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Monday 31, Oct 2016

  Spanish Rider Banned For Doping

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The UCI, the world governing body of cycling, has imposed a doping ban of three years and nine months on Spanish rider Alberto Gallego. The Spanish professional cyclist tested positive for Stanozolol just three days into his career.

The 25-year-old was just a few days into his career as a professional rider after joining the Caja Rural-Seguros RGA team when his doping sample revealed the presence of Stanozolol. The cyclist was handed a provisional suspension in January by the UCI and his contract was rescinded by Caja Rural-Seguros RGA team.

In a statement, the Caja Rural-Seguros RGA team said after the provisional suspension was announced that it has decided to rescind the contract of the rider Alberto Gallego after finding about anomalies discovered in the result of a control carried out on January 3, 2016. The statement further reads the rider came into the team on January 1, 2016 and he had not participated in any race on this season’s program.

A few days back, the cyclist was added to the UCI list of sanctions. His ban effective from the date of the test will run until the 25th October 2019, by which point Gallego will be nearly 28 years of age.

In his defense, Gallego had claimed he was the victim of supplement contamination. In an open letter, the Spanish rider said his reaction could have been what it was: incredulity. The rider he has never taken Stanozolol and did not even knew what it is used for and added he now knows that it is more suited for a bodybuilder than a professional cyclist. Gallego said he is also now aware that the banned substance stays in the system for long and it will be illogical to think that he would have used Stanozolol to improve his performances.

Alberto Gallego also remarked he is very well aware of the fact that many would not believe his innocence and claims but he has no doubts about it. Gallego further added he is more than certain after checking once more all the supplements he had used in recent years that Stanozolol does not appear on any of the labels. The cyclist said he therefore assumes he is a victim of supplement contamination.

The Spaniard impressed on the Spanish amateur scene and was ranked number one before he earned a deal with Radio Popular in 2014. Gallego earned his contract with Caja Rural-Seguros RGA team after catching the eye at last year’s Route du Sud where he finished seventh on the queen stage and went on to finish seventh overall behind the likes of Alberto Contador and Nairo Quintana.

Manager Juanma Hernandez, while announcing the signing of Gallego, had remarked the cyclist can make very valid contributions to the team. The Caja Rural-Seguros RGA team manager had further remarked the profile of Gallego fits well with our team and added he is a courageous rider who climbs very well and is one of the great young assets of our national cycling.

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Tuesday 16, Feb 2016

  Algerian Football ‘In Chaos’ After Doping Scandal

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Algerian football has been rocked by allegations of widespread drug-taking after the suspension of international Youcef Belaili and three other top-division players.

Belaili was banned by the Confederation of African Football for a period of two years from national and international football. The 23-year-old USM Alger midfielder admitted the charge and waived his right to have his B sample tested, according to an announcement by the Algerian Football Federation (FAF).

Some of the other players received suspensions for up to four years or are undergoing investigation. However, all the players have denied taking illicit substances and some claim that they were under the impression that they were taking vitamin supplements.

Doubts are raised over the future of football in Algeria after the latest controversy. Algeria was the North African country to qualify for the 2014 World Cup.

A recently-concluded media investigation has hinted that corruption was prevalent in Algerian football clubs because of a lack of consistent regulations. A damning report by London-based Al-Arabi al-Jadid on January 27 revealed the four recent cases are not unique. The report highlighted 10 other instances where Algerian players tested positive for drug use since 2013. The report revealed information passed on by an employee at a nightclub in trendy western Algiers that players allegedly buy and use amphetamines and other drugs and frequented the club to let off steam and get amphetamines and other drugs, which they believe will enhance their performance on the pitch.

Algeria’s El-Khabar newspaper was told by medical experts that the football industry in the country was in “chaos” since no doctors have been assigned on a regular basis to clubs and management of the clubs was too “centralized” that opens the door for corruption.

The Algerian Football Federation, in its defense, said it will enforce stringent testing for performance-enhancing and social drugs. It further requested that football clubs should supply training schedule information so that regular monitoring of players can be undertaken. However, El-Khabar described these measures as only “cosmetic” and inconsistently enforced.

Drug use among players was attributed by an article in Algeria’s French language daily El-Watan to disproportionately high salaries coupled with lack of maturity of young players.

