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Saturday 19, Apr 2014

  Multi-billion Dollar Baseball Industry Largely Behind Steroid Abuse By MLB Players

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Multi billion dollar baseball industry largely behind steroid abuse by mlb players

A newly published research paper has revealed that the widespread use of illegal anabolic steroids among Major League Baseball players has been fueled by an “economy of bodily management”, exploding television revenues, and the free agent market.

Sarah Rose, a labor and disability historian, said commentators have obscured the more salient issue by attacking morality of individual ball players. The UT Arlington assistant professor said Baseball is representative of the fact that Americans increasingly live in an age of biotechnology in which bodily modification for profit has become the norm and, often, an unstated job requirement. Rose, director of the University’s Minor in Disability Studies program, is the co-author of a new article “Bionic Ballplayers: Risk, Profit, and the Body as Commodity, 1964-2007” that was published in the journal LABOR: Studies in Working-Class History of the Americas. Her co-author is Joshua A. T. Salzmann, assistant professor of history at Northeastern Illinois University.

During the research, it was found by the researchers that players’ average salaries soared to $16,000 in the mid-1960s while the league minimum salary remained at $6,000 between 1954 and 1967. It was revealed that teams paid these increasing salaries out of funds attained through television revenue. Revenues from television contracts rose between 1964 and 1979 from $21 million to $54 million. During this time, owners and players investigated new ways for preserving and eventually enhancing players’ bodies.

Rose and Salzmann interviewed notable figures such as Bob Costas and Nolan Ryan along with a wide array of trainers, general managers, baseball players, team physicians, agents, and union officials with careers dating back to the mid-1960s. The article emphasizes on Sandy Koufax, Tommy John, Frank Jobe, and José Canseco (who admitted to making use of anabolic androgenic steroids during their playing career in his tell-all book). Canseco had claimed that the large majority of Major League Baseball players used anabolic steroids.

Rose and Salzmann concluded in the paper that enticed by the prospect of riches, players and teams harnessed fitness training, reconstructive surgery, biomechanical analysis and performance-enhancing drugs to reduce wear and tear on players’ bodies and, ultimately, radically alter them for profit. They added this interplay between economic incentives and medicine created what we call bionic ballplayers: bigger, stronger, and at times, more fragile than their predecessors.

It was suggested by the study that the question raised by anabolic steroids is not individual morality but the morality produced by a political economy of labor that calls for both services and body parts rendered. Rose questioned as to why has professional baseball players’ steroid use been characterized as an immoral illegitimate bodily enhancement, when other medical interventions, such as ‘Tommy John’ elbow reconstruction surgery, have been celebrated as career-saving cures. Rose added that while admittedly different, we show that both bodily interventions arose out of the same dramatic shifts in the business of baseball — shifts that drove the medicalization of the game and players’ bodies.

Beth Wright, dean of the UT Arlington College of Liberal Arts, applauded Rose and said Dr. Rose is making important contributions to the way we understand the history of disability and athletics and the pressure that the sports industry places on its talent.

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Monday 04, Jun 2012

  Jose Canseco signed by Tornadoes

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Former MLB slugger Jose Canseco has been signed by the independent league Worcester Tornadoes to a one-year contract, the team announced.

The 47-year-old Canseco was in the news when he allegedly refused to take a doping test before playing in the Mexican League.

“I am very much looking forward to putting on a uniform and competing on a professional level again this year,” Canseco said in a Tornadoes statement. “I love the game of baseball. I am particularly grateful to the Worcester Tornadoes for embracing me and having the confidence in me to help the team win.”

Wednesday 07, Dec 2011

  Controversy stoked by ex-NHL tough guys

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Two former NHL heavyweights, Georges Laraque and Andrei Nazarov, recently found the spotlight for different controversies.

Laraque says in his soon-to-be released biography, The Story of the NHL’s Unlikeliest Tough Guy that both tough guys and star players used steroids during his 11-year NHL career.

“Most of us knew who they were, but not a single player, not even me, would ever think of raising his hand to break the silence and accuse a fellow player,” Laraque wrote. “I don’t like snitches and will never be one.”

