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Friday 07, Jul 2017

  British Tennis Player Dan Evans Suspended

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British world number 50 Dan Evans has received a provisional suspension from the International Tennis Federation (ITF) after he tested positive for cocaine.

The 27-year-old,  who reached the last 16 of the 2017 Australian Open (a career best in grand slams), provided a positive sample when he was tested during the Barcelona Open in April. The ITF announced Evans will be banned with effect from June 26 “pending determination of the case”.

Evans remarked this is a very difficult time for him. The tennis player said he was notified a few days ago that he had failed a drugs test in April where he tested positive for cocaine. The disgraced tennis player said it is really important for everyone to know that he took cocaine out of competition and the context was completely unrelated to tennis.

Known as one of tennis’ bad boys, Evans is likely to face a possible ban of two years. He was caught at a nightclub in 2008 until the early hours with doubles partner Daniel Smethurst on the night before their junior doubles match at Wimbledon. As a result, Evans was stripped of all Lawn Tennis Association funding and support for a period of four months. In 2012, he was stripped of his Lawn Tennis Association funding again after he allegedly showed a bad attitude and lacking commitment. In March 2015, Dan Evans was fined after he failed to turn up for a Futures event on the Wirral.

In 2007, Martina Hingis tested positive for cocaine at Wimbledon. She was subsequently suspended for two years. In 2009, Richard Gasquet received the same suspension but it was later reduced after tribunal panel of the ITF ruled he had taken the substance inadvertently.

The English professional tennis player was heavily criticized by world No. 1 Andy Murray. The Olympic champion remarked Evans has let himself down and all of the people that help him. Murray also commented that he is sure his team and family will be extremely disappointed. Murray also said he had spent a reasonable amount of time with Dan over the last couple of years and added Evans had put himself in a position to do really well for the last few years of his career and he has blown that now. The world No. 1 also said it was looking like this was going to be the best few years of his career and he had got himself into a position to play in all the big events. Murray went on to comment that Dan has made poor decisions in the past and he made another really bad one there.

David Evans, father of the shamed tennis star, backed comments on Murray on his son. David remarked Dan has let everybody down and deserves a ban. The 62 year old electrician from Birmingham said he had followed Dan around the world to watch him play.

Ellesse, the clothing sponsor of Evans, announced it was dropping him. In a statement, the company said Evans showed great promise on the court, but it could not condone the lifestyle choices he had made.

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Monday 18, Apr 2016

  Boris Becker Slams Andy Murray Over His Tennis Doping Remarks

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Tennis legend Boris Becker has slammed Scottish professional tennis player Andy Murray after he said he has held doping suspicions over some opponents he has faced in the past.

Becker labeled allegations by Murray as “totally out of order”. The German former world No. 1 professional tennis player insisted all the top players are clean. Becker, the coach of current world number one Novak Djokovic, said he rejected Murray’s comment outright and added he was not amused by them. The German tennis legend said we have random drug testing and unless it is proven, they are 100 per cent innocent and added it is totally out of order to throw in a curve ball and assume something because somebody has won a Grand Slam or is fitter.

Becker also remarked Andy Murray is one of the fittest players on the tour — he often outlasts other players and nobody is questioning his ethics. The German great added tennis is clean and remarked top male tennis stars like Andy Murray, Rafael Nadal, and Stan Wawrinka are clean. The six-time major singles champion from Germany added there was always a suspicion of Rafa and he finds that so unbelievably disrespectful about one of the greatest players of all time. Nadal, the clay-court king, recently ended a four-year title drought after beating Frenchman Gael Monfils 7-5, 5-7, 6-0 to claim his ninth Monte Carlo Masters trophy.

The world No.2, who is one of the most vocal critics of drug cheats in tennis, also urged tennis authorities to put more money into the war on doping. Murray remarked he had played against players and thought they would not go away and don’t seem to be getting tired and he is suspicious. The two-time Grand Slam winner also remarked it is harder to tell in our sport as people can make big improvements to a stroke or start serving better because they have made technical changes. Murray, the Olympic champion and Davis Cup champion, also commented you would look at that if it is purely physical and you’re watching someone playing six-hour matches over and over and showing no signs of being tired.

The Scottish professional tennis player also remarked the drug ban on Maria Sharapova shows tennis is not covering up for its big stars. Sharapova received a provisional suspension after she tested positive for Meldonium at the Australian Open and Murray welcomed the decision to make the news public.