The Algerian government and Algerian football federation have been blamed by sports commentators and fans in Algeria.

Criticizing the campaign in the press, Algerian football commentator Hafid Derradji said Belaili was fully responsible morally, legally, and as a sportsman. Derradji also commented that responsibility should be accepted by sports journalists for allegedly creating the problem by justifying the behavior and feeding his ego.

A number of newspapers in Algeria went on to recall allegations of systematic and involuntary doping in the past, after the children of a number of players in the national team that reached the 1982 and 1986 World Cups were born with severe disabilities. The investigation has yet to take place and Algerian authorities have prevented themselves from commenting on the allegations. One of the affected players, midfielder Mohamed Kaci-Said, has remarked doubts persist until an inquiry has been opened and the truth told.

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Tuesday 12, May 2015

  WADA To Appeal Against AFL Tribunal Decision

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WADA To Appeal Against AFL Tribunal Decision

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) has announced it will appeal against decision of the Australian Football League to clear 34 current and former top players of taking banned supplements.

In March, the AFL anti-doping tribunal unanimously decided that it was not “comfortably satisfied” that players from the Essendon club had violated the anti-doping rules during the 2012 season. Last year, the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) referred the case to the Australian Football League. Surprisingly, ASADA decided not to appeal the findings when the AFL Tribunal when it cleared all 34 Essendon players.

WADA announced that it would soon take the case to the Court of Arbitration for Sport in Switzerland. WADA director general David Howman said we have now completed our independent review of the full case file on the AFL Anti-Doping Appeals Tribunal decision regarding 34 current and former Essendon players. Howman added WADA, after a thorough examination of the evidence contained within the file, has decided to lodge its independent right of appeal to the decision to the Court of Arbitration for Sport. A WADA statement reads as with all pending cases, and adhering to the proper and normal respect for the integrity of the legal process, WADA will refrain from commenting further on the subject until a decision has been made by the Court of Arbitration for Sport.

Essendon chairman Paul Little expressed surprise at decision of the World Anti-Doping Agency. Meanwhile, ASADA welcomed the announcement and offered to provide its full support. Little added now it looks like we have to jump back on the horse and sort of get into the process again of defending our boys and our club. ASADA chief executive Ben McDevitt said the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority has handed over a comprehensive brief of evidence to assist WADA in its preparation for the CAS hearing.

Essendon coach James Hird remarked that Essendon players will “prove their innocence again.” Hird remarked there is no doubt it will cause stress again but we’re prepared to go through it and went on to add that we believe in the players’ innocence, they’ve been proven innocent once and they will be proven innocent again. Hird also remarked that we are extremely disappointed for the players who have had to endure over two years of uncertainty and will now have to endure further stress and the inevitable disruption to their playing careers. The coach of Essendon club also commented that we will be in a position to comment on this matter further once we have consulted with the players’ legal team and the players involved.

Peter Jess, a player agent to two of the 34 Essendon players, remarked that this whole process has been incredibly demanding on the playing group and added it drags them back into the vortex of a demoralizing and energy sapping investigation, which no player should rightfully have to go through.

Tim Watson, the father of Essendon captain Jobe Watson, remarked the players got to a point where they were able to compartmentalize the whole thing, and they all breathed that sigh of relief when they heard the tribunal’s closure and now it’s going to be reopened.

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Saturday 04, Apr 2015

  Stephen Dank To Reportedly Sue ASADA

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Stephen Dank To Reportedly Sue ASADA

Controversial sports scientist Stephen Dank has reportedly remarked that he will sue the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) and its chief executive Ben McDevitt for defamation in the wake of the Essendon doping scandal.

The sports scientist said his lawyers will take action against ASADA and McDevitt after the anti-doping agency said it was evaluating the option of appealing against decision of the AFL Anti-Doping Tribunal to clear 34 former and current Essendon players of all charges. McDevitt accused Dank in a press conference of sending mixed messages about whether there were records of what injections Essendon players were administered. McDevitt remarked no party has disputed that Stephen Dank played a central and critical role, the lead role in administering the injections.

The ASADA Chief Executive also remarked Stephen Dank has publicly stated that extensive records of the injection regime were kept but, throughout this investigation, no such records have been found. McDevitt also said that Dank curiously in a statutory declaration provided to ASADA, in response to a disclosure notice, declared he had no documents to produce and added that all the evidence that he have seen probably would indicate if there were records, they would be shambolic and chaotic.