Tuesday 11, Oct 2011

  Jason Stevenson will get a first crack at Canseco

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Jason Stevenson of Redding will get a first crack at ex-major leaguer Jose Canseco and the Yuma Scorpions when the Chico Outlaws independent league baseball team begins a 14-game, three-venue series with the Scorpions at 7 p.m. at Tiger field in Redding.

The first five games are at Tiger field, the second quintet is set for Shasta College, while the last four contests between the two teams begin at 7:05 p.m. Aug. 8 at Nettleton Stadium in Chico.

Canseco specifically identified Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro, Jason Giambi, Ivan Rodriguez, Juan Gonzalez, Jorge Delgado, Damaso Moreno, and Manuel Collado as steroid users.

Thursday 29, Sep 2011

  Former MVP admits regret

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Jose Canseco, the former baseball slugger, has expressed regret over his involvement in the sport’s ongoing steroids controversy in a one-hour documentary titled, “Jose Canseco: The Last Shot.”

Canseco regretted “mentioning players (as steroids users)” in his book “Juiced” that was published in 2005 and ultimately led to a congressional hearing on doping in the sport.

“I never realized this was going to blow up and hurt so many people,” Canseco said in the interview.

Saturday 07, May 2011

  FBI informant tells McGwire used steroids to bulk up

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FBI informant tells McGwire used steroids to bulk upThe efforts of Mark McGwire for reducing the extent of his decade-long doping program seem to be as inauthentic as his home run records.

The records of McGwire are under scrutiny ever since a California steroid dealer handed Mark McGwire a sophisticated array of super-potent anabolic steroid almost twenty years ago.

Insisting on anonymity, the informant of FBI revealed McGwire’s regimen was one-half cc of testosterone cypionate every three days; one cc of testosterone enanthate per week; the veterinary steroids Equipoise and Winstrol V, one quarter cc every three days, injected into the buttocks, one in one cheek, one in the other.

Monday 27, Dec 2010

  Senate bid for the final steroid test

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Senate bid for the final steroid testEver since Barry Bonds entered a San Francisco courthouse to testify about the use of drugs by him, baseball fans and media have been a part of anguished debate in relation to use of drugs in sports.

The baseball world is all full of speculations whether two “cheaters”, Barry Bonds and Roger Clemens, will be excluded by the Hall of Fame voters for making use of steroids and performance enhancing drugs.

Linda McMahon who has been accused of doing little to nothing to curb steroid use may find respite in the fact that users of anabolic steroids and performance enhancing drugs such as Jesse Ventura and Arnold Schwarzenegger have been appointed as governors.

Thursday 25, Nov 2010

  Alderson addressed issue of steroid use in baseball

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Alderson addressed issue of steroid use in baseballThe Mets’ new general manager, Sandy Alderson, who presided over the Oakland Athletics and G.M. in the late 1980s, recently addressed the issue of steroid use in baseball.

It is worthwhile to note that Alderson was interviewed by Congress and former Senator George Mitchell for a report on the subject after Jose Canseco wrote a book detailing his and teammate Mark McGwire’s use of performance enhancing drugs.

I wanted to enact drug testing at the time but was limited by California state law and the collective bargaining agreement with the players, says Alderson.

Thursday 04, Nov 2010

  Canseco feels steroids are overrated products

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Canseco feels steroids are overrated productsThere is too much hype around the use of anabolic steroids and performance enhancing drugs by professional sportsmen, according to Jose Canseco.

Canseco, who exposed baseball sluggers in MLB with his book, “Juiced“, said that anabolic steroids are overrated.

Canseco went on to say that players like Mark McGwire, Rafael Palmeiro, Sammy Sosa, and Juan Gonzalez deserve a place in the hall of fame as they have been great performers and some of the greatest players in the world of baseball.

Wednesday 27, Oct 2010

  Jose Canseco admits regret over steroids controversy

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jose-canseco-admits-regret-over-steroids-controversyJose Canseco, the former baseball slugger, has expressed regret over his involvement in the ongoing steroids controversy surrounding the game of baseball.

The former American League MVP revealed some names in a one-hour documentary titled, “Jose Canseco: The Last Shot,” that he regretted mentioning players as steroid users in his book, “Juiced“, which led to a congressional hearing on doping in the sport.

Canseco also claimed that he has stopped making use of performance enhancing drugs and his body is unable to adequately produce enough testosterone.

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