In November, tennis veterans Roger Federer and Murray warned tennis authorities that they should spend more to prevent a doping scandal in the sport. At that time, Murray remarked the best way for preventing a doping scandal like athletics is to more resources to anti-doping measures in order to stop cheats. Murray remarked it is up to the governing bodies just how much they want to tackle it because with the amount of money and profit sport actually makes, there needs to be enough spent on anti-doping. The Scottish player added the prize money we have in tennis is extremely high and we need to look at how much we are spending on this area and said tennis should be doing more on doping as it can.

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Sunday 13, Mar 2016

  Sharapova Should Face Suspension For Doping, Says Andy Murray

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Tennis world number two Andy Murray has remarked Maria Sharapova should face suspension after she tested positive for a banned drug to send a strong message to would be drugs cheats.

Murray applauded doping officials for catching one of the most high-profile stars of tennis. Murray said at the Indian Wells tournament in California that the positive thing about what has happened to Maria is she is one of the biggest female athletes on the planet. He added you should be suspended if you take performance enhancing drugs and you fail a drug test.

Murray went on to criticize Maria Sharapova, the tennis federation, and his racquet sponsor Head who also sponsors Sharapova.  Murray criticized the racquet sponsor for announcing it would look to extend her contract. The Head sports equipment company remarked it was “proud to stand behind’’ Maria Sharapova. A statement from Head said we, now and into the future, look forward to working with her and announcing new sponsorships in the weeks and months ahead. The statement further reads that Maria has earned the benefit of the doubt and we are extending it to her and it was further said that we know that for more than a decade Maria has been a role model and a woman of great integrity.

The statement was termed by Murray as premature who said he personally would not have responded like that. Murray said he thinks it is a strange stance given everything that is happened the last few days and added he thinks at this stage it is important really to get hold of the facts and let things play out, like more information coming out before making a decision to extend the contract like that, in his view.

The Scottish professional tennis player said doping is happening on a regular basis in sports and he would not say it was shocking. Murray remarked he read that 55 athletes have failed that test since January 1 and added you do not expect high level athletes in all those sports to have heart conditions. Murray also said the high number of athletes testing positive for Meldonium since start of this year demonstrated that many athletes were getting phoney prescriptions for legal performance enhancing drugs.

Murray, who has been ranked as British No. 1 since 27 February 2006, said if you take a prescription drugs that you don’t need but just because it is legal is wrong and you are just doing it for the performance-enhancing benefits.

On Tuesday, the former world number one announced she failed a drug test for Meldonium that was added to the World Anti-Doping Agency’s banned list this year. Sharapova, a five-time Grand Slam champion, will not contest her guilt at the upcoming hearing of the tennis anti-doping committee. It was indicated by her lawyer that they will press for a ban much shorter than a four-year maximum period. The legal team of Maria will argue that she had been used Meldonium over 10 years for medical reasons before it was added to the WADA banned list on January 1. The legal team will pursue a “no significant fault’’ contingency in the World Anti-Doping Agency code.

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Friday 26, Sep 2014

  UCI Leads World Sports In Anti-Doping

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The UCI president Brian Cookson has remarked cycling is leading the way in which global sports are fighting against doping. Cookson made this remark as he reflected on his first year as head of the world governing body of cycling.

Cookson has managed to bring back a significant portion of cycling’s respect after revelations by disgraced cyclist Lance Armstrong who claimed the controversial Pat McQuaid overlooked doping practices. Cookson remarked he believes cycling has made a lot of progress already after it lost the confidence of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) after the Lance Armstrong doping scandal. The UCI President added one of the first things we have done is to establish a very good relationship with WADA and added we have gone out of our way to rebuild relations with them, and to reshape our anti-doping practices in accordance with their rules.

Brian Cookson added we have had an independent audit on our anti-doping program, which has put forward recommendations we are in the process of fulfilling. He remarked we have completed the process of making the Cycling Anti-doping Foundation operational without any of the UCI Management Committee involved and also said so we have been working very hard towards the things we set out to do. The UCI chief as far as the fight against doping goes and he believes the key phrase is ‘eternal vigilance’. Cookson said we are now the leading sport in terms of anti-doping and added he does not know of any other sport that has thrown itself open to this amount of external scrutiny.