McDevitt also went on to remark that the case is not yet closed and Essendon players took banned drugs in a 2012 injection program.

Meanwhile, Australian Health Minister Sussan Ley said regardless of the tribunal’s verdict, the initial report found an experimental environment that was never adequately controlled. She said any injection of unknown substances into athletes in order to push the boundaries of sporting achievement is unacceptable and added it shows a complete disregard for player safety and welfare.

The ASADA head however admitted that the anti-doping agency had powers to force Dank to testify.

Recently, Dank said ASADA had been very, very poor in their conduct, execution and understanding of this whole investigation. The scientist said the players never took anything that was illegal or anything that was against the WADA-prohibited list and added the players were not guilty of anything and he is very happy for the players.

McDevitt said findings of the upcoming decision by the AFL Anti-Doping Tribunal on the role of Dank in the supplements program some time after Easter would not determine whether the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority lodges an appeal but they might have some influence. The chief executive said we eagerly await that component from the tribunal because Stephen Dank was the alleged architect here and so it will be very interesting to see what the findings are, and what the reasons behind those findings are from the tribunal and also commented that it will certainly enable us to make a more informed decision on our appeal.

Steven Amendola, the lawyer who represented James Hird throughout the scandal, said Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority chief executive Ben McDevitt, his AFL opposite number Gillon McLachlan, most of the AFL Commission, and AFL competition integrity manager Brett Clothier should all submit their resignations over the ordeal.

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Thursday 02, Apr 2015

  Essendon Doping Investigation Criticized By John Fahey

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Essendon Doping Investigation Criticized By John Fahey

Former World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) president John Fahey has remarked that the Essendon doping investigation that stretched for more than two years was very strange and cumbersome.

Fahey however denied that the investigations are an indictment on the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA). Fahey said on ABC News Radio there have been months and months and months of inaction whilst court actions were taken by the Essendon club and their coach to prevent the inquiry actually taking place – that was the delay.

     The ex-WADA Chief also said that he would like to see an examination of the regulations because there is a very cumbersome process in place in this country. Fahey also said he had not seen it taking place anywhere else where we can see so many preliminary steps taken before we can actually get to an inquiry and that to him is very unsatisfactory.

The former World Anti-Doping Agency President also said the Essendon club escaped liability despite it being apparent that players did receive injections. Fahey commented there were needles given to numerous players and in this instance they were not satisfied that the drug inside was the one that is on the prohibited list and added that the tragedy for him in all of this is that the Worksafe Victoria department didn’t look at what this meant from an employer-employee relationship.

The investigation was also criticized by Stephen Amendola, the lawyer for Essendon coach James Hird. Amendola remarked there should be a judicial inquiry into the entire investigation and went on to add that reputations have been trashed. Amendola added participation of the AFL compromised the independence of ASADA’s investigation. The lawyer for Essendon coach James Hird said the whole supplements investigation should be subject to a judicial inquiry.

Meanwhile, Chief executive of Australia’s anti-doping watchdog Ben McDevitt has said ASADA would decide on whether to appeal after carefully examining the report. McDevitt also insisted that the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority is not the enemy and said the fight against doping was not a fight against sport. McDevitt added every time an Australian athlete gets set to compete, whether it be at the Olympics or in a junior sport, whether it be at a team sport or at an individual level, our expectation is that the rights of clean athletes to compete against other clean athletes must be protected and said some may find this hard to believe.

The Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority and the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) have 21 days to lodge an appeal. WADA director general David Howman said it would consider its options, depending on the actions of ASADA. Howman remarked the matter now rests with the anti-doping organization concerned and other associated bodies to decide whether or not to exercise their rights of appeal. He added once fully reviewed by all parties concerned, and following receipt of the full case file on the tribunal’s ruling, WADA will review the reasons for the decision and determine whether or not to exercise its own right of appeal.

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Monday 09, Mar 2015

  Team’s Anti-Doping Measures Defended By Astana Doctor

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Team’s Anti-Doping Measures Defended By Astana Doctor

Team Astana doctor Joost de Maeseneer has defended anti-doping policies of the team and claimed that Vincenzo Nibali was tested four times in a day when he wore Tour de France leader’s jersey last year.

