Stripped For Doping At Beijing Olympics