Cookson also remarked that keeping doping out of cycling is a critical part of keeping cycling alive. The UCI chief said it is always his intention to make clear the moral and ethical case against doping and added while we are talking about that, there is also an economic driver here. He also said media, sponsors, fans and the public don’t want to be involved in a sport where doping is a big problem and remarked we saw a clear example of this in 2008 when the German media pulled out of covering cycling at professional level and remarked at one time there were three top pro teams in Germany – at the moment there are none.

Doping scandals have engulfed other sports in the last few months. Late last year, Wimbledon tennis champion Andy Murray criticized Serbia’s Viktor Troicki and Croatian player Marin Cilic and termed their doping offences as “unprofessional.” It was claimed by Troicki that he was feeling unwell and the doping control officer said to him that he would be able to provide the blood sample the following day that was denied by the official concerned. Cilic blamed his positive test on glucose tablets purchased by his mother at a pharmacy in Monte Carlo.  Troicki received a suspension of 12 months for failing to provide a blood sample while Cilic was banned for nine months after he tested positive for the banned supplement, Nikethamide. The ban imposed on Cilic was reduced to four months and he went on to win the recently-concluded US Open.

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Saturday 21, Sep 2013

  Murray Calls For Transparency In Doping Case

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Murray Calls For Transparency In Doping Case

Andrew Barron “Andy” Murray, the Scottish professional tennis player who is ranked World No. 3 and British No. 1, has remarked he wants more clarity with respect to the mysterious case of unconfirmed reports that Marin Cilic, failed a drug test in May. Murray made these remarks while being a part of Great Britain’s World Group Playoff tie.

Andy Murray further remarked he thinks it’s about time everyone knew what was going on and added everyone knows what’s happening and he has clearly failed a drugs test but he doesn’t don’t know why that can’t come out as it’s not that he’s injured. Andy Murray expressed his frustration over the damage caused by the Cilic rumor. There has been official silence in line with ITF policy that will continue until the appeal judgment is handed down.

Ranked no. 24, Cilic has not played since withdrawing from his second round match at Wimbledon after he cited a left knee injury.

Cilic’s former long-term coach, Bob Brett, disclosed that Cilic informed him that he ingested an over-the-counter supplement provided by a member of his entourage and therefore he exceeded acceptable limits of glucose. Brett branded Cilic careless and naive for taking an over-the-counter supplement that saw him fail a doping test. Bob Brett, who had coached Boris Becker and Goran Ivanisevic in the past, also called in the ITF and the ATP to do more to educate players about the risks of using non-sanctioned supplements. He remarked the [ATP and WTA] Tours need to help educate the players and people working with the players of the consequences and risk. Handing someone a pamphlet is like when you get something in the post; it tends not to get read. It has to be drummed into them. Brett added all through the years he have always explained the importance of not buying products over the counter because of the risk of contaminated products.

Marin ÄŒilić was introduced to Brett by his fellow countryman Goran IvaniÅ¡ević and ÄŒilić turned professional in 2005. He won the La Vie Junior Cup Villach in singles and the Dutch Junior Open in doubles after which he qualified for the 2004 US Open, where he lost in the second round to Sam Querrey. Cilic won the French Open title in Boy’s singles, beating Andy Murray in the semi-final and Antal van der Duim in the final.

Croatia’s No. 1 Cilic was in London for attending a hearing regarding his failed drug test, according to The Independent. Croatian Davis Cup Captain Zeljko Krajan also remarked that Cilic would appear before an International Tennis Federation panel. According to reports in Crotian media, Cilic failed a drug test in Munich because of high glucose levels after ingesting an over-the-counter supplement. It is rumored that the Crotian star may tell an independent tribunal that his mother was to blame for the failed drug test, as she was the one who purchased the supplement. It is also speculated in Crotian media that Cilic might be handed a three-month retrospective ban. Prize money and ranking points earned during retrospective bans are withdrawn and a suspension of three months might have ended before the start of the Montreal tournament.

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Sunday 14, Jul 2013

  Murray Calls Spanish Verdict Biggest Cover-Up In Sports History

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Murray Calls Spanish Verdict Biggest Cover-Up In Sports History

Andy Murray has hit out at a Spanish judge who ordered destruction of evidence related to one of the biggest doping rings in history.