In an article published on the Kazakh team’s website, de Maeseneer said involvement of the team in the Movement for a Credible Cycling (MPCC) means that they have to adhere to strict anti-doping measures. The doctor said we are members of the MPCC to check cortisol levels, we follow the no-needle policy, there are no outside supplements allowed, no outside trainers, we don’t use sprays – we think this is a good idea. De Maeseneer added we joined the MPCC in 2013 – not all the teams in the WorldTour are members of the MPCC and said that we think this should not be the case  He went on to remark that it adds to the overall number of blood tests we do in a year and said he would say the top riders are tested approximately no less than 50 times per year and also remarked that Vincenzo Nibali was once tested four times in 24 hours at the Tour.

The words of De Maeseneer came after the UCI, the world governing body of cycling, asked its License Commission to withdraw the WorldTour license of Team Astana after anomalies were thrown up during an independent audit in the team’s procedures. This recommendation was made by the UCI after it received audit on the Astana team’s practices from the Institute of Sport Sciences of the University of Lausanne. In a statement, the UCI revealed the audit revealed a big difference between the policies and structures that the team presented to the License Commission in December and the reality on the ground. The decision taken by the cycling’s governing body is not solely based on the audit as the UCI also reflected on evidence offered by Italian authorities in the context of Padova files that features a number of Astana riders.

The UCI statement also said the Italian authorities have provided the UCI with the sections of the Padova investigation which it has been authorized to share. It was also mentioned that as some evidence concerns Astana Pro Team members, the file has been passed to the License Commission as part of this referral and added the UCI for the sake of due process is not in a position to comment further on the content of the audit report, nor the Padova investigation, until the License Commission has assessed the situation and rendered its decision. But this decision to refer the matter to the License Commission was reached taking all circumstances and potential consequences into consideration.

Like Team Astana, De Maeseneer is not new to controversies. In his tell-all book The Secret Race, Tyler Hamilton said De Maeseneer gave illegal prescriptions to riders at team CSC. Jorg Jaksche said in a 2007 interview that he and his teammates took cortisone “all season long” in his 2004 year with team CSC. The doctor then replied that the team only worked with “ethical, professional way” and did not use prohibited substances. De Maeseneer indicated that the doping cases of Team Astana last year were not part of an organized system and were isolated events and remarked that the team has everything in place for riders who want to succeed without doping.

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Wednesday 27, Aug 2014

  Doping Offer Of Reduced Bans Rejected By Essendon

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Doping Offer Of Reduced Bans Rejected By Essendon

A proposal by Australian Football League (AFL) has been rejected by Essendon Bombers that would have allowed players accused of doping to stand down voluntarily from club duties. This proposal would also have reduced any future bans on the accused players. The definitive six-month suspension would have seen Essendon players facing anti-doping sanctions to miss the last four games of the home-and-away season and finals but return in time for round one of 2015.

Recently, it was rumored that Essendon players were thinking about taking about “insurance” against future penalties imposed by anti-doping authorities. Under the discussed terms, 34 current and former Essendon players who are accused of using a banned peptide (Thymosin Beta-4) would start a self-imposed suspension after final match of the club for the season and remain away from the club until mid-January. The time served, under a provision within the World Anti-Doping Code, may be used to offset any ban that gets imposed against players at a future date when found guilty of a doping offence.

Essendon players, while being stood down, may be prohibited from training at the Tullamarine facility of the club but were allowed to train as a group off-site. This proposal was presented to the board of Essendon Bombers as having the in-principle support of the Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority (ASADA) though it now becomes apparent that the anti-doping authority did not have idea of the discussion of AFL chief executive Gillon McLachlan with club president Paul Little.

Last Thursday, the Essendon board met at Melbourne’s Hyatt Hotel and unanimously rejected the offer. In a carefully worded statement, club president Paul Little said he had met with McLachlan but denied that a deal like Cronulla-style was offered. Little remarked a number of things were discussed but no offer was put to the club concerning any arrangements about players making admissions in return for agreed sanctions. Little also said the Essendon Football Club board were fully briefed on these discussions and will continue to act and make decisions in the best interest of our players.

ASADA chief Ben McDevitt said it would be completely inappropriate and quite contemptuous to negotiate with Essendon before the legality of ASADA’s investigation is ruled by the Federal Court.