Britain’s No. 1 tennis player termed the decision as ‘the biggest cover-up in sports history’ and said it was a ‘joke’. This was after Madrid judge Julia Santamaria ruled that the 211 blood bags from 35 people taken as part of the Operation Puerto investigation into Dr Eufemiano Fuentes could not be analyzed by  anti-doping authorities but must be discarded.

Murray tweeted: ‘operacion puerto case is beyond a joke… biggest cover up in sports history? why would court order blood bags to be destroyed? #coverup’.

The judge’s decision was also criticized by Andy Parkinson, chief executive of UK Anti-Doping, who said we are disappointed and Dr Fuentes has admitted to having been involved in multiple prohibited doping activities, and linked with multiple unnamed athletes. Parkinson added that it therefore cannot be right that these names will remain unknown and no immediate action can be taken.

Murray, the recently crowned Wimbledon champion, won his first Wimbledon title and ended Britain’s 77-year wait for a men’s champion with a hard-fought victory over world number one Novak Djokovic. The 26-year-old Scot converted his fourth championship point in a dramatic final game to win 6-4 7-5 6-4 and claim his second major title. Murray, after a grueling three hours 10 minutes in searing temperatures, finally followed in the footsteps of Fred Perry’s 1936 win at the All England Club.

The win is the 36th time a British man has won the Wimbledon singles title – more than any other nation and Murray is the most successful British man in terms of Grand Slam match wins with 113, ahead of Fred Perry’s 106.

BBC commentator and four-time Wimbledon semi-finalist Tim Henman said he was privileged enough to go into the locker room straight after the match and Andy Murray was basically in a state of shock. Henman added Murray is such a student of the game that he can remember all of his results from the juniors, he remembers all the matches he has played, the shots he has made, but he had no recollection whatsoever about that final game today. He went on to add that it’s an amazing day for Andy, an amazing day for tennis and an amazing day for British sport and Murray has to be BBC Sports Personality of the Year.

Murray’s Route To The Final

First round: Bt Benjamin Becker 6-4 6-3 6-2

Second round: Bt Yen-Hsun Lu 6-3 6-3 7-5

Third round: Bt Tommy Robredo 6-2 6-4 7-5

Fourth round: Bt Mikhail Youzhny 6-4 7-6 6-1

QF: Bt Fernando Verdasco 4-6 3-6 6-1 6-4 7-5

SF: Bt Jerzy Janowicz 6-7 6-4 6-4 6-3

Final: Bt Novak Djokovic 6-4 7-5 6-4

Murray at the 2012 US Open became the first British player since 1977, and the first British man since 1936, to win a Grand Slam singles tournament, when he defeated Novak Djokovic in five sets. At the 2012 Olympic Games, Murray defeated Roger Federer in straight sets to win the gold medal in men’s singles, becoming the first British champion in over 100 years and also won a silver medal in mixed doubles, playing with Laura Robson.

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Thursday 16, May 2013

  Nadal Criticizes Ruling To Destroy Doping Evidence

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Nadal Criticizes Ruling To Destroy Doping Evidence

Rafael Nadal of Spain has criticized the decision to destroy evidence in the doping scandal of his country.

Dr Eufemiano Fuentes was recently convicted for his role in supplying blood transfusions to cyclists but a Spanish court ordered 211 blood bags to be destroyed without analysis. The doctor received a suspended sentence of one year for endangering public health and has claimed that he has worked with tennis players as well as runners, footballers, and boxers.

Nadal said the ruling was not positive for anyone and the only ones that benefited were those who cheated and the ones that are hurt are Spanish athletes and sports in general. The former world number one, who has won 11 grand slams, also remarked the image this transmits to the world isn’t the one we were hoping for and said he thinks it is a mistake that the names (of Fuentes’ clients) are not known, but that is what happened. Nadal also remarked that we will keep working so that sports stay clean and this doesn’t happen again in the future.

Britain’s Andy Murray had had already questioned the outcome of the case and tweeted, “Why would court order blood bags to be destroyed? #coverup.”

Murray criticized Spanish officials for their handling of the Operation Puerto trial, asking if they could be guilty of the “biggest cover-up in sports history”. “Case is beyond a joke,” tweeted Murray. He said it was essential that anyone who was involved should be named and remarked if one in 100 is doping then, in my eyes, that isn’t a clean sport and we need to do everything we can to ensure we have everyone that’s competing at the highest level and below is clean. He went on to add that he knows what goes in his body and he knows from his side that he is clean, so that’s all he can comment on.