AFLPA’s acting chief executive Ian Prendergast reiterated that any decision over sanctions was up to the players. In a statement, Prendergast said the 34 players continue to be represented by the legal team consisting of David Grace QC, Ben Ihle, AFL Players Association lawyers Brett Murphy and Bernie Shinners, and Tony Hargreaves. He also remarked the players’ legal team is independent of the Essendon FC and is focused solely on protecting the best interests of the 34 players who have been issued show-cause Notices by ASADA and also said the 34 players are the ones who will ultimately decide how they wish to proceed in this matter.

In another development, Essendon coach James Hird returned to work after serving a 12-month ban imposed by AFL for failure on his part to prevent the ill-fated supplements regime of the club that was designed by sports scientist Stephen Dank.

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Thursday 26, Jun 2014

  Irish Sprinter Withdrawn Over EPO Positive Test

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Irish Sprinter Withdrawn Over EPO Positive Test

Steven Colvert, the Irish sprinter who was set to compete in the 100m, 200m and 4x100m relay in the European Team Championships in Tallinn, has been forced to withdraw because of an adverse finding for EPO in an out of competition test on May 20.

The “A” sample of Colvert was found to have an “adverse analytical finding” for the substance “recombinant erythropoietin”, which is commonly known as EPO. Erythropoietin is generally used by athletes, especially distance runners, to improve performance. In the London 2012 Olympics, the Crusaders athlete narrowly missed out in the 200m by two hundredths of a second, running 20.57 seconds, just short of the 20.55 required. Colvert vehemently denied taking any banned substance and wants to get his ‘B’ sample tested to clear his name.

Colvert, a third year law student in DCU, remarked he was in an exam in DCU on May 20 when drugs testers from the Irish Sports Council met him outside the exam hall and notified  him that he had to take an out of competition test and he duly provided urine and blood samples. Colvert said he thought nothing of it until he was informed on June 17 that there had been an adverse analytical finding for EPO in the urine sample only. The athlete, who has season’s bests of 20.90 for the 200m and 10.58 for the 100m, said it all just feels like a really bad dream or a horrible prank and added he does not take any supplements except for during that exam period where he took a generic multivitamin [Activ-Max], which can be bought off the shelf in Aldi because he was feeling run down from his exams and added he also took an iron supplement called Galfer which  he purchased over the counter in a pharmacy. Colvert remarked he took one tablet of each supplement two days before the test.

The Irish sprinter added he normally doesn’t take any supplements and he sources protein from whole foods such as eggs, meat, and cheese. Steven Colvert added he does not take any recovery or energy drinks or creatine or any supplements in general. The sprinter added he is going to seek to have the B sample tested along with giving his full co-operation to the Irish Sports Council and all the relevant bodies involved in the investigations and he is happy to provide any extra drugs tests, provide financial statements and take any forensic test above and beyond what’s required in order to vindicate his name as he firmly believes there has been some sort of error or false positive. Colvert went on to add that he is part of the program in which they keep all of his samples for 10 years and he is happy to go back and let them test every single sample ever provided – both in competition and out of competition. He also remarked the natural inclination of a majority of people is to think that a person with a failed ‘A’ sample is guilty but there are a number of cases in the past where an ‘A’ sample has been a false positive.

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Tuesday 10, Jun 2014

  No Excuse Policy For Athletes Caught Doping, Says WADA President

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No Excuse Policy For Athletes Caught Doping, Says WADA President

Sir Craig Reedie, president of the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), has issued a warning to Glasgow 2014 competitors to beware of the dangers of supplements. Reedie said testers adopt a ‘no excuses’ policy and expressed frustration with athletes who continue to put their trust in unregulated nutritional shakes and mixes.

The former British Olympic Association chairman said he can understand why athletes take these things, because they will do anything to get an edge and improve their performance but it is extremely dangerous. Reedie added he means there is a clearly an issue at the moment with supplements and the supplements business the world over is almost entirely unregulated. The WADA President added it is important to get control of what people put in these things, because athletes will keep taking supplements. He went on to add that very experienced athletes take them – and, in many ways, they shouldn’t and if they must take them, they have to make sure that what they are taking is absolutely clear.