Judge Julia Patricia Santamaria denied access to anti-doping authorities and international sports bodies that wanted to analyze the bags to see whether they implicate athletes in sports other than cycling; Santamaria ordered that the bags be destroyed.

The International Tennis Federation announced in March this year that it was to implement an Athlete Biological Passport program under which biological data will be collected and compared to spot discrepancies over time that suggest possible doping. This announcement came in the wake of questions raised by some of the sport’s top players about existing drug-testing procedures that focused mainly on urine tests.

A statement issued by the World Anti Doping Agency (WADA), on the Fuentes case, said it hopes this is not the end of the matter and it reads that access to this evidence motivated WADA’s involvement in this case and this would ensure appropriate sports sanction processes against the cheats who used Dr Fuentes’ services. The statement reads the court did consider that his conduct was a crime against public health. Dick Pound, the former head of WADA, added that it’s embarrassing for Spain and everybody knows we will be able to uncover quite a bit more doping if the examples are made available.

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Sunday 17, Mar 2013

  Federer And Murray Welcome Biological Passports

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Federer and murray welcome biological passports

Roger Federer and Andy Murray, two tennis stars who have been outspoken in recent times to make a call for more stringent anti-doping measures in tennis, have welcomed the introduction of biological passports for players.

A few days back, the International Tennis Federation announced the move in London after a meeting of the Tennis Anti-Doping Program working group that includes representatives from the ITF, ATP, WTA, and grand slam tournaments. There was unanimous support for the introduction of the passport, which is used to detect variances in biological make-up that might indicate doping and has been introduced in cycling, the ITF said.

As Federer prepared to launch his defense of the Indian Wells ATP Masters title, he said that is a good news and added we have to do everything to ensure our tour is as clean as it possibly can be so that the cheaters think twice, that they get caught if they do cheat. The former world no. 1 added he believed the players were prepared to accept the measures, even though increased testing means more intrusion into the lives of players. He noted one reason was the long-delayed admission by cyclist Lance Armstrong that he used banned drugs in all seven of his Tour de France victories. The disgraced cyclist recently made a confession on a talk show after being stripped of the titles and given a lifetime ban from cycling for his role in systematic doping on his US Postal Service team.

The cycling issue has been around for quite some time, but what happened this year was obviously super-extreme and I think that really gets you sort of thinking, said the Swiss professional tennis player who, as of March 2013, is ranked world No. 2 by the ATP.

ATP executive chairman and president Brad Drewett said the men’s circuit was behind the move and the players are clear that they support increased investment in anti-doping and we feel that this is the most effective way to show the world that tennis is a clean sport.

US Open champion Andy Murray of Scotland also welcomed the move by the ITF and said it is one of the best ways to ensure your sport stays as clean as possible and it’s good tennis has made that jump.

The biological profiling system is considered as one of the most effective methods of detecting the use of performance enhancing drugs and blood boosters like EPO. The The Athlete Biological Passport (ABP) is an electronic record of an athlete’s biological values, which is developed over time from multiple collections of blood samples.

ITF President Francesco Ricci Bitti said the implementation of the Athlete Biological Passport is an important step in the evolution of the Tennis Anti-Doping Program as it provides us with a great tool in the fight against doping in our sport and added we also hope to have increased support from the national anti-doping agencies around the world who need to do their part if we are to win this battle and make our program more effective.

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Saturday 02, Mar 2013

  Anti-Doping Program Funding Increased By Tennis

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Anti-Doping Program Funding Increased By Tennis

Tennis authorities will meet next week to plug a hole in the anti-doping efforts of the sport in the wake of concerns inside and outside of tennis of its relatively small budget for preventing doping in tennis.

According to an official of the United States Tennis Association,  the U.S. Open and the other majors would roughly double their current financial contribution from about $150,000 to $300,000 every year. Meanwhile, the International Tennis Federation will also be increasing its contribution to the fund, but it is unclear if the WTA and ATP Tour, which also help pay for the anti-doping program of the sport, will increase funding. The ITF, which runs the anti-doping program of tennis, has a budget of roughly $1.6 million, according to previously published reports and it is not known how much it spends on anti-doping.

In the year 2011, the International Tennis Federation had conducted just 21 out-of-competition blood tests, which are the latest figures available. A founder and former chairman of the World Anti-doping Agency, Dick Pound, called the 2011 figure “very small” in an interview last fall.

Many top tennis players such as Roger Federer, Andy Murray, and Novak Djokovic have called for increased testing, especially out-of-competition blood testing, which is more costly but can better detect banned substances such as the blood-booster erythropoietin, or EPO, in the light of Lance Armstrong’s admission of systemized doping. Top players expressed fears that tennis authorities are not keeping up with those seeking an unfair advantage, especially those using these drugs to increase strength and stamina to new levels.

In 2011, the majority of the 2,150 tests conducted were urine tests and only about 10% were done outside of tournament competition. New funds will beef up tennis’s anti-doping program to tackle problems such as blood tests, out-of-competition tests in general and promote the need and importance of a biological passport program. Stuart Miller, who heads up the anti-doping program for the ITF, said that he expects those areas to be targeted, “subject to receiving the increased contributions.”

ATP spokesman Simon Higson, said we fully support a rigorous program, and if that means more or different ways of testing, then we will be happy to support it and also remarked that we remain fully committed to ensuring a level playing field and a clean sport for our players, tournaments and fans, and will continue to evolve our program as necessary. Andrew Walker, a WTA spokesman, said the women’s tour has been an “aggressive in advocating” for the ITF to explore and implement any changes to strengthen the anti-doping program and added that the WTA is fully committed to a strong anti-doping program and we have been aggressive in advocating within the governing body group that oversees the program to explore and implement effective changes as required to strengthen the program.

“If they do take blood samples throughout the year I think that’s OK,” 18th-ranked Milos Raonic of Canada said this month while winning the SAP Open in San Jose, California “I just want the sport to be clean.”

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Friday 01, Mar 2013

  Murray Defends Tennis From Provocative Doping Allegations

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Murray Defends Tennis From Provocative Doping Allegations

Scottish professional tennis player and ranked World No. 3, Andy Murray, recently defended tennis from guilt by association in the wake of cyclist Lance Armstrong making a confession that he used banned drugs to stay on top of the sport.

The US Open champion went on to dismiss the Belgian player and serial alarmist Christophe Rochus’s claims that “it is inconceivable that you can play five hours in the sun and run around like a rabbit the next day”. “I would say that is far from the truth,” Murray said and added that it is for everyone to see the amount of hours of training and practice that go into what we do. He also remarked that he discussed the Lance Armstrong doping scandal at the end of last year and don’t want to get into again as it caused more questions and every sport will take note of what has been said, what has happened and improve their doping controls. Murray acknowledged that tennis is nowadays a fierce proving ground and players have to adapt to survive at the top and said Rafael Nadal was the first one to have a physique that looked like a true world-class athlete across any sport and he thinks he looked like he could do any sport. Andy Murray added that tennis has changed for sure physically in the last few years and it is much more demanding than ever. He also remarked that he himself has reduced the amount of tournaments he play and spend more time to prepare and getting himself ready for events.

Tennis is seen by many as the perfect sport to take performance enhancing drugs, with the recovery, strengthening etc., but the lack of positive results somehow shows that it is a clean sport.

The International Tennis Federation (ITF) now leads a unified Tennis Anti-Doping Program applying across all tennis events and is even planning to introduce an athlete biological passport (ABP) which allows officials to collect and compare biological data and spot variances that suggest doping.

In another development, Dick Pound, the former head of the World Anti-Doping Agency, has remarked that he is “sure” tennis has a drug problem. The former WADA chief remarked the contrast between the players’ physiques today and those from the 1980s is itself enough to create doubt. Pound added that if the tennis authorities don’t believe there is EPO or HGH use now, they are not paying attention.

While HGH (human growth hormone) is used by some sportsmen to repair damaged muscles quickly and promote dramatic gain of muscle bulk when used with anabolic steroids, EPO – or erythropoietin – is the hormone that regulates red blood cell production and plays an important role in the brain’s response to neuronal injury besides also being involved in the wound healing process. In addition to this, EPO has a range of actions including vasoconstriction-dependent hypertension, stimulating angiogenesis, and inducing proliferation of smooth muscle fibers and can enhance iron absorption by suppressing the hormone hepcidin and it could improve the outcome and quality of life when used as a viable treatment of heart attack and stroke patients.

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