Reedie brought forward the example of a German athlete in Sochi, someone who had been to two Olympic Games, should know exactly what she was doing but one of her friends said: “Oh, you should take this supplement” and so she used it. Reedie added it is that kind of occasional weakness that can cause a real problem and if they are determined to take supplements, they should know that they are clean. The WADA chief added the new world-wide code coming into place next year will deal rather more accurately with what you would describe as minor offences but basically the principle of strict liability still applies.

Nicola Newman, UKAD’s director of communications and education, said our two aims are never to get a positive test at a major event from a British athlete and to stop a serious doper from competing. Nicola added that is our goal, although we can’t guarantee it. The UKAD’s director of communications and education added “No excuses” is another phrase for us and we don’t want anybody to feel they lacked the knowledge they needed and went on to add that we are working really hard with federations and sports to make sure they all understand the risks. Nicola also remarked that the ongoing message that we’re giving to these athletes is predominantly around not making a mistake or getting a positive test because they didn’t understand. Newman added we worked with some of these sports in Delhi (the last Commonwealth Games, in 2010) and some of them were incredibly nervous about the implications of providing a sample so we ran mock testing with them. It was added that we showed them exactly what happens and it is not necessarily normal but it’s definitely necessary.

UK Anti-Doping will run the testing program in Glasgow and it will deliver a mandatory education program to all Home Nations teams during the run-in to the Games. All athletes selected to compete at the Games, as well as more than 200 coaches, must sign up to the education program of UK Anti-Doping. This is made necessary for ensuring that they do not make an innocent mistake by taking an illegal supplement or medication.

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Wednesday 04, Jun 2014

  Yuliya Efimova Banned And Stripped Of World Records

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Yuliya Efimova Banned And Stripped Of World Records

Yuliya Efimova of Russia has received a ban of 16 months, retroactive to October 31, 2013 and concluding next year on February 28. The world governing body of swimming, FINA, made this communication in its final decision against the swimmer after her positive test for 7-keto-DHEA during an out-of-competition test that took place in Los Angeles.

FINA also decided to strip Efimova from all results since October 31, 2013 that includes four European short course titles and four world records. With this announcement, the European short course wins now goes to Lithuania’s Ruta Meilutyte (50-meter breast along with her 100-meter breast win) and Rikke Pedersen Moeller (200-meter breast). Germany finishes with the mixed 200-meter medley relay victory for the team of Christian Diener, Caroline Ruhnau, Steffen Deibler, and Dorothea Brandt while Denmark’s women’s 200-meter medley relay earns gold with Mie Nielsen, Jeanette Ottesen, Pernille Blume, and Pedersen taking home that win with Russia losing the world record in that event.

Efimova will lose four world records in total. Her 200-meter breaststroke record of 2:14.39 will go back to Rebecca Soni’s 2:14.57 from the Duel in the Pool. Russia will also lose the mixed medley relay and women’s medley relay records from Euro short course champs and the 50-meter breaststroke record of Efimova from the FINA World Cup tour will not be ratified.

Efimova plead ignorance during her hearings with the FINA Doping Panel that she had taken similar supplements containing L-carnitine ever since she was a teenager. She remarked that a sales person at a local GNS store in Los Angeles told her that a product named Cellucor CLK was “doping-free.” It was claimed by Efimova that her lack of English skills was behind the poor decision to take the supplement, instead of just not taking any L-carnitine at all, especially since DHEA was clearly listed as an ingredient on the label of the product.

However, Efimova accepted the fact that she would have found that DHEA was prohibited if she had compared the supplement ingredients to the banned list. FINA imposed a relaxed ban on her because the swimmer detailed that her intent never was to find any performance enhancement. Efimova bought the product in September of 2013, went on the World Cup tour to Doha, Dubai and Moscow in October and tested clean at each of these stops. She used the product on October 22 when she returned to the U.S. and had run out of her previous supply of L-carnitine and even detailed that she had been taking L-carnitine on her doping control form.

FINA Doping Panel remarked that it has concluded that a sixteen-month period of eligibility is both just and fair under the circumstances of this case upon balancing all the relevant factors and after considering many other cases across a wide spectrum of sports.

Efimova is likely to bypass an appeal to the Court of Arbitration for Sport and expected to focus on the future with the potential of still competing at the 2015 World Championships in Kazan